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Pregnant adolescents in the City of Bucaramanga, Colombia. A
Ricardo Ortiz Serrano,Nathalia Isabel Anaya Ortiz,Carolina Sepúlveda Rojas,Silvia Judith Torres Tarazona
MedUNAB , 2005,
Abstract: Many social, cultural and family factors, deeply affect all pregnantadolescents. Therefore a strong support from their families, isurgently needed. Objective: To establish among pregnant adolescents,their demographic, social and family characteristics. Theseteenagers attend a primary care clinic at the City of Bucaramanga.Methods: Cross-sectional study using a self-applied questionnaire.Results: We analyze 336 pregnant adolescents, mean age 17 years(range 13 to 19). Most of them were having their first pregnancy.The mean age for their first sexual relations was at 15 years of age.65.5% of them said they had only one sexual partner. 62.2% werelife partners. 52.15% had or were attending high school. 61.6% hadsome information about pregnancy planning. 31.44 had informationfrom their school. 66.2% followed no planning at all. 59.0% washoping to get pregnant. 26.1% of them had experienced interfamilyviolence and 33.8% said they had a sister with pregnancy duringadolescence. Discussion: an important number of adolescentswant to get pregnant and establish a new home with their partners.Basically they try to get away from their violent original homes. Their partners are usually, older than the adolescent pregnant is. Most of the partners accept, worry, support and have stable relations during the girl’s pregnancy. A good and sound control for preventing teenage-pregnancy should be implemented in family programs for pregnancy planning, including prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and cervical cytology
Sexual and reproductive health services according to adolescents boys (Bucaramanga, Colombia)
Elvinia Pinilla G,Clara M. Forero B,MaríaC. Valdivieso C,Luis C. Orozco V
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Adolescents face different dilemmas, which may happen tobe not timely solved, pose major risks to health. Objective:To characterize the basic needs and expectations of maleadolescents in Bucaramanga, Colombia, from its perception with respect to services for sexual and reproductive health(SRH). Methodology: qualitative ethnographic study, using astrategy of discussion groups. We used informal discussions,interviews and focal point. Was selected by a conveniencesample of male adolescents in Bucaramanga, 2-6 strata, frompublic and private institutions, and school, between 13 and 18years, with a total of 52 participants and 7 focus groups.Results: Despite the cultural and socioeconomic differences,young people are consistent in their perceptions, needs andexpectations about sexuality and SRH services. The finalanalysis showed four categories: service experiences SSR, SSR ideal services, pornography and sexuality. Conclusions:It is apparent invisibility of the SSR and the perception ofunfavorable, from the experience of those who know her.Nevertheless, adolescents need to consider this type of service.This research leads to reflection on the ignorance of youngboys from their being, their feelings and their wish to be.
Factores asociados con el inicio temprano de relaciones sexuales en estudiantes adolescentes de un colegio de Bucaramanga, Colombia Associated Factors with Early Initiation of Sexual Relations in Adolescent Students of a School in Bucaramanga, Colombia.  [cached]
Adalberto Campo Arias,José Leonardo Silva Durán,Mariluz Meneses Moreno,Melany Castillo Suárez
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2004,
Abstract: Antecedentes: la edad de inicio de las actividades sexuales en adolescentes ha disminuido en forma paulatina. Tal hecho está relacionado con conductas de alto riesgo para la salud física y mental de los adolescentes. Objetivo: establecer la edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales y algunos factores asociados en adolescentes escolarizados. Método: fue realizado un estudio de corte transversal. Una encuesta autoadministrada fue aplicada a 646 estudiantes de un colegio oficial de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Un total de 122 estudiantes (18,9%) informó haber relaciones sexuales. Se tomaron como casos 64 adolescentes que manifestaron inicio de relaciones antes de cumplir catorce a os y se compararon con el grupo de 58 estudiantes que refirió un inicio posterior a los catorce a os y con un grupo de estudiantes de catorce a os o más que negó haber tenido relaciones sexuales. Resultados: el análisis multivariado mostró que el inicio temprano guardaba relación positiva con la edad menor y sexo masculino. Conclusiones: los adolescentes de este colegio de Bucaramanga inician relaciones sexuales antes de alcanzar la mayoría de edad. Se necesita mayor investigación y promover la educación sexual en instituciones educativas. Background: The age of initiation of sexual relations has been gradually declining. Early initiation of coital activities is related to highrisk behaviors for physical and mental health in adolescents. Objective: To establish the age of initiation of sexual relations and some related factors in scholarized adolescents. Method: A transversal study was performed. A self-administered survey was applied to 646 students of a public school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. A total of a 122 students (18.9%) informed having had sexual intercourse. 64 adolescents that declared initiation of sexual relations before age 14 were taken as cases and were compared with a group of 58 students that declared beginning of sexual relations after age 14 and with a group of students aged 14 or more that declared to never have had sexual relations. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that early initiation had a positive relation with younger age and male gender. Conclusions: Adolescents from this school in Bucaramanga begin sexual relations before coming of age. More research and promotion of sexual education in educational institutions is needed.
Prevalence of use of condom at their first sexual intercourse among adolescents at the City of Santa Marta, Colombia: agender difference
Guillermo Augusto Ceballos Ospino,Adalberto Campo-Arias
MedUNAB , 2005,
Abstract: The use of condoms is very important for the prevention of sexually transmissible infections and unwanted pregnancies. The prevalence of condom use for their first sexual intercourse was unknown among students from the City of Santa Marta, Colombia. Objective: To determine the prevalence of condom use at their first sexual relationship among adolescent students at the City of Santa Marta. Method: A survey about sexual behavior was applied. Two hundred twenty three subjects, 13 to 17 years of age reported sexual intercourse, 46 girls and 177 boys. Multivariate analysis was done with gender stratification. Results: The prevalence of condom use at their first sexual intercourse was 38.6% (95%CI 35.3-41.9); not difference for male gender was found (PR 0.75, 95%CI 0.47-1.20). Among male, being older at time of their first sexual relationship (OR 0.57, 95%CI 0.42-0.75) and studying at private schoosl (OR 0.34, 95%CI 0.16-0.71) was associated with the use of condom at their first sexual intercourse. But, for girls no variable was related to the use of condom at their first sexual intercourse. Conclusions: About of one out of three students used condom at their first sexual intercourse. For boys, being older at time of their first relationship and studying at private school was a protective factor; instead for girls all investigated variables were not related among them. Further investigations are needed in this subject, due to the impact of the use of condoms among adolescents as it has implications in public health.
Servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva según los adolescentes varones (Bucaramanga, Colombia)
Pinilla G,Elvinia; Forero B,Clara M; Valdivieso C,María C;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: adolescents face different dilemmas, which may happen to be not timely solved, pose major risks to health. objective: to characterize the basic needs and expectations of male adolescents in bucaramanga, colombia, from its perception with respect to services for sexual and reproductive health (srh). methodology: qualitative ethnographic study, using a strategy of discussion groups. we used informal discussions, interviews and focal point. was selected by a convenience sample of male adolescents in bucaramanga, 2-6 strata, from public and private institutions, and school, between 13 and 18 years, with a total of 52 participants and 7 focus groups. results: despite the cultural and socioeconomic differences, young people are consistent in their perceptions, needs and expectations about sexuality and srh services. the final analysis showed four categories: service experiences ssr, ssr ideal services, pornography and sexuality. conclusions: it is apparent invisibility of the ssr and the perception of unfavorable, from the experience of those who know her. nevertheless, adolescents need to consider this type of service. this research leads to reflection on the ignorance of young boys from their being, their feelings and their wish to be.
Factores asociados con el inicio temprano de relaciones sexuales en estudiantes adolescentes de un colegio de Bucaramanga, Colombia
Campo Arias,Adalberto; Silva Durán,José Leonardo; Meneses Moreno,Mariluz; Castillo Suárez,Melany; Navarrete Hernández,Paola Andrea;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2004,
Abstract: background: the age of initiation of sexual relations has been gradually declining. early initiation of coital activities is related to highrisk behaviors for physical and mental health in adolescents. objective: to establish the age of initiation of sexual relations and some related factors in scholarized adolescents. method: a transversal study was performed. a self-administered survey was applied to 646 students of a public school in bucaramanga, colombia. a total of a 122 students (18.9%) informed having had sexual intercourse. 64 adolescents that declared initiation of sexual relations before age 14 were taken as cases and were compared with a group of 58 students that declared beginning of sexual relations after age 14 and with a group of students aged 14 or more that declared to never have had sexual relations. results: multivariate analysis showed that early initiation had a positive relation with younger age and male gender. conclusions: adolescents from this school in bucaramanga begin sexual relations before coming of age. more research and promotion of sexual education in educational institutions is needed.
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and Sexual Practices among Adolescents in Benin City Nigeria
V A Wagbatsoma, O H Okojie
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2006,
Abstract: A cross sectional study to determine the knowledge of HIV/AIDS and sexual practices of adolescents was undertaken in Benin City, Nigeria. Benin City the capital of Edo State, Nigeria, has 40 government owned secondary schools comprising 6 boys, 10 girls, and 24 mixed. Out of these 3 schools were randomly selected for survey viz; Adolor (boys only), Iyoba (girls only), Army Day (mixed). The sample size for the survey was 920 while the total population for selected schools was 1692 giving a sampling ratio of 1:2. Using the systematic sampling method and class register as sampling frame every other child was selected for the study. However, only 852 students consented to participate giving a response rate of 92.6%. An overwhelming majority of the adolescents were aware of HIV/AIDS but only 16.2% knew the cause of the disease. The submission that kissing, living with infected persons and sharing their utensils could lead to infection was an indication of ignorance. Sexual intercourse was the predominant route of transmission mentioned by 60.0% while multiple sexual partners was prevalent among age group 13-15 years. Playing with sharps, frequent clean head shave with unsterilised instruments in the barbing saloon and promiscuity were some of the activities that adolescents were involved in that could lead to HIV/AIDS infection. In conclusion, the knowledge of the study population was poor and correlates with their reckless sexual practices. Prevention is the best option to the disease. Better informed youths on HIV/AIDS will enhance the principle of prevention. African Journal of Reproductive Health Vol. 10 (2) 2006: pp. 76-83
Social norms of sexual initiation among adolescents and gender relations
Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela;Nakamura, Eunice;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692009000100015
Abstract: this study aimed to identify standards and expectations regarding sexual initiation of 14 to 18 year-old adolescents in sao paulo, sp, brazil, using data from four focal groups conducted in 2006. results revealed that gender issues are clearly present in participants' reports and showed to be essential in their choices about the moment, partners and contraceptive practices in the first sexual relation. adolescents are subordinated to gender roles, traditionally attributed to male and female genders, i.e. the notion that sex is an uncontrolled instinct for boys, and intrinsically and closely associated to love and desire for girls. adolescents also play a preponderant role in the perpetuation of these values within the group they live in.
Explotación sexual comercial infantil: Las rutas de vida del maltrato*
Méndez Villamizar,Raquel; Rojas Betancur,Mauricio; Morenon,Diana Lucía;
Investigación y Desarrollo , 2012,
Abstract: we study the sexual exploitation of children contributing to the understanding of risk and situations favouring the entry and permanence of children and adolescents from the reconstruction of the life routes of individuals subject to this form of child abuse. from an ethnographic approach six life routes were achieved, 4 girls and 2 boys sexually exploited in the center community of the city of bucaramanga, colombia. it highlights the analysis and documentation of the family and social context of interaction and daily practices of a complex problem characterized by exclusion, abuse and stigma for children in this situation.
Sexual Risk Behaviour Among In-School Adolescents in Public Secondary Schools in a Southwestern City in Nigeria
AI Olugbenga- Bello, WO Adebimpe, OL Abodunrin
International Journal of Health Research , 2009,
Abstract: Purpose: Several studies have documented the high sexual activities and risky sexual behaviours among adolescents in most parts of the world thus putting them at high risk of contacting the HIV infection and other complications. This study aimed to determine sexual risk factors among adolescents in secondary schools in urban areas of Osogbo in South western Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was done among 521 public secondary school students in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria, using multistage sampling technique and semi-structured administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software package version 15. Results: Appreciable number (31.5%) of the respondents have had sexual intercourse (the mean age of sexual debut being 15.2+1 yr). Some of them (14.6%) had had more than one sexual partners, 17 (3.3%) had visited commercial sex workers before, 33 (6.3%) had been raped previously while 25 (4.8%) had been treated for STIs symptoms in the past. Most respondents were aware of common modes of transmission of the HIV virus. Less than half (32.8%) of the respondents were prepared to be screened for HIV infection. Conclusion: Many adolescents studied were sexually active, and taking a lot of risky sexual behaviours that could facilitate transmission of HIV. Advocacy programme that will make adequate information about sexual health available to the adolescents needs to be intensified.
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