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Comparative medicine - with some thoughts about the integration of medical and veterinary education
Ian McConnell
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.2427/6339
Abstract: The common pool of knowledge between veterinary and medical medicine has been frequently exploited to provide insights into basic biomedical science and its application in such areas as vaccine development, therapeutics and diagnostics. In this paper the essential interplay between the disciplines of medicine and veterinary medicine is discussed and illustrated in detail in such areas as prion diseases, zoonotic infectious diseases and genetic diseases of dogs.Considerations are also made about the integration of medical and veterinary education, with indications of the critical needs for maximizing the opportunities for “One Medicine" both in medical and veterinary education and for research.The essential and fascinating interplay between medicine, veterinary medicine and basic biomedical sciences can do more to advance knowledge in both medicine and veterinary medicine than either can achieve on their own....
The Ethics of Veracity and It Is Importance in the Medical Ethics  [PDF]
Ahmed Bait Amer
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.92019
Abstract: The goals of this overview is to discuss the ethics of telling the patient the truth, with some historical backgrounds and it is importance in medical practice, Justifying Less than Full Disclosure in some situations in which the truth may have a terrible impact on the occasional patient, and the influence of the culture on the health care professionals attitudes towards telling the patient the truth. Conclusion: The health care professionals need more awareness, and training in ethics of veracity and also in the communication skills especially in the context of breaking bad news in telling the patient the truth about diagnosis, treatment outcomes, and prognosis of any serious illness.
Needs and necessities of medical ethics education
Bagher Larijani,Elaheh Motevasseli
DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: In the recent years, new medical technologies and their probable misuses have emerged public concerns about medical ethics. Medical ethics is a practical discipline that provides a structured approach for identifying, analyzing, and resolving ethical issues in clinical medicine. "nIn this study we reviewed some new methods of teaching medical ethics in other countries by searching in internet and literature. "nTwo key features related to the teaching of medical ethics are active involvement of students in the learning process instead of merely lecturing about the ethical principles and assessing how students apply their knowledge of ethical principles in simulated and actual situations. In many countries such as Iran, medical schools attempted to address medical ethics issues in formal ethics classes. "nIt is clear that the traditional method is no longer sufficient to meet the needs of practitioners and societies and new methods particularly those emphasize on active learning, individual participation, group interactions, and a process - based approach, should be developed and implemented. In addition, a concerted effort to improve education in medical ethics will benefit the medical profession and services to patients. Therefore, we recommend policy makers of medical ethics education to change the traditional methods to the modern methods; which are used now in the world.
Medical ethics in residency training  [cached]
Murat Civaner,?zlem Sar?kaya,Harun Balc?o?lu
Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Medical ethics education in residency training is one of the hot topics of continuous medical education debates. Its importance and necessity is constantly stressed in declarations and statements on national and international level. Parallel to the major structural changes in the organization and the finance model of health care system, patient-physician relationship, identity of physicianship, social perception and status of profession are changing. Besides, scientific developments and technological advancements create possibilities that never exists before, and bring new ethical dilemmas along with. To be able to transplant human organs has created two major problems for instance; procurement of organs in sufficient numbers, and allocating them to the patients in need by using some prioritizing criteria. All those new and challenging questions force the health care workers to find authentic and justifiable solutions while keeping the basic professional values. In that sense, proper medical ethics education in undergraduate and postgraduate term that would make physician-to-be’s and student-physicians acquire the core professional values and skill to notice, analyze and develop justifiable solutions to ethical problems is paramount. This article aims to express the importance of medical ethics education in residency training, and to propose major topics and educational methods to be implemented into. To this aim, first, undergraduate medical education, physician’s working conditions, the exam of selection for residency training, and educational environment were revised, and then, some topics and educational methods, which are oriented to educate physicians regarding the professional values that they should have, were proposed.
“The Ethics of Memory Blunting: Some Initial Thoughts”  [PDF]
Erik Parens
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , 2010, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2010.00190
Abstract:
Islamic Perception of Business Ethics and the Impact of Secular Thoughts on Islamic Business Ethics  [PDF]
Muhammad Hashim
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to exhibit the business ethics perception in Islam and to unveil the western secular values and thoughts regarding ethics. We have presented the various repeatedly verses from Holy Quran and teachings of the Prophet. But unfortunately the western dominancy on our systems with great extent effaced our core Islamic values, beliefs and idea regarding business and trade. The dominancy of their organism has occupied a vital rule in all the major activities in our system and we are constrained to follow. Especially Muslims are striving for much profit and they are ignoring the ethical standard of the business, what Islam prohibits and what permits they don’t care. Being Muslims we have to follow the rules and regulation for business dealings which stated by Islamic jurisprudence the business will sustain its image and will be able to survive.
The principles of medical ethics and medical research
Harris, John;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000500002
Abstract: in this paper i discuss the application of the principles of medical ethics and of medical research to the case of children and others whose consent to treatment and to research is problematic. public health depends substantially on the possibility of ongoing research into all conditions which affect the health of the people. constraints on this research are therefore a public health issue. moreover and more importantly the possibility of predictive testing and indeed of screening for health-relevant conditions is an important public health tool, and limitations on the use of this tool are of great significance to public health medicine. having considered the particular problems created by research and predictive testing on children for late-onset conditions i go on to discuss research on those whose consent is problematic more generally. i conclude with radical recommendations for the reform of the declaration of helsinki and of the international ethics guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects, prepared by the council for international organizations of medical sciences (cioms).
The principles of medical ethics and medical research  [cached]
Harris John
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999,
Abstract: In this paper I discuss the application of the principles of medical ethics and of medical research to the case of children and others whose consent to treatment and to research is problematic. Public health depends substantially on the possibility of ongoing research into all conditions which affect the health of the people. Constraints on this research are therefore a public health issue. Moreover and more importantly the possibility of predictive testing and indeed of screening for health-relevant conditions is an important public health tool, and limitations on the use of this tool are of great significance to public health medicine. Having considered the particular problems created by research and predictive testing on children for late-onset conditions I go on to discuss research on those whose consent is problematic more generally. I conclude with radical recommendations for the reform of The Declaration of Helsinki and of the International Ethics Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects, prepared by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS).
New advances and prospects of medical ethics  [cached]
Fang YANG,Zhao-jiang GUO
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army , 2011,
Abstract: Objective To review and summarize the latest advances and achievements in medical ethics research since "the Eleventh Five-Year Plan",and to infer the possible developmental prospects of medical ethics in "the Twelfth Five-Year Plan".Methods Bibliographical methods were employed to retrieve the academic achievements and dynamic developments in medical ethics since 2006 to obtain a brief overview and to conduct an in-depth study.Results Since "the Eleventh Five-Year Plan",a series of achievements in medical ethics,especially on the upgrade of the themes,the expansion of the scope,and the renovation of the methods,have been achieved.Research on medical ethics carried out in the army,such as the research on military medical ethics,bioethics,and disaster and epidemic ethics,also yielded several new achievements and played leading roles in the military and practical fields.Conclusions In the period of "the Twelfth Five-Year Plan",the localization of medical ethics research should be promoted,the level of original research should be improved,and the academic contingent and platform should be strenuously constructed.In terms of research direction,continuously strengthening basic and general research of bioethics,highlighting the characteristics and superiority of military medical ethics,enhancing non-combat and combat operation research,and strengthening ethics research for the application of advanced biotechnology in the military field are necessary.
Some thoughts on theoretical physics  [PDF]
Constantino Tsallis
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2004.06.054
Abstract: Some thoughts are presented on the inter-relation between beauty and truth in science in general and theoretical physics in particular. Some conjectural procedures that can be used to create new ideas, concepts and results are illustrated in both Boltzmann-Gibbs and nonextensive statistical mechanics. The sociological components of scientific progress and its unavoidable and benefic controversies are, mainly through existing literary texts, briefly addressed as well.
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