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Iuliana-Noemi Bomher
CES Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: Europeanization is a valuable concept for explaining the impact of EU policies at domestic level and especially of regional policy development in Romania. The relative low discrepancies and the low levels of development that Romania faced after almost fifty years of centralized planning resulted apparently in no need for a regional policy. This policy was ‘built’ in order to meet the EU financial assistance and Romania had to re-think its centre-region relation and to acquire a new vision over the policy of regional development.The following paper will try to analyze whether the current regional policy managed to have the expected impact in Romania, with short emphasis on the concepts of regionalism, regional competitiveness and economic agglomerations.
The Effects of Economic Geography on Education in Romania
Jesús LóPEZ-RODRíGUEZ,Andres FAI?A,Cosmin-Gabriel BOLEA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper evaluates the role that geography plays in determining the distribution of educational attainment levels among Romanian counties. We provide evidence that, in Romania, educational levels are higher in those counties with greater market access. This finding corroborates the theoretical predictions of the Redding and Schott′s (2003) model and proves that remoteness is a penalty for the economic development and convergence of the Romanian counties.
The influence of cluster type economic agglomerations on the entrepreneurship, in Romania  [PDF]
Adriana REVEIU,Marian D?RDAL?
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: Regional clusters and entrepreneurship have become very popular research topic in many areas, such as: economics, regional science, and economic geography.A large number of scientific papers published in the last years investigate the empirical evidence for clusters, their definition, and their implications for economic policy. Also, a series of working tools for regional cluster analyses have been proposed.Entrepreneurial activities interact and their characteristics are normally bound to the region. Entrepreneurial activities take place in interaction with other economic activities conducted at the local level, and the interaction between them can be the starting point of an economic cluster.There are lots of arguments for the hypothesis that existing regional clusters have positive impact on the entrepreneurial activities. But only few analyses exist referring to the relationship between clusters attributes of a region and the entrepreneurial activities in the same region. From my knowledge, it is not such of analyses about Romania.This paper aims to identify regions with potential industrial clusters, from Romania, and to analyse their impact on the entrepreneurial environment. Data about all the companies acting in Romania, in 2011 are used to elaborate the spatial clusters in the most concentrated Romania industries. A second data set with information about new establishments in last year is used, from the National Trade Register Office statistics. This data set serves to assess the relationship between regional clusters and entrepreneurial activities. The paper tests the empirically proven hypothesis which stipulates that the existence of one or several cluster type agglomerations in a region has a positive impact on the number of start-ups in the same region.The results obtained from descriptive and regression analyses have shown that there is a positive relationship between the number of cluster type agglomerations and the entrepreneurial activities.
Effects of the economic - financial crisis on regional development in post-accession Romania  [PDF]
Lucian, P.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Series V : Economic Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: To apply the regional development policy of the European Union in Romania, eight development regions have been established, regions that are not administrative - territorial units wthout legal personality and which are eligible for funding from the EU Structural Funds. In the current world of circumstances, in Romania there is a trend of increasing regional disparity. The National Development Plan (2007-2013) sets out the overall aim of reducing the swift socio-economic disparity between Romania and the other EU countries.
Adrian Liviu SCUTARIU
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2009,
Abstract: This paper aims to emphasize some aspects concerning the evolution of the tourism and its role in economic growth and regional development. The first part presents a conceptual delimitation of tourism, and the next parts are focused on the link of tourism with economic growth and regional de-velopment. We also present the organizational frame of the regional development policy and the role of tourism in this policy objectives achievement, and the final part brings some conclusions and some future development directions of tourism in Romania.

Wu Qiutao,

地理学报 , 1989,
Abstract: In regional development, geography should not restrict its applied studies to comprehensive survey, regionalization and planning. It should also take part in policy research and play a role of brain trust. It is very important for geographers to make policy research in regional development: (1) Promoting planning -implementation; (2) Raising the status of geography in social practice; (3) Improving the academic level of geography; (4) Strengthening the rationality of policy. Geographers Can make policy research in two aspects. First, evaluating the effects of policy and predicting its positive and negative influences in the future. Second, putting forward specific suggestions for policy-makers to modify the present policy and formulate a new one. The policy in regional development has the basic features of localizability, phasibility, and relative stability. Geography should focus on the comprehensive policies related to natural, economic and social factors, such as resources exploitation and utilization policy, environmental protection policy, and production allocation policy.
Berinde Mihai,Chirila Lavinia Florentina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The regional development policy of European Union deals with spatial localisation of production and affects the daily life of more than half of the 500 million persons living in the European Union. Conceived at European level as a solidarity policy, it bases especially on financial solidarity through the distribution of a part of the European budget obtained through the contribution of Member States to the less prosper social categories and regions. Regional development policy of European Union for the programming period 2007- 2013 is based on the diversity, opportunities and challenges offered by the regions in Europe. It puts into practice the solidarity between European nations and focuses on a fundamental objective: strengthening the economic, social and territorial cohesion through diminishing the development discrepancies between its regions. The present paper identifies the new directions of the European regional development policy and aims to highlight the importance of this policy for the economic growth and development of Romania. In this difficult period, when Romania felt the effects of the crisis at high level and met a severe economic congestion, the European sources of financing through the regional development policy must not be neglected. We also formulate recommendations in order to increase Romania's structural funds absorption rate.
Regional economic growth and equilibrium as well as the regional policy
Kocziszky Gy?rgy
Marketing ì Mened?ment Innovacìj , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents a theoretical review of possibilities for a change in paradigm in regional policy, which is part of both territorial policy and economic policy. Advantages and disadvantages of each kind of regional policy are analyzed. Causes and results of the economic depression and its influence on Hungarian economic and regional policy are shown. Desirable directions of a paradigm change in Hungarys regional policy are proposed.
Importance of Economic and Social Cohesion Policy for Romania  [cached]
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Cohesion Policy is one of the tangible examples of how it should be a European policy: modern, flexible, proactive, adaptable to rapid economic and social environment changing and having a substantial contribution to achieving the Union's key policy objectives, such as the Lisbon Agenda Cohesion Policy is one of the tangible examples of how it should be a European policy: modern, flexible, proactive, adaptable to rapid economic and social environment changing and having a substantial contribution to achieving the Union's key policy objectives, such as the Lisbon Agenda.In the context of current debate on the future of cohesion policy, a reflection on this topic was initiated by the Romanian authorities, involving the most relevant institutions responsible for implementing cohesion policy in Romania and management of structural instruments. The analysis presented below reflects the first results of the consultation and reflection.
Defining competitiveness through the theories of new economic geography and regional economy  [PDF]
Vukovi? Darko,Jovanovi? Ana,?uki? Mali?a
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi1203049v
Abstract: The subject of work is defining competitiveness through a multidisciplinary approach of the theories of new economic geography and regional economy. The paper describes in detail the theory of competitiveness, defined by numerous authors in this area, with special emphasis on the opposing views of Michael Porter and Paul Krugman. A regional competitiveness that is colsely related to economic geography and regional economy, the development of regional economy and typology of regions have been defined in the work. One of the first authors that stressed the importance of geographical location was Michael Porter. In his model called “diamond“, the author emphasizes that geographical concentration of a business enhances the productivity, innovativity and sector export. After this theory, many authors have foccussed on the location problem research, which resulted in better interconnection of economy and geography. As the result of such activities, new directions have been developed, such as the new theory of economic geography and regional economy. New economic geography has been mentioned mostly in connection with the Nobel Prize winner, Paul Krugman, whose theories are often opposed to Porter's ones. Krugman had the most credit for the development of New Economic Geography. At the end of the work, the differences between comparative and competitive adventages were explained. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 47007, br. 47009 i br. 179015]

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