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Occupational risks prevention in colombian companies
Leonardo Brice?o
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2003,
Abstract: We assessed the preventive activitiesperformed in 120 Colombian workplacesin Bogotá and El Valle delCauca, Colombia.The results were analyzed by level of interventionconsidering the primary, secondary andtertiary levels, and by size of the workplace.It was established that those enterprisesaffiliated to the Professional Risk insurancesystem –part of the Social security system– withhigher levels of premiums paid to the insurancecompanies, had more prevention activities thanthose with lower payments–75% vs. 16%.The Professional risks administrators –Insurancecompanies– gave more services to thoseworkplaces with high premiums than thoseprovided to enterprises with low premiums.75% of the big factories had a commitmentsigned by the insurance company related toprevention services, while only 19% of the littleenterprises had one. The enterprises with less than20 employees had less prevention activities thanthose with more than 100 employees.None of the evaluated workplaces with lessthan 100 workers had a licensed occupationalhealth counselor.Primary prevention activities like IndustrialHygiene studies in specific risks factors are scarce–24% of the workplaces had any evaluation aboutnoise levels, illumination, temperatures or anyother occupational risks factor 22.5% of theworkplaces show any activity of risk control.It was concluded that the preferential servicesprovided to the biggest enterprises carry a lossof cross subsidies in the social security systembetween big and little factories. Finally, the governmentmust create an information systemregarding the preventive services surveillance inthe highest risks factories.
Potential explanations of climate factors that help and hinder workplace creativity: a case from selected Colombian companies
Cabra,John Fitzgerald; Talbot,Reginald J; Joniak,Andrew J;
Cuadernos de Administración , 2007,
Abstract: the main objective of this paper is to develop conceptual models of cultural traits, colombian characteristics, work behavior and processes, to determine the factors that resulted from a qualitative study on supporting attitudes and impeding attitudes regarding creativity in the workplace in certain colombian companies. data analysis of the interviewees' statements produced 16 categories, such as ownership, trust building, support, influence management standards, envy / jealousy, and voluntary creativity. some of these categories were incorporated into the conceptual models. in addition, several of the interviewees explicitly referred to colombian culture promoting or smothering creativity in the workplace. the authors conclude by saying that it is rare to find structured descriptions that indicate a link between cultural characteristics and forms of thinking, feeling or behaving, which have an effect on issues of administrative importance. these potential explanations suggest that cultural climates influence behavior and, therefore, it is necessary to explore their possible origins.
Exploratory study of creative climate: a case from selected Colombian companies and its implications on organizational development
Cabra,John Fitzgerald; Talbot,Reginald J.; Joniak,Andrew J.;
Cuadernos de Administración , 2005,
Abstract: this paper identifies organizational characteristics that help or obstruct creativity at the workplace in order to establish the existence of relevant or distinctive concepts of organizational climate in colombia. to that aim, a questionnaire was designed including indicators taken from existing relevant literature. the questionnaire was applied to 52 ceo's, managers, supervisors, and first line employees in eight colombia-based firms and to nine people from other companies. data obtained was analyzed according to the grounded theory method and results proved to be in line with those cited in literature concerning categories such as reaction speed, leadership style, trustworthiness, answers to social, political and cultural conditions, freedom, dynamism, room for ideas, resources, synergy, trustworthiness strengthening); other categories need revision (support) and yet other are plainly different (envy and jealousy, belonging, deliberated creativity, standards on influence management, fairness). data suggest a new survey is due.
Subjectivities of Young People Demobilized from FARC in a Scenario of Peace Construction  [PDF]
Luz Marina Lara Salcedo
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.71007
Abstract: This article presents the results of a research on the displacement of subjectivities of a group of demobilized young people formerly enlisted in the Colombian armed group FARC guerrillas (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia). Drawing on a social constructionist perspective (Gergen, 1996), this paper emphasizes a perspective of the subject formed inside the armed group—under new conditions, scenarios, personals traits and ways of living—, as well as the new subject that emerges after deciding to rejoin civilian life. The methodological design was oriented from the central premises of the social constructionist perspective. The methodological approach was the narrative inquiry with its three phases: production, analysis and interpretation. For analytical purposes, the model used was the narrative approach proposed by Coninck & Godard (1998). The main results show that when the youngsters decide leaving the armed group, begins the transition to civilian life; it is a time of confrontation, doubts and fears that young people must face in their own way. The youngsters came from being immersed in an armed group that supported their identity. The transition implies losing a way of living, experiencing the uncertainty, but also with the hope of rebuilding their life projects. In this transit, youngsters feel unprotected and helpless; the values acquired of brotherhood and solidarity in the guerrilla life suddenly disappear and young people is confronted with a world of new social meanings and ways of being and doing. The results show the rupturing and continuities that rise in their subjectivities before and after joining the armed group, as well as the emerging and conflicting subjectivities in the process of disengagement. In addition, great fluctuations of emotional repertoires, as well as identity, ties, values and lifestyles go through a process of redefinition and reconfiguration to settle back into civilian society.
Cobertura con derivados en empresas manufactureras Colombianas: análisis previo a la apertura del mercado de derivados en la bolsa de valores de Colombia Cobertura com derivados em empresas manufatureiras colombianas: análise prévia à abertura do mercado de derivados na Bolsa de Valores da Col mbia Coverage with derivatives in Colombian manufacturing companies: analysis prior to the opening of the Colombian stock exchange derivatives market  [cached]
Jaime Humberto Sierra González
Cuadernos de Administración , 2010,
Abstract: El uso de instrumentos derivados es particularmente importante en la gestión del riesgo, pues esto influye directamente en el patrimonio de las organizaciones y en su potencial de generación de valor. En el presente estudio se explora una hipótesis explicativa sobre el empleo que de los instrumentos derivados hicieron las empresas industriales y comerciales nacionales antes de la apertura del Mercado de Derivados de la Bolsa de Valores de Colombia. Este trabajo analiza dos hipótesis planteadas por la literatura internacional: los instrumentos derivados usados por empresas caracterizadas por estrés financiero o sofistificación financiera y una combinación de estas dos razones. Para ello se utiliza un modelo de regresión logística, el cual evidencia que el estrés y la sofisticación financieros son razones importantes de la utilización de los instrumentos derivados, en el caso de las empresas colombianas. O uso de instrumentos derivados é particularmente importante na gest o do risco, já que isso influi diretamente no patrim nio das organiza es e em seu potencial de gera o de valor. No presente estudo é explorada uma hipótese explicativa sobre o emprego que as empresas industriais e comerciais nacionais fizeram dos instrumentos derivados antes da abertura do Mercado de Derivados da Bolsa de Valores da Col mbia. Este trabalho analisa duas hipóteses propostas pela literatura internacional: os instrumentos derivados usados pelas empresas caracterizadas pelo estresse financeiro ou sofistica o financeira e uma combina o destas duas raz es. Para isso utiliza-se um modelo de regress o logística, que evidencia que o estresse e a sofistica o financeiros s o raz es importantes da utiliza o dos instrumentos derivados, no caso das empresas colombianas. The use of derivative instruments is especially important in risk management because it directly influences the net worth of organizations and their potential to generate value. This study explores an explanatory hypothesis for the Colombian industrial and commercial companies’ use of derivative instruments before the Colombian Stock Exchange Derivatives Market opened. This article analyzes two hypotheses proposed in international literature: the use of derivative instruments by companies suffering from financial stress or enjoying financial sophistication and a combination of the two. To do so, a logistic regression model was used, which evidences that, in the case of Colombian companies, financial stress and financial sophistication are important reasons for using derivative instruments.
Economic Subjectivities in Higher Education: Self, Policy and Practice in the Knowledge Economy  [cached]
Sue Saltmarsh
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: This article considers higher education in the context of global knowledge economy policies as a site for the production of economic subjectivities. Drawing insights from poststructuralist theory and feminist economics, it explores how the incorporation of economic discourse and market metaphors into education policy and practice functions as a disciplinary technique of governmentality. The article argues that while economic discourse displaces, disciplines and disrupts educational discourse, there is a need for greater acknowledgement of the productive potential of the intersection of education and economy as a means through which agency is in part accomplished. Implications for university learning and labour are considered, with a view to contributing to dialogues about new ways of undisciplining economic subjectivities, through which new ways of doing and being might enact alternative educational economies.
Colombian ADRs: Why so few?
González,Maximiliano; Guzmán,Alexander; Trujillo,María Andrea;
Innovar , 2011,
Abstract: we address the question of why colombian companies have had such a limited presence in the american depositary receipts (adrs) market. traditional explanations state that weak investor protection and the degree of economic and financial development in colombia increase the cost of entry in the adr market. however, in the case of colombia these explanations do not suffice because in these respects colombia is no different from other latin american countries. using a theoretical model, we show that additional factors such as drug trafficking and armed conflict better explain why colombian firms have moved away from the adrs market.
Estudio sobre el papel de las restricciones de transmisión en la oferta de la energía eléctrica en Colombia The effect of electric transmission constraints on how power generation companies bid in the Colombian electrical power market  [cached]
Gallego Vega Luis Eduardo,Duarte Velasco Oscar Germán
Ingeniería e Investigación , 2010,
Abstract: El presente artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación sobre el análisis del efecto que tienen las redes de transmisión sobre la cantidad esperada de energía a generar y sobre las estrategias de precio de oferta para los agentes del mercado eléctrico colombiano. El modelo desarrollado implementa el sistema de transmisión nacional (STN) y simula los procesos de despacho económico reales a través de flujos óptimos de potencia. Esta metodología permite el análisis de problemas estructurales del mercado debido al efecto exclusivo de las redes de transmisión y al efecto conjunto de las estrategias comerciales de oferta en un ambiente con restricciones de transmisión. Para realizar este análisis se propone el uso de nuevas variables que cuantifican los cambios en la generación real esperada y el impacto de cada agente sobre el costo de operación del sistema. Finalmente, se presenta un análisis de correlación para estas nuevas variables, las cuales reflejan comportamientos altamente lineales para algunos agentes del mercado. This paper presents the results of research about the effect of transmission constraints on both expected electrical energy to be dispatched and power generation companies’ bidding strategies in the Colombian electrical power market. The proposed model simulates the national transmission grid and economic dispatch by means of optimal power flows. The proposed methodology allows structural problems in the power market to be analyzed due to the exclusive effect of trans- mission constraints and the mixed effect of bidding strategies and transmission networks. A new set of variables is proposed for quantifying the impact of each generation company on system operating costs and the change in expected dispatched energy. A correlation analysis of these new variables is presented, revealing some interesting linearities in some generation companies’ bidding patterns.
On gender, subjectivities and experiences: Facing the past and feminist politics of solidarity  [PDF]
Jovanovi? Deana
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/fid1101219j
Abstract: The main question the article discusses is how and why feminism can reflect upon multiple differences in Serbia through the idea of solidarity in the discourse of facing the past. The article pays attention to the connection between feminist practices and theories, solidarity, and the idea about moral responsibility. The article opens discussion about (feminist) solidarity seen as a strategic notion and points out to the politics of exclusion/inclusion of multiple Others. Attention is devoted to gender categories and construction of differences, as well as to the potential possibility and the importance of reflecting upon solidarity with gender diversities. The latter are briefly depicted through research results of analysis of women’s memory narratives - nurses and antiwar activists - whose subjectivities, experiences and gender positions, in their interaction, influenced construction of their narratives, differences, but also their relationship with the past.
The Path of Digital Literacy in Higher Education: a Pattern of Subjectivities and Practices  [PDF]
Mónica Isabel Perazzo
Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento , 2008,
Abstract: This article analyses a university experience of inclusion and the teaching of digital literacy within the theoretical framework of social studies of technology and, in particular, with a focus on the social construction of technology that emphasizes heterogeneity and flexibility in the interpretations which those involved give to the use of the tools.From this point of view the article rejects the linear and massive considerations in the discourse of digital inclusion and aims to point out a complex reality where subjectivities, routines, accounts, habits and practices of the subjects are significant components of a social fabric as changeable as it is uncertain in its achievements and its results.The analysis of the proposal, in the context of a presential university, focuses on aspects of the problems that are dealt with: the current scope of the concept of literacy, reading as seen from reading text or hypertext, critical appropriation of technological tools within a study programme and the bringing together of points of view on collaborative learning through digital networks.The evidence gathered from systematic observation of practices and interaction of four academic years suggest at least two facets: digital inclusion creates a certain tension between old and new educational practices for those who were brought up with the written word and are beginners in the digital world, and new literacy campaigns must be a priority in teacher training with a view to professional practice as well as the learning process of students in the society of knowledge.
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