oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Puntoplastia en el tratamiento de la queratoconjuntivitis seca Punctum surgery for the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca  [cached]
Nereyda G. Martínez Suárez,Ileana A. Agramonte Centelles,Ileana A. Agramonte Centelles
Revista Cubana de Oftalmolog?-a , 2008,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Evaluar clínicamente de pacientes portadores de queratoconjuntivitis seca posterior a puntoplastia con la técnica de parche del punto lagrimal. MéTODOS: Se realizó puntoplastia con la técnica de parche del punto lagrimal a 31 pacientes (62 ojos) portadores de queratoconjuntivitis seca grado 2, que acudieron a la consulta en el a o 2006, y se utilizó conjuntiva autóloga en 16 pacientes (32 ojos) y mucosa labial, en 15 casos (30 ojos), y se les evaluó clínicamente al mes y a los tres meses de realizada la cirugía. RESULTADOS: En 26 pacientes se observó una mejoría subjetiva y objetiva después de colocarse el parche punctal, independientemente del tejido utilizado en la confección del parche. A los tres meses de la cirugía, 2 pacientes en los que se utilizó mucosa labial y 3 en los que se colocó conjuntiva no experimentaron mejoría. Ningún paciente empeoró ni se presentaron complicaciones. CONCLUSIONES: Se logró una mejoría clínica cuantitativa y cualitativa en el 83,87 % de los pacientes portadores de queratoconjuntivitis seca grado 2, a los cuales se le practicó puntoplastia con técnica de parche punctal, independientemente del material utilizado. OBJECTIVE: Clinical evaluation of patients with keratoconjuctivitis sicca after a punctum surgery using the lacrimal point plug technique. METHODS: Punctum surgery using the lacrimal point plug technique was performed on 31 patients (62 eyes) who suffered 2nd degree keratoconjuctivitis sicca and went to the ophthal mologist's office in 2006; autologous conjunctiva and labial mucosa were used in 16 patients (32 eyes) and 15 cases (30 eyes) respectively. They were all clinically evaluated one month and three months after surgery. RESULTS: Subjective and objective improvement was observed in 26 patients after the placing of punctual plug, regardless of the tissue. After three months of the operation, 2 patients who carried the labial mucosa plug and 3 patients with the autologous conjunctiva did not improve their condition. No patient got worse and complications did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative and qualitative improvement was observed in 83,87 % of patients with 2nd degree keratoconjunctivitis sicca, who were performed punctum surgery with the punctual plug technique regardless of the used material.
Caracterización genética de adenovirus aislados de conjuntivitis folicular y queratoconjuntivitis epidémica en un grupo de pacientes mexicanos Genetic characterization of adenovirus isolated from follicular conjunctivitis and epidemic keratoconjuntivitis in a group of mexican patients
H. Mejía-López,C. Santacruz-Valdés,M. Matías-Florentino
Archivos de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Oftalmología , 2008,
Abstract: Objetivo: Conocer los serotipos de adenovirus en pacientes mexicanos con conjuntivitis folicular y queratoconjuntivitis. Métodos: Se analizaron por PCR específica para adenovirus, muestras de fondo de saco conjuntival inferior de 77 pacientes diagnosticados con conjuntivitis folicular por sospecha clínica de infección por adenovirus, de enero de 2005 a diciembre de 2006. La identificación de los serotipos se realizó por secuenciación automatizada. Las secuencias de nucleótidos obtenidos fueron comparados con las secuencias reportadas en el GenBank. En el análisis de los resultados se utilizó la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Se analizaron 77 muestras de las cuales el 56% presentaron adenovirus. La secuenciación de cada muestra positiva permitió la identificación de Ad1, Ad2, Ad3 y Ad8; las secuencias de los serotipos fueron idénticas a las reportadas en el GenBank con las direcciones: AF 534906 y AY 224420 para una secuencia del gen que codifica el filamento de Ad1 y Ad2 respectivamente y AY 854180 y DQ 149614 para una secuencia del gen que codifica la proteína Hexón de Ad3 y Ad8 respectivamente. En el análisis estadístico, se pudo observar que no existe, en apariencia, una estacionalidad preferencial de los serotipos identificados. Conclusiones: En este trabajo se identificaron los serotipos Ad1, Ad2 y Ad3 en pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de conjuntivitis folicular en el 2005, Ad2 fue el serotipo predominante. También se detectó en un brote de queratoconjuntivitis epidémica por Ad8. Desde el punto de vista epidemiológico, ningún serotipo encontrado parece tener estacionalidad preferente. Objetive: To determine the adenovirus serotype in Mexican patients with folicular conjunctivitis and keratoconjunctivitis. Methods: Adenovirus-specific PCR was used to analyze sample scrapings from the inferior fornix of patients with follicular conjunctivitis and clinical suspicion of adenovirus from January 2005 to December 2006. Identification of the serotype was made by automated sequencing. The nucleotide sequences obtained were compared with the reported sequences in GenBank. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed on the results. Results: Of the 77 samples with clinical data of follicular conjunctivitis that were analyzed, 43 (56%) presented adenovirus. The sequencing of each positive sample allowed the identification of Ad1, Ad2, Ad3 and Ad8; the sequences of the serotype were identical those reported in GenBank with accession numbers: AF 534906 and AY 224420 for a sequence of the gene coding for the filament of Ad1 and Ad2 respectively, and A
Iatrogenic keratoconjunctivitis sicca in a dog
Almeida, Denise Eliza de;Mamede, Fabricio Villela;Duque Ortiz, Juan Pablo;Laus, José Luiz;
Ciência Rural , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782004000300041
Abstract: qualitative and quantitative abnormalities in primary components of the tear can alter the dynamics of the lacrimal film, compromising its function. lipids, an aqueous fraction and mucoproteins constitute the lacrimal film. keratoconjunctivitis sicca (kcs) is a disease commonly diagnosed in dogs. it is characterized by the deficiency of the aqueous fraction in the lacrimal film that results in dryness, inflammation of the conjunctive and cornea with progressive corneal illness and reduction of vision and pain. due to the significant contribution of the third eyelid lacrimal gland to the production of the aqueous fraction of the lacrimal film, the removal of this gland when prolapsed is an important cause of iatrogenic keratoconjuctivitis sicca. this paper describes a clinical case of iatrogenic keratoconjuctivitis sicca in a 10 month-old boston terrier which was caused by the removal of the third eyelid lacrimal gland due to its prolapse.
Iatrogenic keratoconjunctivitis sicca in a dog  [cached]
Almeida Denise Eliza de,Mamede Fabricio Villela,Duque Ortiz Juan Pablo,Laus José Luiz
Ciência Rural , 2004,
Abstract: Qualitative and quantitative abnormalities in primary components of the tear can alter the dynamics of the lacrimal film, compromising its function. Lipids, an aqueous fraction and mucoproteins constitute the lacrimal film. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a disease commonly diagnosed in dogs. It is characterized by the deficiency of the aqueous fraction in the lacrimal film that results in dryness, inflammation of the conjunctive and cornea with progressive corneal illness and reduction of vision and pain. Due to the significant contribution of the third eyelid lacrimal gland to the production of the aqueous fraction of the lacrimal film, the removal of this gland when prolapsed is an important cause of iatrogenic keratoconjuctivitis sicca. This paper describes a clinical case of iatrogenic keratoconjuctivitis sicca in a 10 month-old Boston Terrier which was caused by the removal of the third eyelid lacrimal gland due to its prolapse.
Sicca to Lymphoma: Sjogren Syndrome  [PDF]
Laura Heretiu, Denisa Prede?eanu
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2013.31005
Abstract:

Sjogren Syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands. This abnormality leads to the destruction of these glands with the clinical expression of the sicca syndrome (dry eyes and dry mouth). Usually Sjogren Syndrome follows a non-aggressive course, but patients suffering from this disease have a very high risk of developing malignant lymphoma (MALT). The evolution from benign lymphocytic infiltration characteristic of Sjogren Syndrome to malignant lymphoma (usually MALT subtype) is a multistep process [1-3]. We present the case of 35 years old woman admitted to Sf. Maria Clinical Hospital—Bucharest, Romania, in the Rheumatology Department in May 2011, representative for the diagnosis difficulties as well as for the unfortunate evolution. She was diagnosed with primary Sjogren Syndrome in 2004. The first symptoms of the disease, dry eyes and dry mouth, appeared in 2000 but they were undermined by some hematological disorders, as the patient had a low white blood cell count at the biological evaluation. Four years later, when the diagnosis of Sjogren Syndrome was set, she already had some negative prognosis factors. In the end, the disease had an unfavorable outcome, as the patient developed non-Hodgkin malignant lymphoma for an unfortunate evolution.

Pharyngitis Sicca-An Aetiopathological Study
Abdul Aziz Lone, Abdul Ahad Sheikh,Nasser D.Chowdhary, Mohammed Lateef, Rafiq Ahmed
JK Science : Journal of Medical Education & Research , 2001,
Abstract: Pharyngitis sicca is a source of considerable mental anguish to the patient as well as to thecl inician due to lack ofaccurate indentification ofaetiological factors and an effective treatment. Astudy of200 patients conducted in E.N.T. department. ofSMHS Hospital Srinagar (Kashmir) revealedan associations of various disorders with phayngitis sicca. One hundred and sixty-four cases (82%)clinically presented in winter when there was significant fall in temperature and 104 cases hadrecurrence in next winter, chronic nasal obstruction was observed in 137 cases (68.5%). chron icsinusitis in 90 cases (45%) vitamins and iron deficiency in90 cases (45%), pulmonary tuberculosisin 7 cases (3.5%) and 4 cases (2%) of each chronic liver diseases and renal diseases. History ofsmoking was positive in 58 cases (29%) and urban to rural patients ratio was 3 : 2.
Inmunoterapia en la Artritis Reumatoidea  [cached]
Virginia Torres,María Victoria Hernández Cuéllar,Roberto Amaro Relova,Ana María Torres Lima
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: La inmunoterapia en la artritis reumatoidea incluye el uso de moléculas producidas por células del sistema inmune, o que participan en reacciones inflamatorias así como formas recombinantes de dichas moléculas. El desarrollo de anticuerpos monoclonales condujo al ensayo de terapias anticélulas T sin resultados alentadores. El tratamiento con anticuerpos monoclonales antifactor de necrosis tumoral alfa resulta prometedor actualmente; así como el uso de citokinas recombinantes que condicionen el predominio de células T cooperadoras tipo 2. Sin embargo, en el futuro el uso de la terapia génica podría ser el arma más poderosa para el tratamiento de la artritis reumatoidea The immunotherapy in the rheumatoid arthritis includes the use of molecules produced by cells of the immune system or that take part in inflammatory reactions as well as recombinant forms of such molecules. The development of monoclonal antibodies led to the trial of anti T cell therapies without encouraging results. The treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha monoclonal antibodies is promising at present, as well as the use of recombinant citokines that condition the predominance of type II helper-T-cells. However, in the future the use of gene therapy could be the most powerful weapon to treat rheumatoid arthritis
The role of inflammation and antiinflammation therapies in keratoconjunctivitis sicca  [cached]
Koray Gumus,Dwight H Cavanagh
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2008,
Abstract: Koray Gumus1, Dwight H Cavanagh21Department of Ophthalmology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USAPurpose: To review and integrate recent advances in identifying the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of dry eye conditions and the biological rationale and practical clinical aspects of newer, antiinflammatory theories.Methods: A comprehensive literature survey. Results and conclusion: Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) is a multifactorial and complex disorder in which ocular surface infl ammations play a central role. Identification of specific CD4-T-Cell pathways and the recent recognition of targeting of alpha-fodrin suggest a case for novel new therapeutic aspects such as anti-CD4 monoclonal antibodies, systemic linoleic and gamma-linolenic acids, and omega-6 essential fatty acids. Replacement of tear volume with nonpreserved wetting agents and standard typical antiinflammatory corticosteroid and/or cyclosporine A continues to be central current conventional therapy for KCS.Keywords: dry eye, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, antiinflammatory therapy
The role of inflammation and antiinflammation therapies in keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Koray Gumus, Dwight H Cavanagh
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S3023
Abstract: ole of inflammation and antiinflammation therapies in keratoconjunctivitis sicca Original Research (4893) Total Article Views Authors: Koray Gumus, Dwight H Cavanagh Published Date October 2008 Volume 2009:3 Pages 57 - 67 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S3023 Koray Gumus1, Dwight H Cavanagh2 1Department of Ophthalmology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Purpose: To review and integrate recent advances in identifying the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of dry eye conditions and the biological rationale and practical clinical aspects of newer, antiinflammatory theories. Methods: A comprehensive literature survey. Results and conclusion: Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) is a multifactorial and complex disorder in which ocular surface infl ammations play a central role. Identification of specific CD4-T-Cell pathways and the recent recognition of targeting of alpha-fodrin suggest a case for novel new therapeutic aspects such as anti-CD4 monoclonal antibodies, systemic linoleic and gamma-linolenic acids, and omega-6 essential fatty acids. Replacement of tear volume with nonpreserved wetting agents and standard typical antiinflammatory corticosteroid and/or cyclosporine A continues to be central current conventional therapy for KCS.
Treatment of Rhinitis Sicca Anterior with Ectoine Containing Nasal Spray  [PDF]
Uwe Sonnemann,Olaf Scherner,Nina Werkh?user
Journal of Allergy , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/273219
Abstract: Objectives. The safety and efficacy of ectoine nasal spray and ectoine nasal spray with dexpanthenol in the treatment of rhinitis sicca were evaluated in two studies. Design and Methods. Two noninterventional observational studies were performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a nasal spray containing ectoine (study 1) and ectoine/dexpanthenol (study 2) over a period of two weeks including comparable numbers of patients suffering from rhinitis sicca anterior. Patients and physicians were asked to rate the efficacy in reducing symptoms and the tolerability over the treatment phase. Results. The treatment in both studies resulted in a clinical and statistical significant reduction of the main diagnosis parameters, nasal airway obstruction, and crust formation. There was also a significant reduction in the secondary diagnosis parameters in both studies. Importantly, the tolerability was very good. During the whole observational study, neither patients nor doctors stopped the medication due to unwanted effects. Conclusion. Rhinitis sicca could be successfully treated with a nasal spray containing ectoine and a nasal spray combining ectoine with dexpanthenol. The combination of both substances led to slight advantages. 1. Introduction Rhinitis sicca or generally speaking dry nose is a rather frequent problem involving many people. The term “dry nose” has not yet been uniformly defined [1]. Otolaryngologists often use the terms “rhinitis sicca” or “dry rhinitis,” although no clear definition exists. Many symptoms during dry nose could be encountered ranging from subjective sensation of the dry nose and itching up to mild burning, nasal obstruction, crusting associated with unpleasant smell, epistaxis, and diminished sense of smell. Rhinitis sicca anterior means a chronic inflammation in the region of the anterior part of the nose, affecting the anterior and caudal septum and/or the corresponding lateral nasal vestibule. Mechanical as well as environmental irritations lead to crust formation. In rare cases, patients suffer from a slight stench due to bacterial colonization of the crust formations. The treatment of rhinitis sicca involves mainly elimination of promoting factors, moistening, sufficient daily drinking amount, cleansing of the crusts, care of the mucosa and inhibition of possible infections, or in rare cases the elimination of overlarge endonasal space [1]. The main treatment for rhinitis sicca consists of humidification of the nose, especially the mucus, focusing in a real wash-out of possible inflammatory triggers and application of a
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.