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Un territorio para conquistar y/o subvertir: uso de internet por las FARC-EP
Gisela García Cardona,Liliana Paredes Restrepo
Nómadas , 2004,
Abstract: La globalización de las comunicaciones conlleva nuevas dinámicas de participación ciudadana que permiten la confrontación de ideas en el ciberespacio, transformando la relación entre cultura, nuevas tecnologías y política. Este trabajo pretende hacer un sucinto recorrido por la historia de las nuevas tecnologías de la comunicación y la información, específicamente Internet, y reflexionar sobre las posibilidades que tienen los individuos y las organizaciones de subvertir los aparatos de poder, a través del uso y apropiación de dicha red. De manera específica, nos centraremos en el caso de las FARC-EP y en el uso que hacen de su página en la web.
The Financial Arm Of The FARC: A Threat Finance Perspective  [PDF]
Thomas Cook
Journal of Strategic Security , 2011,
Abstract: The FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) transformed from a traditional guerrilla group into a full-fledged insurgency because of its ability to effectively convert the proceeds derived from illegal narcotic trafficking into operational funds. Those financial capabilities allowed the FARC to challenge government authority in large swathes of the Colombian state. The FARC moved into the drug trade, initially controlling production territory and subsequently engaging in trafficking, which allowed the organization to increase its war-fighting capabilities. This paper only scratches the surface of the mechanism by which the FARC utilized its coca revenue in order to fund its community reinvestment programs, engage in large scale military buildup, and buy political support throughout the region. The exploration of the financial side of the FARC adds to our understanding of how insurgencies become successful. Based on open source information, Threat Finance and financial investigative techniques are underutilized in foreign policy, law enforcement, and intelligence. The critical role played by financing in the rise of the FARC suggests that Threat Finance efforts can be most effective when used to track terrorist and criminal networks. American law enforcement and intelligence agencies should be given bigger budgets and tasked earlier to shut down or disrupt financial networks of foreign insurgencies, such as the FARC.
Los secuestrados del goce.
Vicente Mira
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 1996,
Abstract: Las circunstancias actuales del consumo de drogas crean, desde hace tiempo, un malestar creciente. Malestar de los sujetos y malestar de la sociedad, malestar de una civilización que vacila para guiarse entre la ciencia y la religión. En el momento en que vivimos, el discurso en torno a las toxicomanías hace tanto ruido como para no permitirnos escuchar casi nada. Es un momento en que la cuestión de las drogas oscila entre la penalización criminal y la medicalización impotente, donde el llamado toxicómano aparece simultáneamente como culpable o como víctima del desorden social. Es una ocasión propicia para que los poderes públicos, erráticos al legislar, impotentes para vigilar y desorientados para castigar, gasten ingentes sumas de dinero con resultados que no podemos considerar satisfactorios: como lo demuestran las oscuras y acéfalas estadísticas, o la multiplicación de estrategias que intentan acallar la culpabilidad.
Former Members’ Perspectives are Key to Impacting the FARC  [PDF]
Paul S. Nader
Journal of Strategic Security , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1944-0472.6.1.7
Abstract: The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia — Ejército del Pueblo (FARC–EP or FARC) is one of the world’s longest surviving insurgency groups. They have worked endlessly to topple the Colombian Government since 1964. [1] The group began like many anti-government socialist groups did at the time, in the shadow of Fidel Castro’s Cuba. The FARC’s story however, is different from most insurgent groups due to their longevity and ability to survive. Their flexibility has allowed them to remain active and adapt to environmental changes. Since Colombia remains a major world producer of cocaine, with the FARC being the leading producer, this group’s eradication is a major responsibility of the world community.Interviews conducted in Bogota July 7-17, 2012 revealed evidence that the FARC operates much like a secular cult. The structure of its internal operations, and how members relate to each other and to leadership are similar to traits in religious cults. Examining these traits may shed light on how to better strategize military and civil forces fighting not only the physical attributes, but also the psychological ones to resist the FARC and similar groups.[1] This date is debated among scholars as the FARC claims inception in 1964, the date of Operation MARQUETALIA, although they did not organize themselves as the FARC until 1966 during the Second Guerilla Conference.
Las Farc: Fuentes De Su Longevidad Y De La Conservación De Su Cohesión The Farc: Sources Of Their Longevity And Of The Conservation Of Their Cohesion  [cached]
Daniel Pécaut
Análisis Político , 2008,
Abstract: Este artículo tiene como objetivo dar cuenta de la longevidad y la cohesión de la principal organización de las guerrillas en Colombia, las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC). El texto inicia con un rápido recuento histórico de las FARC y realiza una exposición de fenómenos signifi cativos en las diferentes fases organizativas de este grupo guerrillero. Al fi nal refl exiona sobre las estrategias de guerra, la temporalidad y las relaciones con el entorno político y social colombiano e internacional, que le han permitido a las FARC mantenerse como organización activa durante las últimas cuatro décadas. This article analyzes the longevity and the cohesion of the principal organization of the guerrilla in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The text initiates with a rapid historical inventory of the FARC and realizes a presentation of signifi cant phenomena in the different organizational phases of this guerrilla group. Ultimately, the article thinks about the strategies of war, the temporality and the relations with the political and social Colombian and international environment, environment that allowed to the FARC to continue as active organization during the last four decades
La guerre prolongée des FARC  [cached]
Daniel Pécaut
EchoGéo , 2008,
Abstract: Alors que les FARC n’ont été au départ qu’un petit groupe de résistance paysanne, leur implication croissante dans l’économie de la drogue leur a permis à partir de 1980 de se transformer en une puissante organisation implantée dans une grande partie du territoire et capable de mener d’importantes opérations offensives contre le régime. Leur repli actuel tient moins au succès des forces armées qu’aux actions de terreur paramilitaires et à leur incapacité à construire une stratégie politique crédible.
LAS FARC-EP, DEGRADACIóN DE LA LUCHA?. (ARE FARC-EP A DEGRADATION OF FIGHT?)
Michelle Mojica Nore?a
El Agora USB , 2011,
Abstract: El presente artículo presenta resultados de una investigación que busca brindar elementos que den cuenta de la validez o sustento y justificación del apelativo de Terrrorista al grupo aramado de las FARC – EP. grupo insurgente alzado en Armas en Colombia y protagonista del conflicto interno en Colombia ya hace más de 45 a os No solo es importante ver cuál es el contexto en el que surgen estos calificativos, sino sentar las bases para un estudio riguroso del caso apoyándose en datos que confirmen las tesis aquí planteadas.Abstract:This article presents the research results whose aim is to provide elements that report the validity or the support and the justification of the nickname of Terrorist to the FARC - EP group. It is an armed insurgent group in Colombia and main figure of the internal conflict in Colombia for more than 45 years. Not only is it important to see the context in which these nicknames appear, but also to lay the foundations for a rigorous analysis of the case by relying on the data that confirm the theses raised in this study.
Buy Off and Buy In: Flipping the FARC  [PDF]
Joel Day
Journal of Strategic Security , 2011,
Abstract: The election of President Juan Manuel Santos in Columbia marks a new era in Columbian security policy. Instead of focusing on a solely military solution to conflict with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), as his predecessor did, Santos has committed to a multifaceted effort to resolve the dispute. In spite of this hope, the Santos administration has failed to implement many critical non-military policy proposals. Like Santos, the scholarly community has ignored important comparative studies of counterterrorism. This essay attempts to fill a gap in the literature by framing a discussion of the FARC in light of new advances in counterinsurgency studies. While the field has progressed in its conceptions of insurgency in light of the rise and success of al-Qaida, lessons learned here have not sufficiently spread to other networks. Scholarship in the last decade has revealed that negotiating with insurgent networks is best done in nimble and discreet ways, not in black and white. This paper pools new knowledge on the topic of counterinsurgency and applies it to the dynamic conflict in Colombia. A comparative analysis of the historical demise of insurgent networks, combined with important lessons learned in the War on Terror, will add theoretical weight to current policy proposals, as well as generate new recommendations for Colombian strategic security.
Soldados de Salamina: storia di una salvezza possibile Soldados de Salamina: storia di una salvezza possibile  [cached]
Luigi Contadini
Confluenze. Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani , 2011,
Abstract: In this study on the well known novel by Cercas, I will highlight several aspects related to postmodernity, at the same time my reading of the text will show its importance for the ethics of memory. By reporting an act of salvation, the narrator saves the memory of the agent of this act and of those who fought against Franco. At the same time, combining the collective episodes of the war with many of his private life in a metanarrative way, the narrator manages successfully to create and maintain a feasible and forceful novel. Keywords: Cercas, Soldados de Salamina, Memory, Metanarrative, Salvation. In questo studio sul noto romanzo di Cercas, si mettono in evidenza molteplici aspetti connessi alla postmodernità, e allo stesso tempo si approfondisce l’esigenza di acquisire consapevolezza sull’importanza etica della memoria. Raccontando un gesto di salvezza, il protagonista narratore salva la memoria dell’artefice di tale gesto e di coloro che hanno combattuto contro il franchismo. Inoltre, mescolando metanarrativamente ai fatti della guerra una miriade di episodi della sua vita privata, il narratore risolve con successo la sfida che si era posto sulla composizione del racconto. Parole chiave: Cercas, Soldados de Salamina, memoria, metanarrazione, salvezza. In this study on the well known novel by Cercas, I will highlight several aspects related to postmodernity, at the same time my reading of the text will show its importance for the ethics of memory. By reporting an act of salvation, the narrator saves the memory of the agent of this act and of those who fought against Franco. At the same time, combining the collective episodes of the war with many of his private life in a metanarrative way, the narrator manages successfully to create and maintain a feasible and forceful novel. Keywords: Cercas, Soldados de Salamina, Memory, Metanarrative, Salvation. In questo studio sul noto romanzo di Cercas, si mettono in evidenza molteplici aspetti connessi alla postmodernità, e allo stesso tempo si approfondisce l’esigenza di acquisire consapevolezza sull’importanza etica della memoria. Raccontando un gesto di salvezza, il protagonista narratore salva la memoria dell’artefice di tale gesto e di coloro che hanno combattuto contro il franchismo. Inoltre, mescolando metanarrativamente ai fatti della guerra una miriade di episodi della sua vita privata, il narratore risolve con successo la sfida che si era posto sulla composizione del racconto. Parole chiave: Cercas, Soldados de Salamina, memoria, metanarrazione, salvezza.
El poder y la fuerza. Apuntes doctrinales sobre la naturaleza revolucionaria de las FARC.  [cached]
Vicente Torrijos R.
Investigación y Desarrollo , 2004,
Abstract: Con base en su experiencia como investigador del conflicto aramdo colombiano, el autor presenta un artículo de reflexión acerca de la naturaleza de las Farc, principal organizaciòn armada de Colombia y del hemisferio occidental, y se analizan sus capacidades para desestabilizar el sistema democrático nacional.
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