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Kate Chopin’s View on Death and Freedom in The Story of an Hour  [cached]
Xuemei Wan
English Language Teaching , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v2n4p167
Abstract: The Story of an Hour, written by the American woman writer, Kate Chopin (1851-1904) fully shows us the tremendous conflict between life and death among those women who had the more self-awareness, the less social living space according to the established social norms 100 years ago in a dramatic way. The heroine’s strong desire for freedom and sudden death remind us of the philosophical thought on life and death of Zhuangzi, ancient Chinese thinker and Martin Heideggar, which deconstruct and transcend the conflict between them.
Kate Chopin’in K sa ykülerinde Yeni Bir “Ben”in ve “Kimlik”in Do u u  [PDF]
Sema Zafer SüMER
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: It was a common belief of 19th century Victorian society that unrestrained sex was a danger to the social order, as it wassupposed to threaten the mental health and procreative capacity of human being. The sexual desires of women were increasinglyregarded as inappropriate and unnatural and were denied. In other words, sexual desires and passion hardly existed for most ofthe 19th century American literary heroines. In contrast to this general tendency, Kate Chopin (1851-1904) repeatedly deals withtabooing subject of women’s sexual urge and sensual experiences. Although Chopin matured in a traditional, southern, upperclasssociety, which greatly repressed women, her personal desire for autonomy emerged in conflicting emotions throughout herlife. She manifested these contradictions in her personal life and her writing. Throughout Chopin’s life, beginning with herchildhood in Saint Louis and progressing to her experience as a wife, a mother and finally a writer, she maintained an independentspirit; yet, she always struggled with the repression she felt as a Victorian female. This paradox shaped her literature as sheprogressed as an autonomous woman. Famous for her novel The Awakening, Kate Chopin has always been underestimated as anauthor of short stories many of which nearly excel her so-called “master piece”. Not only The Awakening reveals her closeexamination of female sexuality but also several of her short stories challenge cultural assumptions about the role of sex in awoman’s life: Kate Chopin’s protagonists commit adultery, renounce sex, or ever turn their affections towards another womanrespectively. In American Literature, because of their economy, Chopin’s short stories can be considered to be more successfulthan her novel as she uses fewer words to express the same theme. She was known as an author with strong views about woman,sex and marriage- views that were well in advance of her times and challenged the prejudices and sexism of her society. Love andpassion, marriage and independence, freedom and restraint-these are themes of her work distinctively realized in story after story.When Edna Pontellier, the heroine of The Awakening announces “I would give up the unessential; I would give y-my money, I would give mylife for my children; but I wouldn’t give myself” (Chopin, 2004; 80), she is addressing the crucial issues for many of Kate Chopin’swomen- the winning of a self, the keeping of it. So do the Chopin women differ from the women of sentimental fiction. In sum,through her stories, Kate Chopin undermines patriarchy by endowing “the other”, t
The Masculine Sea and the Impossibility of Awakening in Chopin’s The Awakening  [cached]
Abbasi P.
K@ta : a Biannual Publication on the Study of Language and Literature , 2012,
Abstract: Kate Chopin has a firm place in American women’s writing. A persistent theme in her works is said to be women’s emotional liberation. The Awakening (1899) as a feminist novel is no exception. In the novel, Edna’s inner voice and desire for escape from a male-dominated society awaken in her. Edna’s suicide has been interpreted as her victory over the society however, this study argues that the idea of female defeat has been ignored to a great extent the main reason for which is the ignorance or a misreading of sea imagery. The sea of the novel that dissolves Edna is a signifier of male society and language signifying Edna’s failure to find a place within the male dialogue of the society. Extra-marital relationships with Alcee or Robert are not promising, for the climax of such relationships is no more than the old requirement of becoming the good wife and mother that the society prescribes to women. By her ultimate suicidal choice, Edna determines to find a voice and be seen but is totally perished instead to prove that women cannot speak. This study intends to argue and conclude that Chopin had this Kristevaesque belief that the male socio-cultural formation does not let women experience freedom. A new interpretation of the sea as a patriarchal element is offered which makes Edna’s drowning a total defeat rather than victory as suggested by many critics.
On a conjecture of Perrin-Riou  [PDF]
Kazim Büyükboduk
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Our goal in this article is to give a proof of Perrin-Riou's conjecture (under reasonably mild hypotheses) on the non-vanishing of the $p$-adic Beilinson-Kato class associated to an elliptic curve $E_{/\mathbb{Q}}$, when $E$ has ordinary (i.e., good ordinary or multiplicative) or supersingular reduction at $p$. This generalizes the forthcoming work of Bertolini and Darmon for a good ordinary prime $p$ and of Venerucci for a split multiplicative prime $p$. Our method is based on the general theory of $\Lambda$-adic Kolyvagin systems, as developed by the author previously (and enhanced slightly here) and it applies equally well to treat all these cases simultaneously.
Numerical Simulation of the Perrin - like Experiments  [PDF]
Zygmunt Mazur,Dariusz Grech
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: A simple model of random Brownian walk of a spherical mesoscopic particle in viscous liquids is proposed. The model can be both solved analytically and simulated numerically. The analytic solution gives the known Eistein-Smoluchowski diffusion law $ = Dt$ where the diffusion constant $D$ is expressed by the mass and geometry of a particle, the viscosity of a liquid and the average effective time between consecutive collisions of the tracked particle with liquid molecules. The latter allows to make a simulation of the Perrin experiment and verify in detailed study the influence of the statistics on the expected theoretical results. To avoid the problem of small statistics causing departures from the diffusion law we introduce in the second part of the paper the idea of so called Artificially Increased Statistics (AIS) and prove that within this method of experimental data analysis one can confirm the diffusion law and get a good prediction for the diffusion constant even if trajectories of just few particles immersed in a liquid are considered.
On the properties of iterated binomial transforms for the Padovan and Perrin matrix sequences  [PDF]
Nazmiye Yilmaz,Necati Taskara
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this study, we apply "r" times the binomial transform to the Padovan and Perrin matrix sequences. Also, the Binet formulas, summations, generating functions of these transforms are found using recurrence relations. Finally, we give the relationships of between iterated binomial transforms for Padovan and Perrin matrix sequences.
k Sequences of Generalized Van der Laan and Generalized Perrin Polynomials  [PDF]
Kenan Kaygisiz,Adem Sahin
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we present k sequences of Generalized Van der Laan Polynomials and Generalized Perrin Polynomials using Genaralized Fibonacci and Lucas Polynomials. We give some properties of these polynomials. We also obtain generalized order-k Van der Laan Numbers, k sequences of generalized order-k Van der Laan Numbers, generalized order-k Perrin Numbers and k sequences of generalized order-k Perrin Numbers. In addition, we examine the relationship between them.
On trivial zeros of Perrin-Riou's $L$-functions  [PDF]
Denis Benois
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: In the previous paper we generalized Greenberg's construction of the $\Cal L$-invariant to semistable representations. Here we prove that this construction is compatible with Perrin-Riou's theory of $p$-adic $L$-functions
Bibliographie des travaux de Jo l Perrin  [cached]
Pierre Curie,Renaud Benoit-Cattin,Catherine Dubo?-Lahonde,Fran?ois Le B?uf
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.1113
Abstract: Figure 1Jo l Perrin en Aquitaine Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1969-1970Avec C. Dubo -Lahonde. Reliquaires et croix de procession du Béarn, cat. exp. Pau : Musée national du chateau, 6 avril-5 mai 1977 (multigr.)Dessins de Jean et Joseph Richier. Leur participation à l’atelier de Pierre 1er Biard. Bulletin de la Société de l’Histoire de l’Art fran ais - 1976. Paris : De Nobele, 1978, p. 37-47.Lembeye. Développement et morphologie d'une ville fortifiée (XIIIe-XVIIIe siècles). Revue de Pau et du ...
Three discussions of the paper "sequential quasi-Monte Carlo sampling", by M. Gerber and N. Chopin  [PDF]
Julyan Arbel,Igor Prunster,Christian P. Robert,Robin J. Ryder
Statistics , 2015, DOI: 10.1111/rssb.12104
Abstract: This is a collection of three written discussions of the paper "sequential quasi-Monte Carlo sampling" by M. Gerber and N. Chopin, following the presentation given before the Royal Statistical Society in London on December 10th, 2014.
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