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Astronomy and astronomers in Jules Verne's novels  [PDF]
Jacques Crovisier
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Almost all the "Voyages Extraordinaires" written by Jules Verne refer to astronomy. In some of them, astronomy is even the leading theme. However, Jules Verne was basically not learned in science. His knowledge of astronomy came from contemporaneous popular publications and discussions with specialists among his friends or his family. In this article, I examine, from the text and illustrations of his novels, how astronomy was perceived and conveyed by Jules Verne, with errors and limitations on the one hand, with great respect and enthusiasm on the other hand. This informs us on how astronomy was understood by an "honn\^ete homme" in the late 19th century.
As Verne Smiles
Walter James Miller
Verniana : Jules Verne Studies/études Jules Verne , 2008,
Abstract: In this piece, Walter James Miller describes the “resurrection” of Jules Verne among English-speaking countries and interviews five Vernian scholars about the current state of Verne’s reputation. He begins with the fact that, in an effort to profit from Verne’s international fame in the 19th century, British and American publishers rushed into print very poorly translated and edited versions of his works. As a result, by the 1930s, Verne had developed a reputation as an author only of “children’s books,” which persisted for many decades. This situation began to change in 1963 when Miller was asked to write the introduction to a new edition of an 1872 version of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. This version was riddled with errors that had stripped the work of its humor, philosophy, and science. The first printing sold out quickly and began to inspire a new generation of Verne scholars. In 1976, the first volume of The Annotated Jules Verne was published, containing a new and annotated translation of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. A second volume followed 2 years later, performing the same service for From Earth to the Moon. In all, more than 30 new translations have been published since 1965, and 9 new titles have been published in English. Perhaps most validating is the news that French publishers are now preparing their first critical editions of Vernian works, which will be modeled after the American annotated versions. Truly, an international victory for those seeking Verne’s rehabilitation.
Jules Verne’s visits to Gibraltar in 1878 and 1884
Ian Thompson,Philippe Valetoux
Verniana : Jules Verne Studies/études Jules Verne , 2008,
Abstract: Gibraltar occupied a special place in Verne’s creative life, both as a geographical locale and as a symbol of British imperialism. He frequently alluded to Gibraltar in his Voyages extraordinaires and in his satirical short story, Gil Braltar he lampoons the Garrison which secured British control of the colony. This fascination with the “Rock” was greatly enhanced by the fact that he twice visited Gibraltar in the Saint-Michel III, in 1878 and 1884. This paper reconstructs the detail of these two visits by reference to Verne’s own rather terse notes in his carnets de voyage, and by fieldwork, interviews and archival work conducted in Gibraltar in 2008. Relevant features are indicated in the accompanying map. In addition, doubt is expressed on the version of events published by M. Allotte de la Fu e.
POSITIVISM, INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND URBANISM - UTOPIA AND REALITY IN THE JULES VERNE'S NOVEL "THE BEGUM'S FORTUNE"
Daniel H. Valsecchi
Studia Humanistyczne (Kraków. 2003) , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to analyze negative consequences (social, political, psychological and so forth) of utopian projects, which crippled society and people by negation of reality and at the same time oblige them to accept these plans. In order to do this we analyze characteristics of two constructions which are thoroughly depicted by Jules Verne: an Arms Fabric (Stahlstadt) and a city which was mathematically built (France Ville). Furthermore there are reflections about positivism - i.e. the ground of these projects.
Jules Verne's Captain Nemo and French Revolutionary Gustave Flourens:A Hidden Character Model?  [cached]
Leonidas Kallivretakis
Historical Review , 2008,
Abstract: This article treats the recent assumption made by Vernian specialist William Butcher that Jules Verne's most famous character, Captain Nemo, is based on the French revolutionary intellectual Gustave Flourens (1838-1871), son of the eminent physiologist J. P. M. Flourens. Gustave Flourens fought in the Cretan insurrection of 1866-1868, later participated in the republican opposition against Napoleon III's imperial regime, eventually became a friend of Karl Marx and was finally killed as a general of the Paris Commune. By comparing step-by-step Verne's inspiration and writing procedures with Flourens' unfolding activities and fame, it is concluded that there is little basis for such an assumption. The article includes also a brief account of the Cretan question in the nineteenth century and of the deep discord between Marx's and Flourens' respective analyses of the Eastern Question.
Revolution or Remediation? A Study of Electronic Scholarly Editions on the Web
Lina Karlsson,Linda Malm
Human IT: Tidskrift f?r Studier av IT ur ett Humanvetenskapligt Perspektiv , 2004,
Abstract: The study examines in what form and to what extent media specific value-adding features are present in a selection of scholarly editions of literary works on the Web, concentrating on hypertextuality, interactivity and hypermediality. Besides form and extent, the study investigates whether or not the construction of the editions corresponds to theories and guidelines about how electronic scholarly editions should be designed to generate an added value from a scholarly point of view. The empirical approach is mainly qualitative and the selection consists of 31 editions. The results show that a majority of the editions does not incorporate all of the value-adding aspects. Mainly, the ability to use hyperlinks to bring larger amount of material together, and the use of links to show inter- and intratextual relations, have been realized. Only a minority of the editions exploit the possibilities of interactivity, especially the ability to read and submit user comments. Few editions integrate forms of media that a printed edition can not handle, i.e. sound and moving pictures. The conclusion of the study is that web editions seem to reproduce features of the printed media and do not fulfil the potential of the Web to any larger extent.
Vamos ao Brasil com Jules Verne?: processos editoriais e civiliza o nas Voyages Extraordinaires  [cached]
Andréa Borges Le?o
Sociedade e Estado , 2012,
Abstract: No século XIX, uma rede de conhecimentos sobre as diferen as culturais dos povos americanos marcou a edi o destinada à instru o e divers o da juventude francesa. Uma das 62 Voyages Extraordinaires de Jules Verne, publicadas por Pierre-Jules Hetzel, é ambientada entre o Peru e o Brasil: La Jangada, huit cents lieues sur l'Amazone (1881). Na produ o de literatura juvenil que se desenvolve e expande no comércio transatlantico da livraria francesa, sobressai uma psicogênese do Brasil. Por esse angulo, a via de análise aberta pelo sociólogo Norbert Elias ajudou a enfrentar o problema das emo es humanas, no romance de viagem, e a conceituar a atividade mimética no livro de ciência e recrea o. In the 19th century, a net of knowledge about cultural differences of the populations of Americas imprint the edition assign to instruction and entertainment of the young French people. One of the 62 Voyages Extraordinaires of Jules Verne, published by Pierre-Jules Hetzel, is set between Peru and Brazil: La Jangada, huit cents lieues sur l'Amazone (Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon - 1881). Around the juvenile production that grows and expands in the transatlantic trade of the French bookstore, a psychogenesis of Brazil shines through. By this angle, the analytic way opened by the sociologist Norbert Elias helps to face the problem of the human emotions in the travel novel and also helps to consider the mimetic activity in the book of science and entertainment.
La géographie de Jules Verne et ses cartes dans L’ le mystérieuse
Jacky Fontanabona
M@ppemonde , 2010,
Abstract: Destinés à la jeunesse, les Voyages extraordinaires ont une vocation récréative mais aussi éducative. Romancier, Jules Verne veut aussi contribuer à la diffusion d'une géographie de son temps, descriptive, encyclopédique, de plain-pied dans une réalité constituée de faits avérés . Dans L’ le mystérieuse, il subvertit cette dernière règle en narrant la colonisation d’un territoire fictif par des Robinsons. Articulant carte, images et texte littéraire, l'édition illustrée devient alors un système d’expression qui joue du diptyque véracité/véridicité pour inventer une chimère géographique.
From biographical lexicon to scholarly edition: the question of sustainability of digital editions  [PDF]
Toma? Erjavec,Jan Jona Javor?ek,Matija Ogrin,Petra Vide Ogrin
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2011,
Abstract: The paper deals with the issues of digital curation, including storage formats, presentation,and access rights, in the frame of the case-study of two projects on digitisation of written materials: the Scholarly digital editions of Slovenian literature and the Slovenian biographical lexicon. Three basic aspects of digital curation, including preservation, are discussed. The first aspect is the sustainability of our digital format, i.e. of our textencoding;where the international standards and best practices are used, particularly the TEI Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange as a self-documenting, transparent and widely adopted de-facto standard. The second aspect is the presentation and search over the materials, where the static HTML pages and the Fedora Commons repository with SoLR full-text search are used. The last aspect deals with the access rights to the materials: in what format and for whom, and under what conditions are the texts made available. The argument on maximum openness as is embodied in the Creative Commons a licence was adopted as most applicative solution for the presented digital editions.
En malstr m til begj r. Moskenesstraumen som myte og metafor hos Petter Dass, Edgar Allan Poe og Jules Verne
Even Arntzen
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2003,
Abstract: Gjennom uminnelige tider har mennesket v rt fascinert av havet. I en rekke skapelsesmyter fremst r gjerne havet som en positiv st rrelse, en pulserende og livgivende urtidsstr m. Men ved siden av v re en raus kilde til liv, er havet ogs n rt forbundet med undergang og d d, forlis og drukning. F havstykker har som den beryktede Moskenesstraumen f tt denne havets dobbelthet knyttet til seg - p den ene siden verdens st rste barselseng, p den annen side d dens grusomme svelg. Kanskje med unntak av Bermuda-trianglet i Sargassohavet, stedet hvor skip, og etter hvert ogs fly, angivelig skal ha forsvunnet sporl st i revis, er det neppe noe havomr de i verden som opp gjennom rhundrene er blitt beskrevet og illustrert i tilsvarende grad som Moskenesstraumen. I denne artikkelen skal jeg rette fokus mot tre av de mange som, p h yst forskjellig vis, har latt seg fascinere og inspirere av Moskenesstraumen, nemlig Petter Dass, Edgar Allan Poe og Jules Verne.
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