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Chiropractic & Osteopathy. A new journal
Bruce F Walker, Simon D French, Melainie Cameron
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1340-13-1
Abstract: In 1959 Frederick George Roberts founded the Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia (COCA). The Melbourne based College graduated about two hundred chiropractic and osteopathic practitioners from the period 1959 to 1979. The College closed its undergraduate program in 1979 and the students transferred to the Preston Institute of Technology chiropractic program. This is now the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University) chiropractic course. An osteopathic course commenced alongside the chiropractic course at Phillip Institute of technology (now also RMIT University) in 1986.Even though it has now closed its undergraduate operations, the College has maintained its company structure and acted as a repository for the records of its alma mater [1].In 1990 another organisation the Chiropractors and Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group (COMSIG) commenced. Several years later and after steady growth, COMSIG underwent a name change and incorporated under the company structure and banner of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia. From this beginning COCA has grown into the leading provider of post-graduate vocational training for both professions in Australia [1].In 1992 COMSIG started its own journal and this was known as COMSIG Review. In 1995 after incorporation under the COCA banner the journal changed its name to Australasian Chiropractic & Osteopathy. It is this journal that has changed from a print journal to the Open Access, online journal Chiropractic & Osteopathy.Both chiropractic and osteopathy are over a century old. They are now regarded as complementary health professions having started their evolution as alternative health groups; this evolution is still underway. There is an imperative for both professions to research the principles and claims that underpin them, and Chiropractic & Osteopathy provides a scientific forum for the publication of such research.For many years both professions were driven by ideology
Cranial osteopathy: its fate seems clear
Steve E Hartman
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1340-14-10
Abstract: This treatment regime lacks a biologically plausible mechanism, shows no diagnostic reliability, and offers little hope that any direct clinical effect will ever be shown. In spite of almost uniformly negative research findings, "cranial" methods remain popular with many practitioners and patients.Until outcome studies show that these techniques produce a direct and positive clinical effect, they should be dropped from all academic curricula; insurance companies should stop paying for them; and patients should invest their time, money, and health elsewhere."Truth is great, certainly, but considering her greatness, it is curious what a long time she is apt to take about prevailing." – TH Huxley, 1894 [[1](p218)]With all I've learned in recent years about human credulity, it remains difficult for me to fathom how little influence fact sometimes has over behavior. For example, 21st century science-based medicine is forced to cope with numerous unfalsifiable (or already falsified) claims from practitioners of the euphemistically labeled "complementary" or "alternative" medical arts, many with names familiar to all: homeopathy, therapeutic touch, reflexology, aromatherapy, magnet therapy...and on, and on, and on. A form of health care of particular interest to readers of this journal which can fairly be labeled "alternative," is cranial osteopathy [2-4]/craniosacral therapy [5]. According to the original biological model [2-4], intrinsic rhythmic movements of the brain (independent of respiratory and cardiovascular rhythms) cause rhythmic fluctuations of cerebrospinal fluid and specific relational changes among dural membranes, cranial bones, and the sacrum. Practitioners believe they can palpably monitor and modify parameters of this mechanism (or a similar mechanism, for example reference [5]) to a patient's health advantage.Here, focusing on cranial osteopathy, is a cautionary tale inspired by the recent collision of a prescientific, medical reverie with reality in so
Canine hypertrophic osteopathy associated with extra-thoracic lesions
Headley, Selwyn Arlington;Ribeiro, Eduardo Alcantara;Santos, Gustavo José Von G. dos;Bettini, Carlos Maia;Mattos Júnior, Ewaldo;
Ciência Rural , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782005000400033
Abstract: canine hypertrophic osteopathy is described in a dog that presented extra-thoracic lesions, mainly in the liver. hepatic lesions were characterized by necrosis, hemorrhage, severe hydropic degeneration of centrolobular hepatocytes, proliferation of epithelial cells of bile ducts, and mild biliary stasis. the disease syndrome was diagnosed based on clinical signs, radiological evaluation, and inspection of macerated bones.
Osteopathy may decrease obstructive apnea in infants: a pilot study  [cached]
Vandenplas Yvan,Denayer Etienne,Vandenbossche Thierry,Vermet Luc
Osteopathic Medicine and Primary Care , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1750-4732-2-8
Abstract: Background Obstructive apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep: breathing is interrupted by a physical block to airflow despite effort. The purpose of this study was to test if osteopathy could influence the incidence of obstructive apnea during sleep in infants. Methods Thirty-four healthy infants (age: 1.5–4.0 months) were recruited and randomized in two groups; six infants dropped out. The osteopathy treatment group (n = 15 infants) received 2 osteopathic treatments in a period of 2 weeks and a control group (n = 13 infants) received 2 non-specific treatments in the same period of time. The main outcome measure was the change in the number of obstructive apneas measured during an 8-hour polysomnographic recording before and after the two treatment sessions. Results The results of the second polysomnographic recordings showed a significant decrease in the number of obstructive apneas in the osteopathy group (p = 0.01, Wilcoxon test), in comparison to the control group showing only a trend suggesting a gradual physiologic decrease of obstructive apneas. However, the difference in the decline of obstructive apneas between the groups after treatment was not significant (p = 0.43). Conclusion Osteopathy may have a positive influence on the incidence of obstructive apneas during sleep in infants with a previous history of obstructive apneas as measured by polysomnography. Additional research in this area appears warranted.
Canine hypertrophic osteopathy associated with extra-thoracic lesions  [cached]
Headley Selwyn Arlington,Ribeiro Eduardo Alcantara,Santos Gustavo José Von G. dos,Bettini Carlos Maia
Ciência Rural , 2005,
Abstract: Canine hypertrophic osteopathy is described in a dog that presented extra-thoracic lesions, mainly in the liver. Hepatic lesions were characterized by necrosis, hemorrhage, severe hydropic degeneration of centrolobular hepatocytes, proliferation of epithelial cells of bile ducts, and mild biliary stasis. The disease syndrome was diagnosed based on clinical signs, radiological evaluation, and inspection of macerated bones.
Acupuncture, chiropractic and osteopathy use in Australia: a national population survey
Charlie CL Xue, Anthony L Zhang, Vivian Lin, Ray Myers, Barbara Polus, David F Story
BMC Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-105
Abstract: This study on the three manipulative therapies was a component of a broader investigation on the use of complementary and alternative therapies. For this we conducted a cross-sectional, population survey on a representative sample of 1,067 adults from the six states and two territories of Australia in 2005 by computer-assisted telephone interviews. The sample was recruited by random digit dialling.Over a 12-month period, approximately one in four adult Australians used either acupuncture (9.2%), chiropractic (16.1%) or osteopathy (4.6%) at least once. It is estimated that, adult Australians made 32.3 million visits to acupuncturists, chiropractors and osteopaths, incurring personal expenditure estimated to be A$1.58 billion in total. The most common conditions treated were back pain and related problems and over 90% of the users of each therapy considered their treatment to be very or somewhat helpful. Adverse events are reported. Nearly one fifth of users were referred to manipulative therapy practitioners by medical practitioners.There is substantial use of manipulative therapies by adult Australians, especially for back-related problems. Treatments incur considerable personal expenditure. In general, patient experience is positive. Referral by medical practitioners is a major determinant of use of these manipulative therapies.The term complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) covers a diverse range of therapies, including various forms of herbal medicine, nutritional supplements, homeopathic medicines and a range of manipulative therapies. The main manipulative therapies generally considered to be complementary medicine are acupuncture, chiropractic and osteopathy. In all Australian states, chiropractic and osteopathy are subject to statutory regulation and, in the State of Victoria, non-medically qualified acupuncture practitioners are required to be registered by the Chinese Medicine Registration Board of Victoria. Acupuncturists, chiropractors and osteopath
Osteopathy and physical therapy- a gap bridging between two professions.
Rafael Zegarra-Parodi
Journal of Physical Therapy , 2010,
Abstract: Numerous treatment approaches exist within manual and manipulative therapy for the management of a variety of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal conditions. Most of the techniques such as manipulation, muscle energy techniques, positional release techniques, myofascial release techniques and craniosacral therapy, which are also commonly used in manual therapy. Traditionally osteopathy developed the “art” and "science" of these techniques while most of the research supporting their use in clinical practice is now published by physical therapists. Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapy encompasses the so-called bridge for the plausible gap between the two professions. While osteopaths work under the somatic dysfunction model and physical therapists under the pain and movement model, the recent International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) global year against musculoskeletal pain emphasized the “biopsychosocial model.” The biopsychosocial model demands both the professions to work hand-in-hand and to understand mutual responsibilities and roles. Such an inter-professional teamwork would henceforth facilitate better patient recovery and care.
Through the rear view mirror: a content evaluation of the journal of Chiropractic & Osteopathy for the years 2005–2008
Ian D Coulter, Raheleh Khorsan
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1340-16-14
Abstract: The rationale for the journal was stated clearly in 2005: [1] "There is an imperative for both professions to research the principles and claims that underpin them, and Chiropractic & Osteopathy provides a scientific forum for the publication of such research." The intent of the journal is stated as "Chiropractic & Osteopathy will encompass all aspects of evidenced-based information that is relevant to chiropractors, osteopaths and related health care professionals. [1] The Journal accepts for publication: primary research, case reports, reviews (both systematic and narrative), commentaries, database articles, debate articles, hypotheses, methodology articles, short reports and study protocols.It is therefore an appropriate time to look back over the last three years and assess the extent to which the journal has achieved these goals. Ultimately you are what you do not what you say, however, in journals it might be more correct to say you are what you are allowed to be. That is, the content of a journal is driven by what is submitted, by feedback from peer-reviewers, what the readership will read and purchase, and by what the editors would like to see the journal publish. In this article we will examine the data presented by what has been published to draw some conclusions about the likely impact of the journal and perhaps the future. While the latter are speculative, they are based on the data of the journal itself. So we might claim it is grounded speculation.From the above we can infer some objectives the journal hoped to accomplish. The journal was to be:1. a journal for both chiropractic and osteopathy2. an international journal3. a journal that publishes evidence regarding the claims of chiropractic and osteopathy4. a journal that publishes evidence collected across a wide range of sources from primary research to reviews to case studies5. a journal that that encourages commentaries on important issuesWe reviewed all abstracts for articles published from 2005
Glycemic control and anti-osteopathic effect of propolis in diabetic rats  [cached]
Al-Hariri M, Gamal Eldin T,Abu-Hozaifa B,Elnour A
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy , 2011,
Abstract: M Al-Hariri, T Gamal Eldin, B Abu-Hozaifa, A ElnourDepartment of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi ArabiaAbstract: The aim of the study was to explore the possibility that propolis can control diabetes mellitus and prevent diabetic osteopathy in rats. The study compared 60 streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, with ten nondiabetic rats used as a negative control. The experimental design comprised seven groups (n = 10 rats per group): (1) nondiabetic, used as a negative control; (2) nontreated, used as a positive control; (3) treated with insulin alone; (4) treated with a single dose of propolis alone; (5) treated with a double dose of propolis; (6) treated with insulin and a single dose of propolis; and (7) treated with insulin and a double dose of propolis. After 6 weeks of treatment, the rats were sacrificed. Ratios of femur ash to femur weight and of femur weight to body weight (FW/BW) were calculated and calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and magnesium (Mg) concentrations in femur ash were estimated and analyzed. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma insulin and glucagon, serum thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH), and calcitonin levels were also estimated and analyzed. There was significant reduction in FBG in all diabetic treated rats. Similarly, higher plasma insulin levels were observed in diabetic rats treated with propolis and insulin than in nontreated diabetic rats, although plasma insulin was not comparatively higher in diabetic rats treated with insulin alone. Serum TBARS was significantly lower in the propolis treated rats than the diabetic nontreated rats. No differences in PTH and calcitonin levels were observed among treatment groups. The FW/BW ratio was significantly higher in diabetic treated groups than in control groups. Furthermore, diabetic rats treated with propolis and insulin had significantly higher Ca, P, and Mg concentrations in femoral ash than nontreated diabetic rats and diabetic rats treated with insulin alone. In conclusion, propolis has a remarkable effect on glucose homeostasis and bone mineralization.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, osteopathy, streptozotocin, insulin
Osteopathy and Emergency: A Model of Osteopathic Treatment Aimed at Managing the Post-Traumatic Stress—Part 1  [PDF]
Luca Collebrusco, Simone Fabri, Antonio Furfaro, Ilaria Tanini, Rita Lombardini, Andrea Rizza, Paolo Zavarella
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.107074
Abstract: The Complementary and Alternative Medicine Education (EDUCAM) School of Osteopathy, following the earthquake that occurred in Amatrice-Italy on August 24th 2016, promoted the project “Una mano per la salute” [One hand for health], aimed at giving therapeutic support to the population affected by this cataclysm. A review of the literature in the osteopathic field has been performed to identify a more functional approach to quickly relieve the inhabitants from the shock they suffered, and to identify the techniques with greater effectiveness on the stress axis. The protocol of ten chosen techniques will then be verified later in a pilot study, to check whether and how a protocol of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) might play a clinically relevant role in the management of subjects exposed to extraordinary exogenous stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevention, in addition to the psychological therapy treatments in use today.
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