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Thuya occidentalis 12 ch como variante de tratamiento de la carúncula uretral en Pinar del Río. Enero 2000 - diciembre 2005
Rodríguez Arencibia,Miguel ángel; Llera Admiral,Pedro; Hernández García,Sandra; Valdés Ferro,Joselín; Rodríguez Hernández,Miguel A;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2006,
Abstract: urethral caruncle is a female disease. even in current times the most effective treatments are surgical approach or long-term periods of estrogen. a prospective, descriptive, analytic-longitudinal study from january 2000 to december 2005 was carried out in a group of 46 patients at "león cuervo rubio" hospital in pinar del río, aimed at validating the use of the homeopathic drug thuya occidentalis 12 ch, that among other indications and according to the pathogeny, acts on polypoid formations or structures similar to urethral caruncle. descriptive statistics was used, and percentage mean was taken as a statistic method to analyze the results; coinciding age and symptoms of presentation with medical literature. the result of the disappearence of the lesion was significant before three weeks in 92,8% of the cases, 85,9% of them surpass one year without relapses of the tumor or its symptoms. becoming an efficient, non-invasive treatment and provinding a method of differential diagnosis with other entities.
Traumatismos dentales en pacientes especiales: Pinar del Río 2005-2006 Dental trauma in special patients: Pinar del Rio, 2005-2006  [cached]
Elienna González Crespo,Annia Bárbara Peláez González,Gleyvis Coro Montanet,Analina Afre Socorro
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: El traumatismo dental es quizás uno de los accidentes más dramáticos que le suceden a un individuo, y en odontopediatría es aún más evidente. Es por esto que se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico de casos y controles desde julio 2005 a septiembre 2006, con el objetivo de determinar algunas características epidemiológicas de los traumatismos dentales, donde el universo estuvo constituido por 57 ni os de la escuela provincial especial "José Martí "en Pinar del Río entre las edades de 5-9 y 10-14 a os y la muestra por el propio universo donde se consideró caso, al ni o que había padecido clínicamente trauma dental, y control al que no había padecido tal afectación, los dos grupos quedaron constituidos por 12 casos y 45 controles, es decir, más de dos controles por caso. A los mismos se le realizó un examen bucal y se les confeccionó una ficha de recopilación de la información del paciente (FRIP) midiéndole las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, diente(s) afectados y tipo de trauma según las características clínicas. Los datos fueron vaciados en tablas y procesados utilizándose el método de Odd Ratio y Chi-cuadrado, dando como resultado que el grupo de edades entre 10 y 14 a os resultó el de mayor incidencia, los dientes más afectados fueron los incisivos centrales superiores y el tipo de traumatismo que se presentó con mayor frecuencia fueron la infracción y la fractura no complicada de la corona. Dental trauma is perhaps one of the most dramatic accident in an individual and it is more evident in the pediatric odontology .An observational analytical study was performed in cases and controls from July 2005 to September 2006 aimed at determining some epidemiological characteristics of the dental trauma; the Universe was comprised of 57 children from the "José Martí" provincial particular school in Pinar del Rio in the range of age of 5-9 and 10-14 years old and the sample was comprised of the universe where the child with clinical dental trauma was considered as a case ; and control , those patients without any trauma. Both groups were comprised of 12 cases and 45 controls, more than two controls by case. An oral examination was carried out and the variables as age, sex, number of teeth affected and type of trauma according to the clinical characteristics were measured. Data were shown in pictures and processed using the Odd ratio and Chi square method resulting in a higher incidence in 10 and 14 year old child group, being the superior central incisor the most affected teeth and the non complicated crown fracture was the more frequent trauma.
Evaluación de la calidad del registro de cáncer: provincia Pinar del Río, a o 2005 Assessment of the quality of the record of cancer: Pinar del Rio Year 2005  [cached]
Ibis de la Mercedes Martínez Parker,José Guillermo Sanabria Negrín,Antonio Machín Arias,Joaquín Pérez Labrador
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: La calidad del Registro de Cáncer depende mucho de la información que se maneja, y ésta a su vez, depende de la veracidad del diagnóstico de cáncer que se obtiene a partir de la confirmación histológica. El objetivo de esta investigación consiste en evaluar la calidad del Registro Provincial de Cáncer en Pinar del Río durante el a o 2005, detectar sus logros y deficiencias. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de la morbilidad por cáncer al 100 % de los casos reportados, así como los reportados sólo por certificados de defunción, para calcular tasa de incidencia, mortalidad bruta y específica por grupos de edades y sexos, y evaluación de los indicadores estandarizados por el registro nacional. En los resultados se detectaron que 571 pacientes fueron reportados sólo por certificados de defunción, modificando las tasas de incidencia en el sexo femenino de 18,5 a 24-7 y en el masculino de 10,9 a 20,3, provincialmente se incrementa en 7,8 por 10000 habitantes. Se detectó mayor subregistro en el sexo masculino y en el grupo de 70-79 a os. Provincialmente sólo se reportó el 56,2% de las biopsias positivas. La calificación según indicadores nacionales solamente llegó a 55 puntos, demostrándose que la calidad del registro fue baja. The quality of the record of cancer depends to a large extent of the information available and it at turn depends of the truthfulness of the cancer diagnosis which is obtained from the histological confirmation. In order to evaluate the quality of the provincial record in Pinar del Rio during year 2005, a descriptive and cross sectional study on the morbidity due to cancer was performed in all cases reported in order to study how it influences unfavourably on the information only by means of the death records from patients who died with this disease , and also it allows us to estimate the rate of incidence, the specific mortality rate in groups according to age and sex , which influence on the evaluation of the quality of the record and the different standard indicators of the national record. 571 patients were only reported by death record modifying the incidence rates in female (from 18, 5 to 24, 7) and (from 10, 9 to 20, 3) in males. It was observed an increase of 7, 8 by 10000 habitants. The percentual distribution showed a higher sub record in males and in the group from 70-79. It was only reported 56, 2% of positive biopsies. The evaluation of the indicators showed that the quality of the record was low and the score achieved a bad qualification (55 marks).
Traumatismos dentales en pacientes especiales: Pinar del Río 2005-2006
González Crespo,Elienna; Peláez González,Annia Bárbara; Coro Montanet,Gleyvis; Afre Socorro,Analina;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: dental trauma is perhaps one of the most dramatic accident in an individual and it is more evident in the pediatric odontology .an observational analytical study was performed in cases and controls from july 2005 to september 2006 aimed at determining some epidemiological characteristics of the dental trauma; the universe was comprised of 57 children from the "josé martí" provincial particular school in pinar del rio in the range of age of 5-9 and 10-14 years old and the sample was comprised of the universe where the child with clinical dental trauma was considered as a case ; and control , those patients without any trauma. both groups were comprised of 12 cases and 45 controls, more than two controls by case. an oral examination was carried out and the variables as age, sex, number of teeth affected and type of trauma according to the clinical characteristics were measured. data were shown in pictures and processed using the odd ratio and chi square method resulting in a higher incidence in 10 and 14 year old child group, being the superior central incisor the most affected teeth and the non complicated crown fracture was the more frequent trauma.
Morbilidad y mortalidad de la materna grave. Pinar del Río 2000-2010
Prats álvarez,Olga María; Casanova Moreno,María de la Caridad; Regalado Carvajal,Ana Julia; Díaz Domínguez,Doris Yadira; Rivera Martínez,María Eugenia;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: an observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective research was conducted with a target group of 95, 858 pregnant women and puerperae attending to "abel santamariacuadrado" general university hospital, pinar del rio from january 1st 2000 to december 31st, 2010. the sample was comprised of 561 obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit. age, month in which the morbidity occurred, cause of admission, health conditions at discharge, lethality and ventilation were quantified as variables. the methods used were descriptive statistics, summing up the variables in absolute and relative percentages. concerning temporality, the worst behaviors occurred during the months of october, november and january with respect to the number of critically-ill obstetric patients admitted in the hospital; ages from 20 to 29 accumulated half of the total admitted in the service, the highest percentage of lethality was observed in obstetric patients from 30 to 39 (8,7%). hemorrhagic causes expressed the greatest percentage 34.2%, meanwhile puerperal sepsis added the highest lethality (6, 6%). of the total of deceased, 26 patients needed ventilation, and those ventilated for more than 6 days showed the most unfavorablebehavior.
THE INFLUENCE OF NAPHTHALENE ACETIC ACID (NAA) IN ROOTING OF THE DIFFERENT VEGETATIVE CUTTINGS OF THUYA OCCIDENTALIS “EMERAUD”
Pashk Lekaj,Elisabeta Susaj,Elsa Zela,Esmeralda Sherko
Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Thuya occidentalis “Emeraud” (Thuya ssp), is one of the most used evergreen ornamental plants for decoration of parks and gardens with very slow growth. They form few seeds with relatively low germination. This is the cause of the continuous efforts to find efficient ways of vegetative propagation, which influence the increase of the coefficient of thuya’s propagation. The paper presents the influence of the naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) 4000 ppm in the rooting of one year vegetative cuttings of Thuya occidentalis “Emeraud”, with and without biennial wood. The experiment was carried out during three consecutive years, 2008-2010, in the flower’s greenhouse of the Experimental Centre of the Department of Horticulture at Agricultural University of Tirana. The one year vegetative cuttings were prepared as simple cuttings (cuttings without bark or biennial wood) and cuttings with the scion (cuttings with bark or biennial wood). Vegetative cuttings of thuya were sown in the perlite band. Control for the final rooted seedlings and/or rooting percentage was carried out 60 days after sowing of the vegetative cuttings in the perlite band. There was calculated the rooting percentage of the vegetative cuttings treated and untreated with NAA 4000 ppm. The results show that the average rooting percentage of the simple untreated cuttings was 20%, while the average rooting percentage of the untreated cuttings with a scion was 45%. Total rooting percentage of the untreated cuttings was 32.5%. So, cuttings with a scion (the cuttings with bark and biennial wood), have a higher rooting percentage even when they are not treated with NAA. There were observed significant differences of the results in the case of treating cuttings with the rooting hormone NAA, 4000 ppm. These differences consisted in increasing the rooting ability and the rooting percentage of the cuttings. The average rooting percentage of the simple untreated cuttings with NAA was 51%, while the mean percentage of the cuttings with a scion treated with NAA was 80%. The total rooting percentage of the untreated cuttings was 65.5%. The use of the rooting hormone NAA, 4000 ppm, for the treatment of the one year vegetative cuttings of thuya was followed by the significant increases the rooting percentage in total from 32.5% to 65.5%. The three-year-results showed that the use of the rooting hormone NAA, 4000 ppm, does affect significantly in the increase of the rooting percentage of the vegetative cuttings, up to 30%, as well as in doubling the quantity of the seedling produced for each planting season, which wa
Estrategias y estudios para desarrollar el asesoramiento genético: municipio Pinar del Río, 2000-2006
Licourt Otero,Deysi; Capote Llabona,Norgelys; Rojas Betancourt,Iris;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: those parents with a child with some congenital defect should be aware of the factors responsible of such condition, and if it is possible that future children could be affected similarly. a strategy for attaining the excellence in the genetic training is proposed according to the indicators of the 2000-2006 genetic program and it was also evaluated the effectivity of this program including the ethical and bioethical aspects. a descriptive retrospective and cross sectional study was carried out in pinar del rio municipality during 2000-2003 and 2004-2006. fifty families from this municipality were chosen by means of a non-probabilistic sample and they were assisted in the department of genetics due to many reasons, they were surveyed evaluating those variables related to the effectivity of the genetic assessment, agreement with the service and so on. it is observed an improvement in the indicators of the genetic program, but it is yet fewer than 100% existing a high percentage in the classification of "good", 94% of those surveyed parents agree with the genetic assessment. the proposed strategies are aimed at attaining the excellence condition in the genetic assessment of pinar del rio municipality.
Estrategias y estudios para desarrollar el asesoramiento genético: municipio Pinar del Río, 2000-2006 Strategies and Studies for the Development of the Genetic Assessment: Pinar del Rio Municipality, 2000-2006
Deysi Licourt Otero,Norgelys Capote Llabona,Iris Rojas Betancourt
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: Aquellos padres que han tenido un hijo con algún defecto congénito deben reflexionar acerca de los factores que han podido originar tal condición, en especial si existe riesgo que los ni os que tengan en un futuro pueden verse igualmente afectados. Se propone una estrategia para lograr la excelencia en los servicios de Asesoramiento Genético, partiendo del estudio de los indicadores del programa de genética del (2000_2006) y evaluando el comportamiento de su efectividad, involucrando además los aspectos éticos y bioéticos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y de corte transversal en el Municipio Pinar del Río en los periodos comprendidos entre (2000-2003) y (2004-2006), se seleccionaron mediante muestreo no probabilístico, 50 familias de este municipio, atendidos en los Servicios de Genética por diversos motivos, se les aplicó mediante la entrevista una encuesta que evaluó variables relacionadas con la efectividad de Asesoramiento Genético, satisfacción con el servicio y otras. Como resultados del trabajo realizado se recoge una mejoría en los indicadores de cobertura del Programa de Genética, pero aún está por debajo del 100%, hay un alto por ciento en la clasificación de Buena en todos los aspectos que miden la efectividad, el 94% de los encuestados están satisfechos con el Asesoramiento Genético.Las estrategias propuestas están encaminadas a lograr la excelencia en el Asesoramiento Genético en el municipio Pinar del Río. Those parents with a child with some congenital defect should be aware of the factors responsible of such condition, and if it is possible that future children could be affected similarly. A strategy for attaining the excellence in the genetic training is proposed according to the indicators of the 2000-2006 Genetic Program and it was also evaluated the effectivity of this program including the ethical and bioethical aspects. A descriptive retrospective and cross sectional study was carried out in Pinar del Rio municipality during 2000-2003 and 2004-2006. Fifty families from this municipality were chosen by means of a non-probabilistic sample and they were assisted in the Department of Genetics due to many reasons, they were surveyed evaluating those variables related to the effectivity of the Genetic Assessment, agreement with the service and so on. It is observed an improvement in the indicators of the Genetic Program, but it is yet fewer than 100% existing a high percentage in the classification of "Good", 94% of those surveyed parents agree with the Genetic Assessment. The proposed strategies are aimed at attaining
Evaluación de la calidad del registro de cáncer: provincia Pinar del Río, a?o 2005
Martínez Parker,Ibis de la Mercedes; Sanabria Negrín,José Guillermo; Machín Arias,Antonio; Pérez Labrador,Joaquín;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2008,
Abstract: the quality of the record of cancer depends to a large extent of the information available and it at turn depends of the truthfulness of the cancer diagnosis which is obtained from the histological confirmation. in order to evaluate the quality of the provincial record in pinar del rio during year 2005, a descriptive and cross sectional study on the morbidity due to cancer was performed in all cases reported in order to study how it influences unfavourably on the information only by means of the death records from patients who died with this disease , and also it allows us to estimate the rate of incidence, the specific mortality rate in groups according to age and sex , which influence on the evaluation of the quality of the record and the different standard indicators of the national record. 571 patients were only reported by death record modifying the incidence rates in female (from 18, 5 to 24, 7) and (from 10, 9 to 20, 3) in males. it was observed an increase of 7, 8 by 10000 habitants. the percentual distribution showed a higher sub record in males and in the group from 70-79. it was only reported 56, 2% of positive biopsies. the evaluation of the indicators showed that the quality of the record was low and the score achieved a bad qualification (55 marks).
Morbilidad y mortalidad de la materna grave. Pinar del Río 2000-2010 Morbidity and mortality of puerperae and pregnant women in critically-ill conditions.Pinar del Rio 2000-2010  [cached]
Olga María Prats álvarez,María de la Caridad Casanova Moreno,Ana Julia Regalado Carvajal,Doris Yadira Díaz Domínguez
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva, longitudinal y retrospectiva. El universo estuvo constituido por 95, 858 embarazadas y puérperas que acudieron al Hospital General Docente "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado" de Pinar del Río durante el período comprendido entre el 1ro de enero de 2000 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2010.La muestra quedó constituida por 561 pacientes obstétricas que ingresaron en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del mencionado hospital. Se cuantificaron las variables como la edad, mes del a o en que ocurrió la morbilidad, causa de ingreso, estado al egreso, letalidad y ventilación. Se utilizaron los métodos de la estadística descriptiva, resumiendo las variables en frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales. Según la temporalidad, los peores comportamientos en cuanto al número de las pacientes obstétricas graves ingresadas, estuvieron enmarcadas en los meses de octubre, noviembre y enero. Edades comprendidas entre 20 y 29 a os acumularon más de la mitad del total de las admitidas en el servicio y la mayor letalidad de las obstétricas entre 30 y 39 a os con el 8.7%. Fueron las causas hemorrágicas las que expresaron el porcentaje más elevado 34.2%, mientras que la sepsis puerperal con el 6,6% la mayor letalidad. Del total de las fallecidas, 26 necesitaron ventilación. Se mostró el comportamiento más desfavorable las que estuvieron ventiladas por 6 y más días. An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective research was conducted with a target group of 95, 858 pregnant women and puerperae attending to "Abel SantamariaCuadrado" General University Hospital, Pinar del Rio from January 1st 2000 to December 31st, 2010. The sample was comprised of 561 obstetric patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. Age, month in which the morbidity occurred, cause of admission, health conditions at discharge, lethality and ventilation were quantified as variables. The methods used were descriptive statistics, summing up the variables in absolute and relative percentages. Concerning temporality, the worst behaviors occurred during the months of October, November and January with respect to the number of critically-ill obstetric patients admitted in the hospital; ages from 20 to 29 accumulated half of the total admitted in the service, the highest percentage of lethality was observed in obstetric patients from 30 to 39 (8,7%). Hemorrhagic causes expressed the greatest percentage 34.2%, meanwhile puerperal sepsis added the highest lethality (6, 6%). Of the total of deceased, 26 patients needed ventilation, and those ventilated f
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