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EUROPEAN COMPLIANCE AND POLITICIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Diana - Camelia Iancu
IIASS : Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of public administration politicization in Romania between 1990 and 2012. The approach taken here is that of Europeanization by conditionality and social learning, and of reform reversal hypothesis where the social learning is absent. This theoretical framework consists, briefly stated, in the belief that the adhering CEE (Central and Eastern European) states are subjected to a” sticks and carrots” mechanism and they respond to it by a (usually high enough) degree of compliance with the EU (European Union) norm. From this, once this mechanism gone (when EU membership is granted) if the social learning was unsuccessful, it is to be expected to observe a regress of reform or a reform reversal. I discuss this reform reversal hypothesis for the Romanian case. The paper is organized as follows: first, I briefly deal with the problem of Europeanization; second, I discuss the problem of the general class of international compliance theories and I analyze the specific case of compliance by Europeanization; third, I discuss the problem of conditionality and conditional regress hypothesis; fourth, I deal with a specific case of European compliance, the problem of civil service’s neutrality in CEE states before and after EU accession; fifth, I address the problem of Romanian public administration reform as a case of reform reversal. The argument I employ here is that the Romania experienced a reversal of reform after joining the EU and that might suggest a poor level of social learning in the case of de-politicization.
Globalization and Europeanization. A Projection on a European Model of Public Administration
Ani Matei,Lucica Matei
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2008,
Abstract: The specialized studies and literature present moreover and insistently the connection between globalization and Europeanization, more precisely between globalization and a European model of integration, whose features aim to set up a global-type European society. The development of the European model of integration starts with economic elements, it reveals nowadays the Economic and Monetary Union and in perspective it will be structured within a sui generis system of transnational governance. The values of the European model of integration become fundamental values of a social process, with powerful economic and political determinations, aiming the multi-causal interference between individual, community and European construction. This process, remarked increasingly in the specialized literature, being assigned with the name of Europeanization, has got original, functional features in the spectrum of significations of the globalization paradigm. As essential global-type formula, within Europeanization, we shall find models with economic, political or social finality, integrating also a model of administration among the latter ones. When we say administration, we refer to its up dated and adequate contents to the new European developments. This assertion derives from a less economic modality to conceptualize the relationship between globalization and Europeanization, presenting Europeanization more as a political adaptation to globalization and even a political expression of globalization. In this context, the development of a system for European governance on several levels (local, regional, national, intergovernmental and supranational) suggests its evolution towards globalization. In fact, the literature specific for Europeanization asserts the fact that the European model has also features with integrative nature related to the supranational and trans-governmental dimensions, as well as features with normative nature in view of harmonization, also by standards. These assertions, to which we can add also others, are leading to a new model of public administration, whose area overlaps with the space of European Union, incorporating the effects of globalization under its European expression, Europeanization. Consequently, the proposed model, emphasizing the process of European Union construction will comprise transparency, accountability and participation of the interested parties to public decision. The new public administration aims to use efficiently the resources in order to create favourable conditions for its citizens to become more competitive on
Robustness of Trans-European Gas Networks  [PDF]
Rui Carvalho,Lubos Buzna,Flavio Bono,Eugenio Gutierrez,Wolfram Just,David Arrowsmith
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.016106
Abstract: Here we uncover the load and fault-tolerant backbones of the trans-European gas pipeline network. Combining topological data with information on inter-country flows, we estimate the global load of the network and its tolerance to failures. To do this, we apply two complementary methods generalized from the betweenness centrality and the maximum flow. We find that the gas pipeline network has grown to satisfy a dual-purpose: on one hand, the major pipelines are crossed by a large number of shortest paths thereby increasing the efficiency of the network; on the other hand, a non-operational pipeline causes only a minimal impact on network capacity, implying that the network is error-tolerant. These findings suggest that the trans-European gas pipeline network is robust, i.e., error tolerant to failures of high load links.
European social dialogue as multi-level governance: Towards more autonomy and new dependencies  [PDF]
Maarten Keune
European Integration Online Papers , 2012,
Abstract: Almost twenty years ago the Maastricht Treaty introduced procedures for European Social Dialogue, as part of a larger package of measures to strengthen the social dimension of European integration. Through the Treaty provisions (articles 154-155 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), the European social partners received the competence to become, in principle, co-regulators of the European labour market. The conventional reading of the evolution of European social dialogue since its inception is that it has evolved from a relationship of dependency of the European social partners on the European institutions for the implementation of their framework agreements, towards a more autonomous position in which the social partners themselves take charge of implementation. Since the early 2000s, the argument continues, the social partners have taken a more proactive and independent stance and opted to focus on autonomous framework agreements, and other a€ new generation textsa€ , including joint reports, recommendations, compendia of good practices, etc., which are not directed at the European institutions in order to secure implementation. In this paper we want to challenge and move beyond this rather linear and one-dimensional conceptualisation of the evolution of European social dialogue. Empirically, we will show that there has not been a straightforward move away from the a€ implementation through Directivea€ mode in favour of autonomous agreements. Whereas this may seem the case if we take a view of the cross-sector dialogue only, the picture changes when we have a closer look and include developments in the European sector social dialogue in the analysis. Analytically, we will argue that framing the issue in terms of dependency or autonomy does not do justice to the complexity of relationships that are involved in the European social dialogue and the European sector social dialogue, and in the implementation of framework agreements and other new generation texts. Also it accords little attention to the role of power in the relationships involved. We draw on a multi-governance perspective to analyse the dynamics of European social dialogue, which allows us to capture the relevant multiple horizontal and vertical relationships, or interdependencies, between the European and national, and public and private, actors involved. Interdependency implies the presence of both autonomy and dependence in a relationship, and our central proposition is that these interdependencies simultaneously enhance and limit the capacity of the European social partner
European public administration under the principles of legality, proportionality and subsidiarity
Mihaela C?r?usan
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: Within the European Union order, the national public administrations play a very important role.They are responsible for the enforcement and the control of the execution of the policies of the EuropeanCommunities, in all the states of the European Union, in the interest of the respective governments. Althoughthe European Union has a central administration, she doesn’t have external agencies. Applying the Europeaninstructions and regulations depends on the national governments. Because of rules such as mutualrecognition, each government depends on the quality of executing the Community policy, for the purpose ofachieving its own responsibilities. The role of the public administration in the European unification is adecisive one; and this is not only because the public administration is connected to the institutional andgovernmental mechanisms, but also because the real, practical, technical and “aesthetic” convergence ofdifferent administrative cultures is the key element of the European integration. Thus we are faced not onlywith a new supra-national institutional order, but also with a new juridical order given by the integrationthrough law.
The Role of the European Ombudsman in the Implementation of the Right to Good Administration
Ion Popescu-Slaniceanu,Diana Marilena Petrovszki,Cosmin Ionut Enescu
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2010,
Abstract: The regulations and general conditions of the exercise of the Ombudsman's functions are determined by the European Parliament after receiving the Commission's opinion and the approval ofthe Council. Many of the complaints addressed to the European Ombudsman relate to administrative delays, lack of transparency or refusal of access to information. Some relate to labor relationsbetween European institutions and their agencies, staffing, and the procedure of hiring. Others are related to contractual relations between European institutions and private firms.
A European (German) View on Comparative Theology: Dialogue with My Own Past  [PDF]
Ulrich Dehn
Religions , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/rel3041085
Abstract: For the last couple of years, particularly after the publication of the (German) book “Comparative Theology” by Bernhold Reinhardt and Klaus von Stosch, there was a significant attentiveness of this subject amongst German scholars. For many, it was the long anticipated antithesis/alternative to the pluralist theology of religions, even if it had not been devised explicitly to serve as such an alternative. For others, it has been an appropriate way to express their desire for a substantial interreligious dialogue in a theologically responsible way. This paper tries to review some of the major German contributions (being read alongside international ones) and reactions to Comparative Theology and to search for the motive behind its sudden popularity in some circles. It will also try to reconstruct the possibilities for Comparative Theology within the wider setting of the process and development of religious traditions as they grow and change in never-ending interaction and communication within the history of religions, ideas and society.
Mapping Judicial Dialogue across National Borders: An Exploratory Network Study of Learning from Lobbying among European Intellectual Property Judges  [cached]
Emmanuel Lazega
Utrecht Law Review , 2012,
Abstract: This paper looks at dialogue and collective learning across borders through personal networks of judges. We focus on judges participating in the Venice Forum, bringing together European patent judges involved in institutional lobbying for the construction of a European Patent Court. Empirical observation shows that personal networks of discussion with foreign judges, reading of their work and references to their decisions do exist in this milieu and can be mapped. Our network study shows that judges from some European countries are more active in this dialogue than judges from other countries. The learning process is driven, to some extent, by a small subset of super-central judges who frame this dialogue and can be considered to be opinion leaders in this social milieu. We measure a strong level of consensus among the judges on several controversial issues surrounding the procedure of a possible future European Patent Court. But strong differences between them remain. Dialogue and collective learning do not, by themselves, lead to convergence towards a uniform position in these controversies.
Trans-European transport networks influence on the regional development and urban systems: Serbian experience  [PDF]
Maksin-Mi?i? Marija
Economic Annals , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/eka0463165m
Abstract: The trans-European transport network has different effects at macro regional mezzo-regional and micro-regional level, and its effectiveness rises with the lower regional levels. Possible approaches to the trans-European transport network impact and effect survey and policy options have been pointed out. The importance of increased accessibility and mobility for regional expansion and for a more balanced and polycentric system of city networks has been underlined. Changes in the spatial organization utilization and structure of cities, as well as in social benefits and losses subsequent to impacts of trans-European transport corridor "X" section Belgrade-Ni have been analyzed. The new trans-European or major transport infrastructure does not per se create regional and urban system network development, although it can affect the conditions for the processes that create growth and development. The effects can be increased by co-ordination of measures of regional, spatial and urban policy, land use transport, environmental and other policies. The necessary measure is the introduction of spatial impact assessment as sartorial policy instrument for the large transport infrastructure plans and projects.
A decade of African Union and European Union trans-national security relations
G Segell
Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The first decade of the new millennium saw the European Union deploy nine security missions to the African continent, quoting the European Security and Defence Policy. Unlike the numerous United Nations security missions that European states had previously contributed to, these were part of a grand strategy designed to link the African Union and the European Union in a process of transregionalism defined as a unique organisational infrastructure (joint secretariat for research, policy planning, preparation and coordination of meetings and implementation of decisions). The rationale being that security and its associated peace and stability are the basis for sustainable development in other areas. This article follows the development of the trans-regionalism detailing the security missions.
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