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The production of ecologically clean drinking water on marine vessels with the help of nanotechnologies
Braznovsky V.
Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University , 2013,
Abstract: This article considers the production of ecologically clean high-quality drinking water at the molecular level with the help of hanotechnologies on marine vessels.
In search of the quickest way to disseminate health care innovations
Guus Schrijvers,Nico Oudendijk,Pety deVries
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2003,
Abstract: Research Question: Innovations in health care are slowly disseminated in The Netherlands and elsewhere. That's why the researchers defined their research question: What is the quickest way of disseminating health care innovations? Research method: The design was a comparative, qualitative case study. The researchers invited a group of 52 authors to describe their 21 health care innovations. All case descriptions were published in a book of 261 pages [2]. Results: Six types of innovations were distinguished. Most innovations simultaneously improved quality from the patient's point of view (18 out of 21 cases), professional pride (18/21) and speed of introduction (16/21). Clinical outcomes were better or comparable in 13 of the 21 cases. Brainstorm sessions took place with the innovators and the 22 experts on the quickest way to disseminate the innovations more widely in The Netherlands. These sessions looked for the critical success factors for the dissemination of the 21 projects and identified nine. The following factors were identified: 1. A clear distribution of responsibilities between professionals within the innovation (20/21) 2. Enough educational programs about the innovations for the professionals (18/21) 3. Adequate ICT support for the running of the innovations (15/21) 4. Suitable publicity for the innovations (12/21) 5. An adequate payment system for innovative care providers (7/21) 6. The right size of catchment's area for the innovations (6/21) 7. Enough professional freedom to adopt the innovation (5/21) 8. Fast managerial and public decision-making about the adoption of the innovation (3/21) 9. The embedding of the innovations in quality management assurance policy (1/21). Discussion: The results of the study had some influence on the political health agenda in The Netherlands, leading to greater emphasis on innovations and quality of care.
The Competitiveness of Agricultural Foreign Trade Commodities of the CR Assessed by Way of the Lafay Index
J. Burianova?, A. Belova
AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics , 2012,
Abstract: The article deals with agricultural foreign trade of the Czech Republic in the period of 2008 – 2011. For the whole sector structure of agricultural production – 24 aggregations of commodities structured according to chapters of food goods - it attempts to ascertain how the individual commodities are faring on the foreign market. It presents several tools for the assessment of competitiveness. Primarily, this includes the Balassa auxiliary RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) index, and the Lafay index. The last, most comprehensive criterion was utilized – the Lafay index. For the years in question, attention is first given to the overall development of agricultural foreign trade (AFT), the value of export and import is summarized, and the balance and turnover is calculated. The territorial structure is shown, total export is studied, as well as export into the EU 27 countries, into the three countries that are the biggest trading partners (Germany, Slovakia, Poland) and into third countries. For the last year, 2011, the results for the aggregations of commodities that show up on the given market are processed into clear tables, with the order of the first five aggregations of commodities being shown. The results for the year 2008 are set out briefly, and changes in the structure that occurred within the past four years are discussed.The article was prepared as part of the Research Project MSM 6046070906 “Economics of Resources of Czech Agriculture and Their Effective Utilization within Multifunctional Agricultural-Food Systems”.
The Clean Way to Identify a Scalar Glueball  [PDF]
Wei Wang,Yue-Long Shen,Cai-Dian Lu
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The existence of a glueball has been a tough work for many years study. Utilizing the well developed QCD theory for $B$ meson decays, we propose a new way to identify whether a scalar glueball existed or not. In the presence of mixing between glueballs and ordinary scalar mesons, we explore the possibility to extract the mixing parameters from semileptonic B decays and nonleptonic B decays. We also point out a clean way to identify a glueball through $B_c$ decays.
Formation of the Paradigm of Ecologically Responsible Consumption Формирование парадигмы экологически ответственного потребления  [PDF]
Saprykina Lyudmila N.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article considers a necessity of restructuring of subjects of trading activity, identifies a paradigm of ecologically responsible consumption on the basis of strengthening of the state imperative of ecologically responsible development of trade, analyses economic mechanisms of restructuring of trade companies and studies the structure of ecological capital of subjects of trading activity. В статье рассмотрена необходимость реструктуризации субъектов торговой деятельности, определена парадигма экологически-ответственного потребления на основе усиления общегосударственного императива экологически-ответственного развития торговли, проанализированы экономические механизмы реструктуризации предприятий торговли, исследована структура экологического капитала субъектов торговой деятельности.
Financialization of commodities
Micha? Falkowski
Contemporary Economics , 2011, DOI: 10.5709/ce.1897-9254.24
Abstract: The basic theory of price formation tells us how the price of a particular asset will change based on the adjustment to its supply and demand. However, values of assets are also determined by other business fundamentals, company’s and world events, human psychology, and investors’ belief about the possible future profit. In recent history that lead to an increase of individual and institutional investors’ interest in allocating their resources in commodity markets. With a large inflow of capital commodities’ prices started to rise making them attractive components to effective investment portfolios. The presented paper addresses the issue of so called commodities ‘financialization’ process. It looks at the main factors standing behind commodities’ price movements and to what extent financial market participants contributed to commodities price volatility in recent years. Based on the data examined it distinguishes the involvement of both commercial and non-commercial traders in short and long term periods of time. As well as explaining the impact of growing investors’ interest in commodity markets it defines other market forces - like currency appreciations and emerging markets - as being part of increased volatility in raw and soft commodity markets. Along with market examination the paper focuses on possible future outcomes in attempts to regulate commodities derivatives markets and potential effects of those efforts.
Effect of ecologically-based weed management strategies on weed community and diversity in hilly tea plantations
两种生态控草措施对丘陵茶园杂草群落及物种多样性的影响

XIANG Zuo-Xiang,SHAN Wu-Xiong,HE Qiu-Hong,XIAO Run-Lin,XU Hua-Qin,CHEN Pei,CHENG Xiao,
向佐湘
,单武雄,何秋虹,肖润林,徐华勤,陈 佩,程 孝

中国生态农业学报 , 2009,
Abstract: Ecologically controlling weeds does not only reduce consumption of soil water and nutrient, but also avoid or reduce application of chemical herbicides. Two ecologically-based weed management strategies based on pre-evaluation and competition of niche, straw mulching and white clover intercropping, were conducted in hilly tea plantations in 2005 and 2006, with clean tillage as the CK. Characteristics of weed community, including weed abundance, dominance, evenness, biomass and mean height were investigated via multi-sampling in small plot and the effects of two ecologically-based weed management strategies were compared with the clean tillage. About 16 families and 31 species of weeds are identified in the study. In April, the dominant weed species are those growing slowing with low biomass and lower than 30 cm. In July and September, the abundance (Pi) of malignant weed in CK respectively reaches 0.788 and 0.759, while that in straw mulching treatment is respectively 0.256 and 0.420, and a lower malignant weed occurrence frequency is found in white clover intercropping treatment with Pi<0.050. Weed richness, species diversity and evenness under straw mulching treatment are all higher than those under CK, though the dominant concentration index is lower than that of CK in spring, summer and autumn. Total number, biomass in spring, summer and autumn, and mean weed height in summer and autumn under white clover intercropping treatment are lower than those under the control. The two ecologically-based treatments have a favorable effect on weed control than the clean tillage. It therefore implies that white clover intercropping and straw mulching are effective ecological weed control measures.
Marketing of innovations and ecological branding: analysis of connection
S.M. Makhnusha,N.E. Kosolap
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2011,
Abstract: In this article the authors analyze the content, particularities and contemporary state of ecological branding and define and find out connection between marketing of innovations and ecological branding.
Disciplining Innovations  [cached]
Nick Mansfield,Nicole Matthews
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: The editors of the 'Disciplining Innovations' issue introduce the theme.
The Role of Rangelands in Diversified Farming Systems: Innovations, Obstacles, and Opportunities in the USA
Nathan F. Sayre,Liz Carlisle,Lynn Huntsinger,Gareth Fisher
Ecology and Society , 2012, DOI: 10.5751/es-04790-170443
Abstract: Discussions of diversified farming systems (DFS) rarely mention rangelands: the grasslands, shrublands, and savannas that make up roughly one-third of Earth's ice-free terrestrial area, including some 312 million ha of the United States. Although ranching has been criticized by environmentalists for decades, it is probably the most ecologically sustainable segment of the U.S. meat industry, and it exemplifies many of the defining characteristics of DFS: it relies on the functional diversity of natural ecological processes of plant and animal (re)production at multiple scales, based on ecosystem services generated and regenerated on site rather than imported, often nonrenewable, inputs. Rangelands also provide other ecosystem services, including watershed, wildlife habitat, recreation, and tourism. Even where non-native or invasive plants have encroached on or replaced native species, rangelands retain unusually high levels of plant diversity compared with croplands or plantation forests. Innovations in management, marketing, incentives, and easement programs that augment ranch income, creative land tenure arrangements, and collaborations among ranchers all support diversification. Some obstacles include rapid landownership turnover, lack of accessible U.S. Department of Agriculture certified processing facilities, tenure uncertainty, fragmentation of rangelands, and low and variable income, especially relative to land costs. Taking advantage of rancher knowledge and stewardship, and aligning incentives with production of diverse goods and services, will support the sustainability of ranching and its associated public benefits. The creation of positive feedbacks between economic and ecological diversity should be the ultimate goal.
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