oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Contexto e desenvolvimento cognitivo: freqüência à creche e evolu??o do desenvolvimento mental
Lordelo, Eulina da Rocha;Chalhub, Anderson Almeida;Guirra, Raquel Cardoso;Carvalho, Cláudio Seal;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722007000200019
Abstract: this study aimed to assess effects of the day care center experience on the cognitive development of pre-school children. two groups of children, 18 from day care centers and 19 who were cared for at their homes were studied, including their mothers, took part in this study. both groups had equivalent socioeconomic status and lived in a very poor neighborhood. bayley scales or wppsi-r scale (according to age) were used four times in a 26 month period; as an auxiliary research instrument, the mothers were interviewed for providing a child assessment from their own point of view. the results show that family income and, to some extent, the mother's school level affected cognitive development. attendance to a day care center did not produce significant differences in cognitive development; maternal assessments suggested some differences between groups in the first evaluation, which disappeared, most of them, in the last one. these results are compatible partially with international literature and their implications are discussed.
Cren as de Educadoras de Creche Sobre Temperamento e Desenvolvimento de Bebês  [cached]
Melchiori Lígia Ebner,Alves Zélia Maria Mendes Biasoli
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2001,
Abstract: O objetivo desta investiga o foi verificar o julgamento de educadoras de creche sobre os fatores que causam e/ou influenciam o temperamento e o desempenho de bebês. Vinte e uma educadoras foram entrevistadas a respeito de cada um dos 90 bebês de 4 a 24 meses sob seus cuidados, seguindo um roteiro semi-estruturado. Os resultados mostram que (a) as cren as das educadoras s o predominantemente ambientalistas, isto é, que as educadoras atribuem influência significativa do ambiente no temperamento e desempenho dos bebês, e (b) que elas subestimam o seu papel de promotoras do desenvolvimento das crian as. A necessidade de se conhecer as cren as das educadoras para a elebora o de programas de treinamento eficazes é enfatizada.
O ingresso e adapta o de bebês e crian as pequenas à creche: alguns aspectos críticos  [cached]
Rapoport Andrea,Piccinini Cesar Augusto
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2001,
Abstract: O presente artigo examina algumas quest es teóricas e estudos empíricos acerca do ingresso de bebês e crian as pequenas à creche. Analisa-se, em particular, a problemática da separa o precoce e as conseqüências para o desenvolvimento infantil do ingresso na creche durante o primeiro ano de vida. Discute-se, ainda, os fatores que interferem na adapta o à creche e as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas pelos bebês e crian as pequenas para se adaptar e enfrentar às situa es potencialmente estressantes no contexto da creche. Embora haja consenso sobre a complexidade do período de adapta o à creche, existem inconsistências entre os estudos sobre o período mais adequado para ingresso na creche, sendo que algumas idades s o apontadas como mais críticas. De qualquer modo, a adapta o à creche depende de diversos fatores, o que n o permite fazer previs es com base em um ou outro fator isoladamente.
Mental health policy development in Africa
Gureje,O.; Alem,A.;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862000000400009
Abstract: mental health issues are usually given very low priority in health service policies. although this is changing, african countries are still confronted with so many problems caused by communicable diseases and malnutrition that they have not woken up to the impact of mental disorders. every country must formulate a mental health policy based on its own social and cultural realities. such policies must take into account the scope of mental health problems, provide proven and affordable interventions, safeguard patients? rights, and ensure equity.
Development of the sociology of mental disorders: An overview  [PDF]
Opali? Petar
Sociologija , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/soc0701001o
Abstract: In the introduction the social character of mental disorders is discussed. In the second part the contribution of individual authors and their works to the development of sociology of mental disorders in European countries and the USA is described, with special emphasis on the sociogenesis of mental disorders. There follows an overview of the theories of Comte, Durkheim Halbwachs, Meyer and Eliot, Goffman, Parsons, Foucault, as well as representatives of anti-psychiatry (Laing, Basaglia and Szasz) and Freudo-Marxists (Reich, Fromm etc), to contemporary authors of relevant textbooks (Gallagher, Eaton, Cocherham etc). The study of the sociology of mental disorders in Serbia is briefly sketched.
Association of Common Mental Disorders and Quality of Life with the Frequency of Attendance in Slovenian Family Medicine Practices: Longitudinal Study  [PDF]
Janez Rifel, Igor ?vab, Polona Seli?, Danica Rotar Pavli?, Irwin Nazareth, Josip Car
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054241
Abstract: Background Most research on frequent attendance has been cross-sectional and restricted to one year attendance rates. A few longitudinal studies suggest that frequent attendance is self-limiting. Frequent attenders are more likely to have social and psychiatric problems, medically unexplained physical symptoms, chronic somatic diseases (especially diabetes) and are prescribed more psychotropic medication and analgesics. Research Question To describe the attendance rates in a longitudinal study and to test if depression, panic syndrome, other anxiety syndrome, alcohol misuse and general quality of life are associated with frequent attendance in next two consecutive years. Methods 1118 consecutive family practice attendees, aged 18 to 75 years from randomly selected family medicine practices were recruited at baseline and followed up at 12 and 24 months. We identified frequent attenders in the top 10 centile within one year. Using a multivariate model, we ascertained if presence of common mental disorders and quality of life assessed at baseline in 2003 predict frequent attendance in 2004 and 2005. Results 40% of frequent attenders continue to be frequent attenders in the following year and 20% of the frequent attenders were so for the 24 month period. Lower physical scores on the SF-12 questionnaire were strongly associated with future frequent attendance at 12 and 24 months. There was a trend for people with greater than elementary school education to be less likely to become frequent attenders at both 12 and 24 months. For other variables these effects were less consistent. Presence of major depression, panic syndrome, other anxiety syndrome and alcohol misuse were not predictive of frequent attendance in the following two years. Conclusion Low physical quality of life is strongly predictive of higher frequent attendance and similar finding was observed for people with lower educational level but further confirmatory research is required to establish this association.
The Development of the Mental Representations of the Magnitude of Fractions  [PDF]
Florence C. Gabriel, Denes Szucs, Alain Content
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080016
Abstract: We investigated the development of the mental representation of the magnitude of fractions during the initial stages of fraction learning in grade 5, 6 and 7 children as well as in adults. We examined the activation of global fraction magnitude in a numerical comparison task and a matching task. There were global distance effects in the comparison task, but not in the matching task. This suggests that the activation of the global magnitude representation of fractions is not automatic in all tasks involving magnitude judgments. The slope of the global distance effect increased during early fraction learning and declined by adulthood, demonstrating that the development of the fraction global distance effect differs from that of the integer distance effect.
Diversidade na Escola : a experiência do LEPED
Maria Teresa Eglér Mantoan,Luciane Ribeiro Vilela
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2000,
Abstract: Este artigo trata da evolu o dos trabalhos do Laboratório de Estudos e Pesquisas em Ensino e Diversidade – LEPED, da Faculdade de Educa o/ UNICAMP, nas áreas de pesquisa e extens o, desde a sua funda o, em 1996. Cobre também o espa o de tempo que antecedeu à forma o desse grupo de pesquisa, apresentando os estudos sobre o desenvolvimento cognitivo de alunos com déficits mentais e os projetos que derivaram dessas investiga es. Ao narrarmos o desenvolvimento desse Laboratório, tra amos a sua trajetória, que parte do interesse pela educa o especial de pessoas com deficiência mental e caminha na dire o de uma escola aberta à diversidade, fundamentada nos princípios da inclus o. This article deals with the evolution to the works to the Laboratory to Studies and Research in Education and Diversity - LEPED, to the Faculty of Education /UNICAMP, in the extension and seek areas, since its foundation, in 1996. It has also covered the space of time that it preceded to the formation of this group of research, presenting the studies on the cognitivo development of mental pupils with déficits and the designs that had derived from these inquiries. When telling the development of this Laboratory, we trace its path, that has left of the interest for the special education of people with mental deficiency and walks in the route of an open school to the diversity, based in the principles of the inclusion. Keywords Pesquisa --- Extens o --- Educa o escolar --- Ensino inclusivo Research --- Extension --- School --- Inclusive education
Desenvolvimento mental e motor aos 24 meses de crian as nascidas a termo com baixo peso
Eickmann Sophie Helena,Lira Pedro Israel Cabral de,Lima Marilia de Carvalho
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002,
Abstract: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar o desenvolvimento aos 24 meses de 152 crian as nascidas a termo, com baixo peso (< 2500g) e peso adequado (3000 a 3499g), pareadas numa propor o de 1:1 por sexo e idade. O desenvolvimento mental e motor foram avaliados pela escala de Bayley. Estudaram-se ainda algumas variáveis ambientais, como as condi es sócio-econ micas e demográficas e a estimula o ambiental. As crian as do grupo de baixo peso ao nascer apresentaram, para os índices mental e motor, média significantemente mais baixa do que a do grupo de peso adequado (p<0,001) com diferen a de 9,1 e 10,2 pontos, respectivamente. A análise de regress o linear múltipla evidenciou que as condi es sócio-econ micas e de estimula o ambiental explicaram 11% e 12% da varia o do índice de desenvolvimento mental e 12% e 9% do desenvolvimento motor, respectivamente. Juntas elas explicaram 23% e 21% da varia o desses índices. O baixo peso ao nascer influenciou apenas 3% da varia o do índice mental e 5% do motor.
Reflex es acerca da implanta o e funcionamento de um plant o de emergência em saúde mental Reflections about the implant and the operation of a mental health emergency attendance  [cached]
Ivarlete Guimar?es de Fran?a
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932005000100012
Abstract: Este relato prop e uma reflex o sobre os desafios enfrentados pela equipe de saúde mental frente à cria o de um servi o de emergência em saúde mental fora do hospital psiquiátrico. Enfatiza o acolhimento como uma estratégia clínica de aten o ao sofrimento psíquico para a supera o de barreiras encontradas pelos indivíduos e grupos em situa o de risco, desvantagem social e sofrimento mental. O desafio pretendido remonta à possibilidade de substituir um modelo hospitalar de atendimento pela inclus o em uma rede de cuidados em saúde, comunitária e ambulatorial. This paper proposes a reflection on the challenges faced by a mental health staff to create a mental health emergency service outside the context of a psychiatric hospital. It emphasizes embracement as a clinic strategy to respond to psychic suffering and to overcome the hardship found by individuals and groups in at-risk situations, social disadvantages and mental suffering. The challenge proposed lies on the possibility to substitute an inpatient health model for a community and outpatient health care network.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.