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THE FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF A MODERN SCHEME FOR MANAGING WASTE PROPOSED FOR THE URBAN COMMUNITY ARIE , CLUJ COUNTY
Lucia Monica SCOR?AR,Ioan LAZ?R,Mirela POPA,Diana ZAGAN ZELTER
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This paper presents a scheme for managing waste, proposed for the urban community of Arie , Cluj County, in which we are going to show the main activities that should be accomplished with the support of the local public administration. Based on the analysis of the waste flows, the demographic trends and the waste generating trends, we propose a scheme for managing waste that has a major investment component, an administrative re-organizing component and an educational one. We suggest a scheme which includes advanced techniques and methods for treating waste. Moreover, we demonstrated that the efficiency of the scheme cannot be conceived outside a circuit for valorizing and recycling the useful materials contained in the waste.
THE SAPARD PROGRAM IN HUNGARY: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES  [PDF]
E KOVáCS,P SZELES,J BACSI
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2002,
Abstract: The EU Agenda 2000 program, made public in 1997, established the basis for future EU member countries to develop their rural areas and agriculture. This was the SAPARD program, which was aimed at assisting 10 countries ready to join the union. The monetary fund of the program amounted to 520 million EUROs/year for the period 2000-2006, which the countries involved could apply for. Our research is trying to find an answer to problems emerging in the process of rural and agricultural development, in conflicts between two alternative programs; furthermore, it also covers various processes in a smaller area. We are focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of certain areas, on opportunities offered by a program of this type. Successful competition can only be achieved, when it is based on a cooperation and agreement of the local participants. We are illustrating this process through the history of the competition of the Keszthely- Hévíz Sub-Regional Association.
CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DROUGHT PHENOMENON IN CLUJ COUNTY  [PDF]
CORNEL BLAGA
Aerul ?i Apa : Componente ale Mediului , 2011,
Abstract: Considerations on the drought phenomenon in Cluj County. Cluj county area is 6674 km2, and is located in the northwestern part of Romania. The climate is temperate continental with oceanic influences, relatively humid, but there are also periods of drought and even years with deficient rainfall, as there are periods of excess rainfall. Dryness and drought phenomena are caused by cosmic, climatic, hydrological (groundwater depth, the existence of surface water sources) factors, features of the underlying surface, vegetation coverage, soil texture and structure. The relief determines a climate elevation with differences in terms of precipitation and temperatures quantities. To calculate the dryness degree of the climate at weather stations in the Cluj county, the Emmanuel de Martonne aridity index was used. Drought do not induce into the substrate the geomorphologic processes per se, however, they pave the way for starting the deflation process, surface erosion and ravine, by reducing the cohesion between the particles and the formation of deep cracks in the soil and even rock. In these climatic conditions, droughts are less frequent in the county of Cluj, in relation to the extra-Carpathian regions and are distributed unevenly across the county. The number of periods of drought decreases with the increase of the altitude, from an average of 2.6 drought periods a year at Dej (altitude of 232 m) to an annual average of 0.3 draught periods at Vl deasa Peak (altitude of 1836 m).
Contribution to the knowledge of the Macromycetes from Fodora (county Cluj)
Denes PAZMANY
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 1992,
Abstract: The paper presents 126 species and three varieties of macromycetes collected in environs of Fodora (county Cluj) and preserved in the author's herbarium. The species are presented alphabetically and only the new taxons for Romania are described.
RISK WEATHER PHENOMENA IN CLUJ COUNTY IN JUNE 2010  [PDF]
IRINA BLAGA
Aerul ?i Apa : Componente ale Mediului , 2011,
Abstract: Risk weather phenomena in Cluj county in June 2010. June, in the Cluj county area, has been a month of extremes, in both heat and precipitation. The beginning of the month debuted with daily maximum temperatures close to the normal heat period product and then gradually heating the air occurred, the maximum temperatures increasing from day to day, reaching very high values, up 34 °C, by the middle of the month, when the temperature-humidity index (ITU) reached and exceeded, in relatively large areas, the critical level of 80. In the second part of June, the target area was characterized by atmospheric instability that fostered the development of strong convective structures, which led to the recording of large amounts of rain from showers and heavy rain, that were associated with floods and strong winds, which turned into storms with hail and lightning. For the second half of the month, a particular case dated 06/21/2010 was analyzed, the day in which the most destructive effects of the floods, seen as phenomenon hazardous weather reported by the Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (ISU) in Cluj County: the death of a person in the Morlaca area, 250 homes flooded in the cities of Huedin, Morlaca, Sancraiu, S cuieu, C lata, Poeni. There have also been floods in the cities of Turda, Copaceni and Martinesti. Landslides were recorded in Domosu and Horlacea.
Spatial Disparities of Financial Intermediaries in Cluj County  [PDF]
LELIA PAPP
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2009,
Abstract: The present paper aims at identifying the disparities in the spatial distribution of financial intermediaries by taking as case-study a specific territorial unit, namely Cluj County. The knowledge of the number and location of financial intermediaries has importance in understanding the complex functionality of the territory, as well as in the complex process of territorial management, since there is a close linkage between the presence and the activity of the different financial institutions and economic and social development. The analysis is focused on the following financial intermediaries: monetary financial institutions, other financial intermediaries, insurance companies and pension funds. The interpreted data, the calculated indicators (such as the number of banks per 1,000 inhabitants, the number of ATMs per 1,000 inhabitants) and the cartographic materials indicate a high concentration of financial intermediaries in Cluj-Napoca, a slight diversity in the other five towns of the county and low presence or even their absence in rural area.
New contribution to the knowlegde of flora from Cluj-Napoca and county Cluj with some critical considerationes
I. TUCRA
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 1996,
Abstract: The paper presents 9 species, 3 varieties and one form of Cormophytes from Cluj-Napoca and county Cluj, considered as rare in Romanian's flora and new for the county Cluj. From these can be specially mentioned Agropyron pectiniforme var pectiniforme, Phleum hirsutum, Phleum hirsutum var. ambiguum, Echinocystis lobata, Viola jooi. There are presented 8 species thet can be considered escaped from the culture and spred in readsides and uncultivated places, as Asclepias Syriaca and Galinsoga quadriradiata.
The impact of EU-accession on farming and agricultural employment in Cluj County  [PDF]
Kinga KEREKES
Eastern Journal of European Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This paper reveals some consequences of Romania’s accession to the EU on farming and agricultural employment in Cluj County. EU15 countries have a different farm structure and a higher agricultural labour productivity than Romania and the Common Agricultural Policy in its present form responds primarily to their needs. Based on the interviews carried out in 2005 and in 2009 with farmers and experts from Cluj County, the paper presents the expectations towards EU accession as well as its short-term effects. Results of the interviews suggest that, in Cluj County, EU-accession leads to the disappearance of semi-subsistence farms and to the decrease of the number of agricultural workers. Farmers are still not sufficiently informed about CAP and the complexity of the administrative procedures, and the lack of professionalism of agency staff and the delays of payments caused many disappointments in the first two years after EU accession.
The Cluj County and the Cluj Region Healthcare System During the First Years of Communism (1948-1952)
VLAD POPOVICI
Revista Roman? de Sociologie , 2010,
Abstract: The paper follows the internal evolution of the Cluj County (1948-1949) and of the Cluj Region (1949-1952) Healthcare System. It starts by presenting the reorganization of the sanitary circumscriptions and it continues by offering data on the nationalization of the medical and pharmaceutical units, on the new communist personnel policy, on the increasing anti-epidemical measures (a top-priority of that time) and on the growth in number of healthcare units during the first years of the "popular" regime. Based entirely on archival sources, since the subject's bibliography is almost inexistent, the research draws the image of a system that was trying, along with the whole society, to meet the requirements of the new socialist power structure.
Developing a municipal urban waste management integrated system in Cluj County
Gabriela E. Popi?a,Antoanela Popovici,Raluca M. Ha?egan
Advances in Environmental Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The need to develop and modeling an integrated waste management system from the urbanpopulation in Cluj County is founded in evaluating the current waste management system. This systemdoes not pursue the objectives of the national and European strategy for waste and does not link withthe environmental existing problems in the county. The integrated management proposed systemincludes all stages passing through the population beginning the selective collection and to disposal.
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