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Critical Thinking Skills Needed for Today’s International Leaders  [cached]
Darrell Norman Burrell,Asila Safi
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009,
Abstract: Evolving international management challenges like succession planning as members “baby boomer” generation retire, avoiding marketing myopia in the auto industry, managing employee generational conflict, valuing cultural diversity, and developing adaptive strategy have made decision making for international professionals more perplexing and almost overwhelming. Even with the best strategic planning there is likelihood to mishandle a crisis or leadership strategy decision. How does an international manager make the correct leaders decisions when the unexpected occurs, existing plans are insufficient, and important organizational core values and goals are threatened? The development of critical thinking skills in today’s professionals has never been more vital. The engagement in managerial critical thinking is about learning to apply both experience-based, team based, and formal problem solving methods to situations. It is essential to develop a keen ability to overcome and become self aware of biases, false assumptions, myths, and faulty paradigms that can hamper effective decision making.
Strategic thinking in the context of the future designer psychology professional demand
Valentina Chernyavskaya,Igor Polivanov,Antonina Sydorgina
Koncept : Scientific and Methodological e-magazine , 2013,
Abstract: The presented analysis of the design, as actual professional activity. Re view of the studies is given in the field of psychologies of the thinking, strategic thinking. Motivated need of designing vocational training in the field of design with standpoint of the development of the design thinking future designer. The cho-senned particularities of the manifestation of the strategic thinking beside designer in accordance with re-quirements of the state standard to master of the design
Research Progress in Thinking Styles from the Perspective of Cultural Psychology

Hou Yubo,

心理科学进展 , 2007,
Abstract: Investigation into eastern and western thinking styles has been a hot-topic in the field of cultural psychology during recent decades. This article focuses on psychological studies on thinking style and analyzes the transition of the investigation routes along with the development of psychological researches. It stresses the contrast between eastern and western thinking styles and the theoretical and empirical analyses of Chinese thinking style. The analysis has great theoretical and practical significance in understanding the influence of Chinese thinking style and in promoting the cultural communication between the east and the west. The article also points out the future direction of thinking style research.
Thinking about psychology and death

- , 2015,
Abstract: 死亡是心理不可避免并会涉及和必须探讨的内容。对于个体而言死亡在本质上并不存在,但摆脱死亡 恐惧和对永恒追求的补偿过程促使了生命产生和进化。生物获得对永恒追求心理满足的同时,精神挣脱了死亡的 束缚,产生了灿烂丰富的精神文明和物质文明。未能实现满足的个体因各自基因、成长经历、防御机制等的不同 而患各种精神心理疾病,对死亡恐惧的逃脱和对永恒追求的实现是心理健康的根本原因。由于社会发展可能带来 患精神心理疾病人群的比例增加,因此更大力度地推动精神卫生事业的发展是实现中国梦的必要条件之一。
Death is inevitably discussed content for psychology. However, to an individual death does not exist in essence. But getting rid of the fear of death and pursuing eternity make life come into being and evolve. When creatures gained the psychological satisfaction of pursuing eternity and their spirit broke loose from death, abundant spiritual and material civilization were generated. The individuals who failed to meet the psychological needs due to genetic reasons, growth experience, or defence mechanism etc, suffered from mental illness. In a sense, the psychological health is resulted from the escape from the fear of death and the realization of eternal things. The social development may lead to the increased proportion of the population with mental disease, so making more efforts to promote the development of mental health service is one of the requirements to realize Chinese dream
Evolutionary Psychology'''' Way of Thinking and Its Implications

Ye Haosheng,

心理科学进展 , 2005,
Abstract: Evolutionary of psychology is a new movement in Western psychology. From the angle of evolutionary theory, evolutionary psychology is the application of the principles of evolutionary biology to the understanding of the origin and design of mind. It seeks to explain the structure and function of human mind with the view of Genetics and oppose the view hold by empiricists that human mind resembles a blank slate. There are, however, serious weaknesses in methodology of evolutionary psychology, and its hereditism has been criticized by many psychologists.
Theoretical Thinking about The Limitations of Evolutionary Psychology

Ye Haosheng,

心理学报 , 2006,
Abstract: Evolutionary psychology(EP) is a relatively new perspective in psychology.Not only does it attract a number of followers,but also it has engendered considerable debates.The purpose of this paper is to discuss its weaknesses and limitations by focusing on its core hypothesis,methodology and epistemology:(1).A core hypothesis of EP claims that the mind contains hundreds or thousands of modules,each with a specialized design that performs one function when interacting with the external world.Evolutionary psychologist maintain that,although human mind contains a degree of modularity,it functions integratively.It is difficult to imagine the complexity and size of the brain that would make this possible.Moreover,the operation of modules is not specified by our genetic program and the mind/brain do not have lots of "genetically specified," domain specific,informationally encapsulated modules.The assumption of massive modularity lacks experience validation.(2).The hallmark of scientific theory is its falsifiability and refutability,the cornerstone of modern sciences.Although the majority of scientists have adopted this criterion,most evolutionary psychologists do not accept this approach.In EP,historical narrative and speculation has often been used as main methodology.Such narrative and speculation are not subject to falsifiability.While historical narrative may played important role in evolutionary biology due to its lack of direct data,it is a different issue as far as psychology is concerned.Psychology is,by and large,an experimental science.Its conceptions and hypotheses must be tested by empirical evidence.No narration and speculation are allowed in psychological science.(3).EP claims that contemporary human behaviors are governed directly by genes that reflect adaptation of an ancestral environment.However,recent evidences from biological sciences showed that although genes can control some general patterns of human behaviors and must be involved in the construction of our brains,genes cannot control our individual behavioral choices.They indeed influence our behaviors,but they are not an exclusive factor that can determine the development of our behaviors.Findings available from biology over the past several decades demonstrated that non-genetic factors and conditions such as gravity,temperature,population density and cultural experience could make powerful influences on the way organisms develop.Social and environmental factors,particularly cultural environment,exert the strongest influences on human behavior.Although evolutionary psychologists claim that they are interactionists,rather than genetic determinists,they are in fact hereditism,because they place more weight on genetic factors and environmental influences are considered secondary.
Lopera Echavarría, Juan Diego
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2006,
Abstract: Two tendencies have been present in psychology since antiquity to our days: the ascetic tendency (purification, self care and transformation of the soul) and the epistemic tendency (systematic knowledge of the soul). Both of them are evidence of the undeniable philosophical foundation of psychology. With modern science and its Galilean paradigm, some thinkers believed that it was possible to leave behind the philosophical past and turn psychology into a natural science. This paper emphasizes that philosophical inheritance is essential for psychology and points out that not all the schools in that discipline intend to become a science. Finally, the paper shows that ascetic and epistemic tendencies can be dialectically articulated in psychology
Psychology Publication Issues in the Czech Republic  [PDF]
Psychology Science Quarterly , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the current situation and the view of psychology publication policy in Czech Republic. The presentation provided a platform for discussion. It summarized sixth-century progress in the development of scientific language. The current publication situation in Psychology in the Czech Republic was described. The present article reports on the journals: Czechoslovak Psychology (Prague) in comparison with the journal Studia psychologica (Bratislava), about their impact factors and citation indexes; Psychology in Economical Practice; E-Psychologie; Psychology Today; two proceedings: Annales Psychologici (Brno) and Varia psychologica (Olomouc); News of the Czech-Moravian Psychological Society. In the Czech Republic, there seems to be a wish for the enlargement of the publication policy tailored to European perspectives; this is the challenge.
Resilience and Higher Order Thinking
Ioan Fazey
Ecology and Society , 2010,
Abstract: To appreciate, understand, and tackle chronic global social and environmental problems, greater appreciation of the importance of higher order thinking is required. Such thinking includes personal epistemological beliefs (PEBs), i.e., the beliefs people hold about the nature of knowledge and how something is known. These beliefs have profound implications for the way individuals relate to each other and the world, such as how people understand complex social-ecological systems. Resilience thinking is an approach to environmental stewardship that includes a number of interrelated concepts and has strong foundations in systemic ways of thinking. This paper (1) summarizes a review of educational psychology literature on PEBs, (2) explains why resilience thinking has potential to facilitate development of more sophisticated PEBs, (3) describes an example of a module designed to teach resilience thinking to undergraduate students in ways conducive to influencing PEBs, and (4) discusses a pilot study that evaluates the module's impact. Theoretical and preliminary evidence from the pilot evaluation suggests that resilience thinking which is underpinned by systems thinking has considerable potential to influence the development of more sophisticated PEBs. To be effective, however, careful consideration of how resilience thinking is taught is required. Finding ways to encourage students to take greater responsibility for their own learning and ensuring close alignment between assessment and desired learning outcomes are particularly important.
The Process of Self-Realization—From the Humanist Psychology Perspective  [PDF]
Marinela Rusu
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.108071
Abstract: Humanistic psychology has provided a series of fundamental theories about human personality and its development. Prominent representatives such as A. Maslow, C. Rogers or R. Assagiolli, along with the psychoanalyst C. G. Jung, have defined the basic concepts that help us today to better understand the individual evolutionary path from intuitive thinking structures and primary group integration, to elements of metacognition, creativity and integration into society through high moral values. Self-realization is a complex process that needs to be addressed from a number of perspectives, to provide a more complex and true picture of how individual development takes place. The paper aims to identify the role of family, interpersonal relationships, to understand which are the functions of knowledge and emotional experiences during development and actualization of individual’s own potential. Achieving self-realization involves going through some stages, overcoming various difficulties and, above all, practicing self-regulation over individual emotions and behaviors. Education also provides the logical-scientific basis of going beyond the stages of self-realization, it provides insight and understanding, but it also means overcoming the theoretical boundaries, through personal involvement in actions that reflect moral and humanistic values. Positive and active approaches are ways that lead to self-realization.
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