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Romanian Migrants in the British Press: a Post-EU Accession Analysis
Irina Diana MADROANE
Revista Roman? de Comunicare ?i Rela?ii Publice , 2012,
Abstract: The paper examines the construction of public knowledge about Romanian migrants in a selected corpus of press articles from the year 2011, within a new social and political context, differentfrom the pre-European Union accession circumstances. This context is defined primarily by the proliferation of transnational networks in the European Union and worldwide, the constant presence of Romanian migrants in British society, and the shift in policy orientation occasioned by the replacement of the New Labour Government withthe new Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition. The research questions take into consideration three main aspects that impinge upon the media construction of migrants and the problematization of migration issues: the choice between the national and the transnational angle in the representation of migrants; the use of expert or/and lay sources of knowledge; the potential impact of the newspapers' ideological commitments upon their framing of migration topics. The research objectives are twofold: an exploratory survey of themes and patterns around Romanian migrants (content analysis), followed by a micro- and macro-discursive analysis of social actor/action representation. The findings indicate that, with some exceptions, the British mainstream press continues to abide by a top-down, national(ist), expert and elite knowledge-based approach toRomanian migrants, construed as abstract problems to be tackled at policy level, through the means and in view of the goals proposed by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition.
The Costs and Promise of Turkish Accession to the EU  [PDF]
Giacomo Luciani
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2006,
Abstract: Currently, the EU as a whole finds itself in an economic context in which growth is not very stimulating, although the differences by country are significant, principally between the new and old Member States. From this perspective, the author offers an economic analysis of the costs, and opportunities, of Turkey’s accession to the communityfamily, both for that country and for the EU.
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION. GAINS AND LOSSES (II)  [PDF]
Caba Stefan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This paper is a continuation of "Romania's EU accession. Gains and losses (I)" where we have been presented statistics on Romania's trade with major trading partners to whom, before, or after EU accession, the legal status has changed. In this paper we try to identify the benefits and costs of accession to the EU in terms of trade. In the first part we analyze the dynamics of trade with new partners, resulting from the accession. The last part is devoted to conclusions. The main idea that emerges from this work is that, unfortunately, Romania governors, did not know to take advantage of the opening to the biggest economic market although the financial and institutional support offered by the EU.
The Negotiations on Turkey’s Accession to the EU: The Negotiating Framework
Martin Harvey
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2006,
Abstract: The framework for carrying out negotiations on the accession of Turkey to the EU are defined in a document, the Negotiating Framework, agreed upon by the EU and Turkey on 3 October 2005. This article analyses the general lines of this document, which brings together the principles, substance and procedures of the accession negotiations, taking as its point of departure the widely accepted idea that this framework is more rigorous than those established for other countries that have previously travelled the road to accession to the EU.
THE PROCESS OF ACCESSION TO THE EU - THE CASE OF ROMANIA
Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: This paper is the edited version of the speech given by Mr Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli at the European Institute of Romania on April 12, 2002. In his speech, Mr. Pasquarelli analyzes Romania’s situation in the larger context of the EU enlargement. The main argument throughout the speech is that accession is not about negotiations and transposition of the legislation, but it is about preparations at home. The lack of proper implementation and enforcement of EU conform legislation may result in a paper-only exercise which will further weaken the administrative capacity, resulting in the end in the inability of the Romanian economy to withstand competition in the Single Market. Romania still has to make progress in a number of areas such as civil service reform, independence of judiciary, corruption, environment, and economic reform, including agriculture. Positive developments can be noticed as well, such as a greater civic and democratic maturity of the Romanian society, and progress towards macroeconomic stability.
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION. GAINS AND LOSSES (I)  [PDF]
Caba Stefan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: EU accession has brought, as expected, many changes in economic, social and cultural domains. An important chapter is the trade dynamics and how this dynamic has been modified over time by changes in the legal status of Romania's relations with certain trading partners. In this paper we present data on trade with countries with which Romania has concluded trade agreements before accession. Data presentation and analysis continues in "Romania's EU accession. Gains and losses (II)".
THE ROMANIAN BANKING COMPETITION AND THE ACCESSION TO EU  [PDF]
Bogdan Capraru
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: In this study we try to assess banking competition in the Romania for 2001 – 2008, taking into account the evolution of market share of the top five, Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), performances indicators like ROA and ROE and evolutions of deposit and loans rates. We observed that the competition in the Romanian banking system increases continuously in the last years. The main factors which have influenced this process were: the privatization of the majority of state capital banks and the perspective of accession of our country in the EU. In the period assessed, there are two approaches: in the first period banks have had very good performances due to their market share in a low competitive banking environment and after the privatization of some state capital banks, the leader of the market lost market share in the favor of other bank with greater performances.
Has accession to the EU affected business cycles?  [PDF]
Panagiotis EVANGELOPOULOS,Dimitrios DAPONTAS
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2013,
Abstract: This paper undertakes to explain the relationship between EU accession and the length of business cycles, focusing specifically on whether participation in a multinational organization has, or has not, altered the length of the cycle. Employing a sample of nine EU countries (Austria, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK) we focused initially on annual data for per capita growth in GDP over a period of 59 years (1950-2008). For each country the sample was divided into two parts, one covering the period preceding accession to the EU and one is covering the accession year and succeeding years. Then, eliminating the background noise with the use of a periodogram, we proceeded to examine their spectral density plots. The results indicated that in the first years following accession, the countries tended to experience shorter cycles than they had previously. In the second phase the cycles were of the same duration as previous cycles. Finally, after a period of some years, the length of the cycles increased, as suggested by the J-shaped curve. This J-shaped growth curve applies for the countries that have joined the EU, strongly suggesting a causal relationship between accession to the EU and these specific characterristics of the curve. We cross-checked with a set of four non-EU member countries (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey) and found no change in the length of the business cycle in these countries.
Bulgarian strengths and weaknesses on the verge of the EU accession  [PDF]
Angelov Ivan
Economic Annals , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/eka0775101a
Abstract: The article argues for the necessity of catch-up economic development in Bulgaria over the next years and decades. Characteristics of normal and accelerated catch-up development and their driving forces are given. 15 strengths on the verge of the EU accession, along with more than 40 weaknesses are identified and briefly characterized in economic terms. Some suggestions for future policies regarding most of the weaknesses are made. The article demonstrates that the weaknesses of the Bulgarian economy have been accumulated for many decades and that it is not dully prepared for proper EU accession. However, the article supports the accession and proves that there is no alternative to the EU accession and the catch-up development. Unrolling the two processes in parallel corresponds in the best way to Bulgarian vital national interests.
IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ACCESSION COUNTRIES OF THE REJECTION OF THE EU CONSTITUTION
Georges de Menil
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2005,
Abstract: The rejection of the EU Constitutional Treaty by the French and Dutch electorates has profound implications for the European Union, its existing members and its accession candidates. The two referenda indicate that public opinion in Western Europe is more wary of deeper European integration and more anxious about enlargement than had seemed the case in the euphoria of May, 2004. The leaders of the existing Union are, therefore, likely to proceed more cautiously on both fronts. In some cases, accession will be postponed, in many the doors to immigrant workers will be partially closed, in all, structural funds in support of accession risk being reduced.
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