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The moral appropriateness of shame  [cached]
M. Ally
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v70i2.269
Abstract: In this article I explore the much neglected moral emotion of shame and consider the senses in which it may be regarded as morally appropriate. I argue that there is a connection between coming to terms with shame for those who feel ashamed, and judgments concerning its moral appropriateness. The elucidation of normative connections between shame, self-respect and autonomy implies the need to accept certain aspects of shame as regrettable yet, sometimes, as valuable.
The influence of nostalgia on consumer preference
G. G. Rousseau,D. J. L. Venter
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1999, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v25i1.669
Abstract: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of nostalgia on consumer preference and to measure levels of nostalgia amongst multicultural groups. The study was based on past research in the field and used a modified version of a questionnaire developed by Holbrook (1993). A non-probability convenience sample (N = 504) was drawn from English, Afrikaans and Xhosa speaking consumers in the Eastern Cape. Field work was carried out by students of industrial psychology at the University of Port Elizabeth. Different levels of nostalgia emerged from the sample. These differences can be attributed to socio- demographic variables such as language, age, education and income. Results suggest that nostalgia not only influences consumer preference but also that nostalgic consumers represent an important market segment. Due to the complexity of the construct, marketers however need to be cautious when using nostalgia as a marketing tool. Opsomming Die hoof doelstellings van hierdie studie was om die invloed van nostalgia op verbruikersvoorkeure te ondersoek en vlakke van nostalgia by multikulturele groepe te meet. Die studie is gegrond op vorige navorsing in die veld en maak gebruik van 'n uitgebreide weergawe van 'n vraelys ontwikkel deur Holbrook (1993). 'n Nie-ewekansige gerieflikheidsteekproef (N = 504) is getrek uit Engels, Afrikaans en Xhosa-sprekende verbruikers in die Oos-Kaap. Veldwerk is uitgevoer deur bedryfsielkundestudente van die Universiteit van Port Elizabeth. Verskillende vlakke van nostalgia het na vore getree uit die steekproef. Hierdie verskille kan toegeskryf word aan sosio-demografiese veranderlikes soos taal, ouderdom, opvoeding en inkomste. Bevindinge suggereer dat nostalgia nie slegs verbruikersvoorkeure beihvloed nie maar ook dat nostalgiese verbruikers 'n belangrike marksegment verteenwoordig. Bemarkers moet egter versigting wees in die gebruik van nostalgia as 'n bemarkingsinstrument, as gevolg van die kompleksiteit van die konstruk.
Shame proneness, guilt proneness and psychopathology  [cached]
Fatma Gül Cirhinlio?lu,Gülden Güven?
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In this work some definitions concerning shame and guilt and also some similarities and differences between these two concepts are dwelled on. The role of shame and guilt within psychopathology and some empirical researches on the relationship between psychopathology and shame/guilt are presented. Another point is the relationship between gender and the proneness to shame and guilt.It is generally argued that shame and guilt are originated from the negative emotions as a reaction to personal failures and transgressions. Despite of some similarities between shame and guilt, augmenting theoretical and empirical literature on the subject have underlined some considerable differences between these two emotional experiences. Majority of the researches asserted that these two emotions can be distinguished from each other according to the fact that individual focuses on whether his/her own behaviour or his/her self in the process of self evaluation. Shame experience is related to the self as a focus of direct evaluation. The focus in guilt is rather on the behaviour” itself which is either conducted or not. Although shame and guilt are functional for individual and social life, undoubtly they may also lead some serious social and emotional problems if they are experienced in a intense and chronic way. The most comprehensive discussion of shame and guilt in psychopathology can be found in analytically oriented theories. These theories, however, vary considerably in their emphasis on shame and guilt. Earlier psychoanalytic perspective mainly focused on the psychopathological implications of guilt. More recently the shame has been the key concept in psychodynamic consideration of psychopathology. Because of the difficulties in measuring shame and guilt, empirical researches on the relationship between psychopathology and shame and guilt are far behind of theoretical approaches on the subject. It is explored that in the researches in which the measuring tools created on the base of distinction between “self” and “behavior” are employed are found that there is a neglectable relationship between guilt proneness and psychopathology and also a negative relation between shame-free guilt and psychological symptoms. However, it is denoted that shame proneness is closely related to the most psychological problems. It is asserted in almost all researches that females showed higher level of shame and guilt than the males.
Shame, sensitivity to punishment and psychiatric disorders
Guimón,José; Las Hayas,Carlota; Guillén,Virginia; Boyra,Aizpea; González-Pinto,Asunción;
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2007, DOI: 10.4321/S0213-61632007000200004
Abstract: background and objectives: various studies have found significant correlations between feelings of shame and psychopathologies, as depression or eating disorders. since some authors have shown an association between inhibition, neuroticism and shame, we hypothesize that sensitivitybility to punishment (sp) would relate positively to shame. we also propose that patients diagnosed with depression should score higher in shame domain than the rest of the diagnostic groups. finally we predict that psychotic patients, since they have poor self-consciousness, should score the lowest in shame proneness. methods: the spanish version of the tosca, the sensitivity to punishment and reward questionnaire (spsrq) and the clinical global impressions (cgi) were applied to a sample of 172 individuals, from which 93 were university students and 79 were patients receiving psychiatric treatment. results: in the sensitivity to punishment domain we found statistically significant mean differences between patients with major depression and the comparative group. we have found a positive correlation between sensitivity to punishment and shame in the general population and also for the major depressive subgroup. the relation between depression and shame proneness was statistically significant. shame and guilt correlated in the tosca and the major depressive patients scores higher on both domains. bipolar and schizophrenics patients showed lower scores in shame than depressives. conclusions: among other conclussions we recomend that future studies in the field should use dimensional diagnoses besides the categorial ones.
Shame, sensitivity to punishment and psychiatric disorders  [cached]
José Guimón,Carlota Las Hayas,Virginia Guillén,Aizpea Boyra
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2007,
Abstract: Background and objectives: Various studies have found significant correlations between feelings of shame and psychopathologies, as depression or eating disorders. Since some authors have shown an association between inhibition, neuroticism and shame, we hypothesize that Sensitivitybility to Punishment (SP) would relate positively to shame. We also propose that patients diagnosed with depression should score higher in shame domain than the rest of the diagnostic groups. Finally we predict that psychotic patients, since they have poor self-consciousness, should score the lowest in shame proneness. Methods: The Spanish version of the TOSCA, the Sensitivity to Punishment and Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) and The Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) were applied to a sample of 172 individuals, from which 93 were university students and 79 were patients receiving psychiatric treatment. Results: In the Sensitivity to Punishment domain we found statistically significant mean differences between patients with Major Depression and the comparative group. We have found a positive correlation between Sensitivity to Punishment and Shame in the general population and also for the Major depressive subgroup. The relation between depression and shame proneness was statistically significant. Shame and Guilt correlated in the TOSCA and the Major Depressive patients scores higher on both domains. Bipolar and schizophrenics patients showed lower scores in Shame than depressives. Conclusions: Among other conclussions we recomend that future studies in the field should use dimensional diagnoses besides the categorial ones.
The Desire for Connection—Shame and its Many Faces  [cached]
Mary Zournazi
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: A review of Elspeth Probyn, Blush: Faces of Shame (University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2005).
Shame-proneness in attempted suicide patients
Maria Wiklander, Mats Samuelsson, Jussi Jokinen, ?sa Nilsonne, Alexander Wilczek, Gunnar Rylander, Marie ?sberg
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-50
Abstract: The Test of Self-Conscious Affect (TOSCA), which is the most used measure of shame-proneness, was completed by attempted suicide patients (n?=?175: 105 women and 3 men with borderline personality disorder [BPD], 45 women and 22 men without BPD), non-suicidal psychiatric patients (n?=?162), and healthy controls (n?=?161). The participants were convenience samples, with patients from three clinical research projects and healthy controls from a fourth research project. The relationship between shame-proneness and attempted suicide was studied with group comparisons and multiple regressions. Men and women were analyzed separately.Women were generally more shame-prone than men of the same participant group. Female suicide attempters with BPD were significantly more shame-prone than both female suicide attempters without BPD and female non-suicidal patients and controls. Male suicide attempters without BPD were significantly less shame-prone than non-suicidal male patients. In multiple regressions, shame-proneness was predicted by level of depression and BPD (but not by attempted suicide) in female patients, and level of depression and non-suicidality in male patients.Contrary to our hypothesis and related previous research, there was no general relationship between shame-proneness and attempted suicide. Shame-proneness was differentially related to attempted suicide in different groups of suicide attempters, with significantly high shame-proneness among female suicide attempters with BPD and a negative relationship between shame-proneness and attempted suicide among male patients. More research on state and trait shame in different groups of suicidal individuals seems clinically relevant.Suicide can be understood as an act intended to terminate intolerable psychological pain [1,2]. Shame, which is an aversive and often intense affect, could be a source of such psychological pain and some theorists have argued that shame is a core feature in suicidal behaviors (for a revi
Nostalgia matters: Nostalgia for Yugoslavia as potential vision for a better future  [PDF]
Palmberger Monika
Sociologija , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/soc0804355p
Abstract: Nostalgia for Yugoslavia is a social phenomenon which prevails in present-day Mostar as well as elsewhere in the Yugoslav successor states. Even if attempts are made by the elites of local politics to erase traces of the Yugoslav past (especially in Croat dominated West Mostar), a good part of Mostar's population still nostalgically remembers that period. Until recently, nostalgia has been neglected as a subject of research in the social sciences and has been acknowledged - if at all - only as a phenomenon oriented towards the past. Recent studies, however, have emphasized a utopian character of nostalgia. It is particularly interesting to further investigate this aspect in the context of post-socialism. This paper discusses the selected narratives of two women whom I encountered during my fieldwork conducted between 2005 and 2008, and their relationship to Yugoslavia. It is shown that differences in their narratives can be related to their nationality and family backgrounds, but to the same degree - if not more so - to their age and the stage in life they are in. At the end of the paper I shall tackle the question whether nostalgia for Yugoslavia can hold as a potential vision for a better future and, if so, under which conditions.
An exploratory study on the relationship between shame and bodily pain  [cached]
Paschou A.,Damigos D.,Mavreas V.,Gouva M.
Interscientific Health Care , 2010,
Abstract: Shame emerges through social life and influences directly self-image as well as the perception of what others think of self. Bodily pain and disease also influence self-image and others’ behavior towards self. The present study was designed to investigate the experience of shame in connection with a physical pain that occurred in the past. 384 healthy individuals participated to the present study. Two groups were formed according to the experience of shame. The first group constituted of 57 individuals who reported being ashamed of a past bodily pain, while the other group constituted of 327 individuals who reported not being ashamed of such a pain experience. The measures used were: a) A questionnaire concerning socio-demographic information, b) the Other As Shamer Scale (OAS), c) the Experience of Shame Scale (ESS) and d) the revised version of Symptom Check-List (SCL-90). Higher levels of internal and external shame and psychopathology were observed among participants who reported being ashamed for experiencing pain. The results of the present study replicated previous findings. The need for health professionals to assess shame in patients experiencing pain and apply relevant information to the therapeutic regimen was apparent.
The association between shame and substance use in young people: a systematic review  [PDF]
Masuma Rahim,Robert Patton
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7717/peerj.737
Abstract: Background. Shame has been associated with a range of maladaptive behaviours, including substance use. Young people may be particularly vulnerable to heightened shame sensitivity, and substance use is a significant problem amongst UK adolescents. Although there appears to be a relationship between shame and substance use, the direction of the relationship remains unclear.
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