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Waves in The Communication Flow. The Interplay of Constitution, Legislative, and Governmental Institutions in Mass Media
Fee Alexandra Haase
Nómadas , 2007,
Abstract: This article compares in case studies regarding the constitution, written laws, and other national institutions the influence of the state regarding the production and function of mass communication and related values in different countries. Our interest is to demonstrate the differences between countries under the aspects of a) national constitution and governmental institutions that provide or not provide guidelines in terms of the use and protection of communication; b) national organisations that provide additonal guidelines; c) international organisations for the use of mass communication media in a country. The interplay of national constitution, legislative body, and governmental institutions is the framework for the existence of national mass communication. Under the title Waves in The Communication Flow we will face this framework of exterior institutions for different national states regarding their influence on mass communication. As mass communication we can define all institutions producing information for a wide audience delivered in mass media. As a process we can define mass communication as a flow of any information delivered by mass media. This flow can be promoted or prohibited by the framework of institutions named above. This article examines the forms, extent, and nature of the use of laws and constitutional systems with an interest in the methodology of comparative studies in constitutional law.
CONTROVERSIAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE ACCOUNTING HARMONIZATION PROCESS IN ROMANIA. HARMONIZATION, CONVERGENCE OR CONFORMITY?  [PDF]
Scorte Carmen Mihaela,Popa Dorina Nicoleta,Andreica Horia Tudor
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The new configuration of the international economic relations which are in a general globalization process determined by the international capital circulation requires the compatibility and comparison of the information provided by the financial statements. The investors and the entrepreneurs wish to understand and to be able to compare the entities financial situation and performances, no matter the juridical and accounting system which are subdued to by their localization. The differences between the important variety of the accounting systems were identified long time ago and since then there have been efforts made in order to conceive a economic financial reporting structure, accessible to the entire accounting world. Therefore, there is the need of normalization, harmonization, and convergence in accounting. Our intention in the current paper is to bring again into discussion the problem of accounting harmonization, emphasizing a few aspects which in the Romanian context we consider to be controversial and which require some clarifications. This paper represents a brief review of the evolution of the accounting harmonization in Romania, analyzing the difficult moments and mainly it is focused on the conceptual understanding of the concepts of harmonization, convergence, and conformity in the Romanian accounting. Our approach is not an exhaustive one, but it has as objective to reflect on the importance of the stages of accounting modernization in Romania. In the last part of this paper, the conclusions that we reached after study, are presented synthetically, as well as the continuation of the approach initiated in other papers.
The Significance of The Library in Technology Education Institutions in Sustainable Youth Empowerment: an Overview
International Journal of Library Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.library.20120102.01
Abstract: This paper examines the significance of the library in technology education institutions for sustainable youth empowerment. It identified that the library is of relevant. The paper also pointed out that technology education institution cannot effectively realize its objective of sustainable youth empowerment without the supporting role of the library. It also uncovered one major impediment to library services and also pointed out possible ways to address the problem.
Prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents in German youth welfare institutions  [cached]
Schmid Marc,Goldbeck Lutz,Nuetzel Jakob,Fegert Joerg M
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-2-2
Abstract: Objective Multiple psycho-social risk factors are common in children and adolescents in youth welfare, especially in residential care. In this survey study we assessed the prevalence of behavioral, emotional symptoms and mental disorders in a German residential care population. Methods 20 residential care institutions including 689 children and adolescents (age 4 – 18 years; mean 14.4; SD = 2.9) participated. A two-step design was performed. First, the children and adolescents and their residential caregivers answered a standard symptom checklist (CBCL/YSR). For those participants scoring more than one standard deviation above the mean of their German population reference group, a standardized clinical examination was performed to specify an ICD-10 diagnosis. Results The study population reached high average scores in almost all scales and subscales of the CBCL and YSR (mean CBCL total score T = 64.3, SD = 9.7, Median = 66.0). The prevalence of mental disorders according to the diagnostic criteria of ICD-10 was 59.9%, with a predominance of externalizing and disruptive disorders. High rates of co-morbidity were observed. Conclusion Children and adolescents in youth welfare and residential care are a neglected high risk population. Providing adequate psychiatric diagnosis and multimodal treatment for this group is necessary.
Formal Institutions and Regional Development. Considerations Regarding Romania  [PDF]
Ramona FRUNZ?
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Assuming that a theory of development is incomplete without a theory of institutions, we propose in this paper to analyze, in a first part, the interrelation formal institutions-regional development and the ways trough which these two components sustain themselves, then, in the second part of the paper, we will analyze the degree of convergence of the eight development regions in Romania, taking into account indicators such as: GDP per capita, average net wage gain, unemployment rate, labor productivity, the share of sectors in total employment.The results of our research we hope to lead us, in the final of the paper, to draw some future action directions by which to reduce development disparities between regions, both at national level and at European level NUTS2.
Prolegomena regarding critical media aesthetics  [PDF]
Vu?kovi? ?eljko
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn1137495v
Abstract: Contemporary technology and media era is characterized by aesthetics domination over logic, ethics and metaphysics. The reality is replaced by simulation and the picture is more important that the truth. The narcissistic media shape not only one's perception, but one's experience of the world, creation of taste and system of values. Therefore, we need a new media aesthetics that would lead to the development of critical media sensitivity and comprehension of how media messages emerge and affect the audience. If there is no critical aesthetics, there exists anesthesia. Being both a media perception theory and media taste critique, media aesthetics can contribute to creating a new media culture, realizing human potentials and improving communication rationality. Aesthetics is a prerequisite of media literacy and critical media pedagogy. In such a world media can serve as creative extensions of human perception, tools for comprehension and socialization in such a way as suggested by poet William Blake: If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is, infinite.
Socioanthropological factures of violence in sports activities: Influence of mass-media on the youth  [PDF]
Milo?evi? Bojan
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0927123m
Abstract: Mass-media have powerful influence on characteristics and development of contemporary societies. Modern societies are characterized by different varieties of violence as un-human social and anthropological behavior patterns of different societies and as shapes of social pathology. Media are the most significant mediator between sport and men of modern societies particularly of young people. Violence, as on expression of aggressive behavior, is not just a consequence of global society and mass-media influence on audience (especially hooligans), but it is developing as a consequence of socialization of personality. Youth violence is also a consequence of mass-media influence on young people's education. Children and youth are especially sensitive to violence in mass-media.
Youth culture, media and sexuality: What could faith communities contribute?
Anita Cloete
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012,
Abstract: This article provided an overview of youth culture and how the media shapes youth culture today. Its specific aim was to focus on the access to sexual content that the different forms of media provide and the possible effect that they have on youth culture today. The sexual development of teenagers is one of the most important areas of their journey into adulthood and can easily be influenced by media messages on sex and sexuality. As such, the sexual behaviour of teenagers mostly seems to demonstrate a misconception on sex and sexuality. The author argued that sex and sexuality can also be viewed as theological issues and concluded by offering a few suggestions on how faith communities can become a more relevant and effective partner in fostering a theological understanding of sex and sexuality, especially to the youth. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(2), 2012
Youth culture, media and sexuality: What could faith communities contribute?
Anita Cloete
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v68i2.1118
Abstract: This article provided an overview of youth culture and how the media shapes youth culture today. Its specific aim was to focus on the access to sexual content that the different forms of media provide and the possible effect that they have on youth culture today. The sexual development of teenagers is one of the most important areas of their journey into adulthood and can easily be influenced by media messages on sex and sexuality. As such, the sexual behaviour of teenagers mostly seems to demonstrate a misconception on sex and sexuality. The author argued that sex and sexuality can also be viewed as theological issues and concluded by offering a few suggestions on how faith communities can become a more relevant and effective partner in fostering a theological understanding of sex and sexuality, especially to the youth. How to cite this article: Cloete, A., 2012, ‘Youth culture, media and sexuality: What could faith communities contribute?’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(2), Art. #1118, 6 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i2.1118
Education, Democracy and Digital Media  [cached]
Hatlehol, Birte
Nordicum-Mediterraneum , 2008,
Abstract: Social scientists have often claimed that the reason for the well-known and widespread phenomenon of juvenile political apathy is their thorough exclusion from actual democratic politics. Politics does not speak their language, nor do they speak the language of politicians. Therefore, the youth’s views and interests are not represented to any significant degree within or by the existing institutions. The question arises of how to reconnect the youth to politics. New media technology has this potential. The project "Youth in the Centre", discussed in the paper, shows how new media technology can be adopted in schools for the purpose of bringing up a new generation of active democratic citizens.
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