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Research on the Acceptance and Expectation of Chinese Ethnic Minority Group Movies in Britain and US
Yiyun Chen, Minwei Sun, Jianguo Wang
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105390
Abstract:
Based on the survey on the acceptance and expectation of Chinese ethnic minority group movies in Britain and US, we analyse the problems in the outbound circulation of ethnic minority group movies and their causes, and provide some feasible solutions for the transmission of Chinese culture abroad. By means of the questionnaire and online communication, we construct data models to further learn about the British and American views about minority group movies. We find that in the process of the exporting of minority group movies, problems include the inefficiency about the business operations, the deviation of cross-cultural communication and the poor quality of movies themselves. Therefore, we suggest combining the commercial and artistic functions in movies, improving marketing strategies, and optimizing talent resources.
Study on Development Policies of the Special Industries in Ethnic Minority Areas of China  [cached]
Jingfu Guo,Jingtao Wang,Jianbin Wang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n2p201
Abstract: The special industries are based on special resources with distinctive regional characteristics, including rarity, ecological and sustainable development, and the special product system to meet the market demand. To gain a competitive advantage in the market today, ethnic minority areas should nurture and develop these special industries. Based on the analysis of examples and the features of these industries, this study proposes a set of development policies, such as being market-oriented, making use of the special resources and regional advantages, building a recycling economy model, and developing the green industries and nurture the ethnic culture related industries, etc.
Ethnic Minority Protection and Anti-discrimination in Central Europe Before and After EU Accession: the Case of Poland  [PDF]
Peter Vermeersch
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2007,
Abstract: This article explores key policy developments regarding ethnic minority protection and anti-discrimination in contemporary Poland. More specifically, it examines the relationship between domestic policy formation and the European context. Before 2004, the European Union applied membership conditionality in order to attempt to stimulate candidate member states in post-communist Central Europe to adopt special minority protection measures. As a result, most of these countries turned to the official recognition of the ethnic specificity of minority groups and the acceptance of group-related cultural entitlements, not only as norms in their own right but also as the basis for a policy of stimulating ethnocultural diversity in the new member states have been less focused on group-related rights but have emphasized the themes of social inclusion, anti-discrimination and equal opportunities. I explore how, in this new European context, Polish policies on ethnic minority protection have developed. Through a comparison of dominant Polish perceptions of minority protection issues with dominant discourses about the preservation of ethnic diversity promoted by EU institutions, this article shows the linkages between recent developments in Polish minority policy-making and the current European initiatives in this field. It also shows important points of disjuncture between the way in which European institutions have framed issues of ethnocultural diversity and the way in which Polish policy-makers have worked out minority protection.
Managing uncertainty of young people's transitions to adulthood in Bulgaria
Kovacheva Siyka
Sociologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/soc1202245k
Abstract: The paper examines the strategies of young people in Bulgaria for responding to and dealing with uncertainty in the passage to autonomy. It focuses on the active engagement of the young in the processes of identity formation and gaining independence, thus initiating a change in the common patterns of growing up. The biographical choices that the young make are analysed as embedded in a multilayered social context involving the interplay of macro societal changes, shifts in organisational policies and practices and restructuring of gender and generational relations in the family. Theoretically this paper builds upon the concept of uncertainty in understanding the dilemma of structure and agency in youth transitions. The analysis is based upon official statistical information about economic and demographic trends in 21st century Bulgaria and the findings of an organisational case study of a social service agency and biographical interviews with young working parents, which were conducted within the framework of the international Transitions project. Two case studies of individual strategies of young women - one from a working class family and the other from an ethnic minority - are presented in more detail in order to examine the agency they apply in coping with uncertainty and the resources they mobilize in devising (everyday and short-term) life projects. The combination of quantitative and qualitative data allows a reflection on the process of managing uncertainty with regards to the past experiences, present meanings and future aspirations of young people as influenced by the contracting state support and contradictory company policies in Bulgaria.
Ethnic minority health in Vietnam: a review exposing horizontal inequity  [cached]
Mats M?lqvist,Dinh Thi Phuong Hoa,Nguyen Thanh Liem,Anna Thorson
Global Health Action , 2013, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.19803
Abstract: Background: Equity in health is a pressing concern and reaching disadvantaged populations is necessary to close the inequity gap. To date, the discourse has predominately focussed on reaching the poor. At the same time and in addition to wealth, other structural determinants that influence health outcomes exist, one of which is ethnicity. Inequities based on group belongings are recognised as ‘horizontal’, as opposed to the more commonly used notion of ‘vertical’ inequity based on individual characteristics. Objective: The aim of the present review is to highlight ethnicity as a source of horizontal inequity in health and to expose mechanisms that cause and maintain this inequity in Vietnam. Design: Through a systematic search of available academic and grey literature, 49 publications were selected for review. Information was extracted on: a) quantitative measures of health inequities based on ethnicity and b) qualitative descriptions explaining potential reasons for ethnicity-based health inequities. Results: Five main areas were identified: health-care-seeking and utilization, maternal and child health, nutrition, infectious diseases, and oral health and hygiene. Evidence suggests the presence of severe health inequity in health along ethnic lines in all these areas. Research evidence also offers explanations derived from both external and internal group dynamics to this inequity. It is reported that government policies and programs appear to be lacking in culturally adaptation and sensitivity, and examples of bad attitudes and discrimination from health staff toward minority persons were identified. In addition, traditions and patriarchal structures within ethnic minority groups were seen to contribute to the maintenance of harmful health behaviors within these groups. Conclusion: Better understandings of the scope and pathways of horizontal inequities are required to address ethnic inequities in health. Awareness of ethnicity as a determinant of health, not only as a covariate of poverty or living area, needs to be improved, and research needs to be designed with this in mind.
Scottish survey of diabetes services for minority ethnic groups
Hamid R Baradaran, Joan Jamieson, Rafik Gardee, Robin P Knill-Jones
BMC Health Services Research , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-6-130
Abstract: We conducted this cross-sectional study in all health boards in Scotland. A questionnaire was designed based on expert comments. It was completed by Local Health Care Cooperatives (LHCC) managers, chairs, diabetes specialist nurses and public health practitioners.57 of questionnaires were returned (response rate = 69.5%). Of these LHCCs, 71% responded that diabetes was part of their LHCC plan. However 69% answered that ethnic group was not recorded by community services and GPs, and 80% of LHCCs did not monitor trends of complications of diabetes by ethnic group.Improvement is needed in quality, completeness, and availability of minority ethnic group data for diabetes at a national level, particularly if NHS Primary Care Organisations are to be responsible for providing diabetes care as laid out in the Scottish Diabetes Framework.The prevalence of diabetes worldwide varies from approximately 2 to 50% within different ethnic groups [1,2]. In the UK, all ethnic minority groups have higher rates of diabetes than the general population. Studies in the United Kingdom have shown diabetes prevalence rates of 11–20% in Asian Indians, 15% in Afro-Caribbeans and 1–5% in White Caucasians. Generally type 2 diabetes is up to four times more common in British South Asians than in the indigenous White population [3-11]. During the past decades the UK has become an increasingly multicultural society with the settlement of immigrants and refugees together with their families from the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe. For instance, minority ethnic groups comprise 2% (101,677 residents) of the total population in Scotland. Table 1 describes the Scottish population by NHS Board based on the 2001 Census. One policy of the Scottish Executive Health Department (SEHD) aims to offer equal access to medical care for all residents, regardless of social class or ethnicity [12]. The NHS in Scotland consists of 15 Health Boards. Each Board has a Primary Care Trust (PCT) and smaller
论我国民族优惠的政策转向与话语重构
Policy turn and discourse reconstruction of ethnic minority preference in China
 [PDF]

朱碧波
- , 2016, DOI: 1672-3104(2016)04-0137-06
Abstract: 摘 要: 我国是一个民族二元结构相对突出的多民族国家。为了实现少数民族与主体民族均衡协调的发展,我国实施了以“民族身份”作为社会资源倾斜性分配依据的民族优惠政策,在很大程度上促进了少数民族整体性发展。然而,随着时代变迁和社会嬗变,民族优惠政策的外溢效应渐趋凸显,民族优惠政策的存废也引发了学术界激烈而持久的思想交锋。事实上,由于我国民族二元结构在当前依然缺乏实质性改观,民族优惠政策仍然具有生存和发挥作用的空间。不过,鉴于民族优惠政策效力递减的客观现实,我国也应该逐渐以“区域主义”和“位差主义”的扶助政策替代“民族身份”取向的民族优惠政策,并通过重构“民族优惠”的话语体系,推动各民族形成“民族互惠”的中华民族共同体意识。
Abstract: China boasts of multi ethnic minorities with remarkable binary structure. In order to realize the balanced development between the ethnic minorities and majority, our country implements ethnic minority preferential policies with ethnic identity as the standard in allocating social resources inclinedly, which promotes their holistic development. However, with the development of the age and evolution of the society, the spillover effect of ethnic minority preferential policies began to highlight, arousing in academia heated and long-lasting controversy over its maintaining or abolishing. In fact, there is still much room for such policies to survive and develop because there still lacks critical change in the binary structure in our ethinicity. But, in view of the spillover effect of the ethnic minority preferential policies, we should turn gradually from the ethnicity-oriented preferential policies to difference-oriented support policies such as regionalism and difference discipline, and reconstruct the discourse system of national preference to promote the awareness of Chinese ethnic community that all ethnic groups form national reciprocity
Sexual health of ethnic minority MSM in Britain (MESH project): design and methods
Jonathan Elford, Eamonn McKeown, Rita Doerner, Simon Nelson, Nicola Low, Jane Anderson
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-419
Abstract: The main objectives of the MESH project were to explore among ethnic minority MSM living in Britain: (i) sexual risk behaviour and HIV prevalence; (ii) their experience of stigma and discrimination; (iii) disclosure of sexuality; (iv) use of, and satisfaction with sexual health services; (v) the extent to which sexual health services (for treatment and prevention) are aware of the needs of ethnic minority MSM.The research was conducted between 2006 and 2008 in four national samples: (i) ethnic minority MSM living in Britain; (ii) a comparison group of white British MSM living in Britain; (iii) NHS sexual health clinic staff in 15 British towns and cities with significant ethnic minority communities and; (iv) sexual health promotion/HIV prevention service providers. We also recruited men from two "key migrant" groups living in Britain: MSM born in Central or Eastern Europe and MSM born in Central or South America.Internet-based quantitative and qualitative research methods were used. Ethnic minority MSM were recruited through advertisements on websites, in community venues, via informal networks and in sexual health clinics. White and "key migrant" MSM were recruited mostly through Gaydar, one of the most popular dating sites used by gay men in Britain. MSM who agreed to take part completed a questionnaire online. Ethnic minority MSM who completed the online questionnaire were asked if they would be willing to take part in an online qualitative interview using email.Service providers were identified through the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) and the Terrence Higgins Trust (THT) CHAPS partnerships. Staff who agreed to take part were asked to complete a questionnaire online.The online survey was completed by 1241 ethnic minority MSM, 416 men born in South and Central America or Central and Eastern Europe, and 13,717 white British MSM; 67 ethnic minority MSM took part in the online qualitative interview. In addition 364 people working in sexual hea
Correlation of Obesity With Elevated Blood Pressure Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Children in Two Los Angeles Middle Schools  [cached]
William J. McCarthy, PhD,Antronette K. Yancey, MD, MPH,Judith M. Siegel, PhD, MsHyg,Weng Kee Wong, PhD
Preventing Chronic Disease , 2008,
Abstract: IntroductionTo identify anthropometric and fitness correlates of elevated blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and glycated hemoglobin, we examined anthropometric and physiologic biomarkers among racial/ethnic minority children aged 11 to 13 years in two urban Los Angeles middle schools. We explored the potential for using obesity or fitness level as screening variables for cardiovascular disease risk factors in these students.MethodsDuring regularly scheduled physical education classes, we collected data on demographic characteristics, height, weight, blood pressure, nonfasting total serum cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin, time to run/walk 1 mile, and a range of self-reported behaviors. A total of 199 sixth-graders (121 Latinos, 78 African Americans) participated in the study.ResultsBivariate analyses indicated that 48.6% of sixth-graders were of desirable weight, 17.5% were overweight, 29.9% were at risk for overweight, and 4.0% were underweight. Higher weight was associated with higher levels of serum cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure (P values for all associations <.02) but not with glycated hemoglobin. Multivariate analyses maintained the findings with regard to blood pressure but not serum cholesterol.ConclusionOverweight status could be a screening variable for identifying youth at risk for high blood pressure. Obesity prevention and intervention programs and policies need to target low-income racial/ethnic minority children. Assessment of hypertension status also seems warranted in low-income racial/ethnic minority sixth-graders, as does early intervention for children at high risk.
Attitudes of the ethnic elites members in Vojvodina to minority rights and to interethnic relations  [PDF]
Ili? Vladimir
Sociologija , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/soc0201025i
Abstract: A survey was done with 100 distinguished members of cultural and media elite members. The results showed that ethnic elites in Vojvodina had better economic position than ordinary citizens, but that one ninth of them was poor. On inter-personal level they are very open towards the members of other ethnic groups. As for the attitudes, ethnic elites members differed from ordinary citizens mostly by strongly supporting market economy and liberal concept of development. They couldn't differentiate clearly between individual and collective rights. This was understandable since in multi-ethnic surrounding where Serbian ethnic nationalism still prevailed individual rights were to the great extent determined by ethnic origin. Minority ethnic communities elites had clearer understanding of this fact because their ethnic groups paid higher price in such circumstances. Members of least numerous ethnic groups mostly favored individual over collective rights, major cause for this being probably their fear from Serbian-Hungarian deal at the expense of third party. Yet, this survey's findings regarding this topic were substantially better than any before, since the awareness of need for collective rights to be recognized grew in all ethnic groups, including Serbs.
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