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Subjectivities as Centers of Citizen Formation  [PDF]
ANGéLICA MARíA OCAMPO-TALERO,SARA MéNDEZ-PARíS,CAROL PAVAJEAU-DELGADO
Universitas Psychologica , 2008,
Abstract: The article presents academic reflections resulting from the teaching work of the authors with students of the Psychology career at the Javeriana University.Beginning from Latinamerica’s sociopolitical reality, it is pointed out that complex views of citizenship are needed that permit the confrontation of the region’s crises, particularly in Colombia, from the educational scenarios. Formative implications of that view for the professional work of Psychologists are reviewed, proposing subject and subjectivity as the heart of formative practices. Finally, some significant challenges to the Psychologists’ task inthe field of civic formation in educational contexts are outlined.
La formación de psicólogas y psicólogos en Colombia
Robledo Gómez,ángela María;
Universitas Psychologica , 2008,
Abstract: the colombian context shows harsh social, educational, and economical realities which have become favorite topics of study at the universities. this text presents reflections on the formation of psychologists in colombia and the way this formation becomes articulated with the demands made by the colombian context. in this reflection, standpoints such as de sousa santos’ (2005) are brought to the table, in order to suggest that the formation of psychologists should take into account aspects such as keeping education as a public good, defending scientific and pedagogical autonomy, and building pluriuniversitary knowledge. in order to be able to attain those goals, it is suggested that certain student skills and concepts be fostered, such as the installation of the question, knowledge that is historical and geografically-linked, the ability to move in different contexts and the compassionate ability.
Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists  [cached]
Ajai R. Singh
Mens Sana Monographs , 2006,
Abstract: Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists share an inevitable, if rather uneasy, relationship. So very much like a modern marriage. Can't do without it, can't get out of it. Both sides contemplate divorce often. Think of separation by mutual consent. Even keep threatening as they rave and rant. Have secret, and not so secret, flings on the side. But, like the proverbial homing bird, or the conservative Indian arranged marriage, have no option but to stick it out with each other. Psychiatrists are otherwise good people. But that does not make them immune to handling clinical psychologists with the condescending tolerance and patronizing acceptance that teachers, for example, have towards rambling students. Or the rich have towards the poor. This does not take long to get converted into exasperation and smirky asides in the less charitable amongst the psychiatrists. Not that clinical psychologists are very helpful in motivating the psychiatrists to change for the better. For they, like most people in their position, over react and get aggressive when confronted with this attitude. And understandably so. However, it is time both realized their attitudes were not helpful either for mutual interaction, or growth of the Mental Health Movement at large. We can understand why psychiatrists behave the way they do. They are exposed to this same condescending-patronising attitude from their own peers in the medical profession. Their medical colleagues have yet to develop a feeling of healthy respect for psychiatry. Psychiatrists, no doubt, feel this is unjustified, but their peers are still in a position to deny them the respect and acceptance they seek. What they get from their medical colleagues, they unwittingly pass on to their clinical psychologist colleagues. But understanding why it occurs does not absolve them of their responsibility to behave more rationally, rather than emotionally, with the latter. [No abstract available.]
OCCURRENCE OF SELLITHYRIS SELLA (BRACHIOPODA) IN THE ROSABLANCA FORMATION, BOYACá-COLOMBIA
Rojas-Brice?o,Alexis; Patarroyo,Pedro;
Boletin de Geología , 2009,
Abstract: the brachiopod shells discovered in the rosablanca formation from the santa sofia locality, nw of villa de leyva, boyacá province, can be identified as sellithyris sella (j. de c. sowerby, 1823). the studied material shows characteristics features of this taxon including the loop wide, triangular with high-arched transverse band. this material was collected during a paleontological excursion with geology students. sellithyris was previously reported from zapatoca, santander province by dietrich (1938) and karsten (1958).this new record documents its wide late valanginian-?hauterivian distribution in colombia (uppermost rosablanca formation) and confirms the direct transatlantic connections with western europe.
Prescribing Privileges for Psychologists: A Public Service or Hazard?  [cached]
Shaheen E. Lakhan
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The privilege to prescribe pharmacotherapeutics has been granted in limited areas to psychologists. The psychologist's role in society may be approaching a great evolution that can dramatically impact the state of mental healthcare and the discipline of psychiatry. Opponents argue drug company funding and cheaper non-PhD psychological professionals fuel the movement for prescription rights for PhD level psychologists. However, proponents claim that this right would equip psychologists with greater psychotherapeutic modalities and the capability of having richer doctor-patient relationships to diagnose and treat underserved populations. Nonetheless, the paucity of prescribing psychologist studies cannot allow the biopsychosocial community to make firm opinions, let alone a decision on this debate. This article reviews the history of clinical psychology and highlights the potential divergence into collaborative clinical and health psychologists and autonomous prescribing psychologists.
ETHICS AND KNOWLEDGE OF RECURSIVITY IN PSYCHOLOGISTS TRAINING
Ramón Sanz Ferramola
Cuadernos de Neuropsicologia , 2008,
Abstract: This work deals with the characterization of psychology as a science and profession. Thisfeature is part of the Argentine academic tradition which goes from the origins of psychology as an undergraduate program by the end of the 1950s to the present day. In relation to this topic, four issues are analysed: a) the knowledges of psychology showing the necessity of two epistemic dimensions closely related, namely the discursivity and recursivity, or knowledge and metaknowledge, b) the role of psychology as a profession within the praxis, rather than in the poiesis, according to the Greek distinction between the implications of these two modalities of the “doing”, c) the concurrence and difference of ethics and deontology, their roles, bounds and potentialities within the psychological field in general, and that of scientific-professional morality in particular, and d) the definition and characterization of ethics and epistemology as knowledge of recursivity in psychologists’ training.
Psychologists’ Diagnostic Processes during a Diagnostic Interview  [PDF]
Marleen Groenier, Vos R. J. Beerthuis, Jules M. Pieters, Cilia L. M Witteman, Jan A. Swinkels
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.29138
Abstract: In mental health care, psychologists assess clients’ complaints, analyze underlying problems, and identify causes for these problems, to make treatment decisions. We present a study on psychologists’ diagnostic processes, in which a mixed-method approach was employed. We aimed to identify a common structure in the diagnostic processes of different psychologists. We engaged an actor to simulate a client. Participants were asked to perform a diagnostic interview with this “client”. This interview was videotaped. Afterwards participants first wrote a report and then were asked to review their considerations during the interview. We found that psychologists were comprehensive in their diagnostic interviews. They addressed the client’s complaints, possible classifications, explanations, and treatments. They agreed about the classifications, more than about causal factors and treatment options. The content of the considerations differed between the interviews and the reports written afterwards. We conclude that psychologists continuously shifted between diagnostic activities and revised their decisions in line with the dynamics of the interview situation.
"Enhanced" interrogation of detainees: do psychologists and psychiatrists participate?
Abraham L Halpern, John H Halpern, Sean B Doherty
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1747-5341-3-21
Abstract: In June 2005 the Board of Directors of the American Psychiatric Association (AΨA)a, concerned about allegations that psychiatrists participate in detainee interrogations at the United States naval station at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, as well as in Iraq and Afghanistan, directed a number of AΨA components to clarify ethical and professional boundaries and recommend guidelines for psychiatrists' conduct in such settings [1]. After much discussion and debate regarding relevant issues, the AΨA, on May 21, 2006, approved a Position Statement, "Psychiatric Participation in Interrogation of Detainees," [2] declaring that no psychiatrist should participate directly in interrogation of prisonersb. News of the AΨA's action spread quickly; the Position Paper was widely acclaimedc.At the same time, news media reported strong criticism of the American Psychological Association (APA) for permitting participation of psychologists in interrogation of detainees. Many psychologists resigned from the APA in 2007 [3] when the Board of Directors, disregarding the protestd of a large number of members, accepted the 2005 recommendation of the Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS) that had been appointed to develop a position concerning the matter of psychologist participation in interrogations [4].PENS describes a clearly delineated role for psychologists "at distant and sequestered detention centers" created in the interest of national security and protection of the American people. According to Dr. Beth Shinn, the nine members of PENS included active-duty military officers and psychologists who worked for Defense Department agencies [5]. Some of these members were "in the chain of command at the places and during the times that abuses have been documented" [6].We believe that even if the APA had adopted the same Position Statement as the AΨA, the existing interrogation programs involving psychologists would likely have continued unchanged. National obl
Positive psychology and the training of psychologists: Students’ perspectives  [cached]
Tharina Guse
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v36i2.848
Abstract: Orientation: The development of positive psychology interventions have burgeoned internationally and are relevant to the professional training of psychologists Research purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the personal and professional impact of including positive psychology in the professional training of clinical and counselling psychologists. Motivation for the study: It is not known how students previously educated in a pathogenic paradigm experience the exposure to positive psychology, and resultant paradigm shift, as part of their professional training. Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research design was implemented. Data consisted of written documents submitted by the participants and was analyzed by means of thematic analysis. Main findings: Integrating positive psychology in the professional training curriculum was valuable and enriching on both a professional and personal level. The participants reported an experience of positive emotions and increased sense of self-understanding and psychological well-being. Professionally they experienced a sense of increased self-efficacy. Practical/managerial implications: Positive psychology should be considered as part of the basic training of psychologists since it may enhance the development of trainee psychologists’ professional self, enhance aspects of psychological well-being as well as prevent stress and burnout. Contribution/value-add: This is the first South African study to explore the impact of including positive psychology principles and interventions in professional training. How to cite this article: Guse, T. (2010). Positive psychology and the training of psychologists: Students’ perspectives. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 36(2), Art. #848, 6 pages, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v36i2.848
School psychologists and school reform: challenges and opportunities
Furman, Anton;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85571999000100003
Abstract: school psychology is a system of psychological services for schools and a distinctive discipline within psychological sciences. slovak and czech republics educational context are used in order to understand school psychology within a system of education. change of the political and economic system present reflections in the status of the school ofthe preparation of school psychologists in order to solve educational needs and problems.
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