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Analysis of Regional Industrial Specialization Difference in China & Decomposition Approaches Based on Regression Function: A Case Study of Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Jingzhang Liu, Yelan Wu
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.81003
Abstract: This paper used the dynamic panel data from 2004 to 2013 of 21 municipalities in Guangdong Province to study the tendency and the influence factors of regional industrial specialization. We found that in the sample period, the difference of regional industrial specialization showed staged change, however, it kept an uptrend overall. Based on the inequality decomposition of regression equation, we found that the regional original industry specialization was the most important factor of regional industry specialization difference, followed by market potential, wage level, total factor productivity, capital shock, opening degree, reform progress and transport infrastructure. This empirical result indicated the direction of the industrial structure transformation and industry policies formulation in Guangdong Province.
ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE
改革开放以来广东省区域差异的发展变化

Ouyang Nanjiang,
欧阳南江

地理学报 , 1993,
Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to reveal the trend and pattern of regional disparities in Guangdong province since China' s reform. Four parts are included in this research : 1 )a discussion and evaluation of recent studies on regional disparities in China, 2)Method and indicies used to measure regional disparties in this analysis.3)Messurement of regional disparties in Guangdong, in which three aspects of regional disparties in Guangdong, namely. regional disparities at the county level .regional disparites between sub-regions in Guangdong and disparities within sub-re-gions, and analysis of their development during 1980?990. Ddisussion about the developing trend of regional disparities. The study revealed that significant regional disparities had existed in Guangdong before the reform. Since the reform .regional disparities in Guangdong has been great-ly increased. The incrcascing regional disparities was mainly resulted from the expanding differ ence between the Pearl River Delta and the rest of the province. Although the Pearl River Delta has the largest internal inequality , the development during 1980?990 showed a tendency to dc crease this difference. The process of regional disparities are closely related with the reform pro-cess in Guangdong. Finally measures to tackle the problems in economic development and increas-ing regional disparities are discussed.
Research on the Productivity Effect of Inter-Regional Industry Transfer
—Taking Guangdong Province as an Example
 [PDF]

Li Liu
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.108121
Abstract: This paper empirically tests the influence of the inter-regional industrial transfer policy which was promoted by local government in Guangdong Province in 2005 on total factor productivity by using the double-difference and triple-difference models, based on the panel data of 120 counties in 21 prefecture-level cities in Guangdong Province from 2001 to 2016. The study found that the inter-regional industrial transfer policy of Guangdong Province has increased the total factor productivity of the area with industry transferring out, but has a negative impact on the TFP of the land with industry transferring in, and there are differences in the effects of total factor productivity in the four regions: the periphery of the Pearl River Delta, Eastern Guangdong, Western Guangdong, and Northern Guangdong. And the industrial transfer has the greatest negative effect on the eastern Guangdong region, and the least negative effect on the western Guangdong, which has a positive impact on the TFP in northern Guangdong. Through further analysis of single factor productivity, the study found that the decline in total factor productivity of the industry is mainly caused by the decline in capital productivity. The experience of inter-regional industrial transfer in Guangdong Province has implications for China’s ascendant inter-regional industrial transfer. How to encourage the government to play a more active guiding role in promoting industrial transfer, promote the increase of total factor productivity and achieve sustainable and stable economic development, is a question worthy of further discussion.
Geographical Distribution and Regional Differentiation of Female Talents in Modern and Contemporary China
近现代中国女性人才的地理分布和区域分异

REN Quanxiang,ZHU Hong,LI Peng,
任泉香
,朱竑,李鹏

地理学报 , 2007,
Abstract: Feminist geography' study is still in a marginal situation in human geography in China, female talents have been ignored in talented personal geography and they haven't also been paid enough attention in feminist geography, all of which indicate that there is a space in the study of female talented personal geography. Based on the statistical data of female talents' quantity, types, active period and birth places, this article discusses their status, structure, geographical distribution and regional differentiation in modern and contemporary China and tries to make an explanation. The research finds out that women in modern and contemporary China have much more chances to participate in social and political affairs than their women forebears so that the quantity and types of female talents both rise in this period. Although female talents have increased much in modern and contemporary China, the number of which is still far less than male talents. Provinces from southern and eastern China such as Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces concentrate a lot of female talents; Hunan Province, which lies in Central China also concentrates a great deal of female talents; few female talents are distributed in northwestern China. Female talents in Hunan and Guangdong provinces are famous for their activities in the political and public field, while talents in Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces contribute more to science, education and culture. Female talents' structure and regional differentiation are both influenced by political revolutions and women's liberation movements happened in modern and contemporary China, which diversified in different regions during that period.
Analysis of spatial characteristics of place names landscape based on GIS technology in Guangdong Province
基于GIS的广东地名景观分析

WANG Bin,SITU Shang-ji,
王彬
,司徒尚纪

地理研究 , 2007,
Abstract: Place names are certain exclusive names of the physical or humanic geographic entities of specific space locations given by people and they are important signs through which the mankind knows the nature and human activities.As the language fossils,geographic names have the instructive functions to different historical periods and different regional social cultures.Located in the southern border area of China,Guangdong province which is affected by Central Plains and overseas culture deeply at the same time has its own peculiar development courses.This article adopts the GIS technology and establishes a Guangdong geographic name Yuan database(GEODATABASE) on the mathematical statistic basis.It also deals with the databases to output the straight side topic maps and other special maps which needs other special maps through ARCGIS GEOPROCESSING,SPACIAL STATISTICS TOOLBOX and ANALYSIS TOOLBOX according to the attribute essential factors as well as carries on dividing and color chromatic aberration processing.Finally,the place name landscapes of Guangdong demonstrate the peculiar geographical environment characteristics of the south of the Five Ridges and historical development characteristics: no harmoniousness in space distribution,varieties of common names and proper names,distributing concentration of neat head(qitou) place-names which have many ethnicities and dialects.The article also carries on geographical zoning on the basis of counting, and divides the geographic names Guangdong province into four big areas according to the types,namely the Hakkas(Kejia),the lucky man(Fulao),the Zhuang language(Zhuangyu) and the Cantonese(Yueyu) geographic name area,and they also respectively displays the core-edge proliferation pattern in space.
Risk Assessment on Regional Water Scarcity in Guangdong Province Based on Principal Component Analysis
基于主成分分析的广东省区域水资源紧缺风险评价

LING Ziyan,LIU Rui,
凌子燕
,刘锐

资源科学 , 2010,
Abstract: Guangdong province, located in the south of China, can generally be classified as the tropical and semitropical zones with plentiful precipitation of an uneven distribution over space and time. This study assesses the risk of water resources of cities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou, Foshan, and Zhanjiang in Guangdong Province by analyzing data associated with water resources, meteorology, demography, economy, as well as environmental protection. Three criteria including water resources, social state, and response of drought control consisting of 18 indicators, were adopted to build a risk assessment system. The principal component analysis method was used to reasonably determine the weight of each indicator. The system is unique in simplifying the data structure and synthesizing information reflected by a variety of data sources, largely obviating the subjectivity involved in some traditional evaluation methods. The weighted indicators were summed up as the risk indices (e.g., resource risk index, use risk index, management risk index, and total risk index) to quantify the risk degree of water scarcity across the study cities. Results showed that agricultural cultivation area, qualified rate of industrial sewage, and water consumption of 10,000 Yuan GDP are the key indicators to determine the risk of the study areas. This might be indicative of the risk of water scarcity being most affected by human activities. Differences in resource risk index, use risk index, and management risk index among different regions were likely to be as a result of varying degrees of drought severity for different cities. Zhanjiang was found to be a high-risk area experiencing water scarcity, followed by Foshan and Guangzhou. Shantou, Zhuhai, and Shenzhen showed relatively lower risks. It was also found that in the principal component analysis method, the weight for each indicator is determined by the indicator information and the system efficiency, suffering from less subjectivity. It can obviate the case of the same weight for all assessment systems, which means that the same indicator in the principal component analysis method can have different weights for varying regions. The study provides a basis for risk assessment on regional water scarcity. As the risk would continue to increase and even threat the sustainable development of society, it is suggested that governments at all levels highlight the situation of water scarcity and raise the awareness of people on this issue. Great effort should be made in the future to protect and efficiently utilize water resources.
Advantage of Researches on Environmental Pollutions from E-Waste Treating Activities in Guangdong, China
广东电子废物处理处置地区环境介质污染研究进展

YANG Zhong-yi,ZHENG Jing,CHEN She-jun,YUAN Jian-gang,LUO Xiao-jun,LUO Yong,MAI Bi-xian,
杨中艺
,郑晶,陈社军,袁剑刚,罗孝俊,罗勇,麦碧娴

生态毒理学报 , 2008,
Abstract: In southern China, Guiyu Town, Shantou and Longtang Town and Shijiao Town, Qingyuan, Guangdong are typical E-waste treating(EWT)areas where the EWT activities have been performed for more than 20 years.Recently, environmental pollutions from the EWT activities are generated public attention.Especially in these two or three years, more and more investigations for the released pollutants from the EWT activities and their distribution and translocation in environmental media were carried out.In this review art...
Temporal and Spatial Pattern of Foreign Investment in Guangdong Province (1980-2003)
1980-2003 年广东省外商投资的时空变化分析

XU Zhihu,Anthony GO YEH,
许志桦
,叶嘉安

地理学报 , 2008,
Abstract: Distribution of foreign investment in Guangdong Province has been one of the main reasons for the regional disparity in the province. This article aims to find out the temporal and spatial pattern and determinants of foreign investment in Guangdong in the past over 20 years since China's adoption of reform and opening up policy. The distribution and diffusion of foreign investment in Guangdong, and differences in the temporal and spatial pattern and determinants of foreign investment from different origins are examined. The study shows that the tempora1 and spatia1 pattern of foreign investment in Guangdong has been continuously evolving. Foreign investment in Guangdong has undergone diffusion from the growth pole to the surrounding areas. As the investment environment in Guangdong has become more mature, the attraction of favorable policy to foreign investment has gradually decreased, while the factors of regional economic development level and regional market scale have become the most important dynamics of the location of foreign investment. The temporal and spatial pattern and dynamics of foreign investment from different origins differ greatly. Finally, suggestions are made regarding the improvement of investment environment and the utilization of foreign investment in Guangdong.
Study on the Spillover Effect of Tourism Flow Based on the Customer Market Segmentation—Take the Business Travel Market in Guangdong Province as an Example  [PDF]
Yi Liu, Jiaping Lin
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.95064
Abstract: In the open economic system, the factors that affect the development of regional tourism are more influenced by the level of tourism development in other regions, and show the spatial spillover effect of tourism activities. In this paper, the problem of the spillover effect of tourist flows based on customer market segmentation is solved. Through this study, the following conclusions are drawn: there is a significant spatial spillover effect on the overall tourism flow of the business tourist market in Guangdong province, but the spillover effect is negative, which is represented by the competition substitution effect. The tourism development of different cities in Guangdong province is similar to that of tourism development. The tourism flow of business tourists in Guangdong province has distinctive features and purpose.
Study on the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area  [PDF]
Qianwen Yu
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.103040
Abstract: The formation of the urban agglomeration of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is the result of the accumulation of reform and opening up in the past 40 years. It is the natural choice for China to move from policy opening to institutional opening, and is also the inevitable path from an export-oriented economy to an open economy. Studying regional economic competitiveness is conducive to people’s understanding of the basic conditions and characteristics of regional economic development, and through the objective assessment of regional economy, to find problems and take countermeasures to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the regional economy. The characteristics and advantages of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the difficulties and bottlenecks in the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, conclusions and recommendations are carried out in a comprehensive analysis of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. Finally, based on the results, the proposed policy recommendations are proposed from three aspects: system, technology, industry and talents. Firstly, targeting the world’s leading Bay Area, coordinating the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area; secondly, enhancing investment in science and technology to create a “Bay of Innovation” in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area; thirdly, coordinating industrial layout and industrial development. Finally, building up the Bay Areas of Talents by training and introducing, accumulating the global high-end talent resources.
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