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INVESTIGACIóN Y DESARROLLO DE TRES PRODUCTOS DEL JABONCILLO (Sapindus saponaria L.) COMO BASE PARA SU INDUSTRIALIZACIóN
Flechas C.,Henry A.; Aragón D.,Camilo; Morales,Nelly B.; Jiménez G.,P. John A.;
Colombia Forestal , 2009,
Abstract: this research included the chemical and phytochemical studies and the industrial scaling in pilot plant of three products of sapindus saponaria, commonly known as jaboncillo, michu. this work is part of an interdisciplinary research project aimed at the exploitation and commercialization of its harvested products: oil, gum, and triterpenoidal sapogenins. these three products were obtained through physical and chemical processes both in laboratory (phase 1) and in the industrial scaling stage (phase 2). during the laboratory stage different methods of extraction and purification were studied and assessed, along with the corresponding methods of chemical analysis for the three origins (palmira, valle; viotá, cundinamarca, and santa maría, huila). based on laboratory studies, extraction and purification processes were designed in a pilot plant supplied by the quinacol ltda. company, whose business is the production, research and development of products for the phytopharmaceutical industry. developed products were characterized by methods of instrumental analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance (1h nmr and 13c), flame ionization detector gas chromatography (gc), infrared spectroscopy (ir) and specific chemical analysis techniques designed for these products. the mature fruit of santa maría presented increased performance of oil and rubber; as well as the green fruit of viotá, in a substance called ss1, possibly hederagenina. of the products obtained in the pilot phase, oil presented a high percentage of unsaturated fatty acids and rubber showed a high thickening capacity in aqueous solutions. oil and rubber could be marketed from this species' fruit, because its composition and characteristics, as well as its performance, meets the main parameters of marketing, for which studies on industrial perfectibility are needed.
ESTUDIO SILVICULTURAL DE LA ESPECIE Sapindus saponaria L. (JABONCILLO) COMO BASE PARA SU APROVECHAMIENTO SILVOINDUSTRIAL
Sánchez Buitrago,José Alejandro; Silva Herrera,Luis Jairo;
Colombia Forestal , 2008,
Abstract: a silvicultural study of sapindus saponaria l. was carried out including sexual and asexual propagation tests, provenance test, phenological surveillance, and quantification of fruits production. the sexual propagation test was carried out using five source localities, being the best those seeds from santa cruz (bolivia). the asexual propagation test had a negative result because the cuttings did not root, making it necessary to try different methods for asexual reproduction. the seedlings obtained from the sexual propagation test were used to establish a plantation in otanche (boyacá) in order to evaluate growth and mortality. after five months, the highest growth was found in those seeds from santa cruz (bolivia). however, this result was not significant from a statistical point of view. the best results regarding mortality came from the seeds from viotá (cundinamarca), while those from palmira (valle) showed the highest levels of mortality. fruit production was measured and related to the dbh and the canopy wide. flowering and fruiting periods as well as the harvest season of the fruits in viotá (cundinamarca) were established. some methods for fruit harvesting and planting of the species are proposed.
Potencial medicinal del género Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) y de la especie Sapindus saponaria L.
Abreu Guirado,Orlando A;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: the etnomedical information and the tested biological activities of the genus sapindus (sapindaceae) and of the species that grows in cuba, s. saponaria l. , published in the available literature and included in the napralert, native american ethnobotany and phytochemical & ethnobotanical database, are exposed. 55 traditional uses and 29 different biological effects of the genus have been reported, whereas of s. saponaria , commonly known as “jaboncillo”, 32 and 14 have been found, respectively. this species is acknowledged the greatest amount of traditional applications and as s. trifoliatu , it presents the higest number of biological tests. several of the uses referred in cuba for the species of the genus sapindus coincide with those in other latitudes. it is stressed the use of different parts of the trees or bushes of these species in other cultures, mainly for health problems in the gynecoobstetric field, such as an abortive, delivery inducer and in the treatment of uterine pain. it is also used as an emetic, in the treatment of hysteria., antifebrile, piscicide and molluscacide , among others. in one way or another, various traditional uses have been confirmed by laboratory tests, which demonstrate the validity of the traditional knowledge of the peoples as a criterion for studying the medicinal plants.
Potencial medicinal del género Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) y de la especie Sapindus saponaria L. Medicinal potential of the genus Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) and of the Sapindus saponaria L. species
Orlando A Abreu Guirado
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: Se expone la información etnomédica y actividades biológicas comprobadas del género Sapindus (Sapindaceae) y de la especie que crece en Cuba, Sapindus saponaria L., publicada en la literatura disponible e incluida en las bases de datos: NAPRALERT, Native American Ethnobotany y Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Database. Del género se han informado 55 usos tradicionales y 29 efectos biológicos diferentes, mientras que de S. saponaria, conocida comúnmente como “jaboncillo”, se encontraron 32 y 14, respectivamente. A esta especie es a la que se le reconoce un mayor número de aplicaciones tradicionales y al igual que S. trifoliatu, presenta el mayor número de ensayos biológicos realizados. Varios de los usos referidos en Cuba para las especies del género Sapindus coinciden con los de otras latitudes. Se destaca el empleo de diferentes partes de los árboles o arbustos de estas especies en otras culturas, fundamentalmente en problemas de salud que competen a la Ginecobstetricia, como son: su uso como abortivo, inductor del parto y en el tratamiento del dolor uterino; también se ha informado su utilidad como emético, en el tratamiento de la histeria, como antifebrífugo, piscida y molusquicida, entre otros. De una forma u otra, varios empleos tradicionales se han corroborado mediante ensayos de laboratorio; lo que demuestra la validez del conocimiento tradicional de los pueblos como criterio para el estudio de las plantas medicinales. The etnomedical information and the tested biological activities of the genus Sapindus (Sapindaceae) and of the species that grows in Cuba, S. saponaria L. , published in the available literature and included in the NAPRALERT, Native American Ethnobotany and Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Database, are exposed. 55 traditional uses and 29 different biological effects of the genus have been reported, whereas of S. saponaria , commonly known as “jaboncillo”, 32 and 14 have been found, respectively. This species is acknowledged the greatest amount of traditional applications and as S. trifoliatu , it presents the higest number of biological tests. Several of the uses referred in Cuba for the species of the genus Sapindus coincide with those in other latitudes. It is stressed the use of different parts of the trees or bushes of these species in other cultures, mainly for health problems in the gynecoobstetric field, such as an abortive, delivery inducer and in the treatment of uterine pain. It is also used as an emetic, in the treatment of hysteria., antifebrile, piscicide and molluscacide , among others. In one way or another, various tr
Effect of the aqueous extracts of the seeds of Talisia esculenta and Sapindus saponaria on fall armyworm
Santos, Wander Laizo dos;Freire, Maria das Gra?as M.;Bogorni, Paulo Cesar;Vendramim, José Djair;Macedo, Maria Lígia R.;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132008000200018
Abstract: the effect of aqueous extracts of talisia esculenta (t.e.) and sapindus saponaria (s.s.), were evaluated on the development and mortality of 8-14th day-life spodoptera frugiperda, an important pest of maize. corn leaves were dipped in the aqueous extracts (1% w/v) and offered as food to the caterpillars. the treated corn leaves with the extracts caused larval mortality (26.71%/t.e.; 63.3%/s.s.) and also showed effect on the larval weight (237.50 mg/t.e.; 86.65 mg/s.s.) when compared with the control (11.3% and 293.45 mg), mortality and larval weight, respectively. the electrophoresis with gelatin (0.1%) showed two very clear white areas (trypsin activity) in the caterpillars midgut of all the treatments. only the caterpillar treated with s. saponaria presented significant differences, showing trypsin activity (10.59%). sapindus saponaria appeared better than talisia esculenta and showed good potential to be used as control agent for s. frugiperda.
Larvicidal potential of Sapindus saponaria to control the cattle tick Boophilus microplus
Fernandes, Fernando de Freitas;Freitas, Edméia de Paula e Souza;Costa, Anna Carolina da;Silva, Ionizete Garcia da;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2005001200013
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the larvicidal potential of a crude ethanol extract (cee) of soapberry sapindus saponaria stem peel on the cattle tick boophilus microplus. tick larvae obtained by incubating engorged females, collected from naturally infested cattle, were placed in envelopes of filter paper impregnated with different concentrations of cee in the test group, and distilled water in the control group. four repetitions were made with each solution (n>120). mortality was observed after 48 hours. lethal concentration values of 1,258 ppm (lc50) and 6,360 ppm (lc99) were obtained.
Allelopathic potential of Sapindus saponaria L. leaves in the control of weeds
Grisi, Patrícia Umeda;Ranal, Marli Aparecida;Gualtieri, S?nia Cristina Juliano;Santana, Denise Garcia;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2012, DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v34i1.11598
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of aqueous extracts of young and mature leaves from sapindus saponaria on diaspore germination and seedling growth of barnyardgrass (echinochloa crus-galli) and morningglory (ipomoea grandifolia). the aqueous extract was prepared in a proportion of 100 g of dried, ground leaves dissolved in 1000 ml of distilled water, resulting in a 10% extract concentrate. dilutions of this concentrate were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0 and 2.5%. in seedling growth tests, we compared the effect of these extracts with the herbicide nicosulfuron. both extracts of mature and young leaves caused delays and reductions in diaspore germination and seedling length of barnyardgrass and morningglory, with the most intense effects observed at a concentration of 10%. the effects of the young leaf extract were more similar to those observed with the herbicide, demonstrating that leaf maturation stage of s. saponaria affects its inhibitory effects on the growth of other plants and that this species is effective in controlling weeds.
Antifungal activity of the extracts and saponins from Sapindus saponaria L.
Tsuzuki, Joyce K.;Svidzinski, Terezinha I.E.;Shinobu, Cristiane S.;Silva, Luiz F.A.;Rodrigues-Filho, Edson;Cortez, Diógenes A.G.;Ferreira, Izabel C.P.;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652007000400002
Abstract: extracts from the dried pericarp of sapindus saponaria l. (sapindaceae) fruits were investigated for their antifungal activity against clinical isolates of yeasts candida albicans and c. non-albicans from vaginal secretions of women with vulvovaginal candidiasis. four clinical isolates of c. albicans, a single clinical isolated of each of the species c. parapsilosis, c. glabrata, c. tropicalis, and the strain of c. albicans atcc 90028 were used. the hydroalcoholic extract was bioactivity-directed against a clinical isolate of c. parapsilosis, and showed strong activity. the n-buoh extract and one fraction showed strong activity against all isolates tested. further column-chromatography on silica gel separation of this fraction afforded two pure triterpene acetylated saponins: 3-o-(4-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-lrhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin (1) and 3-o-(3,4-di-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabynopyranosyl-hederagenin (2). the structures of the compounds were based on spectral data (1h and 13c nmr, hsqc, hmbc and ms), and on with literature. the saponins isolated showed strong activity against c. parapsilosis.
Efeito alelopático do fruto de Sapindus saponaria na germina??o e na morfologia de plantulas daninhas e de hortali?as
Grisi, P.U.;Gualtieri, S.C.J.;Ranal, M.A.;Santana, D.G.;
Planta Daninha , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-83582011000200009
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of the aqueous extract of sapindus saponaria (soapberry) fruit on seed germination and seedling morphology of lactuca sativa (lettuce), allium cepa (onion), echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass), and ipomoea grandifolia (morningglory). the aqueous extract of the fruit was prepared using 100 g of fresh plant material dissolved in 1,000 ml of distilled water, resulting in 10% concentration. the dilutions were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0, and 2.5%. the sapindus saponaria fruit extract showed allelopathic potential on the vegetable and weed species. the inhibitory effect on the seed germination process and seedling morphology of lettuce, onion, barnyard grass, and morningglory was concentration dependent. the results showed the potential use of the sapindus saponaria fruit extract as herbicide in sustainable agricultural practices.
Hydroxylation of a hederagenin derived saponin by a Xylareaceous fungus found in fruits of Sapindus saponaria
Murgu, Michael;Santos, Luiz F. Arruda;Souza, Gezimar D. de;Daolio, Cristina;Schneider, Bernd;Ferreira, Ant?nio Gilberto;Rodrigues-Filho, Edson;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532008000500004
Abstract: during our screening of tropical plants for endophyte microorganisms, a xylareaceous fungus was found living on the internal part of sapindus saponaria fruits. the fruits of s. saponaria accumulate great amounts of triterpenoidal and sesquiterpenoidal saponins. the saponin 3-o-(β-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1→3)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin was isolated using chromatographic methods, after alkaline hydrolysis of the crude extract obtained from s. saponaria fruits and added to the culture medium used to grows the fungus. a new saponin was isolated from this experiment by preparative scale hplc and characterized as a 22α-hydroxy derivative. the structure of this hydroxylated saponin was elucidated based on interpretation of ms/ms data and nmr spectra.
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