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Osteoporosis Health Beliefs, Knowledge and Life Habits among Women in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Hala Hazam Al-Otaibi
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.56027
Abstract: Osteoporosis has been recognized as a major public health problem by healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia. The present study examines the osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, and some of the life habits in two different Saudi women’s groups (with family history, and without family history), to find the association of their knowledge and health beliefs with their preventive practice. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among a convenience sample of 288 young age (20 to 40 years) women attending the health centers in Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Both groups had an inadequate daily calcium intake with a significant difference between them. The women without family history had low mean of knowledge (8.9 ± 2.7) compared with family history group (9.3 ± 2.7) with a significant difference (p = 0.04). Based on the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS) subscale mean score, the perceived susceptibility and perceived severity were lower in women without family history with a significant difference between the groups (p = 0.02, 0.00; respectively). The family history group had lower mean score barriers of calcium intake and exercise with a significant difference between groups (p = 0.017, 0.013; respectively). Statistically significant correlation was found between calcium intake and OHBS subscale perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of calcium intake and exercise, and perceived barriers of exercise only for the family history group. This study indicates inadequate daily calcium intake, with moderate knowledge of osteoporosis in Saudi women and highlights the need for diet and life habits interventions to improve calcium intake and exercise, which may help to reduce the burden of osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia.
Physical activity in pregnancy: a qualitative study of the beliefs of overweight and obese pregnant women
Zoe Weir, Judith Bush, Stephen C Robson, Catherine McParlin, Judith Rankin, Ruth Bell
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-10-18
Abstract: The study was framed by a combined Subtle Realism and Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) approach. This enabled us to examine the hypothetical pathway between beliefs and physical activity intentions within the context of day to day life. The study sample for the qualitative study was chosen by stratified, purposive sampling from a previous study of physical activity measurements in pregnancy. Research participants for the current study were recruited on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI) at booking and parity. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 overweight and obese pregnant women. Data analysis was undertaken using a Framework Approach and was informed by TPB.Healthy eating was often viewed as being of greater importance for the health of mother and baby than participation in physical activity. A commonly cited motivator for maintaining physical activity during pregnancy is an aid to reducing pregnancy-related weight gain. However, participants often described how they would wait until the postnatal period to try and lose weight. A wide range of barriers to physical activity during pregnancy were highlighted including both internal (physical and psychological) and external (work, family, time and environmental). The study participants also lacked access to consistent information, advice and support on the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy.Interventions to encourage recommended levels of physical activity in pregnancy should be accompanied by accessible and consistent information about the positive effects for mother and baby. More research is required to examine how to overcome barriers to physical activity and to understand which interventions could be most effective for overweight/obese pregnant women. Midwives should be encouraged to do more to promote activity in pregnancy.An increasing proportion of women in the UK are obese or overweight at the start of their pregnancy [1,2]. This may result in adverse consequences for the
Knowledge, Beliefs, and Psychosocial Effect of Acne Vulgaris among Saudi Acne Patients  [PDF]
Magdy A. Darwish,Ahmed A. Al-Rubaya
ISRN Dermatology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/929340
Abstract: Objective. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and psychosocial effect of acne vulgaris among acne patients attending referral dermatology clinic in Al-Khobar city. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on all Saudi acne patients (males and females) attending referral dermatology clinic in Al-Khobar Governmental Hospital. The data were collected by using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Results. Like other studies conducted before, we found that 58.33% of our sample have poor knowledge about factors that affect acne vulgaris with a significant correlation with both age and gender ( and resp.). There was significant association of reporting affected social activities with age and educational level ( and resp.). Variation between both genders regarding reporting feeling stressed due to acne was significant ( ). The majority of our sample sought medical advice after one year. The most commonly used treatment for acne vulgaris before seeking medical help was peeling products. The majority of our patients thought that acne needs no treatment by physicians. Doctors' treatment is considered guaranteed and safe by the vast majority of our patients. Conclusion. This study showed that knowledge about acne is still insufficient among acne patients. 1. Introduction Acne vulgaris is an extremely common disorder. Prevalence of acne varies among different populations in different studies from 50% [1, 2] to 80% [3–5]. There is general recognition that there are many factors in the etiology of acne vulgaris [6]. Causes could be attributed to both genetic and environmental factors. There is familial predisposition of severe forms of acne that support a genetic component. Acne usually occurs around puberty but it may start late in the thirties and forties (in adulthood) [5, 7, 8]. It takes several years before spontaneous remission [5]. Prognosis of the disease is usually good but, as a chronic disease, relapses even during treatment could occur. It can remit spontaneously [9]. Few studies are interested in exploring knowledge and experiences of acne patients towards acne [10]. In a study that was conducted by Brajac et al. (2004) they found that “Acne was considered as a trivial and transitory condition by 52% of the acne patients and 44% of the family physicians” [11]. Students had misconceptions regarding the causes of acne [2]. Not only the knowledge about acne causes that is lacked, but also natural course and therapy were very low, and it has been found among patients of all ages, physicians, and nurses as
Doing masculinity, not doing health? a qualitative study among dutch male employees about health beliefs and workplace physical activity
Petra Verdonk, Hannes Seesing, Angelique de Rijk
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-712
Abstract: In the Fall of 2008, we interviewed 13 white Dutch male employees aged 23-56 years. The men worked in a wide range of professions and occupational sectors and all interviewees had been offered a workplace physical activity program. Interviews lasted approximately one to one-and-a-half hour and addressed beliefs about health and lifestyle behaviours including workplace physical activity, as well as normative beliefs about masculinity. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data.Two normative themes were found: first, the ideal man is equated with being a winner and real men are prepared to compete, and second, real men are not whiners and ideally, not vulnerable. Workplace physical activity is associated with a particular type of masculinity - young, occupied with looks, and interested in muscle building. Masculine norms are related to challenging health while taking care of health is feminine and, hence, something to avoid. Workplace physical activity is not framed as a health measure, and not mentioned as of importance to the work role.Competitiveness and nonchalant attitudes towards health shape masculine ideals. In regards to workplace physical activity, some men resist what they perceive to be an emphasis on muscled looks, whereas for others it contributes to looking self-confident. In order to establish a greater reach among vulnerable employees such as ageing men, worksite health promotion programs including workplace physical activity may benefit from greater insight in the tensions between health behaviours and masculinity.A large body of literature points towards sex differences in health and illness. These biological health outcomes occur in a pattern of gendered social interactions, namely expectations of how men and women should behave, and in practices that treat men and women of various ages, ethnic and social classes differently [1,2]. Research must therefore address both sex and gender [3,4]. In many countries, including the Netherlands, men's lif
Dietary Factors Contributing to Osteoporosis among Post Menopausal Saudi Women  [PDF]
Mohammed A. Alsaif,Latifa K. Khan,Adel A.H. Alhamdan,Saada M. Alorf
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the dietary components which are likely to contribute to osteoporosis in postmenopausal Saudi women. In the present study, 36 osteoporotic postmenopausal and 25 healthy postmenopausal women as cases and controls respectively were selected from Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study has designed to collect the data about the general characteristics (age, marital status, education, number of pregnancies, activity level, income and housing), anthropometric measurements, medical history and dietary intake by using both the methods (24 h recall, food frequency questionnaire). Serum samples were analyzed for calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D and Para Thyroid Hormone (PTH) and they were correlated with Bone Mineral Density (BMD). Food intake items were correlated with hip, neck and spin BMD. In results, cases found significantly older than controls and had history of bone fractures. Cases were consumed significantly less dietary calcium than controls. Serum parameters did not show any significant differences. However significant correlation was found between serum level of PTH and calcium with BMD of spine and right neck femur respectively. Banana and Mataziz (locally prepared dish with vegetables) showed positive correlation with hip BMD. A negative significant correlation was found between Arabian coffee and right neck femur BMD. In conclusion, Saudi women require encouragement to consume adequate amounts of calcium, fruits and vegetables in combination with maintaining a daily physical activity and space in child birth.
Relationship between Physical Activities of Women and the Prevalence of Some Common Diseases: Empirical Evidence from Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Fawziah Al-Bakr, Ahmed Al-Haramlah, Haniah Merza
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2016.62008
Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore relationships between common diseases, i.e. obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol as well as asthma, and socio-demographic variables: residence place, age, weight, educational level, along with level of physical activity among women in Saudi Arabia. On the strength of a purposive sample, it comprised of 1233 Saudi women from central, eastern, western, northern and southern regions of KSA. The findings supported the hypotheses that obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol and asthma were related to place of residence, age, weight, educational level, as well as level of physical activity. Hence, the results highlighted the importance of socio-demographic and exercise in controlling common diseases to a considerable extent.
Driving online shopping: Spending and behavioral differences among women in Saudi Arabia  [cached]
Al-maghrabi, T.,Dennis, C.
International Journal of Business Science and Applied Management , 2010,
Abstract: This study proposes a revised technology acceptance model that integrates expectation confirmation theory to measure gender differences with regard to continuance online shopping intentions in Saudi Arabia. The sample consists of 650 female respondents. A structural equation model confirms model fit. Perceived enjoyment, usefulness, and subjective norms are determinants of online shopping continuance in Saudi Arabia. High and low online spenders among women in Saudi Arabia are equivalent. The structural weights are also largely equivalent, but the regression paths from perceived site quality to perceived usefulness is not invariant between high and low e-shoppers in Saudi Arabia. This research moves beyond online shopping intentions and includes factors affecting online shopping continuance. The research model explains 60% of the female respondentsa€ intention to continue shopping online. Online strategies cannot ignore either the direct and indirect spending differences on continuance intentions, and the model can be generalized across Saudi Arabia.
Beliefs, perceptions and psychological impact of Acne vulgaris among patients in the Assir region of Saudi Arabia
Talal M Tallab
West African Journal of Medicine , 2004,
Abstract: Background: There is a paucity of reports in the literature detailing the assessment of the beliefs,perception and psychological impact of acne patients . This is the first study from Saudi Arabia designed to address this issue. Materials and methods: A voluntary self-completed questionnaire was used to collect data from acne patients visiting a community-based hospital in Assir region of Saudi Arabia. Data collected, included: patients biodata, duration and severity of the disease before the presentation, source of knowledge, psychological impact, and medication preference. The findings were compared to those of developed countries. Results: 130 patients completed the questionnaires. Females were more affected than males (71.5%, 28.5% respectively). The M: F ratio was 1:2.5. Males tend to present with more severe form of the disease. Most patients had the disease for more than 1 year at presentation. Most patients sought medical advice as a self-made decision. Doctors were the most common source of information to patients. Most patients believe that hormonal imbalance and dirt were the major cause of acne while most of them believed that stress and diet were the major exacerbating factors. The most significant psychological impact in acne patients was on their self image which was severe in 49% of the patients, while the most bothering symptom was the spot of acne lesion. Most patients had used skin cleansers and creams before seeking medical advice (46.1%, 31.5% respectively). Retinoids and antibiotics were the most known prescribed medications to acne patients. Most acne patients expressed no preference of medication, but most of those who did so preferred topical medication. Conclusions: No major differences were found in the beliefs, perception and psychological impact of acne patients from a developing society compared to more developed societies. More community-based and developmental programmes are needed to upgrade the knowledge and common beliefs of acne patients.
Prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology among subfertile Saudi women
Al-Jaroudi Dania,Hussain Tasnim
Annals of Saudi Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Background and Objectives : Since cervical cancer is reportedly the seventh most frequent cancer in women in Saudi Arabia and the eighth most frequent cancer among women aged between 15 and 44 years, we wanted to determine the prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology among subfertile women attending the reproductive medicine unit of a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. Methods : This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, hospital-based study. A Pap smear was done for 241 of 493 (48.9%) subfertile women from January 2008 through February 2009. Results : The Pap smear was normal in 166 of 241 patients (67.9%), abnormal in 71 (29.5%), and unsatisfactory for evaluation in 4 (1.7%). According to the revised Bethesda system, epithelial cell abnormality was found in 7 (2.9%), inflammation in 55 (22.8%), and infection in 9 (3.7%) patients. Epithelial cell abnormalities were further classified as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) (n=3, 42.8%), atypical squamous cells of high grade (ASC-H) (n=1, 14.3%), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) (n=2, 28.5%), and glandular cell abnormalities (AGS) (n=1, 14.3%). Conclusion : The high prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology in our subfertile women accentuates the need for screening in patients eligible for in vitro fertilization. In addition, a well-organized screening program for cervical cell abnormalities at the national level should be implemented to allow identification of subfertile women at risk so that potentially life-saving measures can be undertaken early.
Cultural beliefs that may discourage breastfeeding among Lebanese women: a qualitative analysis
Hibah Osman, Lama El Zein, Livia Wick
International Breastfeeding Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4358-4-12
Abstract: Participants were healthy first-time mothers recruited from hospitals throughout Lebanon to participate in a study on usage patterns of a telephone hotline for postpartum support. The hotline was available to mothers for the first four months postpartum and patterns of usage, as well as questions asked were recorded. Thematic analysis of the content of questions which referred to cultural beliefs and practices related to breastfeeding was conducted.Twenty four percent of the 353 women enrolled in the study called the hotline, and 50% of the calls included questions about breastfeeding. Mothers expressed concern about having adequate amounts of breast milk or the quality of their breast milk. Concerns that the mother could potentially harm her infant though breastfeeding were rooted in a number of cultural beliefs. Having an inherited inability to produce milk, having "bad milk", and transmission of abdominal cramps to infants through breast milk were among the beliefs that were expressed. Although the researchers live and work in Lebanon, they were not aware of many of the beliefs that are reported in this study.There are a number of cultural beliefs that could potentially discourage breastfeeding among Lebanese women. Understanding and addressing local beliefs and customs can help clinicians to provide more culturally appropriate counselling about breastfeeding.The health benefits of breastfeeding to both mother and infant have been well established [1,2]. In developing countries, where risks of infectious diseases and malnutrition are high, early introduction of infant formula increases the risk of serious illness that could lead to death [3]. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has estimated that exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life can reduce under-five mortality rates in developing countries by 13% [4]. In addition to its health benefits, breastfeeding has significant economic and environmental benefits. Potential savings from breastf
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