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Captain Nemo/Lt-General Pitt Rivers and Cleopatra’s Needle — A Story of Flagships
Christopher Evans
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2005, DOI: 10.5334/bha.15204
Abstract: Recently re-reading Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Beneath the Sea for our children I was struck by the marked similarities between the novel’s elusive protagonist, Captain Nemo, and the renowned later 19th century British archaeologist, Lt.-General Pitt Rivers. Could they have been the same person? How could something so seemingly blatant have gone unnoticed? These questions are, of course, only raised in a spirit of academic tongue-in-check. Yet, in an ethos of ‘learning through amusement’ (itself directly relevant to the themes of this study), exploring the parallels between these two ‘heroic’ individuals provides insights into the nature of 19th century science, Victorian edification and disciplinary institutionalisation (e.g. Levine 1986). This eclectic contribution will, moreover, be introduced with the third component of its headline title – Cleopatra’s Needle – as this provides an appropriately quasinautical parable on the project of 19th century archaeology and the problem of ‘deep time’ (Murray 1993).
El manzano revolucionario de Gustave Flaubert y los ocho materialismo de Jacques Lacan // Gustave Flaubert`s revolutionary apple tree and Lacan`s eight materialisms  [PDF]
David Pavón Cuéllar
Affectio Societatis , 2012,
Abstract: Se examina la actitud ambivalente de Jacques Lacan hacia el materialismo a la luz de una escena puntual en la novela Bouvard et Pécuchet de Gustave Flaubert. Esta escena, en la que un manzano reviste la forma de un revolucionario, nos permite discutir la esencia problemática de la materialidad en Lacan. Se distinguen ocho formas de materialismo en la teoría lacaniana y se muestra su oposición con respecto a otras formas de materialismo rechazadas en la misma teoría. // Jacques Lacan's ambivalent attitude towards materialism is examined at the light of a precise scene in Gustave Flaubert's novel Bouvard et Pécuchet. This scene, in which an apple tree takes the form of a revolutionary, allows us to discuss the problematic essence of materiality in Lacan. Eight forms of materialism are distinguished in Lacanian theory and opposed to other forms of materialism that would be rejected in this theory.
The CAPTAIN Experiment  [PDF]
Jianming Bian
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The Cryogenic Apparatus for Precision Tests of Argon Interactions with Neutrinos (CAPTAIN) program is designed to make measurements of scientific importance to long-baseline neutrino physics and physics topics that will be explored by large underground detectors. The experiment employs two liquid Argon time projection chambers (LArTPCs), a primary detector with a mass of approximately 10 ton that will be deployed at different facilities for physics measurements and a two ton prototype detector for configuration testing. The physics programs for CAPTAIN include measuring neutron interactions at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, measuring neutrino interactions in the high-energy regime (1.5-5 GeV) at Fermilab NuMI beam, and measuring neutrino interactions in the low-energy regime (<50 MeV) at stopped pion sources for supernova neutrino studies. The prototype detector (Mini-CAPTAIN) has been commissioned and the first UV laser track has been seen in its TPC. This paper gives an overview of the CAPTAIN program and reports the status of the commissioning. The up-to-date detector design and running plans are also described.
The CAPTAIN Detector and Physics Program  [PDF]
The CAPTAIN Collaboration,H. Berns,H. Chen,D. Cline,J. Danielson,Z. Djurcic,S. Elliott,G. Garvey,V. Gehman,C. Grant,E. Guardincerri,R. Kadel,T. Kutter,D. Lee,K. Lee,Q. Liu,W. Louis,C. Mauger,C. McGrew,R. McTaggart,J. Medina,W. Metcalf,G. Mills,J. Mirabal-Martinez,S. Mufson,E. Pantic,O. Prokofiev. Mufson,V. Radeka,J. Ramsey,K. Rielage,H. Sahoo,C. Sinnis,M. Smy,W. Sondheim,I. Stancu,R. Svoboda,M. Szydagis,C. Taylor,A. Teymourian,C. Thorn,C. Tull,M. Tzanov,R. Van de Water,H. Wang,C. Yanagisawa,A. Yarritu,C. Zhang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The Cryogenic Apparatus for Precision Tests of Argon Interactions with Neutrino (CAP- TAIN) program is designed to make measurements of scientific importance to long-baseline neutrino physics and physics topics that will be explored by large underground detectors. The CAPTAIN detector is a liquid argon TPC deployed in a portable and evacuable cryostat. Five tons of liquid argon are instrumented with a 2,000 channel liquid argon TPC and a photon detection system. Subsequent to the commissioning phase, the detector will collect data in a high-energy neutron beamline that is part of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center to measure cross-sections of spallation products that are backgrounds to measurements of neutrinos from a supernova burst, cross-sections of events that mimic the electron neutrino appearance signal in long-baseline neutrino physics and neutron signatures to constrain neutrino energy reconstruction in LBNE's long-baseline program. Subsequent to the neutron running, the CAPTAIN detector will be moved to a neutrino source. Two possibilities are an on-axis run in the NuMI beamline at FNAL and a run in the neutrino source produced by the SNS. An on-axis run at NuMI produces more than one million events of interest in a two or three year run at neutrino energies between 1 and 10 GeV - complementary to the MicroBooNE experiment, which will measure similar interactions at a lower energy range - 0.5 to 2 GeV. At the SNS the neutrinos result from the decays stopped positively charged pions and muons yielding a broad spectrum up to 50 MeV. If located close to the spallation target, CAPTAIN can detect several thousand events per year in the same neutrino energy regime where neutrinos from a supernova burst are. Measurements at the SNS yield a first measurement of the cross- section of neutrinos on argon in this important energy regime.
Gustave Guillaume in Romanian: Translation Problems  [PDF]
Studii de Stiinta si Cultura , 2012,
Abstract: Fifty years after Gustave Guillaume’s death (1960), the translation into Romanian of his works is still entirely justified. He created the method of linguistic analysis called psychomechanics of language, the application of whitch to several languages obtained pertinent results. After a short presentation of the main basic principles of psychomechanics, this contribution examines the difficulties encountered in translating certain specifical terms.
El Bovarysmo // The Bovarysm  [PDF]
Mario Elkin Ramírez
Affectio Societatis , 2011,
Abstract: Luego de un breve recorrido por una sucinta historia del amor, se encuentra el lugar revolucionario que la obra de Gustave Flaubert constituyó como nuevo paradigma del amor y de la feminidad. Se retoman a continuación las formulaciones de Jules de Gaultier, quien introdujo el término de Bovarysmo en la psiquiatría, para, finalmente, mostrar el destino de esa noción en el psicoanálisis lacaniano. // After a short pass through a brief love story, Gustave Flaubert work that constituted a new love and femininity paradigm found a revolutionary place. Jules de Gaultier formulations where the Bovarysme term was introduced in psychiatry are restudy to show this notion destiny in the Lacanian psychoanalysis.
Revolutionary Algorithms  [PDF]
Ronald Hochreiter,Christoph Waldhauser
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The optimization of dynamic problems is both widespread and difficult. When conducting dynamic optimization, a balance between reinitialization and computational expense has to be found. There are multiple approaches to this. In parallel genetic algorithms, multiple sub-populations concurrently try to optimize a potentially dynamic problem. But as the number of sub-population increases, their efficiency decreases. Cultural algorithms provide a framework that has the potential to make optimizations more efficient. But they adapt slowly to changing environments. We thus suggest a confluence of these approaches: revolutionary algorithms. These algorithms seek to extend the evolutionary and cultural aspects of the former to approaches with a notion of the political. By modeling how belief systems are changed by means of revolution, these algorithms provide a framework to model and optimize dynamic problems in an efficient fashion.
Captain Cook Chased a Chook  [cached]
Katrina Schlunke
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: How can we write the contemporary 'histories' of Captain Cook when they include such textual and material diversity? When that diversity ranges from children's rhymes to convenience stores as well as journals now claimed as iconic documents of the enlightenment? How might the insights of Bruno Latour into how the 'experimental' is produced in the laboratory be helpful in showing how Cook is produced in a settler culture? How does revealing the 'experimental' (the material and textual ethnography) of history show us new ways of 'doing' history that engages with its textual as well as its material diversity.
Interpretation of Rumanian neuter by the number system of Gustave Guillaume
Studii de Stiinta si Cultura , 2013,
Abstract: This contribution proposes an explanation of Rumanian neuter – a result of the interference of gender and number – by the dynamics of these categories in Gustave Guillaume’s vision. Psychomecanics of language, essentially operative, helps us to understand the main fact needing explanation: why and by whitch mechanisms masculine nouns change their gender to feminine in their plural? The explanation of this phenomenon involves mainly several analogous systems as: internal plural / external plural, minor animate / major animate, construction of word, conception (imaginary) of space.
Results of NEMO 3 and status of SuperNEMO  [PDF]
Ladislav Vala
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2009.02.015
Abstract: The NEMO 3 experiment is devoted to the search for neutrinoless double beta decay, as well as for accurate measurement of two-neutrino double beta decay. The detector has been taking data in the LSM laboratory since 2003 and the latest NEMO 3 results for seven double beta decay isotopes are presented here for both decay modes. The SuperNEMO project aims to extend the NEMO technique to a 100-200 kg isotope experiment with the target half-life sensitivity of 1-2 x 10^26 y. The current status of the SuperNEMO R&D programme is described.
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