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Potencial medicinal del género Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) y de la especie Sapindus saponaria L.
Abreu Guirado,Orlando A;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: the etnomedical information and the tested biological activities of the genus sapindus (sapindaceae) and of the species that grows in cuba, s. saponaria l. , published in the available literature and included in the napralert, native american ethnobotany and phytochemical & ethnobotanical database, are exposed. 55 traditional uses and 29 different biological effects of the genus have been reported, whereas of s. saponaria , commonly known as “jaboncillo”, 32 and 14 have been found, respectively. this species is acknowledged the greatest amount of traditional applications and as s. trifoliatu , it presents the higest number of biological tests. several of the uses referred in cuba for the species of the genus sapindus coincide with those in other latitudes. it is stressed the use of different parts of the trees or bushes of these species in other cultures, mainly for health problems in the gynecoobstetric field, such as an abortive, delivery inducer and in the treatment of uterine pain. it is also used as an emetic, in the treatment of hysteria., antifebrile, piscicide and molluscacide , among others. in one way or another, various traditional uses have been confirmed by laboratory tests, which demonstrate the validity of the traditional knowledge of the peoples as a criterion for studying the medicinal plants.
Diversity of foliar endophytic fungi from the medicinal plant Sapindus saponaria L . and their localization by scanning electron microscopy  [cached]
Adriana García,Sandro A Rhoden,Celso J Rubin Filho,Celso V Nakamura
Biological Research , 2012,
Abstract: Endophytic fungi inhabit vegetable tissues or organs, without causing them any harm. Endophytes can co-evolve with plant hosts and possess species-specific interactions. They can protect the plant from insect attacks and diseases, and are also able to produce substances of biotechnological interest. In folk medicine, the bark, roots and fruits of Sapindus saponaria is used to produce substances with anxiolytic, astringent, diuretic and expectorant properties, as well as tonics, blood depuratives and cough medicine. This study evaluated the diversity of endophytic fungi present in the leaves of S. saponaria L. and observed the colonization of host plants by endophytes, using light and scanning electron microscopy. We verified that these fungi are found in intercellular and intracellular spaces. The genera of some isolates of S. saponaria were identified mainly by sequencing of ITS region of rDNA and, when possible, also by their microscopic features, as follows: Cochliobolus, Alternaria, Curvularia, Phomopsis, Diaporthe and Phoma. Phylogenetic analysis showed the existence of genetic variability of the genera Phomopsis and Diaporthe and interspecific variation among the Curvularia, Alternaria and Phoma, belonging to family Pleosporaceae.
Antifungal activity of the extracts and saponins from Sapindus saponaria L.
Tsuzuki, Joyce K.;Svidzinski, Terezinha I.E.;Shinobu, Cristiane S.;Silva, Luiz F.A.;Rodrigues-Filho, Edson;Cortez, Diógenes A.G.;Ferreira, Izabel C.P.;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652007000400002
Abstract: extracts from the dried pericarp of sapindus saponaria l. (sapindaceae) fruits were investigated for their antifungal activity against clinical isolates of yeasts candida albicans and c. non-albicans from vaginal secretions of women with vulvovaginal candidiasis. four clinical isolates of c. albicans, a single clinical isolated of each of the species c. parapsilosis, c. glabrata, c. tropicalis, and the strain of c. albicans atcc 90028 were used. the hydroalcoholic extract was bioactivity-directed against a clinical isolate of c. parapsilosis, and showed strong activity. the n-buoh extract and one fraction showed strong activity against all isolates tested. further column-chromatography on silica gel separation of this fraction afforded two pure triterpene acetylated saponins: 3-o-(4-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-lrhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin (1) and 3-o-(3,4-di-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabynopyranosyl-hederagenin (2). the structures of the compounds were based on spectral data (1h and 13c nmr, hsqc, hmbc and ms), and on with literature. the saponins isolated showed strong activity against c. parapsilosis.
Actividad espermicida y citotóxica del extracto de Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo) Evaluation of the spermicidal and cytotoxic activity of extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo)
Luisa Ospina Medina,ángela álvarez Gómez,Víctor Arango Valencia,ángela Cadavid Jaramillo
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: los espermicidas están entre los métodos anticonceptivos que pueden inmovilizar o matar los espermatozoides. Objetivo: evaluar la actividad espermicida y citotóxica de los extractos de Sapindus saponaria L., conocida como jaboncillo, sobre espermatozoides humanos y la línea celular HeLa, respectivamente. Métodos: las muestras de semen donadas por individuos sanos se incubaron con los extractos de Sapindus saponaria L. y sus respectivas fracciones. La movilidad y la viabilidad espermática se evaluó antes y después de cada tratamiento. Adicionalmente, el efecto citotóxico del extracto se valoró sobre la línea celular HeLa mediante el ensayo 3-(4,5 dimetiltiazol-2-il)-5-(3-carboximetoxifenil)-2-(4-sulfofenil)-2H-tetrazolio (MTS). Resultados: el máximo efecto espermicida se observó cuando las muestras de semen se incubaron con la fracción polar del extracto de hojas de Sapindus saponaria L., luego de 5 min de tratamiento (p< 0,05). No se encontró efecto citotóxico en la línea celular HeLa luego de 6 y 12 h de tratamiento con la fracción polar del extracto de hojas. Conclusión: el extracto de Sapindus saponaria L. puede ser una nueva opción como espermicida con menos efectos adversos. Introduction: spermicides are contraceptive methods aimed at either immobilizing or killing spermatozoa. Objective: evaluate the spermicidal and cytotoxic activity of extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo) on human spermatozoa and the HeLa cell line, respectively. Methods: semen samples from healthy individuals were incubated with extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. and their fractions. Sperm motility and viability were measured before and after each treatment. Additionally, the cytotoxic effect of the extract on the HeLa cell line was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy methoxy phenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium MTS assay. Results: maximum spermicidal effect was observed when semen samples were incubated with the polar fraction of Sapindus saponaria L. leaf extract after 5 minutes of treatment (p< 0.05). No cytotoxic effect on the HeLa cell line was found after 6 and 12 hours of treatment with the polar fraction of the leaf extract. Conclusion: the extract of Sapindus saponaria L. may be a new spermicidal option with fewer adverse effects.
Larvicidal potencial of Sapindus saponaria (Sapindaceae) against Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae)
Fernandes, F.F.;Leles, R.N.;Silva, I.G.;Freitas, E.P.S.;
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352007000100024
Abstract: the larvicidal potential of the crude ethanolic extracts (cee) of the stem peel of sapindus saponaria was evaluated against rhipicephalus sanguineus. lethal concentrations (lc), were calculated by preparing cee solutions at different concentrations in distilled water. larvae fasted for 14-21 days were utilized in the bioassays, after incubation of engorged females collected from infested environments frequented by dogs in several neighborhoods of goiania, go. bioassays were performed in a specially constructed biological chamber for testing botanical acaricides, acclimatized to 27±1oc, rh>80%. the larvae were counted on filter paper envelopes impregnated with the solutions or distilled water and larval mortality observed after 48h. s. saponaria showed good larvicidal activity (lc50 and lc99 of 1994 and 3922ppm, respectively) and the results demonstrated its potential as a botanical acaricide and an alternative control measure for r. sanguineus.
Allelopathic potential of Sapindus saponaria L. leaves in the control of weeds
Grisi, Patrícia Umeda;Ranal, Marli Aparecida;Gualtieri, S?nia Cristina Juliano;Santana, Denise Garcia;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2012, DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v34i1.11598
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of aqueous extracts of young and mature leaves from sapindus saponaria on diaspore germination and seedling growth of barnyardgrass (echinochloa crus-galli) and morningglory (ipomoea grandifolia). the aqueous extract was prepared in a proportion of 100 g of dried, ground leaves dissolved in 1000 ml of distilled water, resulting in a 10% extract concentrate. dilutions of this concentrate were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0 and 2.5%. in seedling growth tests, we compared the effect of these extracts with the herbicide nicosulfuron. both extracts of mature and young leaves caused delays and reductions in diaspore germination and seedling length of barnyardgrass and morningglory, with the most intense effects observed at a concentration of 10%. the effects of the young leaf extract were more similar to those observed with the herbicide, demonstrating that leaf maturation stage of s. saponaria affects its inhibitory effects on the growth of other plants and that this species is effective in controlling weeds.
Sánchez Buitrago,José Alejandro; Silva Herrera,Luis Jairo;
Colombia Forestal , 2008,
Abstract: a silvicultural study of sapindus saponaria l. was carried out including sexual and asexual propagation tests, provenance test, phenological surveillance, and quantification of fruits production. the sexual propagation test was carried out using five source localities, being the best those seeds from santa cruz (bolivia). the asexual propagation test had a negative result because the cuttings did not root, making it necessary to try different methods for asexual reproduction. the seedlings obtained from the sexual propagation test were used to establish a plantation in otanche (boyacá) in order to evaluate growth and mortality. after five months, the highest growth was found in those seeds from santa cruz (bolivia). however, this result was not significant from a statistical point of view. the best results regarding mortality came from the seeds from viotá (cundinamarca), while those from palmira (valle) showed the highest levels of mortality. fruit production was measured and related to the dbh and the canopy wide. flowering and fruiting periods as well as the harvest season of the fruits in viotá (cundinamarca) were established. some methods for fruit harvesting and planting of the species are proposed.
Germina??o e vigor de sementes de Sapindus saponaria L. submetidas a tratamentos pré-germinativos, temperaturas e substratos
Oliveira, Lucicléia Mendes de;Bruno, Riselane de Lucena Alcantara;Silva, Katiane da Rosa Gomes da;Silva, Valério Damásio da Mota;Ferarri, Cibele dos Santos;Silva, Givanildo Zildo da;
Ciência Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782012000400010
Abstract: sapindus saponaria l. is a large tree distributed especially in the amazon region is of great importance for the reforestation of degraded areas, construction and manufacture of toys. the aim of this study was to test pre-germination treatments to overcome dormancy and to evaluate the effect of temperature and substrate on seed germination of s. saponaria. the experiment was conducted in a protected ambient and the seed analysis laboratory (sal), universidade federal da paraíba. two tests were developed, and tested first in the following treatments: seeds immersion in sulfuric acid (h2so4) for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes, analyzing the variables: emergence and emergence speed index, length and dry mass of seedlings. in the second test, was evaluated the effect of temperatures (25, 20-30, 30 and 35°c) and substrates (sand, vermiculite and coconut dust) on the germination and seed vigor. from the results it appears that the immersion of seeds of s. saponaria in sulfuric acid for 60 minutes is sufficient to overcome dormancy accelerating and standardizing the seedling emergency. the best conditions for testing germination using constant temperature of 30°c or alternating 20-30°c in vermiculite or only 30°c combined with the sand.
Hernandez-Jaramillo,Alma; Patricia Pinzón,Olga; Parrado-Rosselli,ángela;
Colombia Forestal , 2012,
Abstract: seed predation has been considered as a selective process that decreases reproductive fitness of plant species. fruits and seeds of sapindus saponaria collected in anolaima town, between 2009 and 2010 were used to characterize predation of leptostylus gibbulosus (cerambycidae) and its effects on germination based on the relation within incidence and severity attack and size of fruit and seeds. results show that l. gibbulosus affected 25 % of seed under study and considerably reduced germination and reproductive fitness of predated seeds, principally in large seeds. the association between l. gibbulosus and s. saponaria seeds is registered for the first time in colombia.
Flechas C.,Henry A.; Aragón D.,Camilo; Morales,Nelly B.; Jiménez G.,P. John A.;
Colombia Forestal , 2009,
Abstract: this research included the chemical and phytochemical studies and the industrial scaling in pilot plant of three products of sapindus saponaria, commonly known as jaboncillo, michu. this work is part of an interdisciplinary research project aimed at the exploitation and commercialization of its harvested products: oil, gum, and triterpenoidal sapogenins. these three products were obtained through physical and chemical processes both in laboratory (phase 1) and in the industrial scaling stage (phase 2). during the laboratory stage different methods of extraction and purification were studied and assessed, along with the corresponding methods of chemical analysis for the three origins (palmira, valle; viotá, cundinamarca, and santa maría, huila). based on laboratory studies, extraction and purification processes were designed in a pilot plant supplied by the quinacol ltda. company, whose business is the production, research and development of products for the phytopharmaceutical industry. developed products were characterized by methods of instrumental analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance (1h nmr and 13c), flame ionization detector gas chromatography (gc), infrared spectroscopy (ir) and specific chemical analysis techniques designed for these products. the mature fruit of santa maría presented increased performance of oil and rubber; as well as the green fruit of viotá, in a substance called ss1, possibly hederagenina. of the products obtained in the pilot phase, oil presented a high percentage of unsaturated fatty acids and rubber showed a high thickening capacity in aqueous solutions. oil and rubber could be marketed from this species' fruit, because its composition and characteristics, as well as its performance, meets the main parameters of marketing, for which studies on industrial perfectibility are needed.
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