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On Industry Design and the “People Foremost” Design Concept  [cached]
Yang Mao,Tiefeng Zuo,Xiaoqing Wu
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n10p178
Abstract: Some western countries have put forward to the "people foremost" design concept at the end of the 1960s. This is a significant leap in thinking in the history of the design. However, complexity and uncertainty of the "human" factor of the "people foremost" design concept determine the relativity and limitation of its ideological foundation for the design. Meanwhile the "people foremost" design concept exist relative limitations. A "human, machine and environment" comprehensive systematic design should be established for product design. This is also the social responsibility and historical mission of designers.
Shortest, Fastest, and Foremost Broadcast in Dynamic Networks  [PDF]
Arnaud Casteigts,Paola Flocchini,Bernard Mans,Nicola Santoro
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Highly dynamic networks rarely offer end-to-end connectivity at a given time. Yet, connectivity in these networks can be established over time and space, based on temporal analogues of multi-hop paths (also called {\em journeys}). Attempting to optimize the selection of the journeys in these networks naturally leads to the study of three cases: shortest (minimum hop), fastest (minimum duration), and foremost (earliest arrival) journeys. Efficient centralized algorithms exists to compute all cases, when the full knowledge of the network evolution is given. In this paper, we study the {\em distributed} counterparts of these problems, i.e. shortest, fastest, and foremost broadcast with termination detection (TDB), with minimal knowledge on the topology. We show that the feasibility of each of these problems requires distinct features on the evolution, through identifying three classes of dynamic graphs wherein the problems become gradually feasible: graphs in which the re-appearance of edges is {\em recurrent} (class R), {\em bounded-recurrent} (B), or {\em periodic} (P), together with specific knowledge that are respectively $n$ (the number of nodes), $\Delta$ (a bound on the recurrence time), and $p$ (the period). In these classes it is not required that all pairs of nodes get in contact -- only that the overall {\em footprint} of the graph is connected over time. Our results, together with the strict inclusion between $P$, $B$, and $R$, implies a feasibility order among the three variants of the problem, i.e. TDB[foremost] requires weaker assumptions on the topology dynamics than TDB[shortest], which itself requires less than TDB[fastest]. Reversely, these differences in feasibility imply that the computational powers of $R_n$, $B_\Delta$, and $P_p$ also form a strict hierarchy.
First Ladies in Nigeria: The Rise of Amazon Crusaders for Better Life of the Vulnerable  [PDF]
Ngozi N. Iheanacho
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2016.63011
Abstract: This paper is a study of the status and operations of Nigerian First Ladies. The rise and boom dates back to 1987, during the tenure of Maryam Babangida—wife of the then president. Subsequent national First Ladies cued into the structure and legacy of the office and extended the phenomenon to state First Ladies. Like Amazons, they have continued to rise in fame, with exotic paraphernalia of office and pet-projects, making Nigeria a bee-hive of First Ladies operation. Through ethnographic and phenomenological method of knowledge inquiry and presentation in qualitative analysis the report is replete with reasons for the boom—the major being the people’s cosmology of woman and motherhood and, the onerous desire of women to adequately cue into the global project of gender balance in advancement. In spite of the marginal status of the office in the body polity of the nation, First Ladies have contributed significantly to human development index of the target group and, provided strategic platform for women mobilization and consciousness in public affairs.
Early Diagnosis of Gynecological Cancers in Ladies with Review of Literature  [PDF]
Tanushri Mukherjee, Soma Mukherjee, Rajat Dutta
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.75054
Abstract: The most prevalent cancers in ladies are cervical, endometrial and Ovarian. The biomarkers prevalent in use for these gynaecological cancers are commonly Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), B, Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Inhibin, Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen, Carbohydrate antigen 19-9, Cancer antigen 27-29, Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), Osteopontin, transthyretin, Immunosuppressive acidic protein(IAP), leptin, CA15-3, CK19 and Thymidine kinase. The biomarker marker Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen, CK19 and immunosuppressive acidic protein IAP are raised in cervical squamous cell carcinomas. Endometrial cancer is a common cancer in women. In 75% of endometrial cancer cases, the tumor remains confined to the uterus and has a favorable prognosis if early detected. The prognosis, however, worsens dramatically as the disease progresses. The objective of this review is to elucidate the importance of the tumor markers for early diagnosis of gynaecological malignancies which are vital and life saving. Similarly the relevant biomarkers in combination are found to have positive predictive values and significant p values in the endometrial and cervical cancer. In Cervix cancer the positive predictive value of these markers combined is usually 92% - 95% and negative predictive value 93% - 96%. The confidence interval is 98% and p value significant 0.005. Sensitivity of tumor markers combined CK19, SCC and immunosuppressive acidic protein IAP in Cervix cancer detection is 95% and specificity 96%. The highest sensitivity was for SCC antigen (98.7%) while the highest specificity was for Cytokeratin 19 (99.7%). The positive predictive value by combination of CK19, SCC and IAP for the detection of Cervix cancer was 90% - 94%. In endometrial cancer the sensitivity of tumor markers combined CA19-9, CA125, leptin, thymidine kinase, CEA, CA15-3, and HE4 in endometrial cancer detection was 95% and specificity 96%. The highest sensitivity was for CA125 (99.7%) while the highest specificity was for CA19-9 (95.7%) which revealed that the efficacy of CA19-9 was more than that of CA125. The positive predictive value by combination of CA19-9, CA-125 levels, HE4, CA15-3, leptin, thymidine kinase and CEA for the detection of Endometrial cancer was 93%. For Gynecological malignancies namely Ovarian, Cervix and Endometrial cancers screening with these novel tumor markers in combination which are significant to a particular group of cancers.
Fixing the guilt: Detective fiction and the No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency series
Muff Andersson, Elsie Cloete
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2006,
Abstract: This article examines the emergence of popular detective fiction in Africa as part of a new third wave of literature. While the new wave is a very particular response to conditions on the continent it nevertheless taps into the main streams of detective fiction that have emerged from Britain and in some respects the USA in the last hundred years. In particular this article focuses on the No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency series by Alexander McCall Smith and examines ways in which the postcolony reproduces the colony and how, in some respects the erstwhile empire desires to produce the postcolony.
Random noble means substitutions  [PDF]
Michael Baake,Markus Moll
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: The random local mixture of a family of primitive substitution rules with noble mean inflation multiplier is investigated. This extends the random Fibonacci example that was introduced by Godr\`{e}che and Luck in 1989. We discuss the structure of the corresponding dynamical systems, and determine their entropy, an ergodic invariant measure and diffraction spectrum.
The Twenty-five Maiden Ladies’ Tomb and Predicaments of the Feminist Movement in Taiwan
Anru Lee,Wen-hui Anna Tang
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs , 2010,
Abstract: “The Twenty-five Maiden Ladies’ Tomb” is the collective burial site of the female workers who died in a ferry accident on their way to work in 1973. The fact that of the more than 70 passengers on board all 25 who died were unmarried young women, and the taboo in Taiwanese culture that shuns unmarried female ghosts, made the Tomb a fearsome place. Feminists in Gaoxiong (高雄) had for some years wanted the city government to change the tomb’s public image. Their calls were not answered until the Gaoxiong mayor’s office finally allocated money to clean up the gravesite and, as part of the city’s plans to develop urban tourism, to remake it into the tourist-friendly “Memorial Park for Women Labourers”. Consequently, even though the tomb renovation seemed to indicate a triumph of the feminist endeavour, it was more a result of the Gaoxiong city government’s efforts towards culture-led urban revitalization.
Smith's the No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency: a detective fiction
Uttam B. Sonkamble
Review of Research , 2012,
Abstract: An African born British author, Alexander McCall Smith is an established name in the professional writing of law and medical law as well as in the genre fiction. His first career as a medical law professor brought him fame and name both being endowed upon him number of awards and honours but he obtained a fair success in the mainstream literature. His endeavour to become a literary writer beginning at an early age saw a couple of setbacks but surely motivating him to pursue his writing further as a chapbook writer what in course of time when a small real episode occurred in his life came to his help to sail him to develop into a successful writer. It formed a short story for chaps of the episode and a few years later came in to a successful adult fiction which is entitled the No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency.
Hole dynamics in noble metals  [PDF]
I. Campillo,A. Rubio,J. M. Pitarke,A. Goldmann,P. M. Echenique
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3241
Abstract: We present a detailed analysis of hole dynamics in noble metals (Cu and Au), by means of first-principles many-body calculations. While holes in a free-electron gas are known to live shorter than electrons with the same excitation energy, our results indicate that d-holes in noble metals exhibit longer inelastic lifetimes than excited sp-electrons, in agreement with experiment. The density of states available for d-hole decay is larger than that for the decay of excited electrons; however, the small overlap between d- and sp-states below the Fermi level increases the d-hole lifetime. The impact of d-hole dynamics on electron-hole correlation effects, which are of relevance in the analysis of time-resolved two-photon photoemission experiments, is also addressed.
Social issues in the African states and Botswana with reference to Smith's The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency
Uttam B. Sonkamble
Review of Research , 2012,
Abstract: This paper marks significance in itself as the fiction in question “The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency” though being a popular fiction; it deals with social, cultural, religious facets of Botswana as well as Africa exploring each of them with relevance in the fiction and the African Literature in totality. Though the genre fiction differs in number of facets with the main stream literary fiction, it has successfully kept the momentum of the African fervour. The writer of the fiction, Alexander McCall Smith establishes from an average attempt to an author of number of books, an authority in his writings and an established and heightened writer of the popular English Literature with The No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency and other works.
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