oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
FUTURE TENSE IN TATAR DIALECT LANGUAGE TATAR TüRK ES A IZLARINDA GELECEK ZAMAN  [PDF]
Ferit YUSUPOV
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: The plan of Future tense in Tatar dialect language is realized by forms with –yr/-ыр, –achak-ачак, -asy/-асы, –mak/-мак, –galak/-галак. Future tense with –yr/-ыр is represented in all dialects. Therefore it is the core element of the diasystem. For example, forms with –asy/-асы, –achak/–ачак, –mak/-мак, -galak/-галак are represented not in specific systems. For example, forms of Future tense with -asy/-асы, –achak/ –ачак are typical only for some subdialects of the middle (dialect of Kazan Tatars) dialect. Nevertheless, these forms are the significant and distinctive features of them. Outside the Tatar dialect language system this isogloss contains Oguz languages.Isogloss of forms with –mak/-мак and –galak/-галак are located only in Baraba dialects. According to the usage the given forms of Future tense the Baraba dialect reveals the definite likeness with Kazakh language (forms with -–mak/-мак) from one hand, and with the neighbor Siberian-Turkic languages (-galak/-галак ) from the other one.The only form of Future tense in Mishar dialect is the form with -yr/-ыр. Mishar dialect also keeps the strict sameness in conjugation of this form. In this case it brings together with other Kipchak languages. Tatar Türk esi a zlar nda gelecek zaman anlam - r, -a aq, -as , -maq, - alaq bi imlerinde ger ekle ir.- r gelecek zaman bi imi bütün a zlarda kullan l r ve bundan dolay diyalektler sisteminin ekirdek unsurlar ndan say l r. -as , -a aq, -maq, - alaq bi imleri bütün zel sistemlerde de mevcut de ildir. Mesela, -as , -a ak gelecek zaman bi imleri sadece Orta diyalektin baz a zlar i in hast r. Buna ra men bu bi imler onun nemli tasnif zelliklerinden say l rlar.Tatar Türk esinin diyalektler sisteminin d nda bu izoglos O uz dillerini kapsar. -maq, - alaq bi imlerinin izoglosu Baraba a zlar nda yer al r. Yukar da an lan gelecek zaman bi imlerin kullan lmas yla Baraba a z bir taraftan Kazak Türk esine (-mak), di er taraftan Sibirya’daki Türk leh elerine (- alak) ok benzer.Mi er a zlar nda gelecek zaman n yegane bi imi olarak - r bi imi kullan l r. Mi er diyalektinin bir modele uygunlu u bu bi imin ekili inde de korunur. Bu bak mdan di er K p ak leh elerine benzer.
A DIFFERENT SHAPE OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE FORM OF VERB IN TURKISH DIALECTS IN AZARBAIJANAND IRAN AZERBAYCAN VE RAN TüRK A IZLARINDA F L N REN LEN GE M ZAMAN FORMASININ DE K B R EKL  [PDF]
Bilgehan Ats?z G?KDA?
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: ZETIt is well-known that most of historical and modern Turkic dialects use the forms developing from -Ip + turur as a suffix for the learned past tense. However, the –ItdI / -It variant of this suffix are used in the dialects of Khorasan and Salmas in ran, and in Nuha, Quba, Tabasaran, Derbend and Zagatala in Azerbaijan. In the other regions where this suffix is used the consonants p / b / t / d remained without any change. The reason why the form made of -Ip and turur composition turned to be -ItdI / -It can be best explained with assimilation. The consonant -d- in the suffix -d r affected the vocal in the suffix –Ip / -Ib / -If to asimilate to itself, and changed to t. Tarih ve a da Türk leh elerinin bir o unda -Ip + turur’dan geli en bi imlerin, renilen ge mi zaman eki olarak kullan ld bilinmektedir. Ancak ekin –ItdI / -It varyant ran’da Horasan, Salmas; Azerbaycan’da Nuha, Quba, Tabasaran, Derbend, Zagatala a zlar nda g rülmektedir. Ekin kullan ld di er b lgelerde p / b / t / d sesleri bir ba ka sese d nü meden kendilerini muhafaza etmi lerdir. -Ip ve turur bi imlerinin birle mesinden olu an ekin -ItdI / -It ekliyle kullan ld alandaki de i imin sebebi, benze tirme olay ile a klanabilir. -d r ekindeki -d- sesi –Ip / -Ib / -If ekindeki ünsüze tesir ederek kendisine benze tirmi ve t sesine d nü türmü tür.
VERB PROCESSING IN BURSA LOCAL DIALECTS BURSA YERL A IZLARINDA F L LET M  [PDF]
?ükrü BA?TüRK,Mustafa ULUOCAK,Süleyman ERO?LU,Hatice ?AH?N
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The affixes used during the verb processing in the Turkey Turkish dialects show important phonetic variations. These affixes, which are commonly used in all the Turkey Turkish dialects, differ from one region to another, even from one village to another in the same region, in having varying phonetic characteristics. Of these affixes, those which undergo change most frequently and function as a key to the determination of the ethnic structure of the region in question are the future tense and present continuous tense suffixes. In Bursa local dialects, the final phoneme /r/ of the present continuous tense suffix –(I)yor predominantly was omitted and the neighboring vowel was lengthened. However, we observe that the initial vowel of the future tense suffix –AcAk was omitted and the back vowel /a/ was changed to the front vowel /e/ in the second syllable. We come across some different uses in the person suffixes following these suffixes. In this article, it is aimed to put forth various uses of the affixes in question and other verb processing affixes used in the local dialects of Bursa. Türkiye Türk esi a zlar nda fiil i letimi s ras nda kullan lan ekler, nemli fonetik de i iklikler g stermektedir. Bütün Türkiye Türk esi a zlar nda ortak olarak kullan lan bu ekler, b lgeden b lgeye hatta ayn b lgede bulunan yak n k yler aras nda farkl ses zellikleriyle kullan lmaktad r. Bu ekler aras nda en ok de i ikli e u rayan ve b lgenin etnik yap s n belirlemede anahtar konumunda olan ekler, gelecek zaman ve imdiki zaman ekidir.Bursa yerli a zlar nda –(I)yor imdiki zaman ekinin a rl kl olarak sonundaki r sesi dü ürülmü ve yan ndaki ünlü uzat lm bi imde kullan lmaktad r. Gelecek zaman eki –AcAk ise ba ndaki ünlü dü ürülüp ikinci hecedeki ünlüsü inceltilmi bi imde kar m za kar. Bu eklerin kulland ki i eklerinde de baz de i ik kullan mlar g ze arpmaktad r.Bu makalede Bursa b lgesi yerli a zlar nda s z konusu eklerin ve di er fiil i letme eklerinin durumu ortaya konulacakt r.
A DIFFERENT FUTURE TENSE AFFIX AND INFLECTION IN ANATOLIAN ACCENT: -ICI/- C ; -UCU/-üCü / ANADOLU A IZLARINDA FARKLI B R GELECEK ZAMAN EK VE EK M : - c /-ici ; -ucu /-ücü  [PDF]
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmet GüN?EN
Turkish Studies , 2006,
Abstract: In Turkish language history, lots of affixes had been used for the future tense. Today, the affix -acaú/-ecek is being used for this mood in Turkey Turkish. But in Anatolian accents, there is the affix – c /-ici, -ucu/-ücü that seems like the phonetically mutated mode of the affix -acak/-ecek in some regions.In this study, it’s been exposed that except their vocal similarities there is no structural relation between the affix - c /-ici,-ucu/-ücü and the affix -acak/-ecek which are being used in accent regions from Gaziantep to ukurova then Kahramanmara and K r ehir. In other words, it’ been proved that the affix - c /-ici, -ucu/-ücü is a completely different affix and it’ been derived from an ancient gerund affix the -àu /-gü i.
SUFFIX OF -(y)An IN IRAN (AZERBAIJAN) TURKISH DIALECTS RAN (AZERBAYCAN) TüRK A IZLARINDA -(y)An EK  [PDF]
Talip DO?AN
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: -(G)An suffix has a wide function field by using it as a relative clause in both old and modern Turkish dialects and accents, as a adverbial clause within the morphological and lexical elements and as the formation of past tense.Today, as in the past, Iran is one of the regions that represents the south-west branch of Turkish and that Oghuz Turkish has been widely used. In this study, -(y)An suffix has been examined for the dialects in Azerbaijan region of Iran according to its usage characteristics and functions with a diachronic and simultaneous examination -(G)An ekinin, Türk enin hem tarih hem de modern leh e ve a zlar nda s fat-fiil, yan na ald baz morfolojik ve leksik unsurlarla birlikte zarf-fiil ve ge mi zaman kipi te kilinde kullan lmak suretiyle geni bir i lev sahas na sahip oldu u g rülür. ran, tarihte oldu u gibi bugün de Türk enin güney-bat kolunu temsil eden O uzcan n yayg n bir ekilde kullan ld b lgelerden biridir. Bu al mada -(y)An eki ran’ n Azerbaycan b lgesi a zlar nda, art ve e zamanl bir incelemeyle, kullan lma zellikleri ve ta d i levler a s ndan ele al nm t r.
THE STRUCTURE OF –(y)IsAr FUTURE TENSE SUFFIX / -(y)IsAr GELECEK ZAMAN EK N N YAPISI üZER NE
Sinan UY?UR (M.A.H.)
Turkish Studies , 2007,
Abstract: -(y)IsAr that was future tense suffix consist of descriptive verb that get rigid. The suffix has a construction with few syllable. At the same time, it isin’t used by being participle. So, it looks like with -(I)yor that been present tense suffix both function sliping and construction.
THE PRESENT TENSE FORMS IN THE TATAR DIALECT LANGUAGE TATAR VELER NDE MD K ZAMAN B MLER  [PDF]
Ferit YUSUPOV
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The intricate system of the Present Tense form of Tatar dialectlanguage is analyzed in the article. Compared with the literary language,where the given temporal meaning is expressed only with the form – a, itis viewed through 6 synthetic forms and 2 analytical ones.Only the form with –a from all these forms is a consistent elementof all identified systems and therefore it comprises the core part of theTatar dialect language. The middle dialect (dialect of Kazan Tatars) hasno special features and corresponds to the literal language according itsform. The third person singular in the Mishar dialect is formed by meansof the relict affix –d r. Dialects of Siberian Tatars are contradistinguishedto others with the exponent –t , which finds its origins in the Old Turkicauxiliary verb “turur”.Each form of the Present Tense of the Tatar dialect language,besides semantic peculiarities, has its own separate expansion territoryand therefore they form different isoglosses in Tatar linguistic area. Yaz da tatar ive dilinde kullan lmakta olan imdiki zamanbi imleri sisteminden bahsedilmektedir. imdiki zaman anlam tekbi imle belirtilen edebi dilden farkl olarak ive dilinde alt basit ve ikibile ik bi im yard m yla belirtilir.Bu bi imlerden sadece –a bi imi bütün zel sistemlerinkullan lmas zorunlu olan unsurlar ndan say l r ve bundan dolay Tatardili iveler sisteminin ekirdek k sm nda yer al r. Orta ivede (Kazantatarlar ivesinde) bu bi im ek almaz ve edeb dildeki bi ime benzer.Mi er ivesinde ü üncü tekil ah sta arkaik –d r ekini al r. SibiryaTatarlar ivelerinde di er ivelerden farkl olarak turur arkaik yard mc fiilinin kal nt s say lan –t ekini al r. ivelerde kullan lmakta olan her imdiki zaman bi imi anlam zelliklerinden ba ka ayr yay l alanlar na sahiptirler ve b ylece Tatardil alan nda e itli izogloslar meydana getirmektedirler. Orta (KazanTatarlar ) ve Mi er iveleri bu bi imin kullan l zellikleri bak m ndanK p ak dillerine, Sibirya Tatarlar iveleri Bat ve Do u Sibirya daki Türkdillerine benzerlik g sterirler.
DEFINITION AND FUNCTION OF TENSE D L B L M NDE ZAMANIN TANIMI VE LEV NED R  [PDF]
Muzaffer MALKO?
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Time is a physical fenomenon, by means of which human beings can sense and record changes in the environment and in the universe. Time is also universal. Tense is a category of verbal inflection that indicates a relationship between the topic time and the time of speech. A verb tense can also give the topic time as past (TT<), present (TTo), or future (TT>). In comparison to time, tense is not universal; in many languages (mostly isolating languages, like Chinese) the concept of time is expressed not by the verb but by other parts of speech (temporal adverbials or even nouns, for example). Zaman, insanlar n olaylar n ak nda hissetti i, evremizde ve evrende kaydedilen de i ikliklerin var olu unun g zlendi i fiziksel bir fenomendir. Dil biliminde zaman ise bir fiil ekimidir, bu u demektir; fiil mecburi olarak bir zaman eki almal d r. G revi ise, olay n vuku buldu u zaman de il, konu zaman , yani zaman ekiyle belirlenen zaman dilimini ge mi zaman (TT<), e zaman (TTo) ve gelecek zaman (TT>) olarak do al zaman diliminde konu land rmakt r. Fiil zaman gramer kategorisi olmas sebebiyle de do al zaman n aksine evrensel de ildir. Bir ok dilde bulunmayan – zellikle ince gibi tek heceli dillerde- fiil zaman n g revini her dilde mevcut olan farkl zaman belirte leri yerine getirmektedir.
A SUFFIX USED TO FORM COLLECTIVE/FAMILY NOUN IN THE SOME DIALECTS OF TURKISH: +ēNi/+ Ni / BAZI TüRKIYE TüRK ESI A IZLARINDA TOPLULUK/AILE ADI YAPAN BIR EK: +ēNi / + Ni  [PDF]
Dr. Serpil ERS?Z
Turkish Studies , 2008,
Abstract: There are two suffixes used to form collective/family nouns: +giland +lAr. These suffixes which also indicates plurality in nouns are used inalmost all dialects of Turkish. This essay’s topic is suffix +ēNi+/+ Ni whichis used to form collective/family nouns as +gil and +lAr in some dialects ofTurkish. In this essay, we extrapolate that the form of the suffix + N(i) withclose unrounded vowel is used in dialect of immigrants whereas the form ofthe suffix +ēNi with open unrounded vowel is used in dialects of noimmigrants, of yoruk and some Oguz tribes.
ABOUT FEATURES OF THE PRESENT TENSE FORM -yor (- ) IN THE NEW OTTOMAN VERSION OF THE TATAR LITERARY LANGUAGE OF THE END XIX – THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURIES XIX YüZYIL SONU- XX YüZYIL BA I TATAR EDEB D L N N CED D- OSMANLI VARYANTINDA -yor ( -) MD K ZAMAN B M N N KULLANILI ZELL KLER üZER NE  [PDF]
Rifat M?RHAYEV
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The article deals with the morphological and semantic features ofthe usage of the present tense form -yor in the new ottoman version ofthe Tatar literary language of the end of XIX – the beginning of the XXcenturies which was generated under the strong influence of the Ottomanlanguage. As it is known, the given form is characteristic for Turkishlanguage. In the period specified above it was actively used and in theTatar literary language. Yaz da XIX. yüzy l sonu- XX yüzy l ba Tatar edeb dilinin Osmanl dilinin etkisi alt nda olu an cedid-i Osmanl varyant nda kullan lan -yor imdiki zaman bi iminin morfolojik ve anlam zelliklerindenbahsedilmektedir. Bilindi i gibi bu bi im Türkiye Türk esi i in has olanbi imlerden say lmaktad r. Bu bi im, yukar da an lan d nemde Tataredeb dilinde de aktif ekilde kullan lm t r.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.