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The Crisis on the Labor Market in Romania
Ioan Cindrea
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2007,
Abstract: In the last 17 years the labor market in Romania has suffered deep changes. We can found two distinct stages regarding the evolutions on the labor market in Romania after 1989. The first stage, which includes the period 1990 – 2003, is defined as a period of deep restructurations of the Romanian economy. It is characterized as a period of relatively high unemployment and the undertaken actions were directed mainly at limiting the unemployment and its harmful effects on the society. We consider that after 2005 the employment evolution heads towards a new crisis on the labor market, but its cause is not a high unemployment, but rather an offer dropping on the labor market. The causes and the possible solutions are delivered in this script.
Forecast Intervals for Inflation in Romania  [PDF]
Mihaela BRATU
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper I built forecasts intervals for the inflation rate in Romania, using the quarterly predicted values provided by the National Bank of Romania for 2007-2010. First, I used the historical errors method, which is the most used method, especially by the central banks. Forecast intervals were built considering that the forecast error series is normally distributed of zero mean and standard deviation equal to the RMSE (root mean squared error) corresponding to historical forecast errors. I introduced as a measure of economic state the indicator – relative variance of the phenomenon at a specific time in relation with the variance on the entire time horizon. Then, I calculated the relative volatility in order to know the change that must be brought to the root mean squared error in order to take into account the state of economy. Finally, I proposed a new way of building forecasts intervals, when the date series follows an autoregressive process of order 1. In this case the length of forecasts interval is smaller and I got a slightly higher relative variance. I consider really necessary the building of forecasts intervals, in order to have a measure of predictions uncertainty, which is quantified by the National Bank of Romania using the prediction intervals based on a simple methodology. I calculated the forecasts intervals using MAE (mean absolute error), the indicator chose by National Bank of Romania and the MSE (mean squared error) indicator.
Philosophy and the Labor Market in Romania  [cached]
Sandu Frunza,Mihaela Frunza
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2010,
Abstract: One of the problems the institutional crisis of philosophy is facing in Romania is the difficulty of philosophy graduates to find a suitable place on the complex labor market. The article attempts to elucidate whether philosophy graduates subsequently teach what they study during their university education and to find solutions for a better integration on the labor market of these graduates. An important part of the article is dedicated to analyzing the institutional offer vis-à-vis the challenges that philosophy graduates face once they are attempting to find a job on the labor market. From our analysis we conclude that there is no direct connection between the diversity of jobs among philosophy graduates and the courses that they took during their university studies.
THE EVOLUTION OF ROMANIA'S LABOR MARKET, DURING THE LAST 20 YEARS  [PDF]
Vadasan Ioana,Parean Mihai - Olimpiu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, the authors will try to analyze the evolution of Romanias labor market, in the last nearly 22 years. More precisely, we will analyze the evolution of the number of employees, the number of pensioners, and the number of unemployed workers, in the mentioned period of time, and we will draw some conclusions. We consider that the dynamic of the labor market is an important indicator, showing both the economic situation, as well as its future evolution; this is why we have chosen to focus our study on it. In order to do so, using the data published by the National Institute for Statistics, and the National Agency for Labor Force Employment, we have noticed worrying evolutions for Romania's labor market: a decrease in the number of employees, an increase in the number of unemployed workers and pensioners, as well as an increase in the number of those who, although able to work, do not have and do not officially look for a workplace. In fact, this is a limit of our research, because those persons either work (abroad, or on the black market), either do look for a workplace, but are not registered as unemployed workers. Another limit of our research is related to the insufficient explanations related to the evolution of the different indicators. But our purpose was to offer an overview of the labor market for the last nearly 22 years, and to suggest some measures to be taken in the future. In order to do that, we have analyzed the evolution of the number of employees, the percentage of employees in the population able to work, the evolution of the number of unemployed workers, the evolution of the number of pensioners. Also, we have made a comparative analysis of the evolution of the number of employees and of the number of pensioners. Through this paper, we have tried to draw attention upon the worrying phenomena taking place on Romania's labor market, as well as upon the fact that our country should take urgent measures in order to increase the number of employees in the economy.
The labor market in Romania to the year 2020  [PDF]
Br?tucu, G.,Boscor, D.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Series V : Economic Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The paper presents the current situation of the Romanian labor market and trends for 2020 and the evolution of employment on regions and activity fields in 2010 in comparison to 2009. The most important areas where labour demand will increase are: sales, outsourcing, engineering, IT, finance, banking, environment protection, insurance, medicine and pharmacy, accounting. Other areas that will absorb more employees in the following five years are: hospitality industry, trade, constructions, energy field, marketing and public relations. The educational and training system will need to be reformed in order to train qualified staff for these fields.
THE IMPACTS OF EMOTIONAL CONTAGION AND EMOTIONAL LABOR PERCEPTION ON EMPLOYEES’ SERVICE PERFORMANCE
Perng-Fei Huang,Chia-Wen Dai
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2010,
Abstract: This study took the service provider’s perspective to investigate the connections among customers’ positive and negative mood states and employees’ mood, emotional labor perception, and service performance. It also examined the impact of self-monitoring and social support on these connections. We used questionnaires to survey 314 customer contact employees. We found that customer mood did affect employees’ mood and their emotional labor perceptions, and that employees’ self-monitoring moderated the relationship between customer mood and employees’ emotional labor perception. Additionally, when customers were in a good mood, employees’ emotional labor perception was negatively related to employees’ service performance, while employees’ self-monitoring moderated the relationship between customer mood and employee mood. When employees were in a bad mood, the degree of social support they obtained moderated the relationship between their mood and service performance. Managerial implications and suggestions for future research were also provided.
Measures and Suggestions to Improve the Labor Force in Romania
Ludmila Daniela MANEA,Costel NISTOR,Mihaela Carmen MUNTEAN
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2011,
Abstract: As a result of the recession that included almost the entire world, the global labor market is facing stressful situation. A reorientation of global labor market strategies occurs. Employment policies should be oriented so that the active work potential to be available, capable and trained to fill jobs offered by an economy in crisis. An important role in the economic strategies reorientation from the labor market in the current context, is played by the reform of education and professional training of the workforce, which is regarded as a national priority that will replace the social slogan that has been used over the last few years:"A job for everyone" with the slogan "Covering the economy with the workers needed". Challenges brought about by the labor market in Romania are related to the employment targets set in the Lisbon European Council, the achievement of employment structure based on productivity increase, reducing unemployment rate among young people, adopting an economic growth model based on employment increase.
Occupational Health Psychology in Romania: Managers' and employees' needs and perspective
Virga, Delia,Macsinga, Irina,Sulea, Coralia
Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology , 2012,
Abstract: Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) in Romania is now emerging, in the practitioner’s and educational field. The risk management paradigm provides a framework for this paper. The analysis focus is on presenting the perception of current national approach related to stressors and processes that threat employee’s and organizational health. Further, we compare the employees’ and managers’ perspective on OHP issues looking, in Romania and other European countries. Finally we conclude and address OHP challenges and opportunities in Romania.
Models for the analysis of the labor market in Romania  [PDF]
Gabriela TUDOSE,Lavinia ?tefania ?O?AN,Silvia Elena CRISTACHE
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2013,
Abstract: During the transition to a market economy put the urgent problem of using labor and unemployment. Increasing labor resources has been accompanied by a continued reduction in employment and a rise in unemployment. The government tried to initiating programs, including external funding, job creation, but compared to the massive layoffs that occurred following the restructuring of sectors, the number of new jobs created has proved insufficient. A significant aspect is given by the increase of population employed in agriculture, characteristic of underdeveloped countries. Modalities of intervention in support of reducing unemployment and increasing employment can be active and passive character.
Agglomeration and Interregional Mobility of Labor in Portugal  [PDF]
Vitor Joao Pereira Domingues Martinho
Quantitative Finance , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between inter-industry, intra-industry and inter-regional clustering and demand for labor by companies in Portugal. Is expected at the outset that there is more demand for work where the agglomeration is greater. It should be noted, as a summary conclusion, the results are consistent with the theoretical developments of the New Economic Geography, namely the demand for labor is greater where firms are better able to cluster that is where transport costs are lower and where there is a strong links "backward and forward" and strong economies of agglomeration.
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