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Authors guideline  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i2.1273
Abstract: Authors guideline
Authors guideline  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i1.1282
Abstract: Authors guideline
Clinical Implications and Limitations of JNC7 in HTN Management and Recommendations for JNC8
Youness R. Karodeh,Ivan Edafiogho,Bisrat Hailemeskel,Joseph R. Ofosu
Archives of Pharmacy Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Hypertension (HTN) is the persistent elevation of arterialblood pressure, and if untreated, it leads to coronary heartdisease (CHD) and target organ disease (TOD). 5 HTN is themost common primary diagnosis in the United States, affectingover 52 million Americans.6 The prevalence of HTN increaseswith age, is more common among African Americans, and ismore common among men. Since 2003, the current practiceguidelines for the evaluation and management of HTN in theUnited States have been made available by the National Heart,Lung, and Blood Institute. The Seventh Report of the JointNational Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, andTreatment of High Blood Pressure, or JNC 7, revised previousrecommendations. The practice guidelines were necessitatedby the findings of many observational studies and clinical trialsdealing with HTN; the need for useful, clear and concise clinicalguidelines; the JNC’s consensus that a simplified classificationof blood pressure (BP) was necessary; and a realization thatclinicians were not using previous guidelines very much.1–4
The effect of reminder systems on patients' adherence to treatment
Fenerty SD,West C,Davis SA,Kaplan SG
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2012,
Abstract: Sarah D Fenerty1, Cameron West1, Scott A Davis1, Sebastian G Kaplan3, Steven R Feldman1,2,41Center for Dermatology Research, Department of Dermatology, 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, 4Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USABackground: Patient adherence is an important component of the treatment of chronic disease. An understanding of patient adherence and its modulating factors is necessary to correctly interpret treatment efficacy and barriers to therapeutic success.Purpose: This meta-analysis aims to systematically review published randomized controlled trials of reminder interventions to assist patient adherence to prescribed medications.Methods: A Medline search was performed for randomized controlled trials published between 1968 and June 2011, which studied the effect of reminder-based interventions on adherence to self-administered daily medications.Results: Eleven published randomized controlled trials were found between 1999 and 2009 which measured adherence to a daily medication in a group receiving reminder interventions compared to controls receiving no reminders. Medication adherence was measured as the number of doses taken compared to the number prescribed within a set period of time. Meta-analysis showed a statistically significant increase in adherence in groups receiving a reminder intervention compared to controls (66.61% versus 54.71%, 95% CI for mean: 0.8% to 22.4%). Self-reported and electronically monitored adherence rates did not significantly differ (68.04% versus 63.67%, P = 1.0). Eight of eleven studies showed a statistically significant increase in adherence for at least one of the reminder group arms compared to the control groups receiving no reminder intervention.Limitations: The data are limited by imperfect measures of adherence due to variability in data collection methods. It is also likely that concomitant educational efforts in the study populations, such as instructions regarding proper administration and importance of correct dosing schedules, contributed to improved patient adherence, both in reminder and control arms. The search strategy could have missed relevant studies which were categorized by disease rather than adherence.Conclusions: Reminder-based interventions may improve adherence to daily medications. However, the interventions used in these studies, which included reminder phone calls, text messages, pagers, interactive voice response systems, videotelephone calls, and programmed el
The effect of reminder systems on patients' adherence to treatment
Fenerty SD, West C, Davis SA, Kaplan SG, Feldman SR
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S26314
Abstract: t of reminder systems on patients' adherence to treatment Review (3522) Total Article Views Authors: Fenerty SD, West C, Davis SA, Kaplan SG, Feldman SR Published Date February 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 127 - 135 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S26314 Received: 19 September 2011 Accepted: 05 December 2011 Published: 22 February 2012 Sarah D Fenerty1, Cameron West1, Scott A Davis1, Sebastian G Kaplan3, Steven R Feldman1,2,4 1Center for Dermatology Research, Department of Dermatology, 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, 4Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA Background: Patient adherence is an important component of the treatment of chronic disease. An understanding of patient adherence and its modulating factors is necessary to correctly interpret treatment efficacy and barriers to therapeutic success. Purpose: This meta-analysis aims to systematically review published randomized controlled trials of reminder interventions to assist patient adherence to prescribed medications. Methods: A Medline search was performed for randomized controlled trials published between 1968 and June 2011, which studied the effect of reminder-based interventions on adherence to self-administered daily medications. Results: Eleven published randomized controlled trials were found between 1999 and 2009 which measured adherence to a daily medication in a group receiving reminder interventions compared to controls receiving no reminders. Medication adherence was measured as the number of doses taken compared to the number prescribed within a set period of time. Meta-analysis showed a statistically significant increase in adherence in groups receiving a reminder intervention compared to controls (66.61% versus 54.71%, 95% CI for mean: 0.8% to 22.4%). Self-reported and electronically monitored adherence rates did not significantly differ (68.04% versus 63.67%, P = 1.0). Eight of eleven studies showed a statistically significant increase in adherence for at least one of the reminder group arms compared to the control groups receiving no reminder intervention. Limitations: The data are limited by imperfect measures of adherence due to variability in data collection methods. It is also likely that concomitant educational efforts in the study populations, such as instructions regarding proper administration and importance of correct dosing schedules, contributed to improved patient adherence, both in reminder and control arms. The search strategy could have missed relevant studies which were categorized by disease rather than adherence. Conclusions: Reminder-based interventions may improve adherence to daily medications. However, the interventions used in these studies, which included reminder phone calls, text messages, pagers, interactive voice response systems, videotelephone calls, and programmed electronic audiovisual reminder devices, are impractical fo
An Enhancement for the Multivariate EWMA Chart
Michael B.C. Khoo,S.J. Gun
Matematika , 2006,
Abstract: A quality control chart is one of the tools that is used to solve quality control problems. A control chart is used to identify the causes of a problem. Quality control for most processes involves more than one correlated variable. This is known as multivariate quality control. A multivariate EWMA (MEWMA) control chart is a good chart to detect a small shift in the mean vector of a multivariate process. This paper suggests the use of the maximum likelihood method on the MEWMA chart for the detection of the actual time of the occurrence of a permanent shift in the mean vector. The use of a time step change estimator on a MEWMA chart will benefit quality control engineers in process monitoring in industries.
A Guideline to Select Control Charts for Multiple Stream Processes Control  [cached]
Prapasak Jirasettapong,Napassavong Rojanarowan
Engineering Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.4186/ej.2011.15.3.1
Abstract: Multiple-stream processes (MSP) can usually be found in a factory. MSP Control chart is one of the tools used to control these processes. It is required that MSP control charts are selected appropriately based on streams characteritics, in order to minimize false decision on process status and irrelevant action on the process. This paper presents the guideline and a case study of selecting MSP control charts by considering the major factors, which are correlation among streams, number of streams, limitation to use one chart per stream, difference among streams average, and shift size of streams average to be detected.
Enterprise Mobile Tracking and Reminder System: MAE  [cached]
Cheah Huei Yoong
International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.3991/ijim.v6i3.2096
Abstract: Mobile phones have made significant improvements from providing voice communications to advanced features such as camera, GPS, Wi-Fi, SMS, voice recognition, Internet surfing, and touch screen. This paper presents an enterprise mobile tracking and reminder system (MAE) that enables the elderly to have a better elder-care experience. The high-level architecture and major software algorithms especially the tracking in Android phones and SMS functions in server are described. The analysis of data captured and performance study of the server are discussed. In order to show the effectiveness of MAE, a pilot test was carried out with a retirement village in Singapore and the feedback from the elderly was evaluated. Generally, most comments received from the elderly were positive.
The process of guideline development  [cached]
Jazieh Abdul-Rahman
Annals of Thoracic Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Delineating the process of guidelines is the fundamental step that should be agreed upon prior to working on the details of the guidelines. The Lung Cancer Guideline Committee agreed on the process described below in order to develop framework of the Committee. Experiences of other organizations in developing guidelines have been taken into consideration.
Organizational Chart Inference  [PDF]
Jiawei Zhang,Philip S. Yu,Yuanhua Lv
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Nowadays, to facilitate the communication and cooperation among employees, a new family of online social networks has been adopted in many companies, which are called the "enterprise social networks" (ESNs). ESNs can provide employees with various professional services to help them deal with daily work issues. Meanwhile, employees in companies are usually organized into different hierarchies according to the relative ranks of their positions. The company internal management structure can be outlined with the organizational chart visually, which is normally confidential to the public out of the privacy and security concerns. In this paper, we want to study the IOC (Inference of Organizational Chart) problem to identify company internal organizational chart based on the heterogeneous online ESN launched in it. IOC is very challenging to address as, to guarantee smooth operations, the internal organizational charts of companies need to meet certain structural requirements (about its depth and width). To solve the IOC problem, a novel unsupervised method Create (ChArT REcovEr) is proposed in this paper, which consists of 3 steps: (1) social stratification of ESN users into different social classes, (2) supervision link inference from managers to subordinates, and (3) consecutive social classes matching to prune the redundant supervision links. Extensive experiments conducted on real-world online ESN dataset demonstrate that Create can perform very well in addressing the IOC problem.
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