oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Questionário de comportamentos anti-sociais e delitivos: evidências psicométricas de uma vers?o reduzida
Gouveia, Valdiney Veloso;Santos, Walberto Silva;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Diniz, Pollyane K. C.;Fonseca, Patrícia Nunes da;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722009000100004
Abstract: this study aimed at knowing the psychometric parameters of the antisocial and delictive behaviors questionnaire (adq). specifically, it tried to join evidences of its factor validity and reliability in the milieu of paraíba-brazil, as well as to know the adequacy of a briefed version of this measure. two studies were accomplished. in study 1, the participants were 480 students from high school, with a mean age of 16.2 years old (sd = 1.60), most of them were women (55.1%). in study 2, 1,463 students of elementary school, high school, and university; with ages ranging from 10 to 36 years old (m = 16; sd = 4.41) participated in research, 59.9% were female. they answered the antisocial and delictive behaviors questionnaire and to demographic questions. results supported the psychometric adequacy of this measure, which showed the theorized bi-factor structure. moreover, the purpose of the adq briefed version revealed itself adequate, jointing evidences of factor validity and reliability similar to those of the original version. these findings were discussed based on literature and future researches are suggested as well.
Disarming the antisocial Power of videogames  [PDF]
Yolanda Arago?n Carretero
Revista Electronica Interuniversitaria de Formación del Profesorado , 2011,
Abstract: The present article attempts to dismantle the negative conception that the society has of videogames as tools of learning antisocial behaviours and attitudes, such as aggressiveness or sexism among others. Quite on the contrary, we present them as mediators for the construction of social identity and for the acquisition of new competences associated to the 21st century literacy.
Irrational evaluations and antisocial behavior of adolescents  [PDF]
Vukosavljevi?-Gvozden Tatjana,Opa?i? Goran,Mari? Zorica
Zbornik Instituta za Pedago?ka Istra?ivanja , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/zipi1002263v
Abstract: The principles of the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy point out to the role of irrational beliefs in the occurrence of aggressive and antisocial behavior. The goal of this research is to determine whether there are links between irrational beliefs and self-assessment of antisocial behavior and whether there are differences with respect to irrational beliefs between the young who were sentenced by juvenile court judges compared to the control group. The research was conducted on two subsamples - the first consisted of male adolescents (N=116), aged 16 to 19, and the second comprised male adolescents 50 out of whom were sentenced by juvenile court judges, aged averagely 17 and a half, and 50 members of the control group. The modified version of the General Attitude and Belief Scale (GABS) (Mari , 2002, 2003) and Antisocial Behavior Scale (ABS) (Opa i , 2010, in print) were used. Multiple regression analysis showed that the best predictor of the score on antisocial behavior scale was “the demand for absolute correctness of others and their devaluation”, followed by the aspiration towards perfectionism and success which acts as the factor that reduces the probability of antisocial behavior. Almost identical results were obtained by group comparison. The obtained results provide guidelines for designing preventive programs (sketched in the discussion) that would be able to reduce the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behavior at adolescent age.
Antisocial Behavior in Online Discussion Communities  [PDF]
Justin Cheng,Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil,Jure Leskovec
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: User contributions in the form of posts, comments, and votes are essential to the success of online communities. However, allowing user participation also invites undesirable behavior such as trolling. In this paper, we characterize antisocial behavior in three large online discussion communities by analyzing users who were banned from these communities. We find that such users tend to concentrate their efforts in a small number of threads, are more likely to post irrelevantly, and are more successful at garnering responses from other users. Studying the evolution of these users from the moment they join a community up to when they get banned, we find that not only do they write worse than other users over time, but they also become increasingly less tolerated by the community. Further, we discover that antisocial behavior is exacerbated when community feedback is overly harsh. Our analysis also reveals distinct groups of users with different levels of antisocial behavior that can change over time. We use these insights to identify antisocial users early on, a task of high practical importance to community maintainers.
Conceptualising Animal Abuse with an Antisocial Behaviour Framework  [PDF]
Eleonora Gullone
Animals , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ani1010144
Abstract: This paper reviews current findings in the human aggression and antisocial behaviour literature and those in the animal abuse literature with the aim of highlighting the overlap in conceptualisation. The major aim of this review is to highlight that the co-occurrence between animal abuse behaviours and aggression and violence toward humans can be logically understood through examination of the research evidence for antisocial and aggressive behaviour. From examination through this framework, it is not at all surprising that the two co-occur. Indeed, it would be surprising if they did not. Animal abuse is one expression of antisocial behaviour. What is also known from the extensive antisocial behaviour literature is that antisocial behaviours co-occur such that the presence of one form of antisocial behaviour is highly predictive of the presence of other antisocial behaviours. From such a framework, it becomes evident that animal abuse should be considered an important indicator of antisocial behaviour and violence as are other aggressive and antisocial behaviours. The implications of such a stance are that law enforcement, health and other professionals should not minimize the presence of animal abuse in their law enforcement, prevention, and treatment decisions.
Antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption by school adolescents
García, Karla Selene López;Costa Junior, Moacyr Lobo da;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000200020
Abstract: adolescence is a vulnerable period and facilitates the start of risk behaviors, for instance the use of drugs. this study aims to describe the differences between antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption according to gender, age and education; as well as to discover the relation between antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption in 1,221 school adolescents from monterrey - nuevo leon, mexico. the findings reveal differences in antisocial behavior according to gender. evidences showed that 41.3% of the students had consumed alcohol at sometime in their lives, and that differences exist in alcohol consumption according to age and education. finally, the study found positive and significant relations between antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption (rs = .272, p <.001).
Antisocial pool rewarding does not deter public cooperation  [PDF]
Attila Szolnoki,Matjaz Perc
Quantitative Biology , 2015, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.1975
Abstract: Rewarding cooperation is in many ways expected behaviour from social players. However, strategies that promote antisocial behaviour are also surprisingly common, not just in human societies, but also among eusocial insects and bacteria. Examples include sanctioning of individuals who behave prosocially, or rewarding of freeriders who do not contribute to collective enterprises. We therefore study the public goods game with antisocial and prosocial pool rewarding in order to determine the potential negative consequences on the effectiveness of positive incentives to promote cooperation. Contrary to a naive expectation, we show that the ability of defectors to distribute rewards to their like does not deter public cooperation as long as cooperators are able to do the same. Even in the presence of antisocial rewarding the spatial selection for cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas is enhanced. Since the administration of rewards to either strategy requires a considerable degree of aggregation, cooperators can enjoy the benefits of their prosocial contributions as well as the corresponding rewards. Defectors when aggregated, on the other hand, can enjoy antisocial rewards, but due to their lack of contributions to the public good they ultimately succumb to their inherent inability to secure a sustainable future. Strategies that facilitate the aggregation of akin players, even if they seek to promote antisocial behaviour, thus always enhance the long-term benefits of cooperation.
Risky Decisions and Their Consequences: Neural Processing by Boys with Antisocial Substance Disorder  [PDF]
Thomas J. Crowley,Manish S. Dalwani,Susan K. Mikulich-Gilbertson,Yiping P. Du,Carl W. Lejuez,Kristen M. Raymond,Marie T. Banich
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012835
Abstract: Adolescents with conduct and substance problems (“Antisocial Substance Disorder” (ASD)) repeatedly engage in risky antisocial and drug-using behaviors. We hypothesized that, during processing of risky decisions and resulting rewards and punishments, brain activation would differ between abstinent ASD boys and comparison boys.
Quantifying social vs. antisocial behavior in email networks  [PDF]
Luiz H. Gomes,Luis M. A. Bettencourt,Virgilio A. F. Almeida,Jussara M. Almeida,Fernando D. O. Castro
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Email graphs have been used to illustrate general properties of social networks of communication and collaboration. However, increasingly, the majority of email traffic reflects opportunistic, rather than symbiotic social relations. Here we use e-mail data drawn from a large university to construct directed graphs of email exchange that quantify the differences between social and antisocial behaviors in networks of communication. We show that while structural characteristics typical of other social networks are shared to a large extent by the legitimate component they are not characteristic of antisocial traffic. Interestingly, opportunistic patterns of behavior do create nontrivial graphs with certain general characteristics that we identify. To complement the graph analysis, which suffers from incomplete knowledge of users external to the domain, we study temporal patterns of communication to show that the dynamical properties of email traffic can, in principle, distinguish different types of social relations.
Predictores de la conducta antisocial juvenil: un modelo ecológico
Frías-Armenta, Martha;López-Escobar, Amelia Eréndida;Díaz-Méndez, Sylvia Guadalupe;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2003000100003
Abstract: the aim of this research was to test an ecological model as explanation of juvenile delinquency. 204 mexican students of junior and high school answered a questionnaire containing questions about family violence, antisocial behavior, child abuse, mother and father alcohol consumption, as well as some family, school, and neighborhood environmental characteristics. observed variables constituted factors and indexes that represented the ecological theory. structural equation modeling was used to analyze data. results showed that the microsystem had a direct effect on antisocial behavior of youths, the exosystem had also a direct effect on the microsystem and an indirect effect on antisocial behavior, while the macrosystem had a direct effect on the exosystem and an indirect effect on antisocial behavior. these results seem to support the ecological model as an appropriate explanation of juvenile antisocial behavior.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.