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Dermatoses of the hand-an observation  [cached]
Kumar Pramod,Rao Gatha,Kuruvilla Maria
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1999,
Abstract: After going through 1000 case files of patients registered in the skin department of K.M.C. Hospital, it was found that 166 (16.6%) of them had dermatoses restricted to their hands. Based on the clinical findings and clinical diagnosis recorded, the various dermatoses were tabulated and evaluated. Ninety-two males and 74 females had dermatoses of hands. Warts and eczemas formed the major chunk of cases. Females out numbered males among patients with warts and eczemas.
Invisible dermatoses  [cached]
Mysore Venkataram
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2010,
Abstract: ′Invisible dermatoses′ is a concept which has not received wide recognition, but is nevertheless very important both clinically and histologically. The term invisible dermatoses has been used in two contexts: a) Diseases, with out definite clinical features, and are therefore "invisible" to the clinician, but yet can be diagnosed by special investigations. b) Dermatoses which present with definite and obvious clinical features, but subtle or hidden histological features and are therefore "invisible" histologically. Diagnosis of such diseases represents a great challenge to both the dermatologist and dermatopathologist. This article discusses such diseases and offers clues and tools for their diagnosis. Diagnosis of such ′Invisible dermatoses′ needs proper awareness, recognition of subtle features, special stains, special investigations such as immunofluorescence and histochemistry and proper clinicopathological correlation.
The dermatoses of pregnancy
Sachdeva Silonie
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2008,
Abstract: The skin changes in pregnancy can be either physiological (hormonal), changes in pre-existing skin diseases or development of new pregnancy specific dermatoses. Pregnancy-specific skin dermatoses include an ill-defined heterogeneous group of pruritic skin eruptions which are seen only in pregnancy. These include atopic eruption of pregnancy, polymorphic eruption of pregnancy, pemphigoid gestationis and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Atopic eruption of pregnancy is the most common of these disorders. Most skin eruptions resolve postpartum and require only symptomatic treatment. Antepartum surveillance is recommended for patients with pemphigoid gestationis and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy as they carry fetal risk. This article deals with the classification, clinical features and treatment of the specific dermatoses of pregnancy.
Some Epidemiologic Aspects of Common Warts in Rural Primary School Children  [PDF]
Khaled Kasim,Soliman Amer,Mohamed Mosaad,Alaa Abdel-Wahed,Hazem Allam
ISRN Epidemiology , 2013, DOI: 10.5402/2013/283591
Abstract: Cutaneous warts are common in children worldwide, although the prevalence figures are conflicting. There are few publications on that issue, particularly in rural Egypt. The present cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of warts of hands in rural primary school children and to examine some risk factors associated with warts in these children. The study examined 1833 children from 15 rural primary schools in Dakahlia governorate, Egypt, for the presence of warts. Data about sociodemographic, lifestyle, and environmental factors were collected. Prevalence of warts was estimated. Appropriate statistical analyses including multivariate logistic regression were done. The prevalence of warts of hands in the studied children was 2.3% (1.3–3.3%) with no significant sex difference. The risk of warts increased significantly in children reported swimming in Nile channels (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 5.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.9–10.6) and child labor (adjusted OR = 4.5; 95% CI = 2.3–8.8). A ninety percent risk reduction was observed in children with educated parents. The study findings demonstrated a significant increase in the risk of warts among rural children reported swimming in Nile channels and child labor. Parents’ education, on the other hand, was found to play an important role in risk reduction. 1. Introduction Skin diseases are a common cause of morbidity, especially among school children, worldwide [1]. It is considered to be the second most common cause for medical consultation for children in rural communities [2]. Although skin disease is rarely lethal, it can have a significant impact in terms of treatment cost, days absent from school, and psychological distress [1–3]. Verrucae vulgaris (common warts) constitute a common skin problem in children that commonly affect hands and feet. Verrucae are benign epithelial proliferations caused by double stranded DNA virus called human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are more than 100 different genotypes [4, 5]. Cutaneous warts are among the three most common dermatoses in children, and these lesions follow acne and atopic dermatitis in frequency of diagnosis in pediatric dermatology clinics [6]. There have been several studies on the prevalence of cutaneous warts among school children in Egypt and worldwide with the prevalence varying from 2.4% to 33% [7–12], with an equal frequency in both sexes. Some of these studies have assessed the risk factors to increase the risk of common warts among children and adolescents. Of these factors, low social class, big family size, and
Dermatoses Ocupacionais
Alchorne, Alice de Oliveira de Avelar;Alchorne, Maurício Mota de Avelar;Silva, Marzia Macedo;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962010000200003
Abstract: occupational dermatosis is described as any alteration in the skin, mucosa or annexes that is directly or indirectly caused, conditioned, maintained or aggravated by agents present in the occupational activity or work environment. the authors of the present study describe the importance of the topic and the epidemiology and etiopathogeny of the main forms of occupational dermatoses: allergic and irritative contact dermatitis, phytodermatitis, acne (elaioconioses and chloracne), keratosis, cancers, foreign body granuloma, infections, onychias, and ulcerations. clinical findings of occupational dermatosis are presented in relation to various professions. laboratory tests used to diagnose this condition are analysed, with special emphasis on patch testing, which is the gold standard. information about the treatment and prevention of this disorder is provided. collective and individual measures, especially regarding the proper use of individual protection equipment for the prevention of occupational dermatosis, are detailed.
Freqüência de dermatoses infecciosas em 208 pacientes transplantados renais
Vettorato, Gérson;Carvalho, André Vicente Esteves de;Lecompte, Sérgio Martinez;Trez, Elisa Gobbato;Garcia, Valter Duro;Keitel, Elizete;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962003000300004
Abstract: background: chronic immunosuppressive therapy predisposes renal transplant recipients to a heightened susceptibility to infectious dermatoses. objectives: evaluate the frequency of infectious dermatoses in 208 renal transplant recipients over a 12-month period and verify the relation between the onset of dermatoses and the time elapsed since transplantation. method: 208 renal transplant recipients, taken from a population of 720 transplant recipients, received a dermatological examination for a year. dermatopathological examination, mycological examination, bacteriologic examination, and cultures were taken from suspected lesions. results: the prevalence of infectious dermatosis was 89.4% in this population. the more frequent fungal, viral and bacterial infections were respectively pitiyriasis versicolor (17.8%), warts (32.2%), and folliculitis (4.3%). conclusion: infectious dermatoses are common in renal transplant recipients. their occurrence is progressively higher as time passes after the transplantation, therefore making the frequent dermatological examination of these recipients very important.
Tolerance and safety of superficial chemical peeling with salicylic acid in various facial dermatoses
Bari Arfan,Iqbal Zafar,Rahman Simeen
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2005,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Chemical peeling is a skin-wounding procedure that may have some potentially undesirable side-effects. AIMS: The present study is directed towards safety concerns associated with superficial chemical peeling with salicylic acid in various facial dermatoses. METHODS: The study was a non-comparative and a prospective one. Two hundred and sixty-eight patients of either sex, aged between 10 to 60 years, undergoing superficial chemical peeling for various facial dermatoses (melasma, acne vulgaris, freckles, post-inflammatory scars/pigmentation, actinic keratoses, plane facial warts, etc.) were included in the study. Eight weekly peeling sessions were carried out in each patient. Tolerance to the procedure and any undesirable effects noted during these sessions were recorded. RESULTS: Almost all the patients tolerated the procedure well. Mild discomfort, burning, irritation and erythema were quite common but the incidence of major side-effects was very low and these too, were easily manageable. There was no significant difference in the incidence of side-effects between facial dermatoses (melasma, acne and other pigmentary disorders). CONCLUSION: Chemical peeling with salicylic acid is a well tolerated and safe treatment modality in many superficial facial dermatoses.
Psoriasiform dermatoses  [cached]
Sehgal Virendra,Dogra Sunil,Srivastava Govind,Aggarwal Ashok
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2008,
Abstract: Psoriasiform reaction pattern is a commonly encountered denominator in a wide variety of unrelated disorders. It may be a reaction to either the internal or the external environmental, allergic, infective, parasitic, bacterial, fungal, viral and/or malignant stimuli. The degree of evolution of such a pattern and its significance vary according to the dermatosis. The age of the skin lesions may also influence the histopathological presentation and its clinico-histopathological disparity can often bewilder an expert. However, such a situation warrants more astute and sustained observations to unveil the exact underlying condition(s). Thus, psoriasiform dermatoses should only be an initial caption until an exact dermatological disorder is defined. There has been greater number of instances of psoriasiform drug eruptions where a confirmation of the diagnosis can be achieved after their remission by doing a provocation test. Similarly, such instances have also been on the rise in HIV/AIDS-affected individuals all over the world. Besides mycosis fungoides and Hodgkin′s disease, several unrelated malignancies have been preceded or accompanied by psoriasiform skin eruptions.
Autoimplantation therapy for multiple warts  [cached]
Shivakumar V,Okade Rajendra,Rajkumar V
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2009,
Abstract: Background: In the treatment of multiple warts, there is no single treatment that is 100% effective and different modalities of treatment need to be combined. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of homologous autoimplantation therapy in the treatment of multiple warts. Methods: A total of 60 patients of multiple verruca vulgaris and palmo-plantar warts were enrolled. Homologous autoimplantation was done after harvesting full-depth wart tissue. Patients were followed upto a period of 6 months. Resolution of warts within a period of 3 months after procedure was considered successful. Results: All the 60 patients were available for follow-up. A total of 28 patients of verruca vulgaris (70%) and 16 patients of palmo-plantar warts (80%) showed resolution of warts within 3 months, accounting for a total clearance rate of 73.3%. Majority of the responders (91%) showed resolution of warts within 2 months. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that homologous autoimplantation could be an effective, simple modality of treatment for multiple warts.
Murray williams warts  [cached]
Parsad D,Sharma P,Gautam R,Kar H
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1997,
Abstract: A case of eruptive acanthoma also known as Murray Williams warts is being reported in a 35-year old male following contact allergic dermatitis to air borne allergens.
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