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Nanomaterials: health effects and legislation
Zea,Hugo Ricardo;
Ingeniería e Investigación , 2012,
Abstract: the mechanisms by which nanomaterials interact with biological systems is not well understood and although the benefits of some nanomaterials are evident, some offset effects on health and the environment may occur; however, scientific information is scarce. this document gives a brief description of the effects of nanomaterials on health and the current tendencies in developing the pertinent regulations.
COMPUTER FORENSICS BETWEEN THE ITALIAN LEGISLATION AND PRAGMATIC QUESTIONS
Gianni Fenu,Fabrizio Solinas
International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics , 2013,
Abstract: Over the last few years, analysing a computer or a digital device has become a necessity in the field of criminal investigations. However, during the forensic analysis, some ordinary mistakes are often made. The aim of this paper is to define a new approach to the problem of evidence examination, analysing and studying practical experiences of case studies within the Italian legal system concerning techniques of computer forensic and forensic data analysis. The user of this type of approaches has to guarantee efficient level of both specialized legal competences and technical skills and highly qualified technical skill in order to analyse digital systems in conformity with the best practices, and national and European regulations. In addition, although many types of software are not free and particular hardware could be adopted in this presented work, one of the main objectives has been the only use of the personal computer in order to prove the possibility to obtain the same results minimizing the costs. The cases studies have focused on computer forensic of various magnetic and optical devices (mass memory), such as hard disk, usb flash, memory and cards.
Aspects of the Italian legislation related to HIV testing
D'Amato,Stefania; Pompa,Maria Grazia;
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità , 2010, DOI: 10.4415/ANN_10_01_07
Abstract: italy has adhered to international declarations regarding the prevention, care, and treatment of hiv/aids and has adopted the fundamental interventions for surveillance and control; access to testing is defined by law 135 of 5 june 1990. at the time, the ministry of health issued decrees to define national epidemiological surveillance systems for new hiv infections. the decree provides indications on the data to be collected, data flow, the modes of data transmission respecting security measures and some recommendations regarding access to hiv testing. it is thus necessary to develop national recommendations on appropriate methods for considering the diverse phases of access to testing in relation to the level of awareness of the minor, the outcome and divulging of the test.
The Observatory on Health in the Italian Regions
Cinzia Marano,Pietro Folino-Gallo
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.2427/6139
Abstract: Regions The Observatory on Health in the Italian Regions arises in response to three different phenomena (devolution, economic sustainability and regional variations). It aims to study performances of regional health systems, to monitor quality of care in the Italian regions, to disseminate the main results of this activity and to provide information to support decisions and choices of health programs and the allocation of resources. In 2003 the Observatory published the “Osservasalute Report”, a collaboration of more than 60 researchers, using 110 selected indicators and different data sources. It performed a comparative analysis of the regional health systems with a multidisciplinary approach. The structure of each of the indicators is articulated in six sections: significance, validity and limits, benchmark, source of data, description of results, Osservasalute’s recommendations. The results of all the indicators can be clustered into three different groups: indicators without regional differences (such as Standardised Mortality Rate for Infectious Diseases); indicators where the regional differences follow a North - South gradient and in some instances, an East – West gradient (as Life Expectancy at Birth; Movement of Patients Seeking Hospital Care) and finally indicators with important differences but without any gradient (such as Prevalence of Hypertension and Prevalence of Hypercholesterolemia). The Observatory’s perspective at a national level is to validate the indicators and the quality of the data reported and contribute, to define exactly what information is missing. At a European level is to contribute to the organisation of a network of Regional Health Observatories (RHONE) and to the production of a report on Health and health care in the European Regions.
THE CONSIGNMENT CONTRACT FROM THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE OLD AND NEW LEGISLATION
DAN-ALEXANDRU SITARU
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: A form of intermediation contracts based on the mandate without representation is also the consignment agreement, a variety of the contract of commission. The consignment contract is lawfully established by Law No. 178/1934 for the regulation of the consignment contract. The New Civil Code, under Article 2054, limits to providing that this agreement is a variety of the contract of commission having as object the sale of some immovable goods which the consignor entrusted to the consignee for this purpose. The consignment agreement may be defined as the consent, by which a party, called consignor, entrusts the other party, called consignee, certain goods in view of being sold in its own name, but on behalf of the consignor, at a price established by the parties, in exchange for a payment. The consignee is bound to deliver the obtained price or, as the case may be, return the unsold good. The purpose of the paper is to underline the changes in legislation subsequently to the New Civil Code and to compare both perspectives.
The future of the Italian Journal of Public Health  [cached]
Giuseppe La Torre
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.2427/5795
Abstract: When Prof. Ricciardi shared with me the idea of passing the witness of the editorship of the Italian Journal of Public Health, we were walking in a beautiful square in Lisbon, where we were attending to the annual EUPHA meeting. It was a cloudy and humid night, and at that time I did not realise fully all the possible implications of this decision. Anyway, I accepted. It is a big honour for me to be the successor of Prof. Ricciardi as Editor in Chief of this journal, and this for several reasons, from the academic and personal points of view. In the last seven years, the Italian Journal of Public Health has been a sort of contradiction in terms. It is with no doubt an Italian journal, in which many contributions from all over Italy appeared. But it is also an international journal, not only because it is written in English, but also due to the fact that almost 40% of published papers come from outside Italy. The reason why this has happened is mainly due to our membership to EUPHA and to several scientific network (this issue is a practical explanation of this kind of activity), and I really thank all colleagues who so kindly send in their manuscripts.
The Determinants of Health Expenditure in Italian Regions  [cached]
Cosimo Magazzino,Marco Mele
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v4n3p61
Abstract: The health care expenditure in Italian regions is examined, applying the model selection procedure and panel methodologies to identify the determinants of health expenditure at the state level. After a brief introduction and a survey of the economic literature on this issue, we discuss the data and briefly introduce the methodologies. Empirical results suggest that the real Gross State Product, the unemployment rate, the number of beds in community hospitals, the urbanization degree and the percentage of the population with at least the junior high school degree had a direct impact on the real health care outlay. Furthermore, the income elasticity is below the unity (0.83-0.88 according to the static panel estimates, 0.43-0.48 for the dynamic methods), implying that health expenditure is a necessity rather than a luxury good at the state level.
GSP and Health Expenditure in Italian Regions  [cached]
Cosimo Magazzino
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n12p28
Abstract: This paper investigates the nexus between health care households’ expenditure and GSP for Italian regions during 1980-2009, using time series and panel econometric techniques. After a brief introduction and a survey of the economic literature on this issue, we discuss the data and briefly introduce t h e methodologies. Empirical results show the presence of a long-run relationship in fifteen regions. As regards the causality analysis, health-led growth hypothesis is supported in three regions, while the reverse causation appears in five cases. The neutrality hypothesis seems to be confirmed in ten regions. Finally, a bi-directional causality flow (feedback hypothesis) has been found for two regions. Panel analysis shows that, if our sample is divided into three more homogeneous macro-regions (North, Centre and South), a long-run relationship between health expenditure and aggregate income has been found in two areas. Furthermore, the income elasticity is below the unity, implying that health expenditure is not a luxury good.
The health in the Italian regions. Synthesis of the Osservasalute Report 2004
Pietro Folino-Gallo,Walter Ricciardi
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.2427/6021
Abstract: Osservasalute is the Italian Health Observatory (http://www.osservasalute.it) and it is aimed to study performances of regional health systems, to monitor quality of care in the Italian regions, to disseminate the main results of these activities and provide information to support decisions and choices of health programs and the allocation of resources.[1] In 2004 Osservasalute has published the results of its activity in the Osservasalute report 2004. A critical analysis of the data reported has revealed some phenomena of particular interest: 1. the good health of the Italian population; 2. the remarkable improvements obtained in last the 10-20 years, accompanied by a substantial reduction in regional differences; 3. a good level of regional health services; 4. the persistence of geographical variations; 5. the risk of incoherent and disconnected policy planning between several of the regions.
Legislation regulating the Colombian health system: formulation, implementation and implications on its agents
Iván F. Mu?oz E,Beatriz E. Londo?o,Yomaira Higuita H,Diego A. Sarasti
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: In the Colombian health system, the legislation complies with the role of determining its structure and function in order to guarantee the rights to health and social security included in the 1991 Constitution. Objective: to present the issues in the formulation and implementation of legislation in the current system and the implications of their various agents. Methodology: a study in six Colombian cities using qualitative methodology based on the theory. 174 interviews were conducted with doctors, administrators, nurses and users. Results: the findings reveal problems in the formulation and implementation, including: over-regulation and the difficulties of his apprehension, the influence of special interests and not matching the standards with the needs of the population health. Discussion: these problems cause barriers to accessing health services and failures in the quality of patient care, ethical dilemmas and dissatisfaction with health professionals, as well as instability in the health sector institutions. This emerges as a constraint to guarantee the right to health and requires a rethinking of the law in favor of the constitutional principles and the collective welfare.
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