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Security Council Response to Human Rights Violation in Term of Combating Terrorism: Retrospect and Prospect  [PDF]
Ali Ahmed Shaglah
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2016.72012
Abstract: The role of the Security Council to combat terrorism had obviously grown since 9/11. The Council adopted numerous resolutions which carry commitments upon the Member States to counter-terrorism. In turn, the States have enacted or amended laws. Some of these laws and measures have shown negative effects on human rights. As a result, the Security Council has gradually indicated to the significance of protection human rights while countering terrorism. However, the practice of States, besides the presence of some gaps in the decisions of the Council, is still reflecting violations of human rights. Consequently, the Council must take effective ways to guarantee human rights and to achieve positive results in the fight against terrorism. This paper examines the anti-terrorism efforts of the Security Council and its impact on human rights. It is concentrated on the Council’s response to such violations. Resultantly, this study provides recommendations to ensure human rights while combating terrorism.
Rethinking Terrorism in Indonesia: Lessons from the 2002 Bali Bombing
Adrianus Harsawaskita,Evan A. Laksmana
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract: It is the main argument of this article that we need to rethink the issue of terrorism in Indonesia because considering the country's historical, political, and legal context, it could be used as a tool to strengthen the arm of the military and police. If the underlying notion of Indonesia's fragile democracy is considered, then any measure to deal with terrorism should be scrutinized. Finally, we believe that terrorism could be crushed by legal means, without overstepping civil liberties.
International standards in the fight against terrorism
Jankovi? Dijana
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/medjp1004602j
Abstract: Terrorism as a phenomenon of the modern society threatens to jeopardize the most important achievements of the modern society. The international community devotes much attention to the fight against terrorism and a number of legal instruments and standards that illustrate the basic message have been formulated in international documents - and the message is that it is possible to fight against terrorism effectively only if principal standards of internationally protected human rights are fulfilled. The fight against terrorism must never lead to the abolition of values and freedoms that are imperiled by terrorist acts. Even if the need to impose certain restrictions for protection of legitimate interests arouses they must be controlled, while they should protect basic human rights and freedoms. Regulating formal conditions for human rights limitation is the way to control the fight against terrorism and prevent the unlimited space for violation of the established and guaranteed freedom standards. The paper refers to the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which provide some limitations to the guaranteed human rights as well as the limitation to their usage also exploring to what extent these restrictions are applied in the fight against terrorism.
The Myth of “Animal Rights Terrorism”
John Sorenson
The Brock Review , 2011,
Abstract: Animal rights advocacy is frequently presented as being linked with terrorism. This paper questions that linkage, suggests that accusations of violence are greatly exaggerated and argues that the terrorist image is the product of corporate propaganda. The paper examines some of the main institutional sources of such propaganda.
Indonesia's Counter-Terrorism Policy
Robert Eryanto Tumanggor
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract: The author shows that by using Boaz Garnor's approach to appraise the Indonesian counter-terrorism activities will help in measuring and explaining the effectiveness of the war against terrorism. The author also suggests that, while continuing to apply these counter-terrorism policies, the Indonesian Government needs to give more weight on its efforts at several important issues in order to diminish any terror threat stemming from Islamic radical teachings and movements, and maintain its unity.
Facets of Islamic Terrorism in Italy
Armando Spataro
Circunstancia , 2009,
Abstract: Preface to the analysis of the Italian situation. The phenomenon of Islamic terrorism in Italy : general considerations on its structure, origins, logistical support, cover-up activities, behavioral rules, financing, possible connections with organized crime and internal terrorism. How do Islamic terrorists live in Italy ? Statements by collaborators, manuals and other documents. Financing Islamic terrorism in Italy. Connections with common and/or organized criminality or with internal terrorist groups. Terrorist groups in Italian territory and the main investigations in Italy . An update on the evaluation of the modalities of operation of Islamic terrorist groups and of the risk factors in Italy . Mosques. The Italian legal system to fight the international terrorism. The reinforcement of international cooperation facilitates the abandonment of particularistic views and the exchange of information. The need to respect the fundamental rights of the people: one page 21
Questioning the Dominance of Military Means: The Bush Administration’s Fight against Terrorism
Jan Ludvik
Central European Journal of International and Security Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This work is devoted to investigating the variety of approaches that the US presidential administration of George W. Bush deployed to counter terrorism following 9/11.
The Mega-Terrorism - The Challenge of the Third Millennium
Daniel Andri?an
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Relationes Internationales , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to describe the "new face" of terrorism in the twenty-first centuryindicating the transition to mass destruction weapons (nuclear terrorism, chemical, biological), toethnic-religious terrorism, the occurrence of massive gray area phenomena of terrorism and how thisphenomenon became a strategic weapon. Mega-terrorism has been existing, at a conceptual level,ever since the 70’s, when the experts of this phenomenon tried to find a semantic cover for thesituations that certain organizations, groups or terrorist or extremist sections would get someWeapons of Mass Destruction Systems. Actually, the 11th of September tragedy proves that megaterrorismrepresents the premeditated destruction, the lack of negotiations, of a tactical goal that wasto be accomplished by means of a threat. The mega-terrorism actors do not intend to get themselvesknown to the public, do not require anything, do not see the threat as means or device to reach theirpurpose. The 21 st century mega-terrorism simple logic is materialized in the systemic destroying ofthe enemy, no longer representing a political power or a government, but an entire ‘disobeying’,‘corrupted’, ‘unfaithful’ population indifferent to the mega-terrorist actors’ desires. New dimensionagainst mega-terrorism determines not only a rethinking of how to combat it, but also the realizationof a conceptual legal framework and measures established to materialize the political decision.
The Problems of Evaluating Counter-Terrorism
Alexander Spencer
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2006,
Abstract: Following the terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 security policies aimed at combating terrorist threats have been implemented all around the world. Governments and experts emphasize that this ‘new terrorism’ requires totally new means of fighting it. As a result new counter-terrorism is spreading and seems to be appearing everywhere. But how do we know if any of the policies intended to tackle terrorism are really working? How can we measure the effectiveness of these measures? Governments and officials point to the number of incidences, arrested and killed terrorists or the amounts of terrorist financing that has been confiscated as an indicator, while academia often refers to more sophisticated equations involving time series in risk management and cost-benefit calculations. Although, these rationalist approaches appear straightforward and seem to provide the quantified data required for the measurement of the success of these policies, there seems to be an error in the measure of terror! This paper will provide a critique of the existing rationalist methods of assessing the effectiveness of counter-terrorism and is predominantly aimed at highlighting their weaknesses as well as introducing the need for further research into additional and alternative ways of evaluating counter-terrorism.
Terrorism and identity problem
?ijakovi? Ivan
Sociologija , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/soc0203241s
Abstract: Terrorism is phenomenon of modern society, which became expressive especially in second half of twentieth century. There is a real danger that it could increase in growing number of terrorist groups, their aims, arms and ways of work, and that it could effect also in twentieth first century. Terrorism endangers the most important product of modern times: democracy, freedom, and human rights. There are different causes and reasons for existing of terrorist organizations and their cruel terrorist actions. This text analyzes a question of identity as a possible reason for existing of different terrorist groups and organizations and for their actions. Search for identity and question how to defend it create different problems and difficulties for individuals and groups. That identity is one-sided, disported, based on a false faith and so called salvation, but, to defend it somebody is prepared to sacrifice everything, his own life if that is necessary (but frequently somebody else's). That way, terrorism can be understood as a way of defending that identity.
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