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Problems and Prospects of Deregulation in the Nigerian Fourth Republic: Implication for Democratic Survival in Nigeria
S.M. Omodia
International Business Management , 2012,
Abstract: This study unfolds the problems and prospects of deregulation in Nigeria by examining the scenario leading to the adoption of deregulation as a policy and mechanisms for injecting organizational effectiveness and efficiency in enhancing the productive and distributive capability of the State s economy. The study also discusses the mechanisms for ensuring consumer protection in a deregulated economy such as Nigeria which is experiencing a nascent democracy. However, for the present democratic experiment in the Nigerian State to survive, the researcher recommends that the present deregulation process in Nigeria must take cognizance of the Nigerian environment by responding to the needs and protection of the Nigerian people who have been politically and economically pauperized in the past 4 decades.
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN HEALTH PROTECTION SYSTEM  [PDF]
S. Pidgaiets,T. Sitash
Economics of Development , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper some problems of public-private partnership in health care system have been investigated. It has been found out that public-private partnership should be considered as an innovative juridical economic model of the public sector. This article provides the analysis of current Ukrainian health care system, which indicates its low effectiveness due to the fact it is based on "Semashko" system. The comparative analysis of health care sectors in Ukraine and Europe has demonstrated that every country modernizes its health care system as well as its financing system in accordance with a number of output parameters: country's budget, possible health care expenditures, availability of infrastructure, morbidity, general social welfare, historical background. The investigated extent of public-private partnership in leading European countries indicates that the use of this mechanism proved to be effective for development of systemic infrastructure sectors. Moreover, it turned out to be effective and important tool to overcome the existing problems of health care system. The interaction of state and private sectors within health care system is likely to ensure prompt and effective implementation of social and medical projects, which in turn are expected to improve the level of medical care quality and social infrastructure and to facilitate the effective development of public medical institutions. In addition, the economic effect resulted from this implementation will reduce budget expenditures and social problems in Ukraine.
E-Commerce and Consumer Protection in Iran: A Legal Framework
Parviz Bagheri,K.H. Hassan
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.317.324
Abstract: While Iran is transforming itself into a forerunner in the ICT arena, its laws must be relevant to the transition. Not only should the laws be applicable to innovations in E-commerce but they should also be on par with and sensitive to the legal developments taking place worldwide including consumer protection. Against that background, the researchers discuss the development of electronic commerce and consumer protection in Iran from the legal perspective. A question arises: whether Iran has a proper legal framework for E-commerce and consumer protection? Electronic Commerce Law 2004 and Consumer Rights Protection Act (CRPA) 2009 are the laws which inspire hopes to solve legal problems of business conduct in virtual era. The CRPA 2009, furthermore is only supplementary in nature and is not a main act and the lack of relatedness among these laws reduces their efficacy in protecting consumer rights.
A STUDY OF CONSUMER PROTECTION AND CONSUMERISM IN INDIA  [PDF]
GADHE DATTATRAY PUNJAJI
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: The process of development coupled with increasing liberalisation and globalisation across the country has enabled consumers to realise their increasingly important role in society and governance. However, concentration of the market power in the hands of a select few has affected consumers' behaviour over time. In a developing country like India where the incidence of poverty and unemployment is very high and the level of literacy is very low, the people face a volume of problems, particularly in the context of consumer related issues. Unlike in the developed world, consumers in these countries have not been able to play a greater role in the development process. In this paper an analysis has been to explore the consumer protection and consumerism in India.
Consumer Protection Policies and Rational Behavior Consumer Protection Policies and Rational Behavior
Eduardo Engel
Revista de Análisis Económico (RAE) , 1995,
Abstract: How consumers behave has important consequences when assessing the effectiveness of particular consumer protection policies. In this paper it is argued that policies that rely strongly on consumer rationality, such as information provision requirements, are considerable less effective in practice than what is foreseen under the usual assumptions of economic models. The relation between consumer behavior and a variety of consumer protection issues, such as unfair business practices, the benefits of standardization. informatioll regulation, education campaigne, large scale scams and advertising, is analyzed. How consumers behave has important consequences when assessing the effectiveness of particular consumer protection policies. In this paper it is argued that policies that rely strongly on consumer rationality, such as information provision requirements, are considerable less effective in practice than what is foreseen under the usual assumptions of economic models. The relation between consumer behavior and a variety of consumer protection issues, such as unfair business practices, the benefits of standardization. informatioll regulation, education campaigne, large scale scams and advertising, is analyzed.
Prospects and problems of mechanical engineering  [PDF]
Korotaeva, Yulia
Socìal?no-ekonomì?nì Problemì ì Der?ava , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of the article is to study modern consisting of the Ukrainian mechanical engineering. Problems and prospects of development of this industry are exposed.
EU CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE CIVIL PROCEEDING
JARMILA LAZíKOVá,MAREK ?TEV?EK
Ad Alta : Journal of Interdisciplinary Research , 2012,
Abstract: The consumer protection is one of the priorities of the EU internal market.The pressure on the growth of the competitiveness motivates some businessmen to useunfair practices especially against those, who are usually not informed on the marketsituation very well. Therefore the EU law maker adopted the minimum standard of theconsumer protection, which is valid in all EU member states. The Council Directive93/13/EEC names some terms used in the consumer contracts, which could beconsidered as unfair. If there is a proof of their unfair character, it is the role of thenational courts to ensure these terms are not binding on the consumers. The Court ofJustice of the EU asks the national courts to take into account the unfair terms of theconsumer contracts by virtue of office. The Slovak execution courts misuse this powerwhen stopping the proceeding due to pure existence of an arbitration clause in aconsumer contract.
Litigation against dermatosurgeons and cosmetologists and consumer protection act  [cached]
Neerja Puri,Ashutosh Talwar
Our Dermatology Online , 2013,
Abstract: The concept of beauty has acquired new dimensions due to the increasing awareness in general public about the aesthetic procedures. The problems between the patient and the cosmetologists arise when the patients expectations become very high and unrealistic. The classical concept of doctor – patient relationship born in the golden days of family physicians has undergone drastic change due to dramatic advancement in medical technology, availability of sophisticated imaging system, high tech electronics and preponderance of new diseases. However, the accountability of the doctors under the law of professional negligence has emerged as a debatable issue among the medical fraternity all over the country after the enactment of the consumer protection act, 1986, which has not only changed the law of medical negligence1, but created an inexpensive and speedy remedy against medical malpractice.
Redress for Consumers in terms of the Consumer Protection Act 68 of 2008: A Comparative Discussion
Corlia Van Heerden,Jacolien Barnard
Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: The Consumer Protection Act 68 of 2008 is a groundbreaking piece of legislation in the realm of not only South African consumer law but also the South African law of contract. What is more, the Act also has worldwide implications as foreign companies selling goods and services in South African consumer markets will have to comply with the new legislation. In Part 1 of this paper, the avenues of redress available to the consumer in terms of the Act and the possible practical problems pertaining thereto are discussed. Part 2 deals with redress for consumers in terms of the European Union and relevant aspects of redress in the Spanish legal system. Part 3 is a comparative conclusion with regards to redress issues for consumers generally.
The policy of consumer protection in the electricity market  [PDF]
Filipovi? Sanja,Tani? Gordan
Economic Annals , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/eka0879157f
Abstract: The provision of a safe and reliable electricity supply has a central place in modern social life. The rise of electricity prices and the process of liberalization of the electricity market are the two main factors which have made it necessary to modify the current traditional ways of protecting vulnerable customer categories. The Internal Energy Market Directives provisions ensure that citizens have access to energy of a specified quality level at reasonable, cost-reflective prices and to the conditions of real competition and free choice. This objective implies intervention due to the fact that some consumer classes are less attractive for the companies (remote consumers, low consumption consumers or low-income consumers). The aim of this paper is to analyze the current forms of vulnerable customer protection from the critical point of view and to point out possibilities for their application in the case of Serbia.
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