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Serum protein concentrations, including acute phase proteins, in calves with hepatogenous photosensitization
Fagliari, J.J.;Passipieri, M.;Okuda, H.T.;Silva, S.L.;Silva, P.C.;
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352007000600001
Abstract: one hundred 6- to 12-month-old nelore calves were allotted into control group (g1; 50 healthy calves) and photosensitization group (g2; n= 50). blood samples were collected 12 to 24 hours after the onset of dermatitis (m1), and 15 to 30 days after that (m2), at time of resolution of clinical signs. serum protein electrophoresis was performed by means of sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. eighteen serum proteins with molecular weights ranging from 16,000 to 189,000 daltons (da) were identified in all calves. in m1 and m2 serum concentrations of proteins with molecular weights of 115,000da (ceruloplasmin), 61,000da (a1-antitrypsin), 45,000da (haptoglobin), and 40,000da (acid glycoprotein) were significantly increased in calves. in conclusion, measurement of serum acute phase protein concentrations may be useful in monitoring the progression of bovine hepatogenous photosensitization, including guide probable alteration on therapeutic procedures.
Co-infection of brucellosis and tuberculosis in slaughtered cattle in Ibadan, Nigeria: a case report
Simeon I.B. Cadmus,Hezekiah K. Adesokan,Judy A. Stack
Veterinaria Italiana , 2008,
Abstract: The authors present a case report on co-infection of brucellosis and tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered at the Bodija abattoir in Ibadan, Nigeria. Out of 32 animals that were seropositive for brucellosis using the Rose Bengal test, indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and competitive ELISA, six were also demonstrated as being infected with tuberculosis through mycobacterial culture. This is the first report of co-infection of brucellosis and tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered in Nigeria. There is a need for further studies to investigate this occurrence.
Acute organophosphorus compound poisoning in cattle: A case report
US Abdullahi
Nigerian Veterinary Journal , 2004,
Abstract: A case of an acute organophosphorus compound, GOLDFLEECE poisoning involving 39 cattle at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi is reported. The animals were overexposed to the compound following routine tick spray. Within 15 minutes after the spray of the compound, 26 animals were recumbent showing foamy salivation, muscles stiffness with paralysis, severe respiratory distress and protraction of the tongue. In some animals bloat, cough, lacrimation and blindness were observed. Fifteen (15) animals died within an hour and 11 were resuscitated following multiple injections with atropine sulphate. Thirteen (13) other animals were treated and confined. Respond to treatment was excellent except for 2 animals that exhibited the convulsion episode and collapse 24 and 48 hours respectively past treatment. They were treated with additional dose of atropine and chlorpromazine (tranquilizer) and good response was obtained. KEY WORDS: Poisoning, organophosphorus compound, cattle Nigerian Veterinary Journal Vol.25(1) 2004: 49-52
A Case Report of Eosinophilic Myositis in a Slaughtered Female Cattle
A. Javadi,Y. Doustar
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.920.921
Abstract: In this study, pathological, histopathological findings and slaughter judgment of a case of eosinophilic myositis in a mixed breed cow are described. In post mortem inspection, multifocal large irregular areas of greenish discoloration of various groups of skeletal muscles were seen. Representative samples of affected muscles were placed in 10% neutral buffered formalin, embedded in paraffin, sectioned at 4-6 μm and stained routinely with hematoxiline eosin. Microscopically, examinations demonstrate that affected areas are severely infiltrated by a large number of eosinophils, fewer macrophages and lymphocytes.
Black Quarter in crossbred dairy cattle- A Case Report  [cached]
Umar Nazir Zahid,S. Mathan Kumar,Sarnarinder Singh Randhawa, Swaran Singh Randhawa,Mir. Nadeem Hassan
Veterinary World , 2012, DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2012.767-770
Abstract: Aim: A sporadic incident of Clostridial disease that affected Holstein Friesian (HF) cross bred cows (n=8) at an organized dairy farm was investigated. Materials and Methods: Detailed clinical investigations and treatment were carried out on all the affected animals. Complete blood count (CBC) and plasma biochemistry were performed on survived animals (n=6). The needle biopsy samples were subjected to culture and identification of the organism by Gram staining. Results: Two cows were died before instituting the treatment in this clinical incident. The carcasses were seen with typical bloated appearance immediately after death, laying one side with affected leg stuck out. Post-mortem of the carcasses were not been carried out. Pertinent findings of the CBC were a relative neutrophilia whilst a normal total leucocyte count and lowered Hb. Plasma biochemical parameters revealed significant increase in the mean activity of aspartate aminotransferase while alanine aminotransferase levels were within limits. Gram's staining of the inoculated culture revealed the presence of small gram-positive rods with sub terminal spores. Clinical treatment of the cases was performed with administration of heavy dose of crystalline penicillin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Clinical recoveries of the cases were good and cessation of spread within the herd confining itself as a sporadic clinical incident. Conclusion: Sporadic Clostridiosis (BQ) of eight cross bred dairy cows was dealt in the present case study by including the details of its alterations in hematological parameters, Plasma biochemical parameters, observation of characteristic clinical signs of the disease and employment of empirical treatment with Penicillin. [Vet World 2012; 5(12.000): 767-770]
Anthrax outbreak in a Swedish beef cattle herd - 1st case in 27 years: Case report
Susanna Lewerin, Marianne Elvander, Therese Westermark, Lisbeth Hartzell, Agneta Norstr?m, Sara Ehrs, Rickard Knutsson, Stina Englund, Ann-Christin Andersson, Malin Granberg, Stina B?ckman, Per Wikstr?m, Karin Sandstedt
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-52-7
Abstract: The affected herd consisted of 90 animals, including calves and young stock. The animals were kept in a barn on deep straw bedding and fed only roughage. Seven animals died during 10 days, with no typical previous clinical signs except fever. The carcasses were reportedly normal in appearance, particularly as regards rigor mortis, bleeding and coagulation of the blood. Subsequently, three more animals died and anthrax was suspected at necropsy and confirmed by culture and PCR on blood samples.The isolated strain was susceptible to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and ampicillin. Subtyping by MLVA showed the strain to cluster with isolates in the A lineage of Bacillus anthracis.Environmental samples from the holding were all negative except for two soil samples taken from a spot where infected carcasses had been kept until they were picked up for transport.The most likely source of the infection was concluded to be contaminated roughage, although this could not be substantiated by laboratory analysis. The suspected feed was mixed with soil and dust and originated from fields where flooding occurred the previous year, followed by a dry summer with a very low water level in the river allowing for the harvesting on soil usually not exposed. In the early 1900s, animal carcasses are said to have been dumped in this river during anthrax outbreaks and it is most likely that some anthrax spores could remain in the area.The case indicates that untypical cases in non-endemic areas may be missed to a larger extent than previously thought. Field tests allowing a preliminary risk assessment of animal carcasses would be helpful for increased sensitivity of detection and prevention of further exposure to the causative agent.Anthrax is a bacterial infection that affects both animals and humans. It is caused by the gram positive, rod-shaped spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Fully virulent isolates contain two plasmids, pX01 and pX02. The former encodes the tripartite protein exo
Kalanchoe lanceolata poisoning in Brahman cattle in Zimbabwe : the first field outbreak : case report  [cached]
C. Masvingwe,M. Mavenyengwa
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/jsava.v68i1.860
Abstract: Field outbreaks of Kalanchoe lanceolata poisoning in cattle on a commercial farm in Zimbabwe are reported. The clinical signs and pathological lesions observed in field cases resembled those reproduced in an experimental cow and were consistent with acute cardiac glycoside poisoning.
Clinical aspects of an outbreak of papillomatous digital dermatitis in a dairy cattle herd : case report  [cached]
I. Yeruham,S. Perl
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/jsava.v69i3.830
Abstract: Digital skin lesions and lameness of several weeks duration, with a morbidity rate of 28.3 %, was reported in a group of 60 Holstein-Israeli dairy cows in various stages of lactation. A clinical survey was performed to monitor recovery and to confirm eradication of bovine papillomatous digital dermatitis in the herd. The combined effects of intensive individual treatment of the 4 lame cattle with procaine penicillin and metronidazole, and subjecting all animals in the herd to a foot bath with a solution composed of formaldehyde and sodium hydroxide twice a week for 12 weeks, were found to achieve a dramatic positive response in all affected cows in the herd. During a 1-year follow-up period no recurrence and/or new cases have been diagnosed.
Case Report  [cached]
Sasi Sekhar T V D,Satish P,Krishnaveni Vanapala,Anvesh Golla
National Journal of Medical Research , 2013,
Abstract: Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome (DDMS) is characterized by Seizures, facial asymmetry, contralateral hemiplegia and Mental Retardation. Characteristic Radiological features are Cerebral hemiatrophy with homolateral hypertrophy of skull and sinuses We report a Case of DDMS in a 21yr old male who presented with Generalised Tonic Clonic Seizures, Hemiparesis of the left hand and leg with deformity of the left upper limb and left lower limb and also deviation of the mouth to left. [Natl J of Med Res 2013; 3(1.000): 98-99]
Nocardiosis: an overview and additional report of 28 cases in cattle and dogs
Ribeiro, Márcio Garcia;Salerno, Tatiana;Mattos-Guaraldi, Ana Luiza de;Camello, Thereza Cristina Ferreira;Langoni, Hélio;Siqueira, Amanda Keller;Paes, Antonio Carlos;Fernandes, Marta Catarina;Lara, Gustavo Henrique Batista;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652008005000004
Abstract: phenotypic characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility profile, and clinical-epidemiological features of 28 nocardia strains isolated from 19 cases of bovine mastitis, eight cutaneous-subcutaneous lesions and one case of pneumonia in dogs were evaluated. microbiological, biochemical, cytological and scanning electron microscopy methods were used in diagnosis. nocardia asteroides type iv, nocardia otitidiscaviarum,nocardia nova (type iii) and nocardia farcinica (type v) were isolated from bovine milk, bronchial lavage and/or cutaneous-subcutaneous abscesses in dogs. nocardial bovine mastitis was diagnosed predominantly in clinical cases, in dairy herds with poor environmental hygienic conditions between milking and inappropriate intramammary therapy. canine nocardiosis was observed commonly in animals co-infected with distemper virus. sulphamethoxazole-trimethoprim (92.8%), amikacin (92.8%) and ceftiofur (92.8%) were the most effective drugs in 28 isolates. multiple drug resistance to three or more and five or more antimicrobials was observed in ten (35.7%) and three (10.7%) strains, respectively, predominantly with use of cloxaxillin, cefoperazone and ampicillin. the species (type) classification, clinical-epidemiological characteristics, diagnosis, multiple-drug resistance and public health considerations in nocardia strains isolated from cattle and dogs in brazil are discussed, with special reference to report of bovine mastitis by n. otitidiscaviarum by first time in brazil and the similarity between nocardia species isolated from human and animal origin.
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