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Lacan's psycho-analytic evacuation of the rainbow nation identity
Jerome-Alexander van Wyk
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2004,
Abstract: Lacan's psycho-analytic evacuation of the rainbow nation identity [English] Given the increasing displacement of the essentialist racial categories of the past and the emergence of often-superficial theorisations of race in terms of the diverse South African experiences of difference and Otherness, this article seeks to reassess and reassert our theoretical frameworks that constitute or question the idea of our rainbow nation identity formations. The article employs Lacanian psychoanalysis to contest rainbowism for its under-theorised and often simplistic perspectives on the one hand, and its ideological and limited representations on the other. Key Words: rainbow nation, identity, Lacanian psycho-analysis, rainbowism, South African identity. Tydskrif vir letterkunde Vol.41(1) 2004: 91-114
The hidden potential of pre-theoretical transversal events or advents of a Rainbow Nation
Johann-Albrecht Meylahn
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2013,
Abstract: This article proposes that South Africa, as multi-lingual country, has unique potential and that this potential is not to be found in some or other essence of what it means to be African, but in the daily struggles, frustrations and possibilities of life in a fragmented and divided multi-lingual society. In this fragmented and ‘impossible’ society there are moments (maybe rare moments) of true understanding, communication, reconciliation and forgiveness and these moments I call ‘Advents of a Rainbow Nation’. Although these Advents can be understood (made reasonable) via the transversal reasoning of Welsch and Schrag, this article would like to propose an alternative: to wonder-off in a different non-direction namely into the u-topic and u-chronic clearing of non-philosophy. Reason cannot receive the Advent as gift (given without givenness) and thus transforms the Advent into a philosophical event of thought. In the process of seeking to understand these Advents as events, the Advents are transformed by a Decision or cut of transversal reasoning, and so the Advents themselves are lost. Therefore, what is sought in this article is not an understanding (reason) of this Advent, but rather a wandering in and a wondering at the grace and faith of this Advent. This grace and faith is the greatest epistemological asset South Africa, as multi-lingual country, can offer a plural global world as it opens a space for non-philosophical thinking: thus thinking science, religion, art, literature together in a vision-in-One with theology safe-guarding this vision-in-One unifacially facing the future. The question is, can South Africans embrace the multiplicity of the Advent of the Rainbow Nation? Can the Church with her Christ narrative sojourn with South Africa towards a rainbow nation and thereby facilitate a noological space for multiple connective intellection, or is she an obstacle towards developing this potential?
Nation building and the ‘struggle for Afrikaans’ under the new South African ‘rainbow’  [cached]
F. Jansen van Rensburg
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2003, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v68i2&3.335
Abstract: Although the geographical, technological and economic aspects of the South African nation have a reasonably stable basis, the socio-cultural aspect is not only contested, but has since 1994 led to new movements and public debates regarding the recognition of the position of some categories/minorities and their rights in the newly-created democratic dispensation. It would not be correct to assume that all these ‘new’ movements and voices are of a centrifugal nature and therefore indicative of potentially separatist tendencies. Whereas most of the evolution and history of ‘Afrikaans’ stemmed from its proponents’ opposition to the imposition of English and its imperialist backing, the current debate is about Afrikaans being displaced and relegated to a lowly position by an Englishspeaking black-majority government. Surveying the nature and context of this public debate on the ‘position of Afrikaans’ will broaden the understanding of contemporary ‘nation building’ in South Africa. Again, social scientists could endeavour to comprehend culture ‘in the making’ as created by some of the ‘imaginative’ Afrikaans-speaking participants and the implications of this discourse for nation building and competition.
Language and Identity in Ukraine: Was it Really Nation-Building?
Abel Polese
Studies of Transition States and Societies , 2011,
Abstract: After the collapse of three socialist federations in Eastern Europe, the expression ‘nation-building’ returned to the heart of academic debates. Like other former socialist republics, Ukraine has started its nation-building project trying to balance between a limitation of centrifugal forces and the ‘nationalisation’ (Brubaker 1994) of the state. This article examines the main features of language policies within the Ukrainian nation-building project and adopts a dual approach. It first surveys the political will that has been incarnated in language policies since 1991, and how national identity has been affected by those policies. However, it counterpoises this approach with an analysis of bottom actors and their attitude towards language policies. The framework constructed is intended to question the idea that nation-building is mainly an elite driven process and to suggest that common people can participate in a political project by renegotiating its features at the local level.
Negotiating Nation-building and Citizenship through the Truth and Reconciliation Committee’s ‘Dramatic’ Spheres: A Reading of Two Post-apartheid Plays
B Mekusi
Africa Development , 2010,
Abstract: Having a voice, either at the level of the individual or the community, has been one of the atavistic ways of defining or asserting humanity. This allows for the inscription of the twin-capped hegemony of successes or victories and frustrations at both the private locus and the public sphere. The disruptions of this possibility by rifts between natives in pre-colonial South Africa were aggravated in the heat of the colonial suppression it suffered, and was compounded by the operation of apartheid rule. By reason of this misrule, voices were suppressed, with a few cacophonies of dissention breaking forth. The culmination of these disenchantments into the demise of apartheid significantly presaged the need for reconstruction and redefinition of citizenship and cohabitation, and hence the necessity for establishing a public sphere, or put alternatively, a public domain in the form of the Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. This paper, therefore, seeks to interrogate the dramatic world(s) created using the material properties of the TRC in John Kani’s Nothing but the Truth and Zakes Mda’s The Bells of Amersfoort. The paper argues that the domination and manipulation of this public realm by the state at the expense of the individual is not only counterproductive, but constitutes a denial of the relevance of such spheres. The paper, going by indices in the plays, therefore, concludes that every individual should not only be: given a voice, and be heard, but be allowed equal unbiased participation. Otherwise, the public sphere would not just be impotent, but the idea of nation-building and desirable citizenship would be a mere ruse.
HANDWRITING AS A MEANS OF COMMUNICATION AND IDENTITY OF EACH NATION  [cached]
Martina Fasnerová
International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education , 2013,
Abstract: The article presents the fundamental element of the identity of each nation, which appears to be handwriting. The basic structure of Czech handwriting is explained. The written form is presented as a part of literacy, or more precisely reading literacy. The article refers to the differences of joined-up linear handwriting, according to which handwriting is taught in the Czech Republic.
NATION AS IDENTITY IN AMITAV GHOSH’S THE SHADOW LINES
R. Malathi
The Dawn Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Amitav Ghosh is a Bengali Indian author, a pioneer of English literature in India, best known for his works in the English language. Amitav Ghosh occupies a rather curious place in the landscape of contemporary English language authors from the Indian subcontinent. Freedom from political colonialism came as a refreshing wind to write and historical nationalist issues such as diaspora, migration, refugees, colonial hegemony; socio-economic and cultural issues like east-west encounter, caste and class etc. become the main concerns of Amitav Ghosh. The present paper is proposed to examine Nation as identity in “The Shadow Lines” which as a memory novel, sketches few historical events like the freedom movement in Bengal, the Second World War and the Partition of India in 1947 and the communal riots in Bangladesh and India. In this novel, Ghosh problematizes nation in his search for identity. Further, the text subverts notions of truth-notions that are rooted in cultural, sociological and historical realities while it exposes the arbitrariness of many kinds of lines, borders both personal and political. Although the personal and political are intertwined “Nation” presents itself as a crucial strand on the reader’s sensibilities.
Critical elements in defining work-based identity in a post-apartheid South Africa
Sandra Lloyd,Gert Roodt,Aletta Odendaal
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v37i1.894
Abstract: Orientation: The main focus of the study was to answer the question: ‘Who am I at work?’ in a post-apartheid South African organisation. Research purpose: The aim of the specific research questions was to determine which life sphere and life role elements, and which work-based identity facets were significant in forming work-based identity. Motivation for the study: The findings of the study will enable the formulation of an integrative definition of work-based identity applicable to the South African context. Research design, approach and method: Qualitative data was collected by means of unstructured interviews with 29 employees representing a range of job titles, levels and demographics in a large South African manufacturing company. A grounded theory approach (open and axial coding) was used to analyse the data. Main findings: Distinctive individual self-definitions and a number of common themes integrating social and personal identity perspectives emerged from the data. These themes provided a sound basis for the proposed integrative model to define work-based identity. Practical/managerial implications: The findings of this research will assist human resource practitioners to develop training interventions and management strategies for the potential enhancement of work-based identities. This will result in a more engaged and harmonised workforce. Contribution/value-add: This was the first study of its kind to identify and delineate significant work-based identity elements for the formation of a work-based identity within a South African work context. How to cite this article: Lloyd, S., Roodt, G., & Odendaal, A. (2011). Critical elements in defining work-based identity in post-apartheid South Africa. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 37(1), Art. #894, 15 pages. doi:10.4102/ sajip.v37i1.894
Kuyper and Apartheid: A revisiting  [cached]
Patrick Baskwell
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v62i4.401
Abstract: Was Abraham Kuyper, scholar, statesman, and university founder, the ideological father of Apartheid in South Africa? Many belief so. But, there are others, amongst them George Harinck of the Free University in Amsterdam, who don’t think so. The article argues that there is an element of truth in both opinions. Kuyper did exhibit the casual racism so characteristic of the Victorian era, with its emphasis on empire building and all that it entailed. Kuyper was also directly responsible, ideologically, for the social structure in the Netherlands known as “verzuiling” or “pillarization” in terms of which members of the Catholic, Protestant, or Socialist segments of society had their own social institutions. This pillarizing, or segmenting, of society was, however, always voluntary. This is not true of the pillarizing or segmenting of South African society known as Apartheid. While there are similarities between Apartheid and “verzuiling”, especially in their vertical partitioning of the individual’s entire life, the South African historical context, the mediation of Kuyper’s ideas through South African scholars, the total government involvement, and therefore, the involuntary nature of Apartheid, point to their inherent dissimilarity. Apartheid was simply not pure Kuyper. Hence, while the effects of Kuyper’s ideas are clearly discernable in Apartheid policy, the article aims at arguing that Kuyper cannot be considered the father of Apartheid in any direct way.
Il prisma sudafricano. Sport, turismo e avventura nel paese del post-apartheid  [cached]
Lidia De Michelis,Claudia Gualtieri,Roberto Pedretti,Itala Vivan
Altre Modernità , 2012,
Abstract: This essay, which relies mostly on a cultural studies approach, aims to highlight the discursive and semiotic strategies which have defined official tourism promotion in South Africa since the end of apartheid. In particular, hosting the FIFA World Cup, a mega-event which placed the Country at the crossroads of international touristic flows in 2010, was not so much a finishing line, but rather a turning point for the self-refashioning of the country’s image. Shedding stereotyped definitions such as “the country of the big five”, South African Tourism has rebranded itself so as to mirror the new, complex reality and international status achieved by the nation since the advent of freedom. South Africa’s new public imaginary resembles a challenging, richly-textured prism, whose multiple facets concur to articulate a domestic discourse of reconciliation and unity along with the international projection of a powerful national identity, rebranded for the 21st century. By focusing on the promotion of so diverse branches of tourism as wildlife and conservation, township tourism and sport mega-events, this article aims to shed light on South Africa’s extraordinary achievement in nation-branding over the last decade, and on the way this process has been transformed into an effective tool of nation-building and public diplomacy
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