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VERB PROCESSING IN BURSA LOCAL DIALECTS BURSA YERL A IZLARINDA F L LET M  [PDF]
?ükrü BA?TüRK,Mustafa ULUOCAK,Süleyman ERO?LU,Hatice ?AH?N
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The affixes used during the verb processing in the Turkey Turkish dialects show important phonetic variations. These affixes, which are commonly used in all the Turkey Turkish dialects, differ from one region to another, even from one village to another in the same region, in having varying phonetic characteristics. Of these affixes, those which undergo change most frequently and function as a key to the determination of the ethnic structure of the region in question are the future tense and present continuous tense suffixes. In Bursa local dialects, the final phoneme /r/ of the present continuous tense suffix –(I)yor predominantly was omitted and the neighboring vowel was lengthened. However, we observe that the initial vowel of the future tense suffix –AcAk was omitted and the back vowel /a/ was changed to the front vowel /e/ in the second syllable. We come across some different uses in the person suffixes following these suffixes. In this article, it is aimed to put forth various uses of the affixes in question and other verb processing affixes used in the local dialects of Bursa. Türkiye Türk esi a zlar nda fiil i letimi s ras nda kullan lan ekler, nemli fonetik de i iklikler g stermektedir. Bütün Türkiye Türk esi a zlar nda ortak olarak kullan lan bu ekler, b lgeden b lgeye hatta ayn b lgede bulunan yak n k yler aras nda farkl ses zellikleriyle kullan lmaktad r. Bu ekler aras nda en ok de i ikli e u rayan ve b lgenin etnik yap s n belirlemede anahtar konumunda olan ekler, gelecek zaman ve imdiki zaman ekidir.Bursa yerli a zlar nda –(I)yor imdiki zaman ekinin a rl kl olarak sonundaki r sesi dü ürülmü ve yan ndaki ünlü uzat lm bi imde kullan lmaktad r. Gelecek zaman eki –AcAk ise ba ndaki ünlü dü ürülüp ikinci hecedeki ünlüsü inceltilmi bi imde kar m za kar. Bu eklerin kulland ki i eklerinde de baz de i ik kullan mlar g ze arpmaktad r.Bu makalede Bursa b lgesi yerli a zlar nda s z konusu eklerin ve di er fiil i letme eklerinin durumu ortaya konulacakt r.
SUFFIX OF -(y)An IN IRAN (AZERBAIJAN) TURKISH DIALECTS RAN (AZERBAYCAN) TüRK A IZLARINDA -(y)An EK  [PDF]
Talip DO?AN
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: -(G)An suffix has a wide function field by using it as a relative clause in both old and modern Turkish dialects and accents, as a adverbial clause within the morphological and lexical elements and as the formation of past tense.Today, as in the past, Iran is one of the regions that represents the south-west branch of Turkish and that Oghuz Turkish has been widely used. In this study, -(y)An suffix has been examined for the dialects in Azerbaijan region of Iran according to its usage characteristics and functions with a diachronic and simultaneous examination -(G)An ekinin, Türk enin hem tarih hem de modern leh e ve a zlar nda s fat-fiil, yan na ald baz morfolojik ve leksik unsurlarla birlikte zarf-fiil ve ge mi zaman kipi te kilinde kullan lmak suretiyle geni bir i lev sahas na sahip oldu u g rülür. ran, tarihte oldu u gibi bugün de Türk enin güney-bat kolunu temsil eden O uzcan n yayg n bir ekilde kullan ld b lgelerden biridir. Bu al mada -(y)An eki ran’ n Azerbaycan b lgesi a zlar nda, art ve e zamanl bir incelemeyle, kullan lma zellikleri ve ta d i levler a s ndan ele al nm t r.
HOW TO READ THE SUFFIXES OF OTTOMAN TURKISH ACCORDING TO LABIAL HARMONY / OSMANLI TüRK ESINDEKI EKLER DUDAK UYUMUNA G RE NASIL OKUNMALIDIR?
Dr. Yavuz KARTALLIO?LU
Turkish Studies , 2008,
Abstract: As the spelling is stereotyped in the texts writtenin Arabic script, the development of some words andsuffixes cannot be traced. It is an important matter forresearchers of old Turkish Literature how to convertsuffixes whose vowel is not displayed with letters or vowelmarks in Ottoman Turkish period from Arabic script intoLatin. In the present study, it is tried to be explained howto read those suffixes through the rational data gatheredfrom the texts with vowel markers and with transcription.
-AGAn /-GAn AND -ICI SUFFIXES IN TURKISH AND THEIR USAGE IN S D ’S ANNOTATION TüRK EDE -AGAn /-GAn VE -ICI EKLER VE S D ERH NDEK KULLANIMLARI  [PDF]
?brahim KAYA,Mevlüt ERDEM
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The suffixes of -AGAn / -GAn used unfrequently in Modern Turkish exhibit some important features in the development of Turkish. In Karakhanid Turkic, the habitual meaning of the verb is formed with -GAn participle and in some cases with -AGAn. This usage increases gradually in Old Anatolian Turkish and Sudi’s annotation. Sudi utilizes the derivation of -AGAn/-GAn used in his time productively in word formation in order to translate the exact meaning of the Persian words into Turkish, which were called s fat- mü ebbehe (an adjective formed from a verb). In these derivations, although the habitual meaning of the verbs is stressed, some of them function as participles. On the other hand, Sudi uses Turkish -IcI suffix in order to substitute Persian agent nouns (ism-i fail). The suffix functions as non-finite verbs in some constructions like -AGAn /-GAn suffixes. Türkiye Türk esinde i lek olmayan -AGAn/-GAn eki Türk enin geli iminde nemli zellikler sergiler. Karahanl Türk esinde fiildeki süreklilik anlam -GAn s fat-fiiliyle birlikte az da olsa -AGAn ekiyle de sa lan r. Bu kullan m EAT eserlerinde ve S d erhinde artarak devam eder. S d , d neminde hala i lek olarak kullan ld n anlad m z -AGAn / -GAn’l türetimleri Fars a s fat- mü ebbehe olan kelimelerin Türk edeki anlamlar n tam olarak vermek i in kullan r. Bu türetimlerde fiilin sürekli yap ld vurgulansa da bunlar n bir k sm s fat-fiil i leyi indedir. S d , erhinde ism-i failleri kar lamak i in ise -IcI ekinden yararlan r. Bu ek de -AGAn/-GAn ekleri gibi baz kullan mlarda bitimsiz fiil i leyi indedir.
USAGE AREAS OF THE SECOND TYPE PERSON SUFFIXES OF TURKISH CYPRIOT DIALECTS  [cached]
Gürkan GüMü?ATAM
Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken , 2012,
Abstract: Collecting consistent and standardized features, standard language, person affixes is collected in three separate categories: Person suffixes Origin of Person pronoun, person suffixes origin of possessive suffixes, order affixes. Which mode is standard and the shape of the language system in which receivables as a person affixes, institutionalized, local says are there are groups in the dialects. Mentioned in the institutionalized structure of Turkey Turkish person suffixes should be added to their dialects. Adopted standard language, structure, particularly changes in many areas, including West Group shows Their dialects. Evaluation of all aspects of a language other dialects of that language in conjunction with standard language requires review. From this point, Turkey Turkish person affixes, and the accents of many multilingual feature is discussed as well. Still waiting for the investigation of different aspects of a particular regional dialects. To date, despite the person affixes to take place in Turkey Turkish dialects without affixes of action for the review on the use of one of the Cypriot Turkish dialects. The present review of Turkish Cypriot dialects, acting in their that focuses on the use of possessive suffixes and personal pronoun based person in the affixes to change their origin, in some cases reveals dual use.
A DIFFERENT SHAPE OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE FORM OF VERB IN TURKISH DIALECTS IN AZARBAIJANAND IRAN AZERBAYCAN VE RAN TüRK A IZLARINDA F L N REN LEN GE M ZAMAN FORMASININ DE K B R EKL  [PDF]
Bilgehan Ats?z G?KDA?
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: ZETIt is well-known that most of historical and modern Turkic dialects use the forms developing from -Ip + turur as a suffix for the learned past tense. However, the –ItdI / -It variant of this suffix are used in the dialects of Khorasan and Salmas in ran, and in Nuha, Quba, Tabasaran, Derbend and Zagatala in Azerbaijan. In the other regions where this suffix is used the consonants p / b / t / d remained without any change. The reason why the form made of -Ip and turur composition turned to be -ItdI / -It can be best explained with assimilation. The consonant -d- in the suffix -d r affected the vocal in the suffix –Ip / -Ib / -If to asimilate to itself, and changed to t. Tarih ve a da Türk leh elerinin bir o unda -Ip + turur’dan geli en bi imlerin, renilen ge mi zaman eki olarak kullan ld bilinmektedir. Ancak ekin –ItdI / -It varyant ran’da Horasan, Salmas; Azerbaycan’da Nuha, Quba, Tabasaran, Derbend, Zagatala a zlar nda g rülmektedir. Ekin kullan ld di er b lgelerde p / b / t / d sesleri bir ba ka sese d nü meden kendilerini muhafaza etmi lerdir. -Ip ve turur bi imlerinin birle mesinden olu an ekin -ItdI / -It ekliyle kullan ld alandaki de i imin sebebi, benze tirme olay ile a klanabilir. -d r ekindeki -d- sesi –Ip / -Ib / -If ekindeki ünsüze tesir ederek kendisine benze tirmi ve t sesine d nü türmü tür.
On the Nature of the Accusative in Finnish
Robert Bielecki
Lingua Posnaniensis , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10122-009-0002-1
Abstract: Modern Finnish grammars display a clear tendency to eliminate the category of the accusative entirely, or to limit it only to manifestations which are heterophonic from manifestations of other cases (the nominative and genitive). However, in older grammars (from the first half of the 20th century), the accusative was considered a proper full member of the inventory of Finnish cases. The present paper can be seen as a defense of the former approach to the accusative, because the author believes that the new approach exposes only the paradigmatical aspect of this part of the Finnish language, concealing the syntagmatic aspect. By means of syntagmatic comparison, different types of grammatical neutralizations are brought into view. One of them is especially instructive for the case in question, because it reveals specific properties not only of the accusative, but also of the category of voice in Finnish.
THE OPTATIVE IN EAST THRACE DIALECTS / DO U TRAKYA A IZLARINDA ISTEK KIPI
Dr. Levent DO?AN,?lker TOSUN (M.A.H.)
Turkish Studies , 2008,
Abstract: The region called East Thrace is in the northwest ofTurkey. The east branch of Rumelia dialect is spoken in thecities which are in this region. Rumelia dialects of the eastregion have not been studied scientifically enough. East Thracedialects include the dialects of Gacal, Dagl , Pomak andimmigrants. Even though these dialects keep theircharacteristics, they are on the edge of making up a commondialect by influencing each other. Not all the optative suffixesare used in these dialects. Optative meaning is correspondedby impretive suffixes. While East Thrace dialects appear tohave a common dialect characteristic, at the same time theygain the characteristics of Istanbul Turkish.
THE PROBLEM OF POSSESIVE-ACCUSATIVE SUFFIX IN TURKISH A CASE OF THE DEDE QORKUT / TüRK EDE YEL K-YüKLEME SORUNU DEDE KORKUT RNE  [PDF]
Dr. Cahit BA?DA?
Turkish Studies , 2008,
Abstract: The third person possesive-accusative suffix is one of the main problems of Turkish grammar. A consonant e.g. /n/ there is used between the possesive suffixes and case ending can be directly attached to possessive suffixes especially in the historical texts. The last mentioned form of the third person possesive and accusative suffix has been argued regarding the consonant function in Turcology for a long time.The proposal of this study is to solve the problem by examining nouns that take on suffix the +(s)In in the Dede Qorqut. The majority samples that I collected from Dede Qorqut are being used with transitive verbs and direct object especially in the verses. It seems that this form of the suffix functions as the third person possisive suffix.
THE TRACES OF AZERBAIJAN TURKISH ON FUZ L AZERBAYCAN TüRK ES N N FUZ L ’DEK ZLER  [PDF]
Mustafa KARATA?
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: Azerbaijan Turkish has become different from Ottoman Turkish as a result of political, geographical reasons since XVI. century and it has reached up to now as a standardized written language. Some affixes in today’s Azerbayijan Turkish have no usage in Otoman Turkish that has been developed by “common dialect resource” of Old Turkiye Turkish; but these have been standardized in Azerbaijan Turkish that has also been developed by the same resource. Today, it has been confirmed that these affixes used in written language of Azerbaijan Turkish take place in “Türk e Divan of Fuz l ” who was the Turkish poet of Iraq geography in XVI. century. These affixes are evaluated as traces on Fuz l of today’s Azerbaijan Turkish. Azerbaycan Türk esi, Osmanl Türk esinden XVI. yüzy ldan itibaren siyas , co raf nedenlerle farkl la maya ba lam ve XVIII. yüzy ldan sonra l ünlü bir yaz dili olarak günümüze kadar ula m t r. Günümüz Azerbaycan Türk esindeki baz ekler, Eski Türkiye Türk esi “ortak a z havuzu”ndan beslenerek geli en Osmanl Türk esinde zamanla kullan mdan dü mü tür; ancak bunlar XVI. yüzy ldan sonra yine ayn havuzdan beslenerek geli en Azerbaycan Türk esinde l ünlüle mi tir. Bugün Azerbaycan Türk esi yaz dilinde kullan lan bu eklerin XVI. yüzy l Irak co rafyas n n Türk airi Fuz l ’nin Türk e Divan ’nda yer ald tespit edilmi tir. Bu ekiller, günümüz Azerbaycan Türk esinin Fuz l ’deki izleri olarak de erlendirilmi tir.
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