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Mineral waters of the Pannonian basin spas in the Republic of Serbia  [PDF]
Klimo Atila
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1104203k
Abstract: Introduction. The fact itself that thermo-mineral waters and mud have healing effects has always attracted attention throughout the history to exploit, explore and study their benefit on the human body. Modern lifestyle and the speed of life endanger man’s psycho-physical health. This is why people more often return to old time proven values, the nature and natural health resorts. Objective. To establish hydro-geological conditions for the formation of mineral water and to summarize their balneological characteristics in spas, i.e., in rehabilitation centres of the Pannonian basin of the Republic of Serbia, where underground waters are still actively exploited for balneotherapy. Methods. By retrospective descriptive analysis, a recapitulation of hydro-geological conditions for the formation of mineral waters was made and their balneological characteristics were established in eight spas of the Pannonian basin. Results. The healing spas of the Pannonian basin are predominated by HCO3 (2.9 g/l - 4.6% milival), iodic (up to 6.5 mg/l), slightly alkaline (pH up to 8.1) thermal-mineral water (temperature up to 72°C, bounty to 36.6 l/s) with a significant content of Br (up to 8.1 mg/l), Fe (to 6.0 mg/l), metaboron (up to 60 mg/l) and metasilicon acid (up to 95 mg/l). They are used for external application, bathing and showering. Conclusion. Once the Pannonian Sea (the Paratethys), today a wide plain terrain is a tectonic depression of the lower Pannonian pont age with compact type aquifers. In the geological column of sedimentary rocks a large underground aquifer was formed with free water of high mineralization, high temperature and geothermal properties above the average in relation to the European hydrogeological standards. Therefore, the Pannonian basin can be rightly called a thermal valley with the predominance of sodium hydro-carbonate (alkaline) iodine healing water of enviable abundance and reserves.
Radiochemical analysis of waters and mud of Euganean spas (Padua)  [cached]
Cantaluppi C.,Fasson A.,Ceccotto F.,Cianchi A.
EPJ Web of Conferences , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20122403001
Abstract: The area around the Euganean Hills (North-East Italy) is concerned with thermal phenomena known and used for therapeutic purposes since ancient times. The thermal waters collected in this area have taken up a natural radionuclides content due to the leaching of hot and permeable deep rocks, with which they come into contact, before their rising to the surface. During the "maturation" process of the mud used for treatment purposes, the thermal waters make happen a complex series of biochemical changes and release a series of chemical species to the mud, resulting, in particular, in an enrichment phenomenon for some radionuclides. In this work, the first radiochemical analysis extended to all the Euganean Thermal District is reported. In particular, chemical analyses of mud, as well as radiochemical analyses of both mud and waters were performed; the enrichment of the radioisotopes in mud used for treatments was also documented. The results show that the 226Ra content in mud, during the "maturation" process, presents an enrichment even of one order of magnitude with respect to the value found in the unprocessed mud. Furthermore, in the same thermal waters, high concentrations of "unsupported" 222Rn have been found, which have shown to be not completely negligible both for people under treatment and particularly for spa workers.
Water temperature adjustment in spas by the aid of heat pumps  [PDF]
Rizni? Dejan T.,Kova?i? Bojan J.
Thermal Science , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/tsci1204127r
Abstract: Mineral spas are considered an important national resource, used mainly for therapeutical and recreational purposes. However, raw mineral waters are often at temperatures different from the required ones and need to be cooled or heated to be adjusted to the level adequate for a specified purpose. For such an adjustment, energy is either released (when cooling down the mineral water) or consumed (for heating up the mineral water). Heat pumps may be used to multiply the gain of energy when released, or reduce the energy needed for heating the water. The report deals with technical possibilities and economic benefits of the use of heat pumps in such case studies in two spas of Serbia, Mataruska spa near Kraljevo, and Bukovicka spa in Arandjelovac.
PROF. DR. AHMET BURAN, KUR UNLANAN TüRKOLOJ , MANAS YAYINCILIK, ELAZI 2007, 396 s.  [PDF]
Dr. Ercan ALKAYA
Turkish Studies , 2007,
Abstract: REVIEW: PROF. DR. AHMET BURAN, KUR UNLANAN TüRKOLOJ , MANAS YAYINCILIK, ELAZI 2007, 396 s.
Milk in Pyrenean and Corsican spas: discourses and practices from the eighteenth century to the early twentieth century  [cached]
Frédéric Duhart,Federica Tamarozzi
Anthropology of Food , 2003,
Abstract: In the Pyrenees and Corsica, milk occupies a special place within the diet offered in spas since it is closely associated with uses of water in the course of treatment. These uses of milk are various but, in all cases, the symbolic richness of milk, its "turbid purity", is present. The place of she-ass, ewe, cow and other varieties of milk are considered within the medical discourse of the spas. Uses of these varieties produce a complex mosaic in the practices of the spas, between therapy and social distinction. A spa is not a spring in a human desert: the medical discourses about milk uses participate in the construction of images of the locals while the milk demand produces effects in the social and economic life of the countryside. Beyond the geographic and historic particularities of each area, analysing jointly the Corsican and Pyrenean situations reveals some of the main parameters within which were constituted relevant medical debates, patient practices, and the representation of dwellers; this joint analysis also underlines the fascinating originality of the universe of spa activity.
Environmental Risk Assessment of Spring Waters Use  [PDF]
Svetlana A. Buimova,Andrei G. Bubnov
European Researcher , 2012,
Abstract: The article considers the possibility of use of various techniques used in the Russian Federation to assess the environmental risk of spring waters use, determines criterial pollutants of spring waters in the region.
Origin and chemical composition of thermal and thermomineral waters in Slovenia
Andrej Lapanje
Geologija , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper a short overview of basic geothermal definitions and principles of geothermy is presented as well as a short overview of sources and chemical composition of thermal and thermomineral water in Slovenia. There are 51 geothermal locations in Slovenia with temperature of water (Tw) more than 20°C, whereas 18 of these are considered to be locations with thermomineral waters. The thermal and thermomineral waters in Slovenia are used predominantly in balneology (spas), although thermal water is used for greenhouses and space heating at several locations.
Cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in Serbian spas  [PDF]
Pavlovi? Sanja,Belij Marija
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd1203095p
Abstract: This paper analyses cultural indicators, one of five groups of comparative indicators of sustainable tourism, defined and suggested to the European Commission by a team of experts. The group of cultural indicators includes indicators such as the ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of population, and tourism intensity and they show the level of preservation of local population identity. The statistical data from the last four census year were used in the analysis of cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in spa settlements in Serbia. The ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of local population can be defined as favourable in most spas (green zone), since there is no intensive tourist construction (apart from illegal construction), while the tourism intensity based on the example of Serbian spa settlements points at very unfavourable situation, since in all four census years the recorded, the results are in the red zone, i.e. on the one hand, there is a relatively low number of local population and on the other hand, there is a high number of overnight stays. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176008 i br. 176017]
KOZAKLI (NEV EH R) SPAS AS REGARDS TO THERMAL TOURISM POTENTIAL TERMAL TUR ZM POTANS YEL A ISINDAN KOZAKLI (NEV EH R) KAPLICALARI  [PDF]
Turhan ?ET?N
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This study is related to the opinions of the people of the Kozakl town of Nev ehir province and the visitors coming to the town regarding to thermal tourism potential of the region. The study was carried out by the use of quantitative research models. The sample of the study was constituted by 144 visitors staying in the thermal hotels of the town. More than half of the participants stated that they come to the town upon the advice of a friend or a relative. One tenth of the visitors said that they came there upon the suggestion of a doctor. One third of the participants appeared to have come to the town for health reasons and one third of them were there for relaxation. The number of the visitors changes according to the gender. Two third of the people who came to the facilities more than twice were women. The region needs international advertisement in order to become a thermal tourism center with worldwide recognizance. Bu ara t rmada Kozakl (Nev ehir) il e merkezinin termal turizm potansiyeli ve turistlerin termal turizm ile ilgili dü ünceleri de erlendirilmi tir. al mada nicel ara t rma y ntemleri kullan lm t r. Ara t rman n rneklemini Kozakl il e merkezideki termal otellerde konaklayan 144 turist olu turmaktad r. Kat l mc lar n yar s ndan fazlas bulundu u termal tesise arkada ve akraba tavsiyesi ile geldi ini belirtmi tir. Kat l mc lar n onda biri de bulundu u termal tesise doktor tavsiyesi ile geldi ini belirtmi lerdir. Turistlerin Kozakl ’daki termal tesislere gelmekteki en nemli ama lar n n %32,6 ile sa l ma yararl oldu u i in ve %28,5 ile dinlenme ama l oldu u g rülmektedir. Kat l mc lar n termal tesislere geli say lar cinsiyetlerine g re de i mektedir. Termal tesislere ikinci ve daha fazla gelenlerin yakla k ü te ikisi kad nd r. Y renin dünyada iyi tan nan ve termal turizmin merkezi olabilmesi i in uluslararas düzeyde iyi tan t lmas gereklidir.
Los Balnearios como Centros de Salud Spas as health center
Manuel López Morales
Index de Enfermería , 2004,
Abstract: Los balnearios están siendo reconsiderados. Frente a estilos de vida lesivos para nuestra salud, y terapéuticas agresivas, se posicionan sólidamente las terapias naturales, como la crenoterapia. A ello contribuyen la emergencia de nuevos valores sociales relacionados con la salud. Se ofrece información técnica sobre las indicaciones y modalidades balneoterápicas. Spas are being reconsidered. Instead of unhealthy way of life and aggressive therapies, crenotherapy take sure place. The new demand for spas is a response to new values. We offer thecnics information above suitable indications and balneotherapy kinds.
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