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The socio-materiality of learning practices and implications for the field of learning technology  [cached]
Aditya Johri
Research in Learning Technology , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/rlt.v19i3.17110
Abstract: Although the use of digital information technologies in education has becomecommonplace, there are few, if any, central guiding frameworks or theories thatexplicate the relationship between technology and learning practices. In thispaper, I argue that such a theoretical framework can assist scholars and practitionersalike by working as a conduit to study and design learning technologies.Towards this goal, I propose socio-materiality as a key theoretical construct withvaluable insights and implications for the field of learning technology. Sociomaterialityhelps balance the disproportionate attention given to either the socialimplications of technology use or the material aspects of technology design.Furthermore, I forward ‘socio-material bricolage' as a useful analytical frameworkto examine and design technology-infused learning environments. I illustratethe value of the framework by applying it to three case studies of formaland informal technology-based learning.
PROFILE OF THE UWI DISTANCE LEARNERS: The Implications for Online Curriculum Development, Teaching and Learning at the University
Stephanie HUNTE
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to create a more recent profile of the UWI distance learners as a follow up to a study undertaken in 2000, and, based on the profile created, discuss the implications for online curriculum development, teaching and learning at the University. Data on four descriptive characteristics were collected from UWI distance students in two courses in the B. Sc Management Studies degree programme. Comparisons were made with trends in the field spanning the last decade as well as with a 2000 research and development project which examined the use of ICTs and highlighted the critical components necessary for the introduction of full online teaching and learning into the UWI’s distance education programmes. The findings of the present study suggest that there has been no significant change in the demographic, motivational and experiential characteristics of the UWI distance learner over the past decade. They also suggest a new trend in the inhibitory characteristics during this period.
Economics of Distance and Online Learning Theory, Practice and Research  [PDF]
reviewed by TOJDE
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2009,
Abstract: Economics of Distance and Online LearningTheory, Practice and ResearchBy William Bramble & Santosh PandaPrice: $125.00ISBN: 978-0-415-96388-6, Binding: Hardback, Publishedby: Routledge, New York, Publication Date: March 2008, Pages: 312TOJDEABOUT THE BOOKThis book provides a comprehensive overview of theorganizational models of distance and online learning froman international perspective and from the point of view ofeconomic planning, costing and management decisionmaking.The book points to directions for the further research anddevelopment in this area, and will promote furtherunderstanding and critical reflection on the part ofadministrators, practitioners and researchers of distanceeducation.The experiences and perspectives in distance education inthe US are balanced with those in other areas of the world.Table of ContentsPrefaceSECTION ONE: INTRODUCTIONChapter 1: Organizational and Cost Structures for Distanceand Online Learning, William J. Bramble and Santosh PandaSECTION TWO: PLANNING AND MANAGEMENTChapter 2: Changing Distance Education andChanging Organizational Issues, D. Randy Garrison and Heather KanukaChapter 3: Online Learning and the University, Chris Curran217Chapter 4: Virtual Schooling and Basic Education, Thomas ClarkChapter 5: Historical Perspectives on Distance Education in the United States, Paul J.Edelson and Von PittmanSECTION THREE: FUNDINGChapter 6: Funding of Distance and Online Learning in the United States, Mark J. Smithand William J. BrambleChapter 7: Funding Distance Education: A Regional Perspective, Santosh Panda andAshok GabaSECTION FOUR: COST STRUCTURES AND MODELSChapter 8: Costs and Quality of Online Learning, Alistair InglisChapter 9: Costing Virtual University Education, Insung JungChapter 10: Cost-Benefit of Student Retention Policies and Practices, Ormond SimpsonSECTION FIVE: DISTANCE TRAININGChapter 11: Cost Benefit of Online Learning, Zane Berge and Charlotte DonaldsonChapter 12: Transforming Workplace Learning: The Role of Embedded Learning inCreating a Competitive Workforce, Jade Nguyen Strattner and Diana OblingerSECTION SIX: OPEN AND VIRTUAL SCHOOLINGChapter 13: Open Basic Education: Organizational Structures, Costs and Benefits,Palitha EdirisinghaSECTION SEVEN: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTChapter 14: From Baobab to Bonsai: Revisiting Methodological Issues in the Costs andEconomics of Distance Education and Distributed e-Learning, Thomas HülsmannSECTION EIGHT: EPILOGUEChapter 15: Implications for Planning and Management of Distance and On-lineLearning, William Bramble and Santosh Panda
Online Faculty Development and Assessment System (OFDAS)  [cached]
Luis M. Villar,Olga M. Alegre
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2006,
Abstract: The rapid growth of online learning has led to the development of faculty inservice evaluation models focused on quality improvement of degree programs. Based on current 'best practices' of student online assessment, the Online Faculty Development and Assessment System (OFDAS), created at the Canary Islands, was designed to serve the dual purpose of faculty development and classroom learning environment assessment. Results, as illustrated in this paper, show that the OFDAS encouraged faculty to reflect on the professionalism of their teaching skills. Implications are discussed in terms of emphasizing the process of online teaching, knowledge acquisition, and incorporating varying perspectives, all which yielded a comprehensive view of faculty teaching attitudes and their relationship to student's perceptions of their classroom environment.
A Peek into the Life of Online Learning Discussion Forums: Implications for Web-Based Distance Learning
Mary Allan
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2004,
Abstract: Supporting quality learning in online discussion forums is an intricate task, particularly for e-tutors aspiring to facilitate vigorous interactive learning environments. I argue that the key to successful online discussion forums is the ability of e-tutors to provide learners with feedback well informed in the meaning making and knowledge advancement processes emanating from learner interactions. In this paper, a newly developed concept of providing e-tutors with the information they require is explored, exhibiting the Event Centre (EC) concept, through which tutors are able to obtain periodic “snapshots” of the occurrences throughout discussion forums, which highlight processes of meaning construction and knowledge advancement. The EC concept provides e-tutors with visual images that depict the links and routes through which participants using text messages convey meaning, construct knowledge, and create Socio-Informational networks within discussion forums.
Best Practices for Online Business Education  [cached]
John R. Grandzol and Christian J. Grandzol
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2006,
Abstract: This integrative review of literature on online educational best practices is intended to provide a quick reference for those interested in designing online business courses and programs. Primarily American in its perspective, this review may be helpful for business schools seeking optimal online course designs that foster quality learning experiences comparable in outcomes to traditional methods. Paramount in this review are the emphases on consistency, cohesiveness, and assessment.
Effective Online Practices for International Learning Collaborations  [PDF]
Waverly C. RAY,Osvaldo MU?IZ-SOLARI,Phil KLEIN,Michael SOLEM
Review of International Geographical Education Online , 2012,
Abstract: The Association of American Geographers’ Center for Global Geography Education aims to internationalize geography in higher education by providing materials and activities to support international learning collaborations. From 2007-2011, geographers in different countries collaboratively developed online learning materials and trialed these materials in their courses. This research examines the student learning outcomes for international trials in seven countries in order to develop effective practices for the implementation of online, cross-cultural curricula. Facilitators require competencies—from flexibility in teaching methods to an awareness of ‘teachable’ moments—to coordinate meaningful online and off-line student intercultural communications.
BEST PRACTICES IN ONLINE EDUCATION: Online Instructors, Courses, and administrators  [PDF]
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2011,
Abstract: Learning and teaching online imposes certain challenges on both students and teachers. Teachers should be prepared to meet special requirements of teaching online. Teachers play an important role in teaching. Roles of teachers increase with introducing the online learning, contrary to an early assumption perceived with the invention of the Internet. Designing and developing online courses need collaboration of several people with a variety of interests and expertise, including administrators, teachers, designers, and technical specialists. Each course within the curriculum should be well-designed and fit well within the curriculum. The curriculum in turn should reflect the current state of the discipline, enabling the learners to develop appropriate proficiency and mastery within the specific discipline. This paper describes the roles of teachers and administrators in online learning, and discusses the rules of best practices for both.
THE PERFECT ONLINE COURSE: Best Practices for Designing and Teaching  [PDF]
Reviewed by Cengiz Hakan AYDIN
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2010,
Abstract: The growth of online learning all over the world arise new challenges. One of the major challenges is the issue of quality. What should an online course look like? What kinds of instructional strategies should be provided? To what extent various kinds of interactions must be required? What are the effective learning activities? For what functions should different technologies be used? How can learning be assessed? And similar and more questions have yet no standardized answers although they have been around since early implementations of online learning. Each provider uses different standards developed by either themselves or some institutions or some researchers. Sloan-C: Pillars of Quality, Robley and Wince’s Rubric for Quality Interactions, Concord Model, Schrum’s Qualities of Successful Students, Quality Matters, and E-excellence: Quality Manual for E-learning in Higher Education are among many of these standards.The book, entitled as The Perfect Online Course: Best Practices for Designing and Teaching is also trying to establish a list of standards about how to design and implement an effective online course.The main goal of the book is to create a framework of quality educational guidelines that can be used to offer “perfect” online course.
EFFECTIVE BLENDED LEARNING PRACTICES: Evidence-based Perspectives in ICT-facilitated Education
Reviewed by Yasin OZARSLAN
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2009,
Abstract: EFFECTIVE BLENDED LEARNING PRACTICES:Evidence-based Perspectives in ICT-facilitated EducationEdited by Elizabeth Stacey and Philippa Gerbic, Information ScienceReference; 1 edition (March 30, 2009), ISBN-10: 1605662968, 358 pp.Reviewed by Yasin OZARSLANFaculty of Education,Eskisehir Osmangazi University,Eskisehir-TURKEYBlended learning refers to the integration of faceto-face and online learning activities with the goal of maximizing the value of students' experiences in both settings. This book collects new international research into many aspects of blended learningfrom the perspectives of learners, teachers, designers, and professional and academic developers in various disciplines, learningcommunities and universities from around the world. This book addresses the relative newness of online learning within blended environments. The book's broader audience is anyone who isinterested in areas such as blended learning, communities of learning, virtual education, professional learning and community development, instructional technology, flexible learning, distance education and collaborative learning.Blended approaches in teacher education, blending collaborative online learning,blended learning and teaching philosophies, campus-based student learning environments, ICT-enhanced blended learning, learning communities for K-12 teachers, professional development for blended learning, reciprocal mentoring,redesigning initial teacher education, responses to blended environments, strategiesfor blended teaching and learning, virtual learning and real communities are the topics covered in this book.It reviews literature about blended learning in relation to the three sections of the book and discusses strategies for teaching and learning and establishing communities in its different contexts. The chapters of this book provide research perspectives on a range of blended learning issues and contexts and discuss implications for teaching and learning. The book also links its research to practicethrough its discussion of pedagogy and recommendations for blended learning practices.Section I focuses on research-based strategies for preparing to teach effectively through the mediation of ICT. Firstly, a research is given and the pedagogical aspects of blended learning practices are analysed and its advantages for students inthe study for whom English is a second language are discussed. Secondly a framework for Technology-Mediated Interactions (TMI) which could help teachers designing blended learning environments is given.A detailed explanation of research analysis too
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