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Motivation and Personality Traits of TESL Postgraduate Students towards the Use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in Second Language Teaching  [cached]
Vahideh Hassanzadeh,Reza Gholami,Negah Allahyar,Nooreen Noordin
English Language Teaching , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v5n4p74
Abstract: Nowadays technology has practically changed every aspect of language teaching. There are numerous studies focusing on the personality traits of students or other internet users towards the internet utilization. Nonetheless, little research has examined the personality traits of teachers towards using computers for educational purposes especially in the Malaysian context. The purpose of this study was to investigate the motivation and personality traits of TESL postgraduate students in Malaysia towards information and communications technology (ICT) usage in second language teaching. In addition, the relationships between the independent variables (motivation, and personality traits) and the dependent variable (ICT usage) were explored. Then a descriptive-correlational research was employed. A questionnaire survey was developed, reviewed by a panel of experts and its validity and reliability were verified through a pilot study. For the survey, 89 TESL postgraduate students were randomly selected. Moreover, follow-up semi-structured interviews were conducted to strengthen the questionnaire survey results. The results indicated that English teachers have high levels of ICT utilization in the general software applications such as Internet, E-mail, presentation, word processing and office work and low levels of ICT usage for specialized software applications such as authoring, graphics and simulations. The results also showed that the participating teachers were highly motivated in teaching language with computers. Furthermore, the results related to the participants’ personality traits indicated that they were highly extrovert, agreeable, conscientious, open and moderately neurotic towards ICT usage. The findings of correlation analysis proved that the surveyed teachers’ motivation received a slightly moderate and positive relationship with ICT usage. Additionally, the findings of the Pearson correlation coefficient for the relationship between teachers’ personality traits and ICT usage showed that generally no correlation exist between the overall personality and ICT usage. In particular the findings showed that only extroverts had a slightly moderate and positive correlation with ICT usage. The interviews responses also verified the questionnaire results. The research results suggest that to develop ICT integration in the educational processes, teacher training computer skills and increasing the computer facilities at schools are required. Finally, implications, and recommendations for future research are discussed.
Relativistic descriptions of inclusive quasielastic electron scattering: application to scaling and superscaling ideas  [PDF]
Andrea Meucci,J. A. Caballero,C. Giusti,F. D. Pacati,J. M. Udias
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.80.024605
Abstract: An analysis of inclusive quasielastic electron scattering is presented using different descriptions of the final state interactions within the framework of the relativistic impulse approximation. The relativistic Green's function approach is compared with calculations based on the use of relativistic purely real mean field potentials in the final state. Both approaches lead to a redistribution of the strength but conserving the total flux. Results for the differential cross section at different energies are presented. Scaling properties are also analyzed and discussed.
Information and Communication Technologies in Postgraduate Courses at Healthcare Institutions: Evidence and Stereotypes
Maria Tereza Leal Cavalcante,Carme Viladrich Segués,Miguel Murat Vasconcellos,Josefina Caminal i Homar
Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento , 2010,
Abstract: ObjectiveThe current state of public healthcare calls for innovations in postgraduate courses. Emphasis on lifelong education, networking performance and more flexible links between the area of teaching and actual healthcare services all pose a major challenge to education institutions. Teaching methods are being redefined and syllabus structures revised. But while ther has been much discussion in the literature on the capacity of ICTs to bring about innovation and collaboration, there is very little real evidence to back this idea. This study presents a pilot test of an instrument which is being developed to allow the assessment of everyday uses of ICTs in teaching postgraduate healthcare courses. MethodsThrough the Internet, a Likert-scale survey was conducted on 350 teachers of a postgraduate education centre in Barcelona, Spain, evaluating needs, beliefs and comfort with technology as well as teacher participation in networks. ResultsThe 89 respondents (25%) took, on average, ten minutes to fill out the questionnaire. The use of technology was instrumental, with little emphasis on resources related to innovation and networks. ConclusionsThe results are discussed from the points of view of the validation of the instrument and the apparent dissonance between the presented data and the strong bet on the potential of information and communication technologies.
Health care for immigrants in Europe: Is there still consensus among country experts about principles of good practice? A Delphi study
Walter Devillé, Tim Greacen, Marija Bogic, Marie Dauvrin, Sónia Dias, Andrea Gaddini, Natasja Jensen, Christina Karamanidou, Ulrike Kluge, Ritva Mertaniemi, Rosa i Riera, Attila Sárváry, Joaquim JF Soares, Mindaugas Stankunas, Christa Stra?mayr, Marta Welbel, Stefan Priebe
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-699
Abstract: A total of 134 experts in 16 EU Member States participated in a three-round Delphi process. The experts represented four different fields: academia, Non-Governmental Organisations, policy-making and health care practice. For each country, the process aimed to produce a national consensus list of the most important factors characterising good practice in health care for migrants.The scoring procedures resulted in 10 to 16 factors being identified as the most important for each participating country. All 186 factors were aggregated into 9 themes: (1) easy and equal access to health care, (2) empowerment of migrants, (3) culturally sensitive health care services, (4) quality of care, (5) patient/health care provider communication, (6) respect towards migrants, (7) networking in and outside health services, (8) targeted outreach activities, and (9) availability of data about specificities in migrant health care and prevention. Although local political debate, level of immigration and the nature of local health care systems influenced the selection and rating of factors within each country, there was a broad European consensus on most factors. Yet, discordance remained both within countries, e.g. on the need for prioritising cultural differences, and between countries, e.g. on the need for more consistent governance of health care services for immigrants.Experts across Europe asserted the right to culturally sensitive health care for all immigrants. There is a broad consensus among experts about the major principles of good practice that need to be implemented across Europe. However, there also is some disagreement both within and between countries on specific issues that require further research and debate.The globalization of migration flows, over recent decades, has increased the multicultural diversity of our societies. Globally, the annual flow of immigrants between 2005 and 2010 was estimated to be around 2.7 million, with about 100 million migrant workers in 2009
Relativistic descriptions of quasielastic charged-current neutrino-nucleus scattering: application to scaling and superscaling ideas  [PDF]
Andrea Meucci,J. A. Caballero,C. Giusti,J. M. Udias
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.064614
Abstract: The analysis of the recent experimental data on charged-current neutrino-nucleus scattering cross sections measured at MiniBooNE requires fully relativistic theoretical descriptions also accounting for the role of final state interactions. In this work we evaluate inclusive quasielastic differential neutrino cross sections within the framework of the relativistic impulse approximation. Results based on the relativistic mean field potential are compared with the ones corresponding to the relativistic Green function approach. An analysis of scaling and superscaling properties provided by both models is also presented.
Complementary Descriptions (PART I): A Set of Ideas Regarding the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics  [PDF]
Christian de Ronde
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: Niels Bohr introduced the concept of complementarity in order to give a general account of quantum mechanics, however he stressed that the idea of complementarity is related to the general difficulty in the formation of human ideas, inherent in the distinction between subject and object. The complementary descriptions approach is a framework for the interpretation of quantum mechanics, more specifically, it focuses in the development of the idea of complementarity and the concept of potentiality in the orthodox quantum formulation. In PART I of this article, we analyze the ideas of Bohr and present the principle of complementary description which takes into account Einstein's ontological position. We argue, in PART II, that this development allows a better understanding of some of the paradigmatic interpretational problems in quantum mechanics, such as the measurement problem and the quantum to classical limit. We conclude that one should further develop complementarity in order to elaborate a consistent worldview.
Complementary Descriptions (PART II): A Set of Ideas Regarding the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics  [PDF]
Christian de Ronde
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: Niels Bohr introduced the concept of complementarity in order to give a general account of quantum mechanics, however he stressed that the idea of complementarity is related to the general difficulty in the formation of human ideas, inherent in the distinction between subject and object. The complementary descriptions approach is a framework for the interpretation of quantum mechanics, more specifically, it focuses in the development of the idea of complementarity and the concept of potentiality in the orthodox quantum formulation. In PART I of this article, we analyze the ideas of Bohr and present the principle of complementary description which takes into account Einstein's ontological position. We argue, in PART II, that this development allows a better understanding of some of the paradigmatic interpretational problems in quantum mechanics, such as the measurement problem and the quantum to classical limit. We conclude that one should further develop complementarity in order to elaborate a consistent worldview.
Results of a psychosomatic training program in China, Vietnam and Laos: successful cross-cultural transfer of a postgraduate training program for medical doctors  [cached]
Fritzsche Kurt,Scheib Peter,Ko Nayeong,Wirsching Michael
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-6-17
Abstract: Background With the “ASIA-LINK” program, the European Community has supported the development and implementation of a curriculum of postgraduate psychosomatic training for medical doctors in China, Vietnam and Laos. Currently, these three countries are undergoing great social, economic and cultural changes. The associated psychosocial stress has led to increases in psychological and psychosomatic problems, as well as disorders for which no adequate medical or psychological care is available, even in cities. Health care in these three countries is characterized by the coexistence of Western medicine and traditional medicine. Psychological and psychosomatic disorders and problems are insufficiently recognized and treated, and there is a need for biopsychosocially orientated medical care. Little is known about the transferability of Western-oriented psychosomatic training programs in the Southeast Asian cultural context. Methods The curriculum was developed and implemented in three steps: 1) an experimental phase to build a future teacher group; 2) a joint training program for future teachers and German teachers; and 3) training by Asian trainers that was supervised by German teachers. The didactic elements included live patient interviews, lectures, communication skills training and Balint groups. The training was evaluated using questionnaires for the participants and interviews of the German teachers and the future teachers. Results Regional training centers were formed in China (Shanghai), Vietnam (Ho Chi Minh City and Hue) and Laos (Vientiane). A total of 200 physicians completed the training, and 30 physicians acquired the status of future teacher. The acceptance of the training was high, and feelings of competence increased during the courses. The interactive training methods were greatly appreciated, with the skills training and self-experience ranked as the most important topics. Adaptations to the cultural background of the participants were necessary for the topics of “breaking bad news,” the handling of negative emotions, discontinuities in participation, the hierarchical doctor-patient relationship, culture-specific syndromes and language barriers. In addition to practical skills for daily clinical practice, the participants wanted to learn more about didactic teaching methods. Half a year after the completion of the training program, the participants stated that the program had a great impact on their daily medical practice. Conclusions The training in psychosomatic medicine for postgraduate medical doctors resulted in a positive res
Psychological training of a teacher in the system of postgraduate education
Molozhavenko A. V.
Sociosfera , 2011,
Abstract: Psychological preparation of teachers we associate with the humanitarian and holistic approach. It is therefore assumed an active and interested participation, the student teacher in the educational process and educational activity is thought of as a co-activity.
20世纪50年代我国体育专业研究生教育回顾与评析
Review and Analysis on Sports Major Postgraduate Education in 1950s China
 [PDF]

韩志芳,张爱红
- , 2015, DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2015.05.015
Abstract: 摘要:建国初期的体育专业研究生教育为我国体育教育事业的发展奠定了良好的基础,但这段历史几乎被人们遗忘。为了给学校体育发展史的研究补充重要史料并提供理论参考,以采访当事人的口述史为基础,结合运用文献资料法和专家访谈法,从历史背景、管理机构、师资队伍、学员构成以及教学、科研、培训等工作的开展、毕业生去向等方面,对我国20世纪50年代由苏联专家指导的北京体育学院和上海体育学院研究生班的情况进行了全面回顾和客观评述。研究认为,苏联专家指导的研究生班,教学管理有序,师资队伍的专业水平较高,实践内容丰富,毕业生的社会影响力较大,办学成效显著。对提高我国的体育师资水平、培养体育科研人才、推动我国学校体育全面发展、促进我国体育科学研究发展和体育理论体系建构、确立我国自己的体育专业研究生教育培养模式等起了积极的作用。但也存在着盲目照搬苏联模式、政治色彩浓重、人才培养目标单一、课程设置不足、重实践轻理论等问题。
Abstract: The postgraduate education of sports major in the early days of PRC has laid a good foundation for the development of physical education in China, but this history is almost forgotten. In order to provide important historical material and theoretical reference for the study of physical education history, this paper made a comprehensive review and subjective commentary of the 1950s postgraduate programs which were under the guidance of the Soviet Union experts in Beijing Sports College and Shanghai Sports Institute by the methods of oral history, literature review, and expert interview. This study will focus on its historical background, management frame, teaching staff, students’ constitution, teaching, scientific research, training, and student placement. The result showed that the postgraduate programs were satisfactory in terms of teaching management order, teachers’ professional level, practice contents, graduate social influence, and achievements under the guidance of Soviet Union experts. The programs had positive influence to improve sports major teachers’ level, cultivate research talents in sports science, push forward comprehensive development of school physical education, promote the development of sports science, construct sports theoretical system, set up the training mode of postgraduate sports major in China. But there were also some problems, such as slavish imitation Soviet Union mode, strong political overtones, a single-targeted talents training, lack of course, and more emphasis on practice than theory
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