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Strategic Vision of a Euro-Mediterranean Port City: A Case Study of Palermo  [PDF]
Elvira Nicolini,Maria Rita Pinto
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5093941
Abstract: Italian harbours assume a decisive role in order to develop a Euro-Mediterranean web for maritime transportation. The geostrategic position of the Italian peninsula can be seen as a logistic platform at the centre of the maritime trades in the Mediterranean area, giving to its port cities the role of gateway of economic flows. The port poles, meant as hubs, are able to attract investments and create economic growth and territorial development through new operative models of urban usage and management. The management policies have to consider the environmental characteristics and distinctive features, respecting the identity of the places as concrete evidence of history, a source of intellectual development and therefore, cultural richness. In this sense, the current strategic plan “Palermo capital of the Euro-Mediterranean area” imagines the whole city, and not just its harbour, as a “gate city”, a sustainable and cosmopolitan city in the view of a recentralization of the Mediterranean area. The research tests an evaluation method in support of urban planning, which increases the active role of stakeholders in terms of participation and access to the decision-making process of urban renewal strategies for Palermo to the Euro-Mediterranean.
Strategic Development Trends in the World Pharmaceutical Industry  [PDF]
Dragan Kesi?
Managing Global Transitions , 2011,
Abstract: The main purpose of the paper is to research and evaluate the strategicdevelopment trends in the world pharmaceutical industry in the period1996–2006.We aim to find that mergers and acquisitions prevailas a vital strategic development option in the world pharmaceutical industry.The research examines the exploratory hypothesis that the intensiveglobalization process, increased competitiveness and changedstructure of competitors, strongly influence the consolidation developmenttrends in the world pharmaceutical industry which result in anincreased number of mergers and acquisitions. The intensive consolidationof the world pharmaceutical industry is a market driven processand conditioned by several strategic issues, such as lack of brand newproducts, increased competitiveness, fast globalization process, intensiveglobal marketing and sales activities, changed structure of competitors,fight for global market shares and customers’ loyalty. There isclear evidence that the world pharmaceutical industry and market areboth becoming more oligopolistic and monopolistic.
Agreements and disagreements in the strategic Euro-Latin American association: Balance and asymmetry
Anna Ayuso
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2009,
Abstract: Ten years on from the launching of the Strategic Association between the European Union (EU) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), it is time to carry out an assessment of its progress. During this period, many changes have taken place, both within each of the regions and in the international context, and these have affected different areas of the Association. There is awareness of the need to cooperate and develop the bi-regional association, but the expectations and incentives of the various countries and sub-regions are different. In the time that remains until the next EU-LAC summit, priority attention will be focused on the progress of the ongoing negotiations with the three blocs: Central America, the countries of CAN (Andean Community) and MERCOSUR (Mercado Común del Sur, or Southern Common Market). With respect to the two cooperation priorities, support for regional integration and social cohesion should be made integral components of the policies devised for the region. The definition of a more constructive EU role in light of the reshaping of the map of Latin American integration makes it necessary to identify the real incentives, and to this end generate synergies between the different cooperation instruments, based on greater policy coherence.
Trends in suicide in a Lithuanian urban population over the period 1984–2003
Abdonas Tamosiunas, Regina Reklaitiene, Dalia Virviciute, Diana Sopagiene
BMC Public Health , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-6-184
Abstract: Data from the regional mortality register were used to analyze suicide deaths among all men and women aged 25–64 years in Kaunas city, Lithuania over the period 1984–2003. Age-standardized death rates per 100,000 persons (using European standard population) were calculated by gender, suicide method and dates. A joinpoint regression method was used to estimate annual percentage changes (EPACs) and to detect points where the trends changed significantly.The frequency of death by suicide among males was 48% higher in 1994–2003 than in 1984–1993. The corresponding increase among females was 28%. The most common methods of suicide among men were hanging, strangulation and suffocation (87.4% among all suicide deaths). The proportions of hanging, strangulation and suffocation in males increased by 6.9% – from 83.9% to 89.7% – compared to a 24.2% increase in deaths from handgun, rifle and shotgun firearm discharges and a 216.7% increase in deaths from poisoning with solvents, gases, pesticides and vapors. Among females, the most common methods of suicide were hanging, strangulation and suffocation (68.3% of all suicide deaths). The proportion of hanging deaths among females increased during the time period examined, whereas the proportion of poisonings with solid or liquid substances decreased.Suicide rates increased significantly among urban men aged 25–64 years in Lithuania throughout the period 1984–2003, whereas among women an increasing but statistically insignificant trend was observed. There were changes in the suicide methods used by both men and women. Changes in the choice of method may have contributed to the changes in suicide rates.Surveillance of mortality trends has a long and continuing tradition in health research and has generated many useful insights into the determinants of disease and causes of death. Suicide is an important and preventable public health problem and a considerable drain on resources in both primary and secondary health care settings.Com
Strategy of Ukraine : Economics, Sociology, Law , 2011,
Abstract: У статт досл джено сучасн тенденц й розвитку ав ац йно промисловост у св т , проана-л зовано св товий досв д процес в злиття та поглинання у дан й галуз , визначено пр оритетн напрям в розви-тку ав ац йного комплексу Укра ни. This article explores current development trends of aviation industry in the world, international experience in mergers and acquisitions in this industry were analyzed, the priority directions of development of aviation industry of Ukraine were defined. В статье исследованы современные тенденции развития авиационной промышленности в мире, проанализирован мировой опыт процессов слияний и поглощений в данной отрасли, определены приоритетные направления развития авиационного комплекса Украины
“Non-Aviation” activities and the introduction of new thinking and ideas in the airport business: Empirical evidence from an Italian case study  [cached]
Vincenzo Fasone,Pasquale Maggiore
Journal of Airline and Airport Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3926/jairm.3
Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims to describe the main changes occurring in the airport industry with particular attention to the increasing relevance of the non-aviation activities. In fact, during the most recent decades, the airport business has evolved into a dynamic and competitive industry. In order to reduce their deficits airport management policies have progressively favoured the commercial aspects in order to produce greater profit margins. In many countries, greater management elasticity in business administration has occurred, and important modifications have been introduced in the national and international regulations according to a market oriented perspective. Design/methodology/approach: The method used is the case study approach and the analysis utilizes empirical data originating from the airport in Olbia. Findings: Findings show how the choice to invest in the non-aviation sector can be ascribed to the strategic orientation adopted by airport managers. Originality/value: Empirical evidence can highlight certain trends in the industry, whose values can lead to a core definition of the new paths of development for the airport business to follow in the non-aviation dimension, and identifying at the same time innovative business ideas for opening up new market scenarios.
Trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, and the risk of mortality among middle-aged Lithuanian urban population in 1983–2009  [cached]
Reklaitiene Regina,Tamosiunas Abdonas,Virviciute Dalia,Baceviciene Migle
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2261-12-68
Abstract: Background Arterial hypertension (AH) is a main risk factor for the risk from cardiovascular (CVD) and stroke mortality. Only few data was published on prevalence, awareness and management of AH in Lithuania. Development of objective approaches to the treatment and control of AH reduces the risk of mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate time trends, the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of AH and risk of mortality among Lithuanian urban population aged 45–64 years during the period of 1983–2009. Methods Time trends of AH and risk of mortality were examined in three MONICA health surveys in 1983, 1986, 1992, and in one health survey according to MONICA protocol in 2002 included randomly recruited of 2,218 men and 2,491 women. AH was defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mmHg or current use of antihypertensive medication. The main outcome measures were all-cause mortality, mortality from CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. The mean duration of follow-up was 11.8 ± 9.2 years. All survey periods were age standardized to the year 2006 of Kaunas population. The estimates of hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval were based on the multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression. Results In men during 1983–2002 period hypertension prevalence was 52.1–58.7% and did not significantly change whereas in women decreased from 61.0 to 51.0%. There was a significant increase in hypertension awareness among hypertensive men and women (45.0 to 64.4% and 47.7 to 72.3%, respectively) and in treated hypertensives (55.4 to 68.3% in men and 65.6 to 86.2% in women). Adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression analyses revealed a strong dose–response association between blood-pressure level and all-cause, CVD, CHD and stroke-mortality risk in both men and women groups. Conclusion In Lithuanian urban population the prevalence of hypertension remains high. Despite positive changes in hypertension awareness and treatment, hypertension control remains poor. A strong dose–response association between the level of BP and all-cause, CVD, CHD and stroke mortality risk was indicated.
Modern Lithuanian foreign policy: the adjustment of traditional policy
Batorshina I. A.,Volovoy V.
Baltic Region , 2011, DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2011-4-3
Abstract: The authors consider the core areas of Lithuanian foreign policy. Special attention is paid to the adjustment of the major foreign policy vector, which concentrated earlier on the cooperation with the United States of America and strategic partnership with the Republic of Poland. The article analyses the attempts of Lithuanian president Dalia Grybauskait to formulate the so-called new foreign policy based on the multivector approach to the intergovernmental cooperation. This research is timely because of an increasing influence of small states on foreign policy decision-making within the European Union. It emphasizes the need to analyse foreign policy priorities of the Baltic States and Central and Eastern European countries and to identify the dominant trends in the international policy in the region in order to forecast further development at European and global levels. This objective is achieved with the help of an integrated approach with elements of interdisciplinary research. Special attention is paid to the comparative-historical approach, which facilitates the analysis of the relations between the Republic of Lithuania and the neighbouring states and its principal partners. Alongside traditional methods of historical research, this work employs such methods as participant observation, content and event analysis, and simultaneous and comparative analysis. The research and practical significance of this work is explained by its emphasis on the need to apply an additional theoretical framework to studies into the foreign policy initiatives of the Republic of Lithuania in the international arena. While earlier they were determined by the value (democratic approach), which was a reflection of American realism, today an increasingly important factor is the personality of the president, who does not always positively influence the changing policy of the country. The results of the research contribute substantially to the understanding of foreign policy processes taking place in Lithuania and the region in general.
Krasnodar region strategic analysis and major trends of economic development
Karina G. Dzhilavyan,Lyubov E. Malyuta
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article presents strategic analysis of strong points of region development and prospects, problems and factors, preventing Krasnodar Region potential from realizing.
Competitive Strategy Trends among the Malaysian Wooden Furniture Industry: An Strategic Groups Analysis  [PDF]
Mohsen Ziaie,Sukri Mohamed,Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam,Awang Noor
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The competitiveness indexes of the Malaysian furniture industry are declining regardless of the strong growth of the over two last decades. Although there are nominated factors to analyze this conflict from resource based view, other factors from competitive strategy view should be considered to attain a comprehensive image of the industry's structure in the current situation. This study developed a strategic group analysis based on Porter's competitive business level strategy to examine the industry structure and its likely association with the current situation of the industry as well strategic trends in the future. The obtained results demonstrated that: There are at least four logical strategic groups in the industry. Major groups that form main body of the industry do not pursue a distinctive competitive strategic orientation and so the industry is placed in a fragile position in terms of the competitive strategy. The industry is significantly under force from intensive competition and bargaining power of buyers. Differentiation is the most efficient and Cost leadership is the least efficient strategy in the industry. The industry significantly attempts to develop its strategic activities toward distinct strategic orientations in general and differentiation more than two other competitive strategic orientations. Hence, moving from dispassionate groups toward differentiation group will be main strategic effort in the future of the industry.
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