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Revista de ciencia política (Santiago) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-090X2007000300010
Abstract: starting from recent works devoted to the economy of esteem, this paper investigates the way in which esteem is demanded and distributed. starting from the situation of its inequality of distribution related to the various types of social positions, it asks how this difference of attribution of recognition generates conflicts. struggles for recognition can be interpreted as dangerous conflicts for the preservation of social relations because of the fact that they do not seem to admit the possibility of compromises and create situations characterized by the logic of "either/or'specific to identity politics. the paper submits this thesis to criticism, and provides a way to think about such struggles for recognition as constitutive of social integration
The Opportunity Economy: Enduring Lessons from the Rise and Fall of the New Economy  [PDF]
Michael Alles,Anthony Alles
International Journal of Digital Accounting Research , 2002,
Abstract: In this paper we argue that the business model underlying the new economy is based on thefollowing interrelated and self-reinforcing forces:1. The development of a new strategy of opportunity, which focuses on the use of creative innovationto open up new market spaces, rather than using exploitive innovation to prolong the life ofexisting products.2. The democratization of competition thanks to the Internet and to process outsourcing.3. Taken together, these forces result in a profound shift in the source of value creation in firmsfrom processes and physical assets to people.With the drivers of business success so fundamentally transformed, almost all aspects of thefirm and its management also need to change, from valuation, resource allocation and workercompensation, to what it takes to retain workers and promote innovation. But while the rules ofbusiness have changed, there has not been a corresponding shift in awareness among most managers.Assuming that there is nothing new in the New Economy is a profound and dangerous mistake.Managers that are so short sighted will find that they have not only lost out on the opportunities thatthe new economy continues to provide, but that the market downturn has only deferred, rather thaneliminated, the threats that change poses to their firms.
Globalization of the Agricultural Economy: A Challenge or Opportunity before Indian Agriculture
D. L. Jamge
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Since the new economic reforms of 1991, the Indian economy is going through the phase of globalization. At the same time Indian agriculture has also to with globalized economy. Globalization is becoming a challenge and also the opportunity before agriculture of India. So, the bank credit availability to agriculture and agro based industries must be improved. This would be favorable terms of trade, liberalized domestic and external trade for agricultural products attracted private investment in agriculture in recent years. It is likely that with the appropriate policy initiatives, the process of globalization of agro industries will accelerate in the future.
GCC Economic Integration Challenge and Opportunity for Malaysian Economy
Asmak Binti Ab Rahman,Mohd Fauzi Bin Abu-Hussin
Journal of International Social Research , 2009,
Abstract: Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is the largest economic group in the Middle East region and ranks at number 17th in the global economy. The establishment of GCC Custom Union in 2003 has attracted a number of economic groups such as European Union (EU) as well as individual countries to deal with the GCC as an economic group. As a custom union, it requires to the interested parties to deal with GCC as a bunch. Malaysia, apart from religious affinity, has significant economic relation with the group. The economic tie between Malaysia and GCC has been remarkable particularly on trade, oil sources as well as investment opportunities for Malaysia. At the same time, recent development shows that, the GCC nations also investing and participating in Malaysian economy and this contributing considerably its economic growth. Given this background, the objectives of this paper are first to analyse GCC economic condition from Malaysian perspective and secondly to highlight the economic co-operation at the intra-regional level between GCC and Malaysia. In doing so, this paper will particularly look into the trends, level and few other aspects of its trade and economic relation with the GCC members, and the benefit that gained by Malaysian investors as well as expatriates investing and working in this region. The findings of this paper will be analyzing toward the future relation between the GCC and Malaysia.
Missed Opportunity: The Underutilisation of Forced Migrants in the British Economy  [PDF]
Journal of Identity and Migration Studies , 2008,
Abstract: This paper looks at the work experiences of forced migrants in the country of origin and the host country. The article builds on interviews with forced migrants from three nationalities, Congo (DRC), Kosovo and Somalia to contrast their experience of work in the labour market in the United Kingdom. The research found that the place the migrants occupy in the host labour market is not often commensurate with their qualifications and professional baggage from the country of origin. The forced migrants often landed in menial, unskilled or semi-skilled jobs. Ethnicity or racial origin had little impact on the degree of success in the host labour market. However the article concludes that the professional demise of the forced migrants is not only a loss to them but the host economy might be missing out on valuable human resources, given the high skills that the migrants harbour.
A window of opportunity? Motor skills and perceptions of competence of children in Kindergarten
Mark LeGear, Lizette Greyling, Erin Sloan, Rick I Bell, Buffy-Lynne Williams, Patti-Jean Naylor, Viviene A Temple
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-29
Abstract: Participants were 260 kindergarten children (mean age = 5y 9 m; boys = 52%) from eight schools; representing 78% of eligible children in those schools. Motor skills were measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 and perceptions of physical competence were assessed using the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children. Motor skill scores were generally low (percentile ranks ranged from 16 - 24) but perceptions of physical competence were positive (boys = 18.1/24.0, girls = 19.5/24.0). A MANOVA showed a significant overall effect for gender (Wilk's lambda = .84 with F (3, 254) = 15.84, p < 0.001) and univariate F tests were significant for all outcome variables. The relationship between object control skills and perceptions of physical competence among girls was not significant; however all other correlations were modest but significant.Although motor skill levels were quite low, the children generally held positive perceptions of their physical competence. These positive perceptions provide a window of opportunity for fostering skillfulness. The modest relationships between perceptions of competence and motor skill proficiency suggest that the children are beginning to make self-judgments at a young age. Accordingly, opportunities for children to become and feel physically competent need to occur early in their school or preschool life.Only 9% of boys and 4% of girls meet the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines of 60-minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on at least six days a week [1]. These alarming data suggest there is an urgent need to examine factors associated with children's inactivity. Emerging evidence suggests that motor skill competence as well as children's perceptions of their competence are influential in explaining their engagement and disengagement in physical activity. Barnett and colleagues [2,3] demonstrated that object control motor skills measured at age 10 were positively associated
Mitosis Gives a Brief Window of Opportunity for a Change in Gene Transcription  [PDF]
Richard P. Halley-Stott,Jerome Jullien,Vincent Pasque,John Gurdon
PLOS Biology , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001914
Abstract: Cell differentiation is remarkably stable but can be reversed by somatic cell nuclear transfer, cell fusion, and iPS. Nuclear transfer to amphibian oocytes provides a special opportunity to test transcriptional reprogramming without cell division. We show here that, after nuclear transfer to amphibian oocytes, mitotic chromatin is reprogrammed up to 100 times faster than interphase nuclei. We find that, as cells traverse mitosis, their genes pass through a temporary phase of unusually high responsiveness to oocyte reprogramming factors (mitotic advantage). Mitotic advantage is not explained by nuclear penetration, DNA modifications, histone acetylation, phosphorylation, methylation, nor by salt soluble chromosomal proteins. Our results suggest that histone H2A deubiquitination may account, at least in part, for the acquisition of mitotic advantage. They support the general principle that a temporary access of cytoplasmic factors to genes during mitosis may facilitate somatic cell nuclear reprogramming and the acquisition of new cell fates in normal development.
Ivanovska Nadica,Zoran Ivanovski
UTMS Journal of Economics , 2011,
Abstract: Institutional concentration of financial aggregates as well their market allocation through stock exchange is one of the basic conditions for efficient and fast economic growth.Full implementation of above mentioned functions also means appropriate place for investment banking, and their activities on primary capital market. This can be opportunity for larger investments in national economy and tourism.
Intraguild Interactions between Egg Parasitoids: Window of Opportunity and Fitness Costs for a Facultative Hyperparasitoid  [PDF]
Antonino Cusumano, Ezio Peri, Valentina Amodeo, Jeremy N. McNeil, Stefano Colazza
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064768
Abstract: We investigated intraguild interactions between two egg parasitoids of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), Ooencyrtus telenomicida (Vassiliev) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae), as the former has the potential to be a facultative hyperparasitoid of the latter. We assessed the suitability of N. viridula eggs for the development of O. telenomicida as a function of egg age when they were unparasitized, or had been attacked by T. basalis at different times prior to exposure to O. telenomicida females. Ooencyrtus telenomicida can exploit healthy N. viridula host eggs up to 5 days of age, just prior to the emergence of N. viridula. This window of opportunity can be extended for an additional 6–7 days through interspecific competition or facultative hyperparasitism. While there are minor fitness costs for O. telenomicida as the result of interspecific larval competition, those costs are greater with facultative hyperparasitism. In choice assays O. telenomicida females discriminated between different quality N. viridula eggs, avoiding those where their progeny would have to develop as facultative hyperparasitoids of T. basalis. Results are discussed with respect to the possible effects that the costs of intraguild parasitism might have on biological control programmes.
Threat of mass resignation as a window of opportunity for questioning hospital service production structures in Finland
Kokkinen L, Viitanen E
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S21599
Abstract: eat of mass resignation as a window of opportunity for questioning hospital service production structures in Finland Original Research (2198) Total Article Views Authors: Kokkinen L, Viitanen E Published Date July 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 81 - 87 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S21599 Lauri Kokkinen1,2, Elina Viitanen1 1School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, 2Unit of Expertise for Work Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Turku, Finland Background: Service production structures of public health care, once established, have proved extremely difficult to change. For this study, we reviewed discussions that took place in management teams at a Finnish central hospital over a period of nine months. The aim of the research was to analyze whether the management team meetings brought forth new and radical alternatives as to how service production could be reorganized. In addition to this, we were also interested in any possible problems that could be solved using these alternative models of service production, and also how preconditions to the application of different alternatives came about and how they eventually concluded. Methods: Our data were derived from 24 management team meetings that took place between August 2007 and May 2008, and were fully videotaped. Data were collected from eight different management teams; the meetings of each were videotaped three times. The management teams reviewed represented three different hierarchical levels, ie, top management, division management, and operational unit management. Data were analyzed according to theory-based content analysis. As a theoretical framework, we utilized Kingdon’s model to enable us to understand why some issues and problems are brought to the agenda of the change process and go on to become concrete policies while others fail to do so. Results: During the study period, a threat of mass resignation of nursing staff caused a considerable change to the agenda of the management team meetings, introducing alternatives with the potential to renew the existing structures of operation in a radical manner. Conclusion: According to our analysis, the threat of mass resignation acted as a window of opportunity, linking the lack of nursing staff (problem) to operational and structural changes (alternative solutions).
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