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Beyond bureaucracy? Assessing institutional change in the governance of water in England
Nigel Watson,Hugh Deeming,Raphael Treffny
Water Alternatives , 2009,
Abstract: Alternative governance approaches in which non-state actors play a substantial role in policy making and implementation are currently attracting attention. Government-centred water bureaucracies have to adapt to increased complexity. Relationships among state and non-state actors in the English water sector have markedly changed in the last few decades in connection with the privatisation of water services, reform of arrangements for flood management, and implementation of the European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD). The paper assesses whether such changes represent a shift 'beyond bureaucracy' and the beginning of a new era of multi-party 'water governance'. From an examination of institutional reform in river basin management and flood risk management, the paper concludes that the water bureaucracy has actually strengthened its control, despite using language emphasising partnerships and collaborative governance. Responsibility for policy implementation has been reallocated among a range of public, private and civic groups. This 'neo-bureaucratic' arrangement is problematic because the government-centred water bureaucracy has lost some of its accountability and legitimacy, while the newer collaborative arrangements have little real influence over the direction of water policy. Governance capacity needs to be enhanced by adopting a collaborative approach to development of water policy in addition to its implementation.
Mental health and work: meanings and limits of theoretical models
Fernandes, Josicelia Dumêt;Melo, Cristina M. M.;Gusm?o, Maria Carolina C. M.;Fernandes, Juliana;Guimar?es, Angélica;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692006000500024
Abstract: this text is a revision of the most important theoretical approaches that fundament the studies about mental health and work, pointing to the basic concepts, categories of analyses and respective limits. the objective is to underline some conceptions about the theme, in the attempt to contribute with a way to face the problems, questions and difficulties imposed by the construction of this object of study. thus, the text is based on the critical review of theoretical paradigms that predominate in studies about mental health and work. finally, it indicates some important theoretical questions about the relation between mental health and work.
Governance Matters and Economic Growth: Beyond the Egyptian Revolution  [PDF]
Islam Abdelbary
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.84051
Abstract: Following the Egyptian revolution in January 2011, the need for a new development approach has become essential. That is development with a human face. This study aims to contribute to the discussion on sustainable economic growth in Egypt by examining the interdependence of inclusive governance, economic and social inclusion, through empirically assessing the relationship between governance indicators and economic growth in Egypt. The study applied a vector error correction model (VECM) to assess the causal relationship between the two key variables, using Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) from the World Bank and economic indicators from Economic Intelligent Unit (EIU) database over the period 1996-2016. The results show that the Egyptian economy suffered during the study period from a significant decrease in the level of governance. The analysis indicated that most of the governance indicators have a causal relationship with economic growth except corruption control, while economic growth has a positive effect and contributes to the development of political stability and regulatory quality. The paper concludes that appropriate initiatives and efficient governance could play a significant role in influencing economic growth in Egypt. This is consistent with previous studies on the impact of institutions on economic growth and development. However, these results need further investigation to determine additional key variables that influence the growth of GDP in Egypt.
Mental health network governance and coordination: comparative analysis across Canadian regions
Mary E. Wiktorowicz,Marie-Josée Fleury,Carol E. Adair,Alain Lesage
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: Modes of governance were compared in ten local mental health networks in diverse contexts (rural/urban and regionalized/non-regionalized) to clarify the governance processes that foster inter-organizational collaboration and the conditions that support them. Methods: Case studies of ten local mental health networks were developed using qualitative methods of document review, semi-structured interviews and focus groups that incorporated provincial policy, network and organizational levels of analysis. Results: Mental health networks adopted either a corporate structure, mutual adjustment or an alliance governance model. A corporate structure supported by regionalization offered the most direct means for local governance to attain inter-organizational collaboration. The likelihood that networks with an alliance model developed coordination processes depended on the presence of the following conditions: a moderate number of organizations, goal consensus and trust among the organizations, and network-level competencies. In the small and mid-sized urban networks where these conditions were met their alliance realized the inter-organizational collaboration sought. In the large urban and rural networks where these conditions were not met, externally brokered forms of network governance were required to support alliance based models. Discussion: In metropolitan and rural networks with such shared forms of network governance as an alliance or voluntary mutual adjustment, external mediation by a regional or provincial authority was an important lever to foster inter-organizational collaboration.
Beyond Savagery: The Limits of Australian ‘Aboriginalism’  [cached]
Kay Anderson,Colin Perrin
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: Ideas and representations of the supposedly savage condition of the New World's indigenous peoples have informed a now familiar account of colonialism. These have been understood as the ‘constructions’ of a discourse concerned to justify its colonisation of indigenous lands, and to legitimate its dispossession of indigenous peoples. There is no doubt that racial stereotypes were invoked to support colonialism. But their instrumentalisation—as self-serving constructions of ‘otherness’—has not only tended to define the colonial ‘encounter’ as a unilateral exercise of power; in so doing, it has effaced its very character as an encounter. In this paper, we critically engage this account of colonial discourse in its application to the Australian colonial context. Drawing less upon Edward Said’s description of the power of discourse, and more upon Homi Bhabha’s attempt to elicit its limits, our aim here is to restore to the Australian colonial encounter something of its specificity as an encounter. For this encounter, we argue here, provides a salient—if not a crucial—instance of the failure of colonial discourse to ‘construct’ Aboriginal peoples as savages.
Lex et Scientia , 2009,
Abstract: This paper focuses on few arguments backing up the idea that “beyond the limits” in American and Romanian financial markets implies, putting aside the semantic equivalence, an entirely different content: exceeding of a reasonable top limit, in the case of the USA, while for Romania it means the need of surpassing a bottom limit that reveals the actual underdevelopment of this market. However, beyond this huge gap, a common issue can be revealed: the failure of the central banks in both countries to foresee the developments and to take measures in due time in a market they supposedly carefully survey.
Cabinet Governance and Political Stability in English Urban Councils  [cached]
Stephen Greasley
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance , 2011, DOI: 10.5130/cjlg.v0i8/9.2404
Abstract: Policy-makers have long been concerned with the quality of local political leadership and have often resorted to institutional reform to try to improve political leadership. This paper looks at a specific and neglected facet of the political management reforms that have been implemented in English local government over the last decade: the tenure and turnover of cabinet members. The tenure of top politicians may be an important influence on the performance of local government particularly when political management is designed to favour individualised leadership. On the one hand, excessively short tenures for top politicians may damage the ability of governments to develop strategic plans and ensure they are implemented while on the other hand the risk of loss of office is central to political accountability and excessively long tenures may be indicative of an insulated and unresponsive elite. While some research attention has been paid to the tenures of leaders of councils in England there is little systematic information about the tenure of cabinet members. This paper discusses the relevance of cabinet stability and provides an overview of recent experience in England.
Multiphoton blockades in pulsed regimes beyond the stationary limits  [PDF]
G. H. Hovsepyan,A. R. Shahinyan,G. Yu. Kryuchkyan
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.013839
Abstract: We demonstrate multiphoton blockades (PB) in the pulsed regime by using Kerr nonlinear dissipative resonator driven by a sequence of Gaussian pulses. It is shown that the results obtained for single-photon, two-photon and three-photon blockades in the pulsed excitation regime differ considerably from analogous results obtained for the case of continuous-wave (cw) driving. We strongly demonstrate that for the case of cw pumping of the Kerr-nonlinear resonator there are fundamental limits on populations of lower photonic number-states (with n = 0, 1, 2, 3). Thus, such detailed comparison demonstrates that PB due to excitation with a suitable photon pulses is realized beyond the fundamental limits established for cw excitations. We analyze photon-number effects and investigate phase-space properties of PB on the base of photon number populations, the second-order correlation functions and the Wigner functions in phase space. Generation of Fock states due to PB in the pulsed regime is analysed in details.
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2012,
Abstract: The idea of this paper is to determine the mental models of actors in the fi rm with respect to the cognitive approach of corporate governance. The paper takes a corporate governance perspective, discusses mental models and uses the cognitive map to view the diagrams showing the ways of thinking and the conceptualization of the cognitive approach. In addition, it employs a cognitive mapping technique. Returning to the systematic exploration of grids for each actor, it concludes that there is a balance of concepts expressing their cognitive orientation.
The Formation and Development of Chinese EFL Learners’ English Mental Lexicon  [cached]
Zhongxin Dai,Kemin Wang
English Language Teaching , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v6n3p51
Abstract: This paper investigated some dominant features and influential factors in the formation and developmental process of the English mental lexicon of Chinese EFL learners. Data were collected by means of word tests. The result of the data analysis shows: (1) Chinese EFL learners acquire very little of the overall word knowledge; and (2) aspects of the multifaceted word knowledge increase with the improvement of their language proficiency.
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