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 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet GüMü？KILI？ Turkish Studies , 2008, Abstract: Turks have used various ahphabets throughouthistory. Among these is the Arabic alphabet which hasthe longest life. Arabic letters could not represent thephonetic system of Turkish completely. That is, it was adifficult task to indicate the sounds of Turkish perfectlyand to show the words according to their pronunciationsfrom the Turkish works written with the Arabic alphabet. In this article, spoken Turkish I mean, the waf of sayin(pronunciation) wil be revealed by utilizing the Turkishworks written in the Latin alphabet in the historicalperiod, named as middle Ottoman language by thescholars, in which the classical punctuation wasdominant and was thought to be beginning from the firstyears of the 17th century to the end of the 18th century.In this process, Turkish words written with the Arabicalphabet will be compared and tehe general phoneticsystem of the Turkish will be shown by using some workswritten in the 17th and the 18th centuries
 Gültekin BORAN Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2005, Abstract: There are two main factors, which are influential on EFL (English as a Foreign Language)learners’ errors. The first is the learner’s native language, and the second is the target language,namely the language being learnt. Because the learner has already acquired his/her own nativelanguage, she/he will be influenced by his/her native language at various levels such asphonological, lexical, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and discourse levels. If the learner is notaware of the fact that languages differ from each other at these levels, the risk of errors will behigher. On the other hand, overgeneralisations in the target language and lack of knowledgecause EFL learners to make errors. In this article, a research based on a list of very commonlymispronounced words by EFL teacher trainees at the ELT (English Language Teaching)Department of Gazi Education Faculty of Gazi University is introduced. These errors should notbe considered as the errors only unique to the students in the domain of this research, but otherTurkish EFL learners might also make the same errors if we consider the reasons of the errors.The reasons of the errors were also investigated by means of the questionnaire given to thesubjects of this study.
 Hilmi Karaa？a？ Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, Abstract: The available manuscript is composed of verification and Turkish tranlation of "Risalat Latifa fi Bayan al-Iman Lughatan wa Shar'an inda Ahl al-Lisan" which is related to Kalam in periodical entitled "Ta’lifat al-Marhum Arslanzade", which does consist of Arslanzade Mustafa Efendi’s tractates, and registered in Manisa Province Public Library 45 Hk. No. 5837.
 Gianmaria Zamagni Montesquieu.it : Biblioteca Elettronica su Montesquieu e Dintorni , 2012, Abstract: In his essay, the author analyses Erik Peterson’s early work, more closely The Monotheism as Political Problem, to try to understand more accurately his critic to Carl Schmitt’s Political Theology. This entails also a reconsideration of Peterson’s Theological Tractates (recently published in english by Michael J. Hollerich): their solid and acknowledged philological and historical grounding did not impede a strong stance towards their times (i.e. the mid-30s in Germany), and shows the use of tools nonetheless – such as that of übertragung (transfer) – which are relevant within the current debate on Political Theology.
 Escola Anna Nery , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452009000100007 Abstract: the objective was to analyze deaths by traffic accidents registered at the medical legal institute (iml) of the rio de janeiro city, based on frequency of the level of alcoholemy exams performed. we analyzed 533 records for a six-month period that corresponds to 12.3% of the total number of deaths registered at the iml. it was identified that the alcoholemy exams were prioritized, being done primarily with victims coming from public streets, and got to the iml in the twelve first hours after the accident. the performance of the alcoholemy exams had a significant relationship with the time between the accident and the death occurrence. the study showed that a big opportunity is lost to perform exams in a great number of victims that come straight from public streets during the twelve first hours after the accident (50,1%), collaborating for a sub notification of the true numbers of alcohol in transit
 Biology Direct , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6150-7-17 Abstract: Here we describe an improved maximum likelihood (ML) algorithm called iML, which can achieve high genotyping accuracy for SNP calling in the non-model organisms without a reference genome. The iML algorithm incorporates the mixed Poisson/normal model to detect composite read clusters and can efficiently prevent incorrect SNP calls resulting from repetitive genomic regions. Through analysis of simulation and real sequencing datasets, we demonstrate that in comparison with ML or a threshold approach, iML can remarkably improve the accuracy of de novo SNP genotyping and is especially powerful for the reference-free genotyping in diploid genomes with high repeat contents.The iML algorithm can efficiently prevent incorrect SNP calls resulting from repetitive genomic regions, and thus outperforms the original ML algorithm by achieving much higher genotyping accuracy. Our algorithm is therefore very useful for accurate de novo SNP genotyping in the non-model organisms without a reference genome.This article was reviewed by Dr. Richard Durbin, Dr. Liliana Florea (nominated by Dr. Steven Salzberg) and Dr. Arcady Mushegian.
 GMS Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie , 2009, Abstract: An algorithm written in SAS/IML is presented that can perform an exact permutation test for a two-sample comparison. All possible permutations are considered. The Baumgartner-Wei -Schindler statistic is exemplarily used as the test statistic for the permutation test.
 Revista de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101990000300008 Abstract: a study was carried out on the basis of research data of the deaths due to all kinds of accidents and violence of 550 children of less than 15 years of age, resident in the municipality of s. paulo, state of s. paulo, brazil, which occurred during 1985. the project sought to correlate the existing data of the files of the institute of legal medicine (iml) with those of seade foundation (official statistics) and then compare them with the investigator opinion (this latter based on all the additional information available) with a view to: analysing the reliability of the official statistics concerning the main cause of death; and discovering the possible deficiency in the transcription of the iml information to the seade foundation in relation to the same cause. the results are as follows: existing iml information stands quite dose to the interviewer's opinion (71.54%) when working at the level of the categories of the international classification of diseases (icd-9), reaching 84.77% of agreement when grouping level is considered; in relation to the interviewer's opinion, official statistics proved to be more reliable when analysed at the grouping level than that at the 3rd digit (67.13% and 24.05%, respectively); comparison between iml and seade foundation data shows only 40% of agreement concerning the icd-9 categories, reaching 75% when grouping data are analysed. these figures corroborate the proposed hypothesis that the iml, though having files with highly-detailed information, does not transfer them to the seade foundation, thus diminishing the reliability of the official statistics when the details of each cause of death are considered. better liaison between the two institutions is suggested with a view to achieving statistics of better quality with regard to death from external causes.
 Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2010, Abstract: Objective: to found the dyslipidemia in patients with psoriatic arthritis and to study the connection between dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk factors, atherosclerosis and inflammation activity. 40 persons with PsA without cardiovascular diseases were involved in the study, 25 healthy people were examined like controls. Activity of PsA was learned by DAS, Likert index, Ritchie Arthicular Index, Number of swelling joints (NSJ), ESR, C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, body mass index, individual cardiac history were performed like cardiovascular risk markers. The ultrasound measuring the thickness of intima-media layer (IML) in carotid arteries was performed to subclinical atherosclerosis study. Increase of total cholesterol, triglycerides and low density lipoprotein cholesterol level was found in patients with PsA comparative with controls. There was prevalence of high and moderate increase of total cholesterol in patients with PsA, and in controls only low increase was measured. Correlation between total cholesterol and NSJ, fibrinogen, hypertension and IML was found. Low density lipoproteins were tingly interrelated with ESR, hypertension and IML. Very low density lipoproteins were connected with age of disease beginning, hypertension and IML, and triglycerides-with hypertension, enthesitis and dactilitis. Dyslipidemia in patients with PsA characterizes by total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein cholesterol increase, but not high density lipoprotein decrease. There is the connection between dyslipidemia in PsA and inflammation activity, arterial hypertension and IML
 Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.84.074005 Abstract: With the new measurements of $J/\psi$ and $\psi^\prime\to \gamma\eta_c \ (\gamma\eta_c^\prime)$ from CLEO and BES-III Collaboration, we re-investigate the intermediate meson loop (IML) contributions to these radiative decays in association with the quark model M1 transitions in an effective Lagrangian approach. It shows that the "unquenched" effects due to the intermediate hadron loops can be better quantified by the new data for $J/\psi\to \gamma\eta_c$. Although the IML contributions are relatively small in $J/\psi\to \gamma\eta_c$, they play a crucial role in $\psi^\prime\to \gamma\eta_c \ (\gamma\eta_c^\prime)$. A prediction for the IML contributions to $\psi(3770)\to \gamma\eta_c \ (\gamma\eta_c^\prime)$ is made. Such "unquenched" effects allow us to reach a coherent description of those three radiative transitions, and gain some insights into the underlying dynamics.
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