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Numerical Taxonomy of Old World Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae): 1. Considerations of Morphological Characters in the Genus Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté 1840
Rispail, Philippe;Léger, Nicole;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761998000600015
Abstract: numerical analyses (correspondence analysis, ascending hierarchical classification, cladistic approach) were applied to the morphological characters of the adults of the genus phlebotomus rondani & berté 1840. they confirm the reliability of the classic classifications, and also redefine the taxonomic and phylogenetic position of certain taxa. thus, spelaeophlebotomus theodor 1948, idiophlebotomus quate & fairchild 1961 and australophlebotomus theodor 1948 deserve generic rank. among the vectors of leishmaniasis, the subgenus phlebotomus rondani & berté 1840 is probably ancient. the results attribute an intermediate taxonomic and phylogenetic position to the taxa euphlebotomus theodor 1948 and anaphlebotomus theodor 1948, and reveal the probable artificial nature of the latter. the comparatively large numbers of species of subgenera paraphlebotomus theodor 1948, synphlebotomus theodor 1948 and, above all, larroussius nitzulescu 1931 and adlerius nitzulescu 1931, suggest that they are relatively recent. the development of adult morphological characters, the validity of their use in taxonomy and proposals for further studies are discussed.
Some Interesting Sandflies of Subgenera Phlebotomus Rondani and Berte in Rondani (1840) and Parratomyia Theodor (1948) (Diptera, Psychodidae) from Pakistan  [PDF]
Juma-khan Kakarsulemankhel
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: During entomological surveys conducted inthe whole of Balochistan, Pakistan during 1996-2001, four female flies of the subgenus Phlebotomus Rondani and Berte and 2 flies of the subgenus Parratomyia Theodor were collected and these are described, measured and illustrated.Their taxonomic affinity is also discussed. Morphometrically, these flies are found to differ significantly from their closest allies of the subgenera. Accordingly, these flies are treated here as species [A], [B], [C], [D] and [A] of the subgenera Phlebotomus and Parratomyia, respectively.
Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae Rondani, 1840: Range extension and new records from lowland Bolivia.  [PDF]
Brazil, R. P.,Passos, W. L.,Brazil, B. G.,Temeljkovitch, M.
Check List , 2010,
Abstract: During a field trip to the town of El Carmen in de Department of Santa Cruz we captured 108 specimens ofPhlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae). Among the specimens examined, we found five species of sand fly comprising fourgenera. Four species (Lutzomyia cruzi, Lutzomyia forattinii, Evandromyia corumbaensis, Expapillata cerradincola) are newrecords which increased the number of species known to occur in Bolivia from 117 to 121.
Description of Lutzomyia chotensis, a new species of Peruvian Phlebotominae (Diptera, Psychodidae)
Galati, Eunice A. Bianchi;Cáceres, Abraham G.;Zorrilla, Victor;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262003000400011
Abstract: lutzomyia chotensis sp. nov. (diptera, psychodidae, phlebotominae) from cajamarca department, peru, is described and its taxonomic position discussed.
Catálogo das cole??es entomológicas da Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de S?o Paulo (1.a série): Ceratopogonidae, Psychodidae, Simuliidae
Forattini,Oswaldo Paulo; Rabello,Ernesto Xavier; Cotrim,Maria das Dores;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1971, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101971000200013
Abstract: família ceratopogonidae: gênero alluaudomyia kieffer, 1913; gênero atrichopogon kieffer, 1906; gênero bezzia kieffer, 1899; gênero calyptopogon kieffer, 1910; gênero ceratobezzia kieffer, 1917; gênero clinohelea kieffer, 1917; gênero culicoides latreille, 1809; gênero dasyhelea kieffer, 1911; gênero dicrobezzia kieffer, 1919; gênero dicrohele lane & wirth, 1961; gênero echinohele macfie, 1942; gênero forcipomya meigen, 1818; gênero heteromyia say, 1825; gênero lasiohelea (kieffer, 1921); gênero leptocanops skuse, 1889; gênero macfiehelea lane, 1946; gênero macropeza meigen, 1818; gênero monohelea kieffer, 1917; gênero nilobezzia kieffer, 1921; gênero pachyhelea wirth, 1959; gênero palpomyia meigen, 1818; gênero parabezzia malloch, 1915; gênero paryphoconus enderlein, 1912; gênero sphaeromias curtis, 1829; gênero stenoxenus coquillett, 1899; gênero stilobezzia kieffer, 1911; familia psychodidae: gênero bruchomyia alexander, 1920; gênero phlebotomus rondani, 1840; família simuliidae: gênero eusimulium roubaud, 1906; gênero lutzsimulium d'andretta & d'andretta, 1947; gênero prosimulium roubaud, 1906; gênero simulium latreille, 1802.
Numerical Taxonomy of Old World Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae): 2. Restatement of Classification upon Subgeneric Morphological Characters
Rispail, Philippe;Léger, Nicole;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761998000600016
Abstract: numerical analyses (correspondence analysis, ascending hierarchical classification, and cladistics) were done with morphological characters of adult phlebotomine sand flies. the resulting classification largely confirms that of classical taxonomy for supra-specific groups from the old world, though the positions of some groups are adjusted. the taxa spelaeophlebotomus theodor 1948, idiophlebotomus quate & fairchild 1961, australophlebotomus theodor 1948 and chinius leng 1987 are notably distinct from other old world groups, particularly from the genus phlebotomus rondani & berté 1840. spelaeomyia theodor 1948 and, in particular, parvidens theodor & mesghali 1964 are clearly separate from sergentomyia fran?a & parrot 1920.
Numerical Taxonomy of Old World Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae): 2. Restatement of Classification upon Subgeneric Morphological Characters
Rispail Philippe,Léger Nicole
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1998,
Abstract: Numerical analyses (correspondence analysis, ascending hierarchical classification, and cladistics) were done with morphological characters of adult phlebotomine sand flies. The resulting classification largely confirms that of classical taxonomy for supra-specific groups from the Old World, though the positions of some groups are adjusted. The taxa Spelaeophlebotomus Theodor 1948, Idiophlebotomus Quate & Fairchild 1961, Australophlebotomus Theodor 1948 and Chinius Leng 1987 are notably distinct from other Old World groups, particularly from the genus Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté 1840. Spelaeomyia Theodor 1948 and, in particular, Parvidens Theodor & Mesghali 1964 are clearly separate from Sergentomyia Fran a & Parrot 1920.
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus) barguesae n. sp. from Thailand (Diptera – Psychodidae)
Jér?me Depaquit, Frédérique Muller, Nicole Léger
Parasites & Vectors , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-2-5
Abstract: A new species of sandfly, P. barguesae n. sp. is described from limestone caves in Thailand. The male-female gathering in the same species is based on ecological, morphological and molecular criteria (homology of mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase I sequences). The inclusion of P. barguesae n. sp. in the subgenus Euphlebotomus is justified on the basis of characters of the male genitalia (five spines on the style, bifurcated paramere, and no basal lobe on the coxite) and of female pharyngeal armature (two kinds of teeth). It well differenciated from another sympatric species: P. mascomai.The new species described in the present study has smooth spermathecae. This original morphology opens a discussion on the heterogeneity of this subgenus.Species of phlebotomine sandflies recorded in Thailand belong to the genera Phlebotomus Rondani & Berté, 1840, Idiophlebotomus Quate & Fairchild, 1961, Chinius Leng, 1987 and Sergentomyia Fran?a & Parrot, 1920 [1-5]. Three of them belong to the subgenus Euphlebotomus Theodor, 1948: Phlebotomus argentipes Annandale & Brunetti, 1908, the main vector of Leishmania donovani (Laveran & Mesnil, 1903) in India, P. philippinensis gouldi Lewis, 1978, found in the rain forest of Thailand, and P. mascomai Muller, Depaquit & Léger, 2007, from limestone caves.Thailand, province of Ratchaburi, district of Muang, sub-district of Huay Phai, inside the cave "Khao Tham Khun Chom" (13°48'85,6"N et 99°70'35,7"E). Altitude: 35 m. above sea level.All the specimens were caught in July 2004 and February 2005 (Barbazan recoltavit) by CDC miniature light traps between 5 p.m. and 9 a.m. They were kept in 96° ethanol, and mounted in toto for morphological study according to Abonnenc's method [6]: 4–8 hours in 10% KOH solution followed by eight baths (20 minutes each) in water, then at least 1 hour in Berlese's medium. Females were directly mounted in this liquid with their spermathecae dissected, then re-mounted in chloral gum when possible. Some males were dehydrate
Descriptions of syntypes of Brumptamyia brumpti (Lsrrousse, 1920) (Diptera: Psychodidae-Phlebotominae)
Williams, Paul;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761988000300010
Abstract: the male and female of brumptomyia brumpti (larrousse, 1920), the type species of the genus brumptomyia fran?a & parrot, 1921 (diptera: psychodidae - phlebotominae) are redescribed from syntypes in the british museum (natural history).
Methodology for bioassay entomopathogenic Bacillus against sand fly (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) larvae
Wermelinger, Eduardo Dias;Zanuncio, José Cola;Rangel, Elizabeth F.;Cecon, Paulo R.;Rabinovitch, Leon;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752000000300026
Abstract: the objective of this research is to present a method to bioassay entomopathogenic bacillus species against sand fly (diptera, psychodidae, phlebotominae) larvae. the vector lutzomyia longipalpis (lutz & neiva, 1912) (diptera, psychodidae, phlebotominae) and some bacillus strains were used in laboratory to develop this method. some characteristics of this method are commented and the importance to develop a standard method to test pathogenicity of bacillus species against phlebotomine larvae is also discussed.
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