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Tamarindus indica L.: A review of traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology  [PDF]
De Caluwé, Emmy,Halamová, Kate?ina,Van Damme, Patrick
Afrika Focus , 2010,
Abstract: Tamarind (Tamarindus indica, Fabaceae), a tropical fruit found in Africa and Asia is highly valued for its pulp. Tamarind fruit pulp has a sweet acidic taste due to a combination of high contents of tartaric acid and reducing sugars. The pulp is used for seasoning, in prepared foods, to flavour confections, curries and sauces, and as a major ingredient in juices and other beverages. Commercial tamarind-based drinks are available from many countries. Vitamin B content is quite high; carotene and vitamin C contents are low. Presence of tannins and other dyeing matters in the seed testa make the whole seed unsuitable for consumption, but they become edible after soaking and boiling in water. Tamarind kernel powder is an important sizing material in textile, paper and juteindustries. Seeds are gaining importance as an alternative source of proteins, and are besides rich in some essential minerals. Seed pectin can form gels over a wide pH range. Leaves and flowers can be eaten as vegetables, and are prepared in a variety of dishes. They are used to make curries, salads, stews and soups. Tamarind leaves are a fair source of vitamin C and α-carotene; mineral content is high, particularly P, K, Ca and Mg. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-fungal activity has been documented from several plant parts. Tamarind is also extensively used in traditional medicine. The traditional uses, its phytochemistry and pharmacognosy is reviewed to provided with a particular orientation to its value in sub-Sahara Africa.
Review MADHUCA LONIGFOLIA (Sapotaceae): A review of its traditional uses, Phytochemistry and pharmacology  [cached]
priyanka yadav
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i7.292
Abstract: Madhuca longifolia (Mahua) which belongs to family Sapotaceae. Madhuca commonly known as the Butter nut tree is a medium to large sized deciduous tree distributed in Nepal, India and Sri Lanka. Madhuca longifolia is a large tree, about 17m high with a large top. Mahua is a large, shady, deciduous tree doting much of the central Indian landscape, both wild and cultivated. Mahua seeds are of economic importance as they are good source of edible fats. Medicinal herbs are moving from fringe to mainstream use with a great number of people seeking remedies and health approaches free from side effects caused by synthetic chemicals. Madhuca longifolia is reported to contain sapogenins, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, flavonoids and glycosides. It is used as spasmogenic, oxytocic, uterotonic, anti-bacterial, anti-implantation, anti-tumour, anti-progestational, antiestrogenic activity against menorrhagia and anti-cancer. This review contains the traditional uses of various parts of plant, Phytochemical constituent and different reported pharmacological activity.
Studies on the seedling growth of Adansonia digitata AL.
A.M Chia, D.N Iortsuun, B.A Carthage
Science World Journal , 2008,
Abstract: The germination and growth of seedlings of Adansonia digitata were investigated at the Biological garden of ABU Zaria, Nigeria (07o38′ and 11o11′N) at different planting depths and soil types. The seeds were planted at different planting depths of 1.0 cm, 2.0 cm, 4.0 cm and 6.0 cm in nursery bags and kept in a screen house and watered regularly. Results shows that as the planting depth increased, there was an increase in percentage germination, seedling height, number of leaves produced and leaf area index. The case was reverse in terms of percentage survival as increased planting depth resulted in a decrease survival. Number of days before emergence increased with increased planting depth. The highest percentage germination was recorded in sandy soil (75 %), followed by humus soil (32.7 %) while clay soil had no germination. The highest number of days before emergence was recorded in humus soil. Sandy soil had seedlings that produced leaves with Leaf Area Index (LAI) of 18.04 cm2, Humus 9.24 cm2 and loamy soil 7.26 cm2. All seedlings from all soil types produced between 8-15 leaves. Germinated seedlings from clay soil did not survive 60 days post planting. Significant correlation values were observed between planting depth and seedling height, number of days before emergence, number of leaves produced and seedling survival. Both the depth of planting and soil type affected seed germination and seedling performance of Adansonia digitata.
Chrysobalanaceae: traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology
Feitosa, Evanilson Alves;Xavier, Haroudo Satiro;Randau, Karina Perrelli;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000080
Abstract: chrysobalanaceae is a family composed of seventeen genera and about 525 species. in africa and south america some species have popular indications for various diseases such as malaria, epilepsy, diarrhea, inflammations and diabetes. despite presenting several indications of popular use, there are few studies confirming the activities of these species. in the course of evaluating the potential for future studies, the present work is a literature survey on databases of the botanical, chemical, biological and ethnopharmacological data on chrysobalanaceae species published since the first studies that occurred in the 60's until the present day.
Chrysobalanaceae: traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology  [cached]
Evanilson Alves Feitosa,Haroudo Satiro Xavier,Karina Perrelli Randau
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2012,
Abstract: Chrysobalanaceae is a family composed of seventeen genera and about 525 species. In Africa and South America some species have popular indications for various diseases such as malaria, epilepsy, diarrhea, inflammations and diabetes. Despite presenting several indications of popular use, there are few studies confirming the activities of these species. In the course of evaluating the potential for future studies, the present work is a literature survey on databases of the botanical, chemical, biological and ethnopharmacological data on Chrysobalanaceae species published since the first studies that occurred in the 60's until the present day.
Rabi’u Tukur.,Murtala Rabi’u.
Academic Research International , 2013,
Abstract: Savanna grassland of Northern Nigeria is blessed with ample tree resources that were of ample benefits to mankind most of which their multi-purpose uses have been exploited, but still there are potential uses on the pipeline. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) tree have been identified as tree of multi-purpose use for a long period of time by rural and urban dwellers. This has made Baobab among the most important economic tree that receives meaningful attention. Uses as human food, animal fodder, medicine were among the major ones identified with it in the study area. Access to this tree is generally private, because of its importance, the tree is highly managed through regular pruning, fencing and planting new seedlings. It was recommended that Governmental and nongovernmental organizations should improve the tree and make it available to rural dwellers and farmers.
Effect of Salts on the Emulsifying Properties of Adansonia digitata (Baobab) Seed Flour
H.O. Adubiaro,O. Olaofe,E.T. Akintayo
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: The effect of salts NaCl, CaCl2 KCl, CH3 CO2 Na and NaNO3 on the emulsifying properties of Adansonia digitata (Baobab) flour were investigated. Simple and objective means that allowed precise determination of the inversion point was used in investigating the capacity of the protein to emulsify fat. Its relative efficiency as emulsion stabilizer was also investigated. Results showed that the emulsion capacity decreased with increase in salt concentrations and also there was a decrease in emulsion stability as time increased and increase in stability as concentration increased.
Effects of Methanolic Leaf Extract of Adansonia digitata on Serum Lipid Levels in Normal and Ethanol Fed Rats  [PDF]
Matawalli A. Geidam,Samuel A. Chabiri,Yagana Shettima
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: The leaf extract of Adansonia digitata is believed to contain interesting therapeutic principles, especially hypolipidaemic properties. In this study normal and ethanol fed rats were administered intragastrically by intubation 0.75 g kg 1 body weight methanolic extract of the leaves of Adansonia digitata for two weeks. The extract was found to lower the lipid levels in rats fed with alcohol and the extract and when compared to rats fed with alcohol only and those fed with no alcohol, the decrease is not significant. The possible hypolipidaemic effect could be attributed to the presence of saponins and fibre in the extract, which has been shown to bind to serum lipids especially cholesterol, thereby easing their excretion from circulation.
Isolation and Evaluation of Mucilage of Adansonia digitata Linn as a Suspending Agent  [PDF]
S. S. Deshmukh,Y. S. Katare,S. S. Shyale,S. S. Bhujbal,S. D. Kadam,D. A. Landge,D. V. Shah,J. B. Pawar
Journal of Pharmaceutics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/379750
Abstract: Natural excipients can serve as alternative to synthetic products because of local accessibility, biodegradability, eco-friendly nature and cost effectiveness as compared to synthetic products. Therefore, it is a current need to explore natural excipients that can be used as an effective alternative excipient for the formulation of pharmaceutical dosage forms. Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) has been traditionally used as febrifuge, antiasthmatic and also in the treatment of dysentery, smallpox, and measles. Reports have indicated that mucilage of the leaves of the plant is edible and nontoxic; hence, the present study is an attempt of isolation and evaluation of mucilage obtained from leaves of Adansonia digitata as suspending agent. Various physicochemical as well as suspending agent properties of mucilage were studied. Mucilage obtained from leaves has shown comparable results with sodium carboxy methyl cellulose. 1. Introduction Natural polymers have been used in different pharmaceutical formulations. They are easily available, nontoxic, biodegradable, and cost effective to be used as pharmaceutical excipients [1, 2]. In recent years, plant-derived polymers such as mucilages can occur in high amounts in different parts of the plant and have evoked tremendous interest due to their diverse pharmaceutical applications such as diluent, binder, disintegrant in tablets, thickeners in oral liquids, protective colloids in suspensions, gelling agents in gels, and bases in suppositories. They are also used in cosmetics, textiles, paints, and paper making. These hydrocolloid natural gums and mucilage are biocompatible, cheap, and easily available and are preferred to semisynthetic and synthetic excipients because of their lack of toxicity, low cost, easy availability, soothing action, and nonirritant nature. Demand for these substances is increasing, and new sources are being developed. India, because of its strategic location, geographically and environmentally, has been traditionally a good source for such products amongst the Asian countries [3]. Mucilage is a water soluble, sticky, and gummy substance obtained from certain plants. In plants, it acts as a membrane thickener and food reserve. Gums swell in water to form slippery and aqueous colloidal dispersions. Mucilage occurs in nearly all classes of plants in various parts of the plant, including marsh mallows, flaxes, and certain seaweeds in relatively small percentages and other substances such as tannins and alkaloids are also occasionally found [4]. Gums are widely employed in the pharmacy as
Gastroprotective Effects of Aqueous Extract of Adansonia digitata Leaf on Ethanol-Induced Ulceration in Rats
Y. Karumi,A.I. Augustine,I.A. Umar
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Aqueous extract of Adansonia digitata inhibit ethanol-induced gastric ulceration in rats. Oral pretreatment with Adansania digitata (150-600 mg kg-1) caused significant dose-dependent increase both in preventive ratio and percentage ulcer reduction. This effect might in part be due to its astringent, flavanoids and anti-oxidant properties earlier reported.

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