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Mulheres de corpo e alma: aspectos biopsicossociais da meia-idade feminina
Mori, Maria Elizabeth;Coelho, Vera Lucia Decnop;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722004000200006
Abstract: this study investigated biological, psychological and sociocultural aspects that interact in middle-aged women in order to better understand their feelings and experiences. the advent of the menopause - characterized by the end of the menstruation and by psychic and physical manifestations - imposes fundamental questions that, on the limit, may elicit depressive symptoms. hormonal changes are implicated in the aging process, that point to the finitude. a feeling of not being themselves makes many women experience difficulties with losses inherent to this life period.
Riscos biopsicossociais para o desenvolvimento de crian as prematuras e com baixo peso Riesgos biopsicosociales para el desarrollo de ni os prematuros y de bajo peso al nacer Biopsychosocial risks to development in preterm children with low birth weight  [cached]
Kelly Ambrósio Silveira,S?nia Regina Fiorim Enumo
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2012,
Abstract: A prematuridade (PT) e o baixo peso ao nascimento (BP) s o fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento, assim como as variáveis psicossociais. Este estudo teve por objetivo descrever e analisar as rela es entre variáveis psicossociais e de nascimento e o desempenho cognitivo, linguístico, motor e comportamental em crian as nascidas PTBP, com idade de 12 a 36 meses. Essas rela es foram estudadas em 40 crian as PTBP, com 12-36 meses de idade, avaliadas pela Bayley-III Screening Test (BSID-III), e também em seus pais, que responderam ao Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1 -5 anos) e à entrevista para identifica o de riscos biopsicossociais. Prontuários médicos também foram consultados. Identificou-se maior frequência de risco para problemas de desenvolvimento na área cognitiva e de linguagem expressiva. Destacam-se as correla es entre condi es de nascimento e problemas de desenvolvimento, risco psicossocial severo e riscos à linguagem receptiva e a problemas comportamentais, bem como entre os últimos e riscos à linguagem expressiva e à cogni o. Aponta-se a necessidade de monitoramento do desenvolvimento dessas crian as, com atividades de avalia o, estimula o precoce e atendimento familiar. La prematuridad (PT) y el bajo peso al nacer (BP) son factores de riesgo para el desarrollo, así como las variables psicosociales. La finalidad de este estudio fue describir y analizar las relaciones entre variables psicosociales y de nacimiento y el desempe o cognitivo, lingüístico, motor y comportamental en ni os nacidos PTBP, de 12-36 meses. Esas relaciones fueron estudiadas con 40 ni os PTBP, de 12-36 meses, evaluados por la Bayley-III Screening Test (BSDI-III), y también con sus padres, que respondieron al Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1 -5 a os) y a una entrevista para identificación de riesgos biopsicosociales; registros médicos también fueron consultados. Se encontró mayor frecuencia de riesgo de problemas de desarrollo en el área cognitivo y de lenguaje expresivo. Se destacan las correlaciones entre las afecciones perinatales y problemas de desarrollo; riesgo psicosocial severo y riesgos para el lenguaje receptivo y problemas de conducta; y entre estos y riesgos para el lenguaje expresivo y la cognición. Se confirma la necesidad de monitorear el desarrollo de estos ni os, con evaluación, intervención temprana y atención a la familia. Prematurity (PT) and low birth weight (LBW) are risk factors for development, as well as psychosocial variables. These relationships were studied in 40 children PTLBW between 12-36 months old, assessed by the Bayley-III Screening
Diferen as biopsicossociais entre idosos de institui o asilar particular e filantrópica da cidade de Porto Alegre =Biopsychosocial differences between elderly residents of private and phylantropic nursing homes in the city of Porto Alegre  [PDF]
Terra, Newton Luiz et. al
Scientia Medica , 2009,
Abstract: Objetivos: avaliar as principais diferen as e semelhan as entre idosos residentes em uma institui o asilar filantrópica (SPAAN) e outra privada (Lar Israelita) da cidade de Porto Alegre. Métodos: os dados foram coletados a partir de um instrumento, aplicado por estudantes de medicina, o qual contém informa es biopsicossociais dos idosos selecionados por apresentarem condi es cognitivas e concordaram em participar da pesquisa. Resultados: foram entrevistados 55 idosos, 25 do grupo SPAAN e 30 do grupo Israelita. Características similares e contrastantes foram observadas nos dois grupos. Em ambas as institui es as mulheres foram mais prevalentes. Atividades sócio-recreativas que n o exigem esfor o físico foram as mais referidas em ambos os grupos: conversar com amigos (50%) e hábito da leitura (48%). Motivos do asilamento foram similares: carência familiar, viuvez e solid o (47,3%), seguido de vontade própria (38%). Caminhada foi a atividade física mais frequente no grupo SPAAN, enquanto ginástica a mais frequente no grupo Israelita. A saúde (60%), família (49%), amor (26%) e respeito (26%) foram os valores mais importantes para os entrevistados. O grupo SPAAN apresentava melhor auto-avalia o de saúde e menor frequência de dependências que o outro grupo. Conclus es: este estudo possibilitou o conhecimento da situa o dos idosos de duas institui es asilares distintas. Idosos de institui o filantrópica parecem ter mais necessidades básicas de alimenta o e moradia e menos dependência física, enquanto residentes de institui o privada têm necessidades específicas de cuidado de saúde. Aims: To evaluate the main differences and similarities between two groups of elderly residents from a philanthropic (SPAAN group) and a private (Israelita group) nursing homes in the city of Porto Alegre. Methods: The data were collected through an instrument applied by medical students. The questionnaire collected bio-psychosocial information of the elderly, who had to be cognitively able to answer and who agreed to participate on the study. Results: Fifty-five elderly subjects were interviewed. Twenty-five were from SPAAN group and thirty were from Israelita group. We have found similarities and differences between the two groups. In both groups women were more frequent. The most commonly reported socio-recreational activities in both groups were activities that did not require physical effort, such as chatting with friends (50%) and reading (48%). Reasons for institutionalization were also similar in both groups: lack of family support, widowhood, and loneliness (47%),
Aristotle on Dividing the Soul  [cached]
Pavel Gregoric
Prolegomena , 2008,
Abstract: Aristotle’s account of the soul requires an adequate division of the soul. However, Aristotle refuses to divide the soul spatially, and insists that it is divided only conceptually, that is ‘in being’ or ‘in account’. In this paper I explain what this division amounts to and how Aristotle executes it. Then I discuss three important advantages of such a division of the soul. First, it enables Aristotle to avoid problems that he identified in Plato’s account of the soul. Second, it allows him to treat a particular capacity of the soul as itself divided into distinct parts or aspects. Third, it allows him to treat a particular capacity of the soul as a distinct part or aspect of some more comprehensive capacity.
The biopsychosocial model and hypothyroidism
Benjamin T Brown, Rod Bonello, Henry Pollard
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1340-13-5
Abstract: A search through Medline, Meditext, PubMed, OVID, Science direct, Austats, CINAHL, Expanded Academic ASAP was performed using the key words: Biopsychosocial model, hypothyroidism, treatment, levothyroxine, thyroid.The biopsychosocial model depicts a health care concept that has evolved in close association with current pain theory. It has sought coexistence with the dominant biomedical model of health care, which describes 'disease' as a failure of or within the soma, resulting from infection, injury or inheritance [1]. The biomedical model has its roots in the Cartesian division between mind and body [2].In 1977, Engel described a crisis that modern medicine and psychiatry were facing. Disease, from a biomedical perspective was described in somatic parameters alone, there was little or no room for psychological, social and behavioural dimensions of illness within this model. This made adherence to this framework very difficult. There were somatic and mental disorders that simply did not fit the biomedical model, and hence it was no longer sufficient for the scientific and social responsibilities of either medicine or psychiatry [2,3]. Engel set out to develop a new framework that would account for the biological, psychological and social dimensions of illness and disease. It was essential that this new model provide a basis for the understanding and treatment of disease, whilst taking into account the patient, his/her social context and the impact of illness on that individual from a societal perspective [4,5]. This represented the development of the biopsychosocial model [2].The biopsychosocial model states that ill health and disease are the result of an interaction between biological, psychological and social factors. The biopsychosocial model makes the distinction between pathophysiological processes that cause disease and the client's perception of their health and the effects on it, called the illness [6]. It seeks to build upon the biomedical model. Biologic
Biopsychosocial perspective of ADHD  [PDF]
Luisa Matilde Salamanca
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.41001
Abstract: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered a major public health problem, not only for its high prevalence but also because the symptoms have an impact on activities in daily life at both familial and school levels as well as on a general social level. Clinical evaluation of ADHD was based on the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases ICD 10, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM IV and comorbidity phenomena. Therefore, it has not yet developed into evaluations any more comprehensive than activity limitations and participation restrictions from a biopsychosocial model of disability, as proposed by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF. Thus, it is necessary to start assessment processes of children with ADHD using the functionality and performance components proposed by the ICF, allowing a new approach and a greater understanding of the health status of this population from a more holistic perspective in relation to the disability. Objective: To identify the theoretical elements that justify the importance of addressing ADHD from a biopsychosocial perspective as proposed by the evaluation of the ICF model, ensuring comprehensive assessment processes. This article is the result of a theoretical review addressed in research projects around the design, validity and reliability of assessment instruments of activity limitations and participation restrictions in children with ADHD.
Karl Rahner and the Immortality of the Soul
Mark F. Fischer
The Saint Anselm Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Do the assertions of Karl Rahner (1) that the soul does not exist for its own sake but is a "principle" of being, and (2) that one must reject anthropological dualism in order to consider the body and soul a unity, endanger the traditional doctrines of the soul's independence and immortality? Rahner's Christology says no. As a principle of being, the soul "causes" the body to realize its potential for immortality. United with the body, the soul is the seat of human (distinct from animal) nature, capable of spiritual growth. Immortality and independence reflect the divine Word's entrance into human nature.
Karl Rahner on the Soul
Rev. Terrance W. Klein, S.T.D.
The Saint Anselm Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Karl Rahner rejects the notion that when Christians speak of a soul they are citing a surreptitious citizen of a realm that lies beyond or above science. For Rahner, the purpose of calling the soul the supernatural element of the human person is not to establish two spheres within one human being, but rather to attest to the sheer gratuity of our orientation toward God in Christ. When we use the word "spirit," we philosophically reference our disposition over and against the world. When we use the word "soul," we theologically assert the ultimate orientation of this spirit towards God.
Depress?o no climatério: indicadores biopsicossociais
Nievas, Andréia Fernanda;Furegato, Antonia Regina Ferreira;Iannetta, Odilon;Santos, Jair Licio Ferreira;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852006000400003
Abstract: objective: this study aimed to identify the presence of depressive symptoms in women during the climacteric and to analyze the related biopsychosocial indicators. methods: the questionnaire for the identification and context of women during the climacteric and beck?s inventory were applied to 30 women who first attended the multidisciplinary menopause outpatient clinic at the hcrp/fmrp/usp, brazil. data were statistically processed through bivariate and multivariate analysis. results: according to the beck inventory the presence of depression was identified in 14 of the 30 women attended in that outpatient clinic from november 2003 to december 2004. conclusion: results showed the increased presence of depressive symptoms in non-white women between 40 and 49 years old, who had a partner, belonged to biological groups b or c, were going through problems with their partner, had drinking habits and had faced a situation of recent death or unemployment in the family.
BioPsychoSocial Medicine: a new open access journal
Yoshihide Nakai
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-1-1
Abstract: BioPsychoSocial Medicine is the official journal of The Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine [2], which was established on November 30, 1959, and now has over three thousand seven hundred members. The Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine is an interdisciplinary academic society consisting mainly of physicians, gynecologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, dermatologists, dentists, researchers of basic medical science, and psychologists. The society publishes a monthly Japanese language academic journal, the Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine [3], the latest issue being Vol. 46 No. 12.With the support of psychiatrists, Japanese psychosomatic medicine specialists have aspired to promote the development of clinical medicine, education, and research into biopsychosocial medical science targeting the physical disorders of each branch. Our members' wishes to transmit their results to the world have been realized through the publication of an English language journal, BioPsychoSocial Medicine.We welcome the contributions of psychosomatic medicine scientists from around the world, as well as from those in Japan, and have high expectations that by publishing high-quality research papers on biopsychosocial medical science and by providing opportunities for communication among the psychosomatic medicine scientists of the world, BioPsychoSocial Medicine will become an important journal in its field. We look forward to receiving your submissions.Yoshihide Nakai is an Advisory Board member of BioPsychoSocial Medicine and President of the Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine.
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