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Estrategia didáctica para la instrumentación de la competencia gerontológica geriátrica Teaching strategy for the implementation of the geriatric and gerontologic competence
Reinaldo Reyes Mediaceja,Emma Aurora Bastart Ortiz,María de los ángeles Mercaderes Ferrer,Francisco Pérez Miró
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación de desarrollo con el propósito de instrumentar una estrategia didáctica, sustentada en un modelo que contribuya fundamentalmente al perfeccionamiento del proceso formativo de los futuros médicos del proyecto de ley Montgomery GI Bill (MGIB) para la atención integral al anciano por la disciplina de medicina general integral en el contexto de los policlínicos universitarios de Santiago de Cuba, cuyos elementos expresen la dinámica del modelo establecido en sus relaciones. Dicha estrategia fue conformada en 3 etapas: la primera, de sensibilización y diagnóstico; la segunda, de planeamiento y capacitación; y la tercera, de ejecución y evaluación (cada una de ellas incluye objetivos, acciones, vías y resultados esperados). Asimismo, constituye un proceso dialéctico que permite concretar las diferentes acciones en la formación de la competencia profesional gerontológica geriátrica. A research was conducted to implement a teaching strategy based on a pattern that mainly contributes to the improvement of the career training of future physicians of the Montgomery GI Bill (MGIB) for comprehensive care for the elderly through the specialty of comprehensive general medicine in university polyclinics of Santiago de Cuba, which elements express the dynamics of the established pattern in their relationships. This strategy was divided into 3 stages: awareness and diagnosis; planning and training; and implementation and evaluation (each of them includes objectives, actions, ways and expected results). Furthermore, it is a dialectical process that allows to specify the different actions in developing the geriatric and gerontologic professional competence.
Necesidad de una competencia en los médicos generales básicos para la atención al adulto mayor Need for competence in basic general physicians to care for the elderly
Reinaldo Reyes Mediaceja,Emma Aurora Bastart Ortiz,María de los ángeles Mercaderes Ferrer,Francisco Pérez Miró
MEDISAN , 2012,
Abstract: Se efectuó una investigación observacional analítica para caracterizar el estado actual de la atención integral al adulto mayor en la disciplina de Medicina General Integral en los policlínicos universitarios "Josué País García", "Camilo Torres Restrepo", "José Martí", "Ramón López Pe a" y Municipal de Santiago de Cuba, durante el curso 2009-2010. El universo estuvo constituido por los 454 estudiantes del 5to a o de la carrera de medicina en esas instituciones, de los cuales se escogió una muestra al azar de 63 y de manera intencional a 18 profesores de dichas unidades. En el análisis del programa de Medicina General Integral se evidenciaron carencias en el contenido y en el dise o de habilidades por lograr. Se aplicaron encuestas y se observaron los modos de actuación de educandos y docentes en las actividades de Educación en el Trabajo. Se constató poca preparación para garantizar una atención integral y eficaz a los ancianos, así como en la realización y análisis de la situación de salud. Los profesores manifestaron la necesidad de un mayor conocimiento acerca de la formación de competencias profesionales para la atención al adulto mayor, en el proceso formativo atencional, de modo que se orientó aspirar a su perfeccionamiento a través de una estrategia didáctica. An analytic observational investigation was made to characterize the current state of the comprehensive care for the elderly in the discipline of General Comprehensive Medicine in "Josué País García", "Camilo Torres Restrepo", "José Martí", "Ramón López Pe a" and Municipal university polyclinics from Santiago de Cuba, during 2009-2010. The study group was constituted by 454 fifth year-medical students in those institutions, of which a random sample of 63 students was selected and 18 professors of these institutions were intentionally chosen. In the analysis of the General Comprehensive Medicine curriculum deficiencies in the content and in the design of skills to be achieved were evidenced. Surveys were applied and the performances of students and teaching staff in the activities of work education were observed. Little preparation to guarantee a comprehensive and effective care for the elderly was found, as well as in the implementation and analysis of the health situation. Professors manifested the need for more knowledge about the professional competence training to care for the elderly, in the care formative process, thus it was indicated to work for its improvement through a didactic strategy.
Comparación de 2 poblaciones de mosquitos Aedes aegypti de Santiago de Cuba con diferente conducta de reposo
Bisset,Juan A; Rodríguez,Magdalena; De Armas,Yaxsier;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2005,
Abstract: comparison of 2 populations of aedes aegypti mosquitoes from santiago de cuba with different rest conduct
Taller de estudiantes. Santiago de Cuba: Ciudad Segura
Pérez Velázquez,Julio César;
Arquitectura y Urbanismo , 2012,
Abstract: in this paper, the results of the students’ workshop “santiago de cuba: a safe city” (sc+sc) are presented at the vii international meeting city image and memory held on may 2011. it aimed at searching for alternatives to increase the security of human settlement, applying the alternatives to two vulnerable sectors of the city of santiago de cuba. the workshop was coordinated by arch. julio cesar pérez velázquez with the collaboration of the professors: zoila ba?os, grisel cabezas, luís enrique bello, julio cesar pérez, and also the special participation of arch. josé antonio choy. this paper shows the motivations and details of the workshop and the students′ proposals, emphasizing the need to go over these topics for the new generation of architects.
Mortalidad materna en Santiago de Cuba desde 1998 hasta 2010 Maternal mortality in Santiago de Cuba from 1998 to 2010  [cached]
Daritza C Rodríguez Olivares
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre la mortalidad materna en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba desde 1998 hasta 2010, representada por 99 fallecidas como consecuencia directa o indirecta del embarazo, parto o puerperio, para lo cual se revisaron historias clínicas, carnés obstétricos, certificados médicos de defunción, actas de discusiones nacionales de muertes maternas y registro provincial de estadísticas de salud pública. Se analizó la tendencia histórica de los indicadores y en los últimos 13 a os, así como su distribución porcentual. En el territorio, los decesos se produjeron comúnmente por pérdidas masivas de sangre, atribuibles en mayor número al embarazo ectópico y, en sentido general, a inadecuado cumplimiento de los protocolos en el proceso de atención médica a las gestantes, sobre todo en los municipios de Santiago de Cuba, Palma Soriano y San Luis. A descriptive and cross-sectional study on maternal mortality was carried out in the province of Santiago de Cuba from 1998 to 2010 in 99 women, dead as a direct or indirect result of pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum, for which medical records, obstetric charts and medical death certificates were reviewed, as well as records of national discussions on maternal deaths and provincial registry of public health statistics. The historical trends of indicators in the last 13 years and their percentage distribution were analyzed. In the territory, deaths were commonly caused by massive blood loss attributable in most of cases to the ectopic pregnancy, and in general to inappropriate compliance with the protocols in the process of care for pregnant women, mainly in the municipalities of Santiago de Cuba, Palma Soriano and San Luis.
Mortalidad materna en Santiago de Cuba desde 1998 hasta 2010
Rodríguez Olivares,Daritza C;
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: a descriptive and cross-sectional study on maternal mortality was carried out in the province of santiago de cuba from 1998 to 2010 in 99 women, dead as a direct or indirect result of pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum, for which medical records, obstetric charts and medical death certificates were reviewed, as well as records of national discussions on maternal deaths and provincial registry of public health statistics. the historical trends of indicators in the last 13 years and their percentage distribution were analyzed. in the territory, deaths were commonly caused by massive blood loss attributable in most of cases to the ectopic pregnancy, and in general to inappropriate compliance with the protocols in the process of care for pregnant women, mainly in the municipalities of santiago de cuba, palma soriano and san luis.
La Clínica del Adolescente en Santiago de Cuba: garantía de salud mental Adolescent Clinic in Santiago de Cuba: mental health assurance  [cached]
Edirio Pérez Reyna,Isis Liliana Pérez Santos,Mayra Lilia Audivert Ramírez,Ariane Hernández Trujillo
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: Se ofrece información novedosa sobre la Clínica del Adolescente en Santiago de Cuba, incluidas características generales, funciones, capital humano y tipo de asistencia brindada a esta población que requiere una atención especializada y amigable. Novel information on the Adolescent's Clinic in Santiago de Cuba is offered, including general characteristics, functions, human capital and type of care given to this population that requires a specialized and friendly care.
Los verdugos en Santiago de Cuba: Pobres, presos y negros  [cached]
Jorge Luis Ordelin Font,Raúl José Vega Cardona
Revista de Historia del Derecho , 2012,
Abstract: Más de cuatro siglos tuvieron que transcurrir para la eliminación de la figura del verdugo del ordenamiento jurídico cubano y por ende de la ciudad de Santiago de Cuba. Durante todo este largo período se conformó la figura del verdugo cubano, moldeada por la subjetividad del individuo y de las circunstancias sociales en las que el mismo se desarrollaba. A partir de un patrón marginal, racista y criminal el presente artículo pretende explicar la conformación de uno de los personajes más peculiares dentro de la administración de justicia en la segunda ciudad en importancia de Cuba. Lo cual no dista del resto de los de su clase dentro de la sociedad colonial cubana, donde fenómenos culturales, políticos y sociales, condicionaron la actuación de esta típica figura, víctima de su propia condición. More than four centuries it took to eliminate the figure of the Cuban legal executioner and therefore the city of Santiago de Cuba. Throughout this long period formed the figure of Cuban torturer, shaped by the subjectivity of the individual and the social circumstances in which it develops. From a marginal pattern, racist and criminal this article aims to explain the formation of one of the most unique in the administration of justice in the second city of Cuba. Which is not unlike the rest of their kind in Cuban colonial society, where cultural events, political and social condition of the typical action figure, a victim of his own condition.
La Clínica del Adolescente en Santiago de Cuba: garantía de salud mental
Pérez Reyna,Edirio; Pérez Santos,Isis Liliana; Audivert Ramírez,Mayra Lilia; Hernández Trujillo,Ariane; Cardero Montoya,Dilaydis;
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: novel information on the adolescent's clinic in santiago de cuba is offered, including general characteristics, functions, human capital and type of care given to this population that requires a specialized and friendly care.
Potencialidades e insuficiencias en el desarrollo del turismo patrimonial cultural en Santiago de Cuba
Ba?os Rodríguez,Zoila J.; Matute Pe?a,Miguel ángel;
Arquitectura y Urbanismo , 2012,
Abstract: the objective of the paper is to analyze the potentialities and insufficiencies in the development of cultural heritage tourism in the city of santiago de cuba. the information gathered for the work was the result of the analysis and synthesis of data obtained in tourism’s enterprises in the city. the empirical methods used in the research were direct observation and interviews to groups of experts. the paper evaluates the main contradiction in using cultural heritage as touristic resource, and the potentialities and insufficiencies in the development of tourism in santiago de cuba. as a final remark, the author states that the city of santiago de cuba has attractions that allow to place it at the top of national tourism. however, there are insufficiencies related to management, promotion, tourism policies, the misuse of cultural resources and the opportunities offered by the regional context.
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