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Reactividad cardiovascular y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en individuos normotensos del municipio de Rodas, Cienfuegos  [cached]
Benet Rodríguez Mikhail,Apollinaire Pinnini Juan J,González Leiva Julio,Yanes Nu?ez Aldo Jesús
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract: FUNDAMENTO: Existe asociación entre diferentes factores de riesgo cardiovasculares con el incremento significativo de la tensión arterial en presencia de estrés psíquico o físico, (reactividad cardiovascular). Nosotros estudiamos esta asociación en individuos normotensos sometidos a un estrés provocado por el ejercicio isométrico que nos aporta la prueba del peso sostenido. MéTODOS: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el que se formaron dos grupos a partir de 267 individuos normotensos. Uno de estudio, de sujetos hiperreactivos cardiovasculares (HRCV) con mayor respuesta de presión arterial (TA)(n=58), con niveles de TA > o = 90/140 mm/Hg, y el otro grupo control, con TA<90/140 mm/Hg, n=209. Se determinó la asociación entre la edad, sexo, sedentarismo, hábito de fumar (HF), ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas (IBA) y los antecedentes patológicos de hipertensión arterial (APF de HTA), con el estado de hiperreactividad cardiovascular. RESULTADOS: el 21,7 % de los individuos fueron HRCV. Los factores de riesgos HF, IBA y sexo no se asociaron con la HRCV P>0,05. El riesgo de los individuos sedentarios de ser HRCV es 2 veces mayor; la edad se asoció a partir de los 40 a os y los individuos con APF de HTA tuvieron un riesgo de tener una hiperreactividad cardiovascular 3,85 (2; 7,19) veces mayor que los que no tenían APF de HTA. CONCLUSIONES: Existe una asociación significativa entre la edad mayor de 40 a os, los APF de HTA y el sedentarismo, con el estado de HRCV. No así otros factores de riesgo como HF, sexo e IBA.
Reactividad cardiovascular y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en individuos normotensos del municipio de Rodas, Cienfuegos
Benet Rodríguez,Mikhail; Apollinaire Pinnini,Juan J; González Leiva,Julio; Yanes Nu?ez,Aldo Jesús; Fernández Urquizar,Manuel;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57271999000500005
Abstract: background: a relationship exists between different cardiovascular risk factors and a significant rise in blood pressure in the presence of psychological or physical stress (cardiovascular reactivity). we studied this relationship in normotense individuals who were subjected to stress caused by isometric exercise, which provided us with proof of the amount of weight withstood. methods: a descriptive study was conducted in which 267 normotense individuals were divided into two groups. one of these groups was a study group comprised of cardiovascular hyperreactive (cvhr) with a greater blood pressure response (bp)(n=58), with bp levels > 90/140 mm/hg, and the other group as a control group, with bp<90/140 mm/hg, n=209. the relationship was found between the age, gender, sedentarism, smoking habit (sh), alcoholic beverage intake (abi) and clinical history of blood pressure disorders (ch of bpd with the condition of cardiovascular hyperreactivity. results: 21.7% of the subjects were cvhr. the risk factors sh, abi and gender were not related to the cvhr p>0.05. the risk factor of cvhr is twice as high on the part of sedentary individuals, age becoming a factor as of age 40, and those individuals with a ch of bpd had twice the risk of having a cardiovascular hyperreactivity 3.85 (2: 7, 19) as those who had no ch of bpd). conclusions: a significant relationship exists between being over age 40, ch of bpd and lack of exercise with a cvhr condition. this was not found to be the case for other risk factors such as sh, gender and abi.
Discursos de gestión de recursos humanos presentes en las Iniciativas y Normas de responsabilidad social Discourse regarding human resource management in social responsibility Initiatives and Standards
Ricardo Andrés Gaete Quezada
Gaceta Laboral , 2010,
Abstract: Mediante la técnica de análisis de contenidos se examinan las principales Normas e Iniciativas de responsabilidad social, específicamente el Pacto Mundial, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), el Libro Verde, las Directrices OCDE, SA8000 y la Norma SGE 21, para identificar las referencias discursivas relacionadas con el concepto de gestión de recursos humanos desde la perspectiva sistémica. Entre los principales resultados, se observan discursos dirigidos mayoritariamente a los Subsistemas de Alimentación, Mantenimiento y Desarrollo de recursos humanos, en donde destacan las referencias hacia la eliminación del trabajo infantil, no discriminación en el acceso al empleo, seguridad y salud en el trabajo, libertad de sindicación, derecho a negociación colectiva, formación y desarrollo profesional, como los principales aspectos contenidos en cada subsistema a los cuales se refieren la Normas e Iniciativas analizadas. Using the content analysis technique, this study examines the major standards and initiatives for social responsibility, specifically the Global Compact, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), the Green Paper, the OECD Guidelines, SA 8000 and the standard SGE 21, to identify discursive references related to the concept of human resource management from the systemic perspective. Among the major findings, speeches were noted, aimed mostly at the subsystems of food, maintenance and human resource development, that highlight references to the elimination of child labor, non- discrimination in access to employment, health and safety at work, freedom to unionize, the right to collective bargaining, professional training and development as key aspects in each subsystem to which the analyzed standards and initiatives refer.
Iniciativas sobre Desarrollo Urbano enunciadas por el Ministerio de la Vivienda y Urbanismo, marzo de 1979. /Urban Development Initiatives announced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, March 1979.  [PDF]
Parrochia Beguin, Juan Antonio
Revista de Urbanismo , 2001, DOI: doi: 10.5354/0717-5051.2001.11798
Abstract: El autor expone su parecer, en 1979, en materias de: el suelo y su valor, la ciudad, la infraestructura urbana y el desgaste de las instalaciones, la situación de la extensión urbana en Chile, y las perspectivas futuras, al momento de comunicarse las iniciativas sobre Desarrollo Urbano por el Ministerio de la Vivienda y Urbanismo en ese mismo a o. /The author gives his point of view, in 1979, on the themes of: land and its value, the city, urban infrastructure and depreciation, the situation of urban extension in Chile, and future perspectives. This relates to the moment of communication, by the Chilean Ministry of Housing and Urbanism, of its Urban Development Iniciatives in that year.
Compreendendo as iniciativas de educa o a distancia via internet: estudo de caso em duas grandes empresas no Brasil Understanding internet distance learning initiatives: case studies in two large companies in Brazil
Tatiana Ghedine,Maurício Gregianin Testa,Henrique Mello Rodrigues de Freitas
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122006000300006
Abstract: Este artigo analisa o funcionamento e as características das iniciativas de educa o a distancia em grandes empresas no Brasil. Foram realizados dois estudos de caso, um na universidade corporativa de uma subsidiária de uma multinacional americana e outro em um centro de treinamento da produ o (CTP) de uma subsidiária de uma multinacional européia. O estudo de caso utilizou basicamente três formas de coleta de dados: a observa o direta das instala es e funcionamento das unidades de análise, a realiza o de entrevistas informais (n o-estruturadas) com alguns integrantes das equipes durante o período de observa o e a realiza o de entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Os resultados ajudam a compreender essas organiza es no que se refere a aspectos como concep o educacional, público-alvo, financiamento, desenvolvimento dos cursos, avalia o, custos iniciais, retorno sobre o investimento, vantagens e desvantagens. This article analyzes distance learning initiatives in large companies in Brazil, how they work and what are their features. It presents two case studies: one at a corporate university at an American multinational company subsidiary and another at a production training center in a European multinational company subsidiary. The case studies basically used three forms of data collection: direct observation of the installations and their functioning, informal interviews (non-structured) with a few team members during the observation period and semi-structured interviews. The results helped to understand these organizations in aspects such as educational concept, target audience, financing, course development, evaluation, initial costs, return on investment, advantages and disadvantages.
Acerca de algumas das iniciativas empresariais e de I&D da cultura do algodoeiro em Portugal continental Concerning some business and research initiatives on upland cotton crop in mainland Portugal  [cached]
Gon?alo Barradas,Rafael J. López-Bellido
Revista de Ciências Agrárias , 2008,
Abstract: Nas décadas de 50 a 70 do século XX e no início do século XXI registaram-se algumas iniciativas empresariais e de I&D tendentes à introdu o da cultura do algodoeiro nos sistemas culturais de regadio do Sul do País. No entanto, limita es de natureza ambiental, como sejam a ocorrência de baixas temperaturas no início da Primavera e de baixas temperaturas e precipita o no final do Ver o, a par de op es de natureza política, nacional e da UE, determinaram, em ambos os momentos, o abandono da cultura. Nas presentes notas coligimos, resumidamente, algumas das informa es disponíveis relativas àqueles dois momentos. Some business and research activities on upland cotton crop were carried out in Portugal in the middle of the XX century as well and in the first years of the XXI century, in order to introduce this crop in the south irrigated crop systems. However, environmental growing constrains, like low temperature at sowing and low temperature and raining during maturation and harvest, as well as national and European political options, determine crop abandon. In the present notes we collect and resume some information available about both those time periods.
Types of immigrants' entrepreneurial initiatives in the cities of Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia Los tipos de iniciativas empresariales de los inmigrantes en las ciudades de Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia  [cached]
Leonardo Cavalcanti
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones , 2009,
Abstract: The principal aim of this article is to present a qualitative typology of the profiles of immigrant entrepreneurs from non-European Union countries living in Spain, as well as the characteristics of their businesses. The intention is to illustrate typologically the characteristics and the potential of businesses run by immigrants. This analysis is based on a study called El empresariado inmigrante en Espa a (Immigrant Businesses in Spain) (Solé, Parella y Cavalcanti, 2007), financed by the La Caixa Foundation. It looks at three specific sociospatial contexts where there is a higher concentration of foreign people: Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia. El principal objetivo de este artículo es presentar una tipología, de carácter cualitativo, de los perfiles de los empresarios de origen inmigrante procedentes de países no comunitarios en Espa a, y de las características de sus negocios. Se trata de ilustrar, en términos de representatividad tipológica, los rasgos y el potencial de las empresas regentadas por inmigrantes. Dicho análisis se realiza a partir del estudio titulado El empresariado inmigrante en Espa a (Solé, Parella y Cavalcanti, 2007), financiado por la Fundación La Caixa, en tres contextos socioespaciales concretos donde se da una elevada concentración de población extranjera: Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia.
Salud infantil y medio ambiente: iniciativas de la Organización Mundial de la Salud Child health and environment: initiatives of the World Health Organization
M. Neira,F. Gore,M.-N. Bruné,C. Espina
Boletín de Pediatría , 2010,
Abstract: Cada a o mueren en el mundo aproximadamente tres millones de ni os menores de cinco a os, debido a afecciones relacionadas con riesgos ambientales. El medio ambiente contribuye en gran medida a la elevada tasa global anual de muertes de ni os menores de cinco a os, que se eleva a aproximadamente nueve millones(1). Tal carga de enfermedad es inaceptable –en especial cuando las afecciones de origen ambiental son prevenibles. La salud infantil se ve alterada por factores de riesgo llamados “tradicionales” ya que persisten a través de la décadas, pese a los avances, como ser agua contaminada, saneamiento y eliminación de residuos inadecuados, polución del aire en el interior de la vivienda y vectores de enfermedad (en especial, mosquitos). A ello se agregan factores tales como el uso inseguro de sustancias químicas, la exposición a radiaciones, y las lesiones relacionadas con el tráfico no controlado y construcciones inseguras. La degradación del ecosistema contribuye a un gran número de afecciones infantiles, a nivel global.
Integra o ensino, pesquisa e servi os em saúde: antecedentes, estratégias e iniciativas Integration research, education and health services: background, strategies and initiatives  [cached]
Ana Ecilda Lima Ellery,Maria Lúcia Magalh?es Bosi,Francisco Antonio Loiola
Saúde e Sociedade , 2013,
Abstract: Este artigo objetiva identificar e analisar experiên-cias nacionais e internacionais que postulem a integra o ensino, pesquisa e servi os de saúde. A partir da vivência no Sistema Municipal de Saúde Escola de Fortaleza, que busca a referida integra o, interessava-nos conhecer outras experiências que postulassem a mesma. Nesse sentido, mediante uma revis o da literatura científica em bases bibliográficas on-line, associada à pesquisa documental de experiências contemplando essa integra o, identificamos informa es caracterizadas pela aproxima o entre ensino, pesquisa e servi os de saúde. Foram selecionadas oito experiências no continente americano, sendo uma canadense; uma cubana; duas latino-americanas e quatro brasileiras, que s o apresentadas neste artigo. Integrar ensino e pesquisa, utilizando a face assistencial do sistema de saúde como um recurso pedagógico, evidencia-se como um objetivo aglutinador em vários países das Américas. Analisando-se as oito experiências apresentadas, observa-se que em seis delas a integra o ensino, pesquisa e servi os já aparece como estratégia de forma o e de educa o permanente. N o obstante, a aproxima o entre essas três fun es persiste como um campo de disputas, de convergências e divergências, portanto, como espa o de conflitos entre distintos interesses, efetivando-se lentamente. Assim, novos investimentos precisam ser feitos no sentido de desvelar as dinamicas e os processos em constru o que facilitem e impulsionem a integra o do ensino, da pesquisa e da assistência em saúde, que demandam práticas interprofissionais, interinstitucionais e intersetoriais, de forma a superar a crise de conhecimentos e de valores da saúde no mundo. This article aims to identify and analyze national and international experiences of integration in teaching, research and health services. From the experience in Municipal System of Health - School of Fortaleza, which integrates teaching, survey and assistance, interested us to know other experiences that take for granted such integration. In this sense, through a review of scientific literature, in bibliographic databases online, associated with a documentary research experiments that showed the same integration, we identified information indicating the existence of links between education, research and services. We selected eight experiments on the American continent, one in Canada, one in Cuba, two in Latin America and four in Brazil, which are presented in this article. Integrating teaching and research, using the face of the health system of care as an educational resource,
Citizen participative initiatives within urbanism. Participative urbanism, a new way of understanding city and citizenship in the configuration of public spaces Las iniciativas de participación ciudadana en el urbanismo
Carlos Cámara Menoyo
URBS : Revista de Estudios Urbanos y Ciencias Sociales , 2012,
Abstract: Although urbanism is something that concerns everybody, it has traditionally been something managed only by technicians and politicians and thus, citizens' needs and desires have not been taken into consideration in the decision-taking processes regarding cities' morphology. However, this may be about to change due to the increasing popularity about the so-called “Peer to peer urbanism”, which seems to have flourished in this second decade of the 21st century, and within the context of Network Society, has found an opportunity of development without precedents. Even though it may be in a very incipient stage, participative urbanism arises new ways of understanding cities, urbanism, governance and participation yet at the same time turns to be a challenge for public administrations and initiative's promoters and developers. A pesar de que el urbanismo es algo que concierne a todo el mundo, tradicionalmente ha sido algo gestionado únicamente por técnicos y políticos y, por tanto, en la toma de decisiones relativas a la morfología y usos de las ciudades no han sido tenidos en cuenta los intereses y deseos de la ciudadanía. Sin embargo, esto puede estar a punto de cambiar debido al incremento de popularidad del llamado urbanismo participativo, que parece haber encontrado en esta segunda mitad del siglo XXI y en el contexto de la Sociedad Red, una oportunidad de desarrollo sin precedentes que, a pesar de encontrarse en un estado incipiente, plantea nuevas formas de entender la ciudad, el urbanismo, la política y la colaboración a la vez que supone un reto para administraciones públicas y promotores de las mismas.
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