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HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN  [cached]
Papagiannopoulou E.,Gouva M.
Interscientific Health Care , 2009,
Abstract: The term domestic violence describes a violent behaviour that ranges from verbal abuse, physical and sexual assault to rape and homicide. The vast majority of domestic violence incidents involve men being violent to women that they do not “break their silence”, as they usually do not know from whom they can ask help. Domestic violence against women has been defined as an important problem of public health with serious consequences for women, which it offends their physical and emotional integrity in short and long-term period and causes negative social impact. Studies, that have been conducted by researchers who come from different health care systems, have developed important evaluation methods, action kit and screening tools in order to support women that are victims of intimate partner violence. The potential use of these tools by health care providers could contribute in the effective confrontation of such incidents. The failure of health care providers to identify intimate partner violence incidents and offer support to its victims, constitutes an important problem for which various factors are incriminated, such as their lack of special education, their negative attitude towards the victims, and their difficulty to comprehend why women stay in violent relationships. In conclusion, it is noticed that the assistance and support of women victims of domestic violence is a moral obligation for the health care providers.
Effect of Education on Prevention of Domestic Violence against Women
Jamileh Mohtashami,Fatemeh Noughani
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , 2011,
Abstract: "nObjective: Family violence, specifically domestic violence, has been identified by the medical community as a serious, no remitting epidemic with adverse health consequences. World Health Organization(WHO) has stated that violence against women is a priority issue in the fields of health and human rights. A quasi experimental study were conducted in different faculties of Tehran University of Medical Sciences to determine the effect of teaching on prevention of domestic violence against female employees. "nMethods: Forty four women working in various faculties of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2004 were selected. A designed questionnaire was given to the participants to identify kinds, causes and consequences of domestic violence. Then an educational booklet was given to subjects. This booklet contained information about kinds, causes and consequences of domestic violence and how to manage them. To compare the impact of teaching, the same questionnaires were distributed among the subjects after six months. The questionnaire was specifically tested for content validity. "nResults:The results indicated that the incidence rate of domestic violence pre test and post test education was 5.17%. "nConclusion: Our study showed that education had no effect on domestic violence. Solving problems relating to domestic violence due to cardinal roots in short time seems to be impossible and impracticable.
Perceptive differences on domestic violence against women
Atudorei, I.A.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra?ov. Series VII : Social Sciences and Law , 2011,
Abstract: This article analyzes the perceptive differences on domestic violence against women. These perceptive differences refer to the moral emotions that both specialists and non specialists believe that social actors should experience when they commit an abuse qualified as an act of domestic violence against women. The purpose of this research was on one side to identify the potential perceptive differences of these moral emotions, materialized as feelings of embarrassment, shame and guiltiness and on the other side to identify any perceptive differences as far as women’ myths go.
Domestic violence against women and their mental health status in a colony in Delhi  [cached]
Vachher Alka,Sharma A
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Violence against women is a major public health and human rights issue in the world today. This study was conducted to assess the consequences of domestic violence on the mental health of women of reproductive age group. Materials and Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in Raj Nagar- I, urban locality in west Delhi near Palam. 350 women of 15-49 years age group residing in the community were selected by stratified random sampling. These women were administered an interview schedule adapted from WHO multi-country study on women′s health and domestic violence. They were assessed for the presence of domestic violence. Mental health status of these women was estimated by using self-reporting questionnaire 20. Data were analyzed using SPSS 12 software. The test applied was chi square test for proportion and binary logistic regression. Results: 42.8% of the women reported one or the other types of violence. 34.9% of the women reported either physical or sexual violence ever in life. 29.1% of the women reported either physical or sexual violence in past 1 year (current violence). 12% of the women reported mental ill health. Women who had experienced domestic violence were more likely to report mental ill health status and suicidal tendencies as compared to women who had not experienced violence. Conclusion: Domestic violence is associated with mental ill health.
Domestic Violence against Women: Higher Tax on Alcohol Could Protect Women  [PDF]
John Simister
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.45015
Abstract: Domestic violence against women is a very widespread problem, thought to affect about a third of women worldwide: hence, there may be a billion victims. The consequences of violence within the home can be devastating—often leaving women permanently injured, and sometimes resulting in her death. This paper reports recent evidence on the problem, confirming the link between alcohol consumption and violence. Governments can do more to support women: a new tax on alcohol could pay for services to protect violence.
Survey on jaw fractures occurring due to domestic violence against women  [PDF]
Thiago Serafim Cesa,Regiane Benez Bixofis,Jean Carlos Della Giustina,José Luis Dissenha
RSBO , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Violence against women has become a public health problem, and the dentist is the main responsible for the treatment of their victims, since numerous cases with a high incidence of impaired maxillomandibular complex occurred. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and evolution of jaw fractures in woman due to domestic violence. Material and methods: The medical files from the Hospital and Maternity of S o José dos Pinhais/PR (HMSJP) was searched for female patients diagnosed with jaw fractures caused by trauma, considering the aggressor and the prevalence in the period from January 2001 to May 2003. Results: There were 23 women with jaw fractures, aged from 15 to 43 years. Nasal fractures were the most prevalent, followed by the zygomatic complex and mandible fractures. The husbands were the main responsible for the attacks. The fractures treated by reduction had satisfactory bone consolidation. Conclusion: Patients with jaw fractures had favorable bone consolidation after being submitted to surgical treatment. Nasal fractures were the most prevalent type and the husband was most responsible for the attacks.
Screening for domestic violence in Jordan: validation of an Arabic version of a domestic violence against women questionnaire
Linda G Haddad, Ali Shotar, Janet B Younger, et al
International Journal of Women's Health , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S17135
Abstract: reening for domestic violence in Jordan: validation of an Arabic version of a domestic violence against women questionnaire Original Research (4418) Total Article Views Authors: Linda G Haddad, Ali Shotar, Janet B Younger, et al Published Date March 2011 Volume 2011:3 Pages 79 - 86 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S17135 Linda G Haddad1, Ali Shotar2, Janet B Younger1, Sukaina Alzyoud3, Claudia M Bouhaidar1 1Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA, USA; 2Forensic and Legal Medicine Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Hashemite University School of Nursing, Zarqua, Jordan Objectives: Abuse against women causes a great deal of suffering for the victims and is a major public health problem. Measuring lifetime abuse is a complicated task; the various methods that are used to measure abuse can cause wide variations in the reported occurrences of abuse. Furthermore, the estimated prevalence of abuse also depends on how abuse is culturally defined. Researchers currently lack a validated Arabic language instrument that is also culturally tailored to Arab and Middle Eastern populations. Therefore, it is important to develop and evaluate psychometric properties of an Arabic language version of the newly developed NorVold Domestic Abuse Questionnaire (NORAQ). Design and methods: The five core elements of the NORAQ (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, current suffering of the abuse, and communication of the history of abuse to the general practitioner) were translated into Arabic, translated back into English, and pilot tested to ensure cultural sensitivity and appropriateness for adult women in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Participants were recruited from the Jordanian Ministry of Health-Maternal and Child Health Care Centers in two large cities in Jordan. Results: A self administered NORAQ was completed by 175 women who had attended the centers. The order of factors was almost identical to the original English and Swedish languages questionnaire constructs. The forced 3-factor solution explained 64.25% of the variance in the measure. The alpha reliability coefficients were 0.75 for the total scale and ranged from 0.75 to 0.77 for the subscales. In terms of the prevalence of lifetime abuse, 39% of women reported emotional abuse, 30% physical abuse, and 6% sexual abuse. Conclusion: The Arabic version of the NORAQ has demonstrated initial reliability and validity. It is a cost-effective means for screening incidence and prevalence of lifetime domestic abuse against women in Jordan, and it may be applicable to other Middle East countries.
Domestic Violence Against Pregnant Women Attending a Hospital in Iran
S. Taghavi,M. Alizadeh,D. Khalilzadeh
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Domestic violence is an important risk factor for pregnancy complications. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of domestic violence and its related factors in a population of pregnant women. A cross sectional study was done on 426 women who were attended to an obstetrics ward of a hospital in Iran. A 35 item questionnaire was completed by the respondents. The life time prevalence of domestic violence was 42% and it was 19.3% during pregnancy. There was no relation between socioeconomic status, women`s education and employment and age of marriage with domestic violence. Unemployment, addiction and alcohol use among husbands were related to domestic violence. Slapping and punching were the most common kinds of violent behavior. The prevalence of domestic violence even during pregnancy is high in Iran, so there is a need to increase the awareness of the community and empower the health workers and professionals in order to prevent and control this problem.
Domestic Violence Against Pregnant Women Attending a Hospital in Iran
S. Taghavi,M. Alizadeh,D. Khalilzadeh
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Domestic violence is an important risk factor for pregnancy complications. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of domestic violence and its related factors in a population of pregnant women. A cross sectional study was done on 426 women who were attended to an obstetrics ward of a hospital in Iran. A 35 item questionnaire was completed by the respondents. The life time prevalence of domestic violence was 42% and it was 19.3% during pregnancy. There was no relation between socioeconomic status, women`s education and employment and age of marriage with domestic violence. Unemployment, addiction and alcohol use among husbands were related to domestic violence. Slapping and punching were the most common kinds of violent behavior. The prevalence of domestic violence even during pregnancy is high in Iran, so there is a need to increase the awareness of the community and empower the health workers and professionals in order to prevent and control this problem.
Screening for domestic violence in Jordan: validation of an Arabic version of a domestic violence against women questionnaire  [cached]
Linda G Haddad,Ali Shotar,Janet B Younger,et al
International Journal of Women's Health , 2011,
Abstract: Linda G Haddad1, Ali Shotar2, Janet B Younger1, Sukaina Alzyoud3, Claudia M Bouhaidar11Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA, USA; 2Forensic and Legal Medicine Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Hashemite University School of Nursing, Zarqua, JordanObjectives: Abuse against women causes a great deal of suffering for the victims and is a major public health problem. Measuring lifetime abuse is a complicated task; the various methods that are used to measure abuse can cause wide variations in the reported occurrences of abuse. Furthermore, the estimated prevalence of abuse also depends on how abuse is culturally defined. Researchers currently lack a validated Arabic language instrument that is also culturally tailored to Arab and Middle Eastern populations. Therefore, it is important to develop and evaluate psychometric properties of an Arabic language version of the newly developed NorVold Domestic Abuse Questionnaire (NORAQ).Design and methods: The five core elements of the NORAQ (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, current suffering of the abuse, and communication of the history of abuse to the general practitioner) were translated into Arabic, translated back into English, and pilot tested to ensure cultural sensitivity and appropriateness for adult women in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Participants were recruited from the Jordanian Ministry of Health-Maternal and Child Health Care Centers in two large cities in Jordan.Results: A self administered NORAQ was completed by 175 women who had attended the centers. The order of factors was almost identical to the original English and Swedish languages questionnaire constructs. The forced 3-factor solution explained 64.25% of the variance in the measure. The alpha reliability coefficients were 0.75 for the total scale and ranged from 0.75 to 0.77 for the subscales. In terms of the prevalence of lifetime abuse, 39% of women reported emotional abuse, 30% physical abuse, and 6% sexual abuse.Conclusion: The Arabic version of the NORAQ has demonstrated initial reliability and validity. It is a cost-effective means for screening incidence and prevalence of lifetime domestic abuse against women in Jordan, and it may be applicable to other Middle East countries.Keywords: domestic violence, Middle East, Jordan, instrumentation
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